Gardens Of Earthly Delight

Author : John Fletcher
ISBN : 1905119364
Genre : History
File Size : 50.64 MB
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Deer parks are a unique and peculiar concept. Landowners, from kings and emperors to squires and gentlemen, have aggrandised themselves since prehistory by isolating and controlling deer: the most iconic hunting quarry of the northern hemisphere. Enclosed parks represent humanity's closest parallel with the territories of animals yet no-one has attempted to unravel their history across cultures. Why did people empark deer? When did they start doing that? Why did England possess so many more parks than other countries? John Fletcher's experience of a lifetime spent handling deer in parks together with recent historical research enables him to shed new light on these questions. Parks are about status; the deer and their venison, especially when used as gift commodities, symbolise that. The position of hunting in the human psyche is deep; even in the apes it may be more than merely a dietary survival strategy. Hunting enclosures existed before written history and recent research has indicated that the parkland landscape of Europe may be the habitat over which we have hunted for longest, and with which we have the longest connection and the deepest affinities; this is exemplified in European painting over many centuries. Gardens of Earthly Delight describes not only the history of deer parks but man's relationship with deer. Over twenty-one chronological chapters Fletcher ranges from the significance of deer and venison in prehistory to the symbolism of venison as an elite gift commodity for seven centuries of the English Royal Warrant, as well as the three hundred year prohibition on its sale within England and continuing illegality of selling hunted venison in the USA. He stresses the importance of rulers being seen to hunt in ancient Chinese parks and examines the ring hunts of Asia, Persian hunting enclosures and German water hunts. Britain has a long and rich history of deer parks, and he describes how the deer were fed, transported, enclosed, captured, housed and hunted within parks, and how parks evolved from haga and elricks to the splendour of the Tudor era, the destruction of the Civil War, and beyond to the 21st century. `packed with good sense and shot through with imaginative observations. How many vets can quote Hesiod and The Seven Pillars of Wisdom convincingly?' The Independent `John Fletcher is that rare animal, a passionate enthusiast who never bores. He tells the story with wit and style and I greatly enjoyed the book.' Derek Cooper of the BBC Radio Four Food Programme
Category: History

From The Deer To The Fox

Author : Mandy de Belin
ISBN : 9781909291065
Genre : Sports & Recreation
File Size : 62.14 MB
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Between the 17th and 19th centuries, the sport of hunting was transformed: the principal prey changed from deer to fox, and the methods of pursuit were revolutionized. Questioning the traditional explanation of the hunting transition—namely that change in the landscape led to a decline of the deer population—this book explores the terrain of Northamptonshire during that time period and seeks alternative justifications. Arguing that the many changes that hunting underwent in England were directly related to the transformation of the hunting horse, this in-depth account demonstrates how the near-thoroughbred horse became the mount of choice for those who hunted in the shires. This book shows how, quite literally, the thrill of the chase drove the hunting transition.
Category: Sports & Recreation

Deer And People

Author : Naomi Sykes
ISBN : 9781909686571
Genre : Science
File Size : 35.16 MB
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Deer have been central to human cultures throughout time and space: whether as staples to hunter-gatherers, icons of Empire, or the focus of sport. Their social and economic importance has seen some species transported across continents, transforming landscape as they went with the establishment of menageries and park. The fortunes of other species have been less auspicious, some becoming extirpated, or being in threat of extinction, due to pressures of over-hunting and/or human-instigated environmental change. In spite of their diverse, deep-rooted and long standing relations with human societies, no multi-disciplinary volume of research on cervids has until now been produced. This volume draws together research on deer from wide-ranging disciplines and in so doing substantially advances our broader understanding of human-deer relationships in the past and the present. Themes include species dispersal, exploitation patterns, symbolic significance, material culture and art, effects on the landscape and management. The temporal span of research ranges from the Pleistocene to the modern day and covers Europe, North America and Asia. Papers derived from international conferences held at the University of Lincoln and in Paris.
Category: Science

