GAMES PRIMATES PLAY AN UNDERCOVER INVESTIGATION OF THE EVOLUTION AND ECONOMICS OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS

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Games Primates Play

Author : Dario Maestripieri
ISBN : 9780465029303
Genre : Science
File Size : 79.64 MB
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Most humans don't realize that when they exchange emails with someone, anyone, they are actually exhibiting certain unspoken rules about dominance and hierarchy. The same rules regulate the exchange of grooming behavior in rhesus macaques or chimpanzees. Interestingly, some of the major aspects of human nature have profound commonalities with our ape ancestors: the violence of war, the intensity of love, the need to live together.While we often assume that our behavior in everyday situations reflects our unique personalities, the choices we freely make, or the influences of our environment, we rarely consider that others behave in these situations in almost the exact the same way as we do. In Games Primates Play, primatologist Dario Maestripieri examines the curious unspoken customs that govern our behavior. These patterns and customs appear to be motivated by free will, yet they are so similar from person to person, and across species, that they reveal much more than our selected choices. Games Primates Play uncovers our evolutionary legacy: the subtle codes that govern our behavior are the result of millions of years of evolution, predating the emergence of modern humans. To understand the rules that govern primate games and our social interactions, Maestripieri arms readers with knowledge of the scientific principles that ethologists, psychologists, economists, and other behavioral scientists have discovered in their quest to unravel the complexities of behavior. As he realizes, everything from how we write emails to how we make love is determined by the legacy of our primate roots and the conditions that existed so long ago. An idiosyncratic and witty approach to our deep and complex origins, Games Primates Play reveals the ways in which our primate nature drives so much of our lives.
Category: Science

Games Primates Play International Edition

Author : Dario Maestripieri
ISBN : 9780465031689
Genre : Science
File Size : 62.67 MB
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Most humans don't realize that when they exchange emails with someone, anyone, they are actually exhibiting certain unspoken rules about dominance and hierarchy. The same rules regulate the exchange of grooming behavior in rhesus macaques or chimpanzees. Interestingly, some of the major aspects of human nature have profound commonalities with our ape ancestors: the violence of war, the intensity of love, the need to live together.While we often assume that our behavior in everyday situations reflects our unique personalities, the choices we freely make, or the influences of our environment, we rarely consider that others behave in these situations in almost the exact the same way as we do. In Games Primates Play, primatologist Dario Maestripieri examines the curious unspoken customs that govern our behavior. These patterns and customs appear to be motivated by free will, yet they are so similar from person to person, and across species, that they reveal much more than our selected choices. Games Primates Play uncovers our evolutionary legacy: the subtle codes that govern our behavior are the result of millions of years of evolution, predating the emergence of modern humans. To understand the rules that govern primate games and our social interactions, Maestripieri arms readers with knowledge of the scientific principles that ethologists, psychologists, economists, and other behavioral scientists have discovered in their quest to unravel the complexities of behavior. As he realizes, everything from how we write emails to how we make love is determined by the legacy of our primate roots and the conditions that existed so long ago. An idiosyncratic and witty approach to our deep and complex origins, Games Primates Play reveals the ways in which our primate nature drives so much of our lives.
Category: Science

Das Weibliche Gehirn

Author : Louann Brizendine
ISBN : 9783455850789
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 80.29 MB
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Was Frauen zu Frauen macht Warum gebrauchen Frauen 20 000 Wörter am Tag, während Männer nur 7000 schaffen? Warum erinnern sie sich an Konflikte, von denen Männer meinen, es habe sie nie gegeben - und das, obwohl ihr Gehirn um 9 Prozent kleiner ist? Die Neuropsychiaterin Louann Brizendine präsentiert neueste Erkenntnisse der Gehirnforschung und erklärt in ihrem viel diskutierten Buch, warum Frauen die Welt so gründlich anders sehen als Männer. »Allen Männern zur Lektüre empfohlen, wenn sie gerade nicht an Sex denken.« Weltwoche
Category: Social Science

Katzen F R Dummies

Author : Gina Spadafori
ISBN : 3527704841
Genre :
File Size : 20.93 MB
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"Katzen für Dummies" bietet auf rund 400 Seiten umfassendes praktisches Wissen für alle neuen und alten Katzenbesitzer. Sie lernen die verschiedenen Katzenrassen kennen und erhalten so Hilfe bei der Auswahl der richtigen Katze. Informationen zur Katzentoilette und Katzenklappe fehlen ebenso wenig wie zur Ernährung und Gesundheit des Stubentigers. Die Autorin Gina Spadafori zeigt Ihnen, wie man selbst eine Katze erziehen kann und gibt Tipps, wie Sie mögliche Verhaltensprobleme in den Griff bekommen. Mit diesem Buch werden Sie als Katzenhalter die Besonderheiten Ihrer Katze zu schätzen wissen.
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The Unity Of Science And Economics

Author : Jing Chen
ISBN : 9781493934669
Genre : Science
File Size : 48.99 MB
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This book presents a new economic theory developed from physical and biological principles. It explains how technology, social systems and economic values are intimately related to resources. Many people have recognized that mainstream (neoclassical) economic theories are not consistent with physical laws and often not consistent with empirical patterns, but most feel that economic activities are too complex to be described by a simple and coherent mathematical theory. While social systems are indeed complex, all life systems, including social systems, satisfy two principles. First, all systems need to extract resources from the external environment to compensate for their consumption. Second, for a system to be viable, the amount of resource extraction has to be no less than the level of consumption. From these two principles, we derive a quantitative theory of major factors in economic activities, such as fixed cost, variable cost, discount rate, uncertainty and duration. The mathematical theory enables us to systematically measure the effectiveness of different policies and institutional structures at varying levels of resource abundance and cost.The theory presented in this book shows that there do not exist universally optimal policies or institutional structures. Instead, the impacts of different policies or social structures have to be measured within the context of existing levels of resource abundance. As the physical costs of extracting resources rise steadily, many policy assumptions adopted in mainstream economic theories, and workable in times of cheap and abundant energy supplies and other resources, need to be reconsidered. In this rapidly changing world, the theory presented here provides a solid foundation for examining the long-term impacts of today's policy decisions.
Category: Science

Cognition And Communication In The Evolution Of Language

Author : Anne Reboul
ISBN : 9780192549181
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 27.64 MB
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This book proposes a new two-step approach to the evolution of language, whereby syntax first evolved as an auto-organizational process for the human conceptual apparatus (as a Language of Thought), and this Language of Thought was then externalized for communication, due to social selection pressures. Anne Reboul first argues that despite the routine use of language in communication, current use is not a failsafe guide to adaptive history. She points out that human cognition is as unique in nature as is language as a communication system, suggesting deep links between human thought and language. If language is seen as a communication system, then the specificities of language, its hierarchical syntax, its creativity, and the ability to use it to talk about absent objects, are a mystery. This book shows that approaching language as a system for thought overcomes these problems, and provides a detailed account of both steps in the evolution of language: its evolution for thought and its externalization for communication.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Probability And Heat

Author : Friedrich Schlögl
ISBN : 3528063432
Genre : Science
File Size : 75.84 MB
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The book is meant to be primarily a textbook. Therefore most of the examples of special thermodynamic systems are standards in different fields. The number of the examples, however, is restricted. For more applications we refer the reader to the rich literature on thermodynamics. The author hopes that the book, which is concerned above all with basic connections, will be interesting not only for students but also for academic teachers and other scientists who like the structural analysis of fundamentals in physics. According to the character of a textbook, this book is not intended to demonstrate new results. Nevertheless, the way of the logical deductions, and of the presentations used in this book, as well as the choice of illustrating examples are not only influenced by literature but also by discussions with colleagues and friends. In this respect I should like to mention the Professors A. Stahl, J. Meixner, R. Bausch, H.-K. Janssen, R. Bessenrodt, Dr. E. Scholl, and Dr. C. Escher in Germany, as well as Professor C. A. Mead in Minneapolis, and Professor R. St. Berry in Chicago. Particular thank is directed to Professor V. Dohm for critically reading certain parts of the manuscript and making valuable proposals for improvements.
Category: Science

Kopflos

Author : Ori Brafman
ISBN : 9783593386591
Genre : Science
File Size : 26.56 MB
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Wir alle kennen es: Man hält an einer Entscheidung fest, obwohl deutlich absehbar ist, dass sie falsch ist. Schlimmer noch, man ignoriert alle Warnungen, verpasst die Gelegenheit, die Katastrophe abzuwenden und steuert sogar noch direkt in sie hinein. Ein unerklärliches Verhalten? Mitnichten, sagen Ori und Rom Brafman.
Category: Science