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Multi Criteria Decision Making Methods

Author : Evangelos Triantaphyllou
ISBN : 9781475731576
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 80.24 MB
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Multi-Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) has been one of the fastest growing problem areas in many disciplines. The central problem is how to evaluate a set of alternatives in terms of a number of criteria. Although this problem is very relevant in practice, there are few methods available and their quality is hard to determine. Thus, the question `Which is the best method for a given problem?' has become one of the most important and challenging ones. This is exactly what this book has as its focus and why it is important. The author extensively compares, both theoretically and empirically, real-life MCDM issues and makes the reader aware of quite a number of surprising `abnormalities' with some of these methods. What makes this book so valuable and different is that even though the analyses are rigorous, the results can be understood even by the non-specialist. Audience: Researchers, practitioners, and students; it can be used as a textbook for senior undergraduate or graduate courses in business and engineering.
Category: Business & Economics

Fuzzy Planning

Author : Gert de Roo
ISBN : 9781317131137
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 45.26 MB
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Many of the key notions associated with spatial planning are essentially ’fuzzy’ in their nature. For example, while almost everyone accepts ’sustainability’ as an important goal of planning, the actions of the actors involved can render the achieved ’sustainability’ minimal, or even counterproductive. Putting forward an innovative way of looking at planning problems and policies, this volume suggests actor-consulting is important in addressing the fuzzy nature of planning. A tool to address differences in understanding, actor-consulting is based on an analysis of actor motives, perceptions and contributions. By inviting all actors to express their desired, actual and potential contributions to achieving an agreed outcome to a local policy issue, decision-makers have a means to develop their goals in line with the roles, motivation, perception and behaviour of the various actors involved. Including contributions from Patsy Healy, Johan Woltjer, Don Miller and Karel Martens, the book presents a variety of case studies which demonstrate the use of the actor-consulting model in addressing planning issues.
Category: Political Science

Fuzzy Reasoning In Decision Making And Optimization

Author : Christer Carlsson
ISBN : 9783790818055
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 24.49 MB
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Many decision-making tasks are too complex to be understood quantitatively, however, humans succeed by using knowledge that is imprecise rather than precise. Fuzzy logic resembles human reasoning in its use of imprecise informa tion to generate decisions. Unlike classical logic which requires a deep under standing of a system, exact equations, and precise numeric values, fuzzy logic incorporates an alternative way of thinking, which allows modeling complex systems using a higher level of abstraction originating from our knowledge and experience. Fuzzy logic allows expressing this knowledge with subjective concepts such as very big and a long time which are mapped into exact numeric ranges. Since knowledge can be expressed in a more natural by using fuzzy sets, many decision (and engineering) problems can be greatly simplified. Fuzzy logic provides an inference morphology that enables approximate human reasoning capabilities to be applied to knowledge-based systems. The theory of fuzzy logic provides a mathematical strength to capture the un certainties associated with human cognitive processes, such as thinking and reasoning. The conventional approaches to knowledge representation lack the means for representating the meaning of fuzzy concepts. As a consequence, the approaches based on first order logic do not provide an appropriate con ceptual framework for dealing with the representation of commonsense knowl edge, since such knowledge is by its nature both lexically imprecise and non categorical.
Category: Business & Economics

Artificial Intelligence Techniques For Computer Graphics

Author : Dimitri Plemenos
ISBN : 9783540851271
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 49.50 MB
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The purpose of this volume is to present current work of the Intelligent Computer Graphics community, a community growing up year after year. Indeed, if at the beg- ning of Computer Graphics the use of Artificial Intelligence techniques was quite unknown, more and more researchers all over the world are nowadays interested in intelligent techniques allowing substantial improvements of traditional Computer Graphics methods. The other main contribution of intelligent techniques in Computer Graphics is to allow invention of completely new methods, often based on automation of a lot of tasks assumed in the past by the user in an imprecise and (human) time consuming manner. The history of research in Computer Graphics is very edifying. At the beginning, due to the slowness of computers in the years 1960, the unique research concern was visualisation. The purpose of Computer Graphics researchers was to find new visua- sation algorithms, less and less time consuming, in order to reduce the enormous time required for visualisation. A lot of interesting algorithms were invented during these first years of research in Computer Graphics. The scenes to be displayed were very simple because the computing power of computers was very low. So, scene modelling was not necessary and scenes were designed directly by the user, who had to give co-ordinates of vertices of scene polygons.
Category: Mathematics

