GAMES PRIMATES PLAY AN UNDERCOVER INVESTIGATION OF THE EVOLUTION AND ECONOMICS OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS

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Games Primates Play

Author : Dario Maestripieri
ISBN : 9780465029303
Genre : Science
File Size : 68.53 MB
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Most humans don't realize that when they exchange emails with someone, anyone, they are actually exhibiting certain unspoken rules about dominance and hierarchy. The same rules regulate the exchange of grooming behavior in rhesus macaques or chimpanzees. Interestingly, some of the major aspects of human nature have profound commonalities with our ape ancestors: the violence of war, the intensity of love, the need to live together.While we often assume that our behavior in everyday situations reflects our unique personalities, the choices we freely make, or the influences of our environment, we rarely consider that others behave in these situations in almost the exact the same way as we do. In Games Primates Play, primatologist Dario Maestripieri examines the curious unspoken customs that govern our behavior. These patterns and customs appear to be motivated by free will, yet they are so similar from person to person, and across species, that they reveal much more than our selected choices. Games Primates Play uncovers our evolutionary legacy: the subtle codes that govern our behavior are the result of millions of years of evolution, predating the emergence of modern humans. To understand the rules that govern primate games and our social interactions, Maestripieri arms readers with knowledge of the scientific principles that ethologists, psychologists, economists, and other behavioral scientists have discovered in their quest to unravel the complexities of behavior. As he realizes, everything from how we write emails to how we make love is determined by the legacy of our primate roots and the conditions that existed so long ago. An idiosyncratic and witty approach to our deep and complex origins, Games Primates Play reveals the ways in which our primate nature drives so much of our lives.
Category: Science

Games Primates Play International Edition

Author : Dario Maestripieri
ISBN : 9780465031689
Genre : Science
File Size : 76.10 MB
Format : PDF
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Most humans don't realize that when they exchange emails with someone, anyone, they are actually exhibiting certain unspoken rules about dominance and hierarchy. The same rules regulate the exchange of grooming behavior in rhesus macaques or chimpanzees. Interestingly, some of the major aspects of human nature have profound commonalities with our ape ancestors: the violence of war, the intensity of love, the need to live together.While we often assume that our behavior in everyday situations reflects our unique personalities, the choices we freely make, or the influences of our environment, we rarely consider that others behave in these situations in almost the exact the same way as we do. In Games Primates Play, primatologist Dario Maestripieri examines the curious unspoken customs that govern our behavior. These patterns and customs appear to be motivated by free will, yet they are so similar from person to person, and across species, that they reveal much more than our selected choices. Games Primates Play uncovers our evolutionary legacy: the subtle codes that govern our behavior are the result of millions of years of evolution, predating the emergence of modern humans. To understand the rules that govern primate games and our social interactions, Maestripieri arms readers with knowledge of the scientific principles that ethologists, psychologists, economists, and other behavioral scientists have discovered in their quest to unravel the complexities of behavior. As he realizes, everything from how we write emails to how we make love is determined by the legacy of our primate roots and the conditions that existed so long ago. An idiosyncratic and witty approach to our deep and complex origins, Games Primates Play reveals the ways in which our primate nature drives so much of our lives.
Category: Science

Cognition And Communication In The Evolution Of Language

Author : Anne Reboul
ISBN : 9780192549181
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 56.55 MB
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This book proposes a new two-step approach to the evolution of language, whereby syntax first evolved as an auto-organizational process for the human conceptual apparatus (as a Language of Thought), and this Language of Thought was then externalized for communication, due to social selection pressures. Anne Reboul first argues that despite the routine use of language in communication, current use is not a failsafe guide to adaptive history. She points out that human cognition is as unique in nature as is language as a communication system, suggesting deep links between human thought and language. If language is seen as a communication system, then the specificities of language, its hierarchical syntax, its creativity, and the ability to use it to talk about absent objects, are a mystery. This book shows that approaching language as a system for thought overcomes these problems, and provides a detailed account of both steps in the evolution of language: its evolution for thought and its externalization for communication.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Unity Of Science And Economics

Author : Jing Chen
ISBN : 9781493934669
Genre : Science
File Size : 40.71 MB
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This book presents a new economic theory developed from physical and biological principles. It explains how technology, social systems and economic values are intimately related to resources. Many people have recognized that mainstream (neoclassical) economic theories are not consistent with physical laws and often not consistent with empirical patterns, but most feel that economic activities are too complex to be described by a simple and coherent mathematical theory. While social systems are indeed complex, all life systems, including social systems, satisfy two principles. First, all systems need to extract resources from the external environment to compensate for their consumption. Second, for a system to be viable, the amount of resource extraction has to be no less than the level of consumption. From these two principles, we derive a quantitative theory of major factors in economic activities, such as fixed cost, variable cost, discount rate, uncertainty and duration. The mathematical theory enables us to systematically measure the effectiveness of different policies and institutional structures at varying levels of resource abundance and cost.The theory presented in this book shows that there do not exist universally optimal policies or institutional structures. Instead, the impacts of different policies or social structures have to be measured within the context of existing levels of resource abundance. As the physical costs of extracting resources rise steadily, many policy assumptions adopted in mainstream economic theories, and workable in times of cheap and abundant energy supplies and other resources, need to be reconsidered. In this rapidly changing world, the theory presented here provides a solid foundation for examining the long-term impacts of today's policy decisions.
Category: Science

