GARDENS OF EARTHLY DELIGHT THE HISTORY OF DEER PARKS

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Gardens Of Earthly Delight

Author : John Fletcher
ISBN : 1905119364
Genre : History
File Size : 90.2 MB
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Deer parks are a unique and peculiar concept. Landowners, from kings and emperors to squires and gentlemen, have aggrandised themselves since prehistory by isolating and controlling deer: the most iconic hunting quarry of the northern hemisphere. Enclosed parks represent humanity's closest parallel with the territories of animals yet no-one has attempted to unravel their history across cultures. Why did people empark deer? When did they start doing that? Why did England possess so many more parks than other countries? John Fletcher's experience of a lifetime spent handling deer in parks together with recent historical research enables him to shed new light on these questions. Parks are about status; the deer and their venison, especially when used as gift commodities, symbolise that. The position of hunting in the human psyche is deep; even in the apes it may be more than merely a dietary survival strategy. Hunting enclosures existed before written history and recent research has indicated that the parkland landscape of Europe may be the habitat over which we have hunted for longest, and with which we have the longest connection and the deepest affinities; this is exemplified in European painting over many centuries. Gardens of Earthly Delight describes not only the history of deer parks but man's relationship with deer. Over twenty-one chronological chapters Fletcher ranges from the significance of deer and venison in prehistory to the symbolism of venison as an elite gift commodity for seven centuries of the English Royal Warrant, as well as the three hundred year prohibition on its sale within England and continuing illegality of selling hunted venison in the USA. He stresses the importance of rulers being seen to hunt in ancient Chinese parks and examines the ring hunts of Asia, Persian hunting enclosures and German water hunts. Britain has a long and rich history of deer parks, and he describes how the deer were fed, transported, enclosed, captured, housed and hunted within parks, and how parks evolved from haga and elricks to the splendour of the Tudor era, the destruction of the Civil War, and beyond to the 21st century. `packed with good sense and shot through with imaginative observations. How many vets can quote Hesiod and The Seven Pillars of Wisdom convincingly?' The Independent `John Fletcher is that rare animal, a passionate enthusiast who never bores. He tells the story with wit and style and I greatly enjoyed the book.' Derek Cooper of the BBC Radio Four Food Programme
Category: History

Archaeology Of Sutton Park

Author : Michael Hodder
ISBN : 9780750951951
Genre : History
File Size : 24.59 MB
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Sutton Park is one of the largest urban parks in Europe. It was always set apart as ‘special’ and remains so, as a large and well-used public park. Its creation as a deer park in the twelfth century preserved the past and created the present. Detailed study of extensive earthworks, combined with excavation, documentary research, paleo-environmental evidence and the results of LiDAR survey, shows how the landscape was shaped and managed by people living in and around it, travelling through it, or hunting in it, and demonstrates how its present vegetation patterns result from past uses. In addition to the boundary, subdivisions, and fishponds of the medieval deer park, its archaeological features include prehistoric burnt mounds and a Roman road, and prominent remains of later uses including woodland management, water-powered industries, military training, sport, and recreation. In addition, this book discusses management of the park to protect its landscape for the future, and an appendix highlights particular features to visit.
Category: History

From The Deer To The Fox

Author : Mandy de Belin
ISBN : 9781909291041
Genre : Sports & Recreation
File Size : 48.94 MB
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Between the 17th and 19th centuries, the sport of hunting was transformed: the principal prey changed from deer to fox, and the methods of pursuit were revolutionized. Questioning the traditional explanation of the hunting transition—namely that change in the landscape led to a decline of the deer population—this book explores the terrain of Northamptonshire during that time period and seeks alternative justifications. Arguing that the many changes that hunting underwent in England were directly related to the transformation of the hunting horse, this in-depth account demonstrates how the near-thoroughbred horse became the mount of choice for those who hunted in the shires. This book shows how, quite literally, the thrill of the chase drove the hunting transition.
Category: Sports & Recreation

The Oxford Handbook Of Later Medieval Archaeology In Britain

Author : Christopher Gerrard
ISBN : 9780191062124
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 87.46 MB
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The Middle Ages are all around us in Britain. The Tower of London and the castles of Scotland and Wales are mainstays of cultural tourism and an inspiring cross-section of later medieval finds can now be seen on display in museums across England, Scotland, and Wales. Medieval institutions from Parliament and monarchy to universities are familiar to us and we come into contact with the later Middle Ages every day when we drive through a village or town, look up at the castle on the hill, visit a local church or wonder about the earthworks in the fields we see from the window of a train. The Oxford Handbook of Later Medieval Archaeology in Britain provides an overview of the archaeology of the later Middle Ages in Britain between AD 1066 and 1550. 61 entries, divided into 10 thematic sections, cover topics ranging from later medieval objects, human remains, archaeological science, standing buildings, and sites such as castles and monasteries, to the well-preserved relict landscapes which still survive. This is a rich and exciting period of the past and most of what we have learnt about the material culture of our medieval past has been discovered in the past two generations. This volume provides comprehensive coverage of the latest research and describes the major projects and concepts that are changing our understanding of our medieval heritage.
Category: Social Science

Deer

Author : John Fletcher
ISBN : 9781780231242
Genre : Nature
File Size : 32.45 MB
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The Celts called them “fairy cattle” and the Greeks associated them with the hunter goddess Artemis, but for most people today, deer are seen as cute, like Bambi, or noble, like the Monarch of the Glen. They can be a danger when we're driving at night, or they can simply be a tasty venison burger. But while we may not often eat humble pie—an actual pie filled with deer organs—deer still appear in religion and mythology, on coats of arms, in fine art, and in literature ranging from The Yearling to Harry Potter and The Chronicles of Narnia. In Deer, veterinarian and deer farmer John Fletcher brings together the cultural and natural history of these dignified animals. Fletcher traces the evolution of deer, explaining why deer grow and cast aside their antlers each year and describing their symbolism in various cultures throughout history. He divulges the true story of Rudolph and Santa’s other reindeer and explores the role deer have played as prized objects of the hunt in Europe, Asia, and America. Wide-ranging and richly illustrated, Deer provides a fresh perspective on this graceful, powerful animal that will appeal to hunters and gatherers alike.
Category: Nature

Antlers

Author : Dennis Walrod
ISBN : 9780811742146
Genre : Nature
File Size : 44.32 MB
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Newly rewritten chapter on the future of antlers. Collecting, scoring, and carving antlers. A complete and multi-faceted guide for Whitetail, mule deer, elk, and moose antlers.
Category: Nature

The Medieval Park

Author : Robert Liddiard
ISBN : UOM:39015074079560
Genre : Gardening
File Size : 65.31 MB
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The park - a feature of the landscape we always associate with the hunting of deer - played an important role in the psyche of Britain's medieval aristocracy. This well-illustrated book offers a reappraisal of the park by a new generation of landscape researchers, who use a diversity of approaches to assess its economy, ecology and social role. They show how parks actually had many functions other than deer management and hunting; they were integrated into the wider rural economy, and also provided a means by which seigneurial control of the landscape might be demonstrated. They varied considerably across Britain, and are of considerable conservation significance today.
Category: Gardening

Farm Animal Behaviour

Author : Ingvar Ekesbo
ISBN : 9781845937706
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 66.92 MB
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Animal behaviour is the basis for ascertaining their welfare and is a topic of ever growing importance. This undergraduate-level textbook is organised into three sections covering all major farm animals of the world, both mainstream and specialist: large farm animal species (horses, cattle, swine, sheep and goats), poultry and farmed birds and non-domesticated animals such as deer. Each chapter describes the elements of behaviour of a particular species in a clear and uniform format. Background to domestication, innate and learnt behaviour, social behaviour, mating behaviour, activity patterns, senses, behaviour in the young animal, vision and hearing are all covered for each species. Understanding of ethological knowledge is both a necessary aid for getting correct diagnoses, but also for the assessment of health and welfare in the single animal or a group of animals, making the book valuable for veterinary practitioners as well as students at university and tertiary level.
Category: Technology & Engineering

The Oxford Companion To Gardens

Author : Geoffrey Jellicoe
ISBN : 0192861387
Genre : Gardening
File Size : 62.33 MB
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Covering the history and design of gardens from the earliest known examples to the present day, this is the first comprehensive reference work of its kind.
Category: Gardening

Expensive People

Author : Joyce Carol Oates
ISBN : 0307495361
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 82.89 MB
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Joyce Carol Oates’s Wonderland Quartet comprises four remarkable novels that explore social class in America and the inner lives of young Americans. In Expensive People, Oates takes a provocative and suspenseful look at the roiling secrets of America’s affluent suburbs. Set in the late 1960s, this first-person confession is narrated by Richard Everett, a precocious and obese boy who sees himself as a minor character in the alarming drama unfolding around him. Fascinated by yet alienated from his attractive, self-absorbed parents and the privileged world they inhabit, Richard incisively analyzes his own mismanaged childhood, his pretentious private schooling, his “successful-executive” father, and his elusive mother. In an act of defiance and desperation, eleven-year-old Richard strikes out in a way that presages the violence of ever-younger Americans in the turbulent decades to come. A National Book Award finalist, Expensive People is a stunning combination of social satire and gothic horror. “You cannot put this novel away after you have opened it,” said The Detroit News. “This is that kind of book–hypnotic, fascinating, and electrifying.” Expensive People is the second novel in the Wonderland Quartet. The books that complete this acclaimed series, A Garden of Earthly Delights, them, and Wonderland, are also available from the Modern Library.
Category: Fiction