Optimizing Decision Making In The Apparel Supply Chain Using Artificial Intelligence Ai

Author : Calvin Wong
ISBN : 9780857097842
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 41.47 MB
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Practitioners in apparel manufacturing and retailing enterprises in the fashion industry, ranging from senior to front line management, constantly face complex and critical decisions. There has been growing interest in the use of artificial intelligence (AI) techniques to enhance this process, and a number of AI techniques have already been successfully applied to apparel production and retailing. Optimizing decision making in the apparel supply chain using artificial intelligence (AI): From production to retail provides detailed coverage of these techniques, outlining how they are used to assist decision makers in tackling key supply chain problems. Key decision points in the apparel supply chain and the fundamentals of artificial intelligence techniques are the focus of the opening chapters, before the book proceeds to discuss the use of neural networks, genetic algorithms, fuzzy set theory and extreme learning machines for intelligent sales forecasting and intelligent product cross-selling systems. Helps the reader gain an understanding of the key decision points in the apparel supply chain Discusses the fundamentals of artificial intelligence techniques for apparel management techniques Considers the use of neural networks in selecting the location of apparel manufacturing plants
Category: Business & Economics

Integrated Intelligent Systems For Engineering Design

Author : Xuan F. Zha
ISBN : 1586036750
Genre : Computers
File Size : 63.92 MB
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"This book aims to describe recent findings and emerging techniques that use intelligent systems (particularly integrated and hybrid paradigms) in engineering design, and examples of applications. The goal is to take a snapshot of progress relating to research into systems for supporting design and to disseminate the way in which recent developments in integrated, knowledge-intensive, and computational AI techniques can improve and enhance such support. The selected articles provide an integrated, holistic perspective on this complex set of challenges and provide rigorous research results. The focus of this publication is on the integrated intelligent methodologies, frameworks and systems for supporting engineering design activities. The subject pushes the boundaries of the traditional topic of engineering design into new areas. The book is of interest to researchers, graduate students and practicing engineers involved in engineering design and applications using integrated intelligent techniques. In addition, managers and others can use it to obtain an overview of the subject, and gain a view about the applicability of this technology to their business. As AI and intelligent systems technologies are fast evolving, the editors hope that this book can serve as a useful insight to the readers on the state-of-the-art applications and developments of such techniques at the time of compilation."
Category: Computers

Applied Decision Support With Soft Computing

Author : Xinghuo Yu
ISBN : 9783540370086
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 85.94 MB
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Soft computing has provided sophisticated methodologies for the development of intelligent decision support systems. Fast advances in soft computing technologies, such as fuzzy logic and systems, artificial neural networks and evolutionary computation, have made available powerful problem representation and modelling paradigms, and learning and optimisation mechanisms for addressing modern decision making issues. This book provides a comprehensive coverage of up-to-date conceptual frameworks in broadly perceived decision support systems and successful applications. Different from other existing books, this volume predominately focuses on applied decision support with soft computing. Areas covered include planning, management finance and administration in both the private and public sectors.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Foundations Of Fuzzy Logic And Soft Computing

Author : Patricia Melin
ISBN : 9783540729501
Genre : Computers
File Size : 58.2 MB
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This book comprises a selection of papers from IFSA 2007 on new methods and theories that contribute to the foundations of fuzzy logic and soft computing. Coverage includes the application of fuzzy logic and soft computing in flexible querying, philosophical and human-scientific aspects of soft computing, search engine and information processing and retrieval, as well as intelligent agents and knowledge ant colony.
Category: Computers

Advanced Fuzzy Logic Approaches In Engineering Science

Author : Ram, Mangey
ISBN : 9781522557104
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 53.27 MB
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Fuzzy logic techniques have had extraordinary growth in various engineering systems. The developments in engineering sciences have caused apprehension in modern years due to high-tech industrial processes with ever-increasing levels of complexity. Advanced Fuzzy Logic Approaches in Engineering Science provides innovative insights into a comprehensive range of soft fuzzy logic techniques applied in various fields of engineering problems like fuzzy sets theory, adaptive neuro fuzzy inference system, and hybrid fuzzy logic genetic algorithms belief networks in industrial and engineering settings. The content within this publication represents the work of particle swarms, fuzzy computing, and rough sets. It is a vital reference source for engineers, research scientists, academicians, and graduate-level students seeking coverage on topics centered on the applications of fuzzy logic in high-tech industrial processes.
Category: Technology & Engineering