Author : د. مايكل دنتون
ISBN : 9789776545090
Genre :
File Size : 89.2 MB
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يعد هذا الكتاب المنشور عام 1985م من أهم الكتب التي نقدت النظرية الداروينية نقدًا تفصيليًا معمقًا وشاملًا، إن لم يكن أهمها على الإطلاق. ورغم كثرة ما كتب في هذا المجال، يظل هذا الكتاب رغم قِدمه النسبي أصلًا لما جاء بعده، حيث قدم فيه أستاذ علوم الوراثة والكيمياء الحيوية (مايكل دنتون) واحدة من أروع كلاسيكيات نقد الداروينية. فبين شرحه لعدم كفاية الآليات التطورية -من انتخاب طبيعي وطفرات- لانتقال النوع إلى نوع آخر، وتعريجه على سجل الحفريات وكيف أنه يفشل دومًا في تصديق النبؤات الخيالية التي تدعي الداروينية صحتها، ووصوله إلى البيولوجيا الجزيئية، وكيف أنها أكثر المخاطر التي تتحدى التطور، يثبت دنتون بما لا يدع مجالا للشك، أن التطور نظرية في أزمة. دلالة عنوان الكتاب (التطور: نظرية في أزمة) على مضمونه، تدل على أن اختيار مايكل دنتون له كان موفّقًا ودقيقًا وقبل ذلك مُطابقًا ومُصدِّقًا لتأزم النظرية بالفعل، بالإضافة إلى امتلائها بالثغرات والتحكُّمات التي زادت بنيانها المعرفي وهنًا إلى وهن.
Category:

Author : د. جوناثان ويلز
ISBN : 9789778516524
Genre :
File Size : 34.32 MB
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يعتبر كتاب (أيقونات التطور) من أهم الكتب التي تنتقد ما يُدرس لطلبة العلوم في الجامعات عن التطور، من أشياء هي أقرب للخرافة. وتدور الرسالة الأساسية للكتاب حول إبراز مقدرة خبراء العلم الطبيعي على توظيف العلم توظيفًا أيديولوجيًا قمعيًا إقصائيًا، متى أرادوا ذلك أو شعروا بالحاجة إليه. وكذلك قابلية العلم الطبيعي نفسه لأن يتحول من خلال نظرياته ومؤيديه إلى أساطير ذات أيقونات وسرديات ورموز وإشارات.
Category:

Author : Donald C. Johanson
ISBN : 9948011120
Genre : Human evolution
File Size : 25.92 MB
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Category: Human evolution

Author : مايكل زيمرمان
ISBN : 9990602018
Genre :
File Size : 23.32 MB
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Author : ألدوس هكسلي/مروة سامى/-
ISBN : 9789776539105
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 34.24 MB
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بناية رمادية منخفضة ، لا تزيد عن أربعة و ثلاثين طابقاً فقط كُتبت على مدخلها الرئيسى عبارة : ( مركز وسط لندن للتفريخ و التكييف ) ، و كُتب على درع شعار الدولة العالمية : (المجتمع ، و الهوية، و الاستقرار) تُواجه قاعة الطابق الأرضي الفسيحة جهة الشمال ، ممًا يجعلها باردة طوال الصيف ، وراء ألواح النوافذ الزجاجية ، على النقيض من جو الغرفة الاستوائي ، واخترق شعاع رفيع ثاقب النافذة يبحث بنهم عن جسد متدثر ملقى
Category: Fiction

Author : كارل ساجان
ISBN :
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 89.35 MB
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يبدأ المؤلف و يقول كان يوما من أيام الخريف صاخبة الرياح من عام 1939 ،وفى ذلك اليوم ، وفى الشوارع الواقعة خارج العمارة السكينة ، كانت أوراق الأشجار المتساقطة تدور في خضم الدوامات الهوائية الصغيرة ، و تتهاوى مع كل منها حياتها ، كان شعورا طيبا أن أكون داخل البيت . مستشعرا الأمان و الدف بينما أمى تعد العشاء فى حجرة مجاورة ولم يكن في شقتنا أطفال أكبر سناً يتصيدون الأخطاء بلا داع
Category: Social Science