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Fuzzy Reasoning In Decision Making And Optimization

Author : Christer Carlsson
ISBN : 9783790818055
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 24.14 MB
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Many decision-making tasks are too complex to be understood quantitatively, however, humans succeed by using knowledge that is imprecise rather than precise. Fuzzy logic resembles human reasoning in its use of imprecise informa tion to generate decisions. Unlike classical logic which requires a deep under standing of a system, exact equations, and precise numeric values, fuzzy logic incorporates an alternative way of thinking, which allows modeling complex systems using a higher level of abstraction originating from our knowledge and experience. Fuzzy logic allows expressing this knowledge with subjective concepts such as very big and a long time which are mapped into exact numeric ranges. Since knowledge can be expressed in a more natural by using fuzzy sets, many decision (and engineering) problems can be greatly simplified. Fuzzy logic provides an inference morphology that enables approximate human reasoning capabilities