Ichnographia Rustica

Author : William Alvis Brogden
ISBN : 9781317119203
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 73.18 MB
Format : PDF
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One of the most significant occurrences in the history of design was the creation of the English Landscape Garden. Accounts of its genesis...the surprising structural change from the formal to a seeming informal are numerous. But none has ever been quite convincing and none satisfactorily placed the contributions of Stephen Switzer. Unlike his contemporaries, Switzer - an 18th century author of books on gardening and agricultural improvement - grasped a quite new principle: that the fashionable pursuit of great gardens should be "rural and extensive", rather than merely the ornamentation of a particular part of an estate. Switzer saw that a whole estate could be enjoyed as an aesthetic experience, and by the process of improving its value, could increase wealth. By encouraging improvers to see the garden in his enlarged sense, he opened up the adjoining countryside, the landscape, and made the whole a subject of unified design. Some few followed his advice immediately, such as Bathurst at Cirencester. But it took some time for his ideas to become generally accepted. Could this vision, and its working out in practice between 1710 and 1740 be the very reason for such changes? 300 years after the first volume of his writings began to be published; this book offers a timely critical examination of lessons learned and Switzer’s roles. In major influential early works at Castle Howard and Blenheim, and later the more "minor" works such as Spy Park, Leeswood or Rhual, the relationships between these designs and his writings is demonstrated. In doing so, it makes possible major reassessment of the developments, and thus our attitudes to well-known works. It provides an explanation of how he, and his colleagues and contemporaries first made what he had called Ichnographia Rustica, or more familiarly Modern Gardening from the mid-1740s, land later landscape gardens. It reveals an exceptional innovator, who by transforming the philosophical way in which nature was viewed, integrated good design with good farming and horticultural practice for the first time. It raises the issue of the cleavage in thought of the later 18th century, essentially whether the ferme ornee as the mixture of utile and dulci was the perfect designed landscape, or whether this was the enlarged garden with features of "unadorned nature"? The book discusses these considerable and continuing contrary influences on later work, and suggests Switzer has many lessons for how contemporary landscape and garden design ought be perceived and practised.
Category: Architecture

Shakespeare S Plants And Gardens A Dictionary

Author : Vivian Thomas
ISBN : 9781472558589
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 41.42 MB
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Shakespeare lived when knowledge of plants and their uses was a given, but also at a time of unique interest in plants and gardens.His lifetime saw the beginning of scientific interest in plants, the first large-scale plant introductions from outside the country since Roman times, and the beginning of gardening as a leisure activity. Shakespeare's works show that he engaged with this new world to illuminate so many facets of his plays and poems. This dictionary offers a complete companion to Shakespeare's references to landscape, plants and gardens, including both formal and rural settings.It covers plants and flowers, gardening terms, and the activities that Shakespeare included within both cultivated and uncultivated landscapes as well as encompassing garden imagery in relation to politics, the state and personal lives. Each alphabetical entry offers an definition and overview of the term discussed in its historical context, followed by a guided tour of its use in Shakespeare's works and finally an extensive bibliography, including primary and secondary sources, books and articles.
Category: Literary Criticism

The New Yorker

Author :
ISBN : NWU:35556039059522
Genre : Literature
File Size : 62.22 MB
Format : PDF
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Category: Literature

The Nation

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105006745041
Genre : Literature
File Size : 87.30 MB
Format : PDF
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Category: Literature

Eine Kurze Geschichte Von Fast Allem

Author : Bill Bryson
ISBN : 9783641079246
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 49.22 MB
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Wie groß ist eigentlich das Universum? Was wiegt unsere Erde? Und wie ist das überhaupt möglich – die Erde zu wiegen? In seinem großen Buch nimmt uns Bestsellerautor Bill Bryson mit auf eine atemberaubende Reise durch Raum und Zeit: Er erklärt uns den Himmel und die Erde, die Sterne und die Meere, und nicht zuletzt die Entstehungsgeschichte des Menschen. »Eine kurze Geschichte von fast allem« ist ein ebenso fundierter und lehrreicher wie unterhaltsamer und amüsanter Ausflug in die Naturwissenschaften, mit dem Bill Bryson das scheinbar Unmögliche vollbracht hat: das Wissen von der Welt in dreißig Kapitel zu packen, die auch für den normalen Leser ohne Vorkenntnisse verständlich sind. Das ideale Buch für alle, die unser Universum und unsere Geschichte endlich verstehen möchten – und dabei auch noch Spaß haben wollen!
Category: Social Science

Ab Bookman S Weekly

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015035967721
Genre : Antiquarian booksellers
File Size : 44.42 MB
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Category: Antiquarian booksellers

Besessen

Author : Antonia S. Byatt
ISBN : 3453164016
Genre :
File Size : 69.11 MB
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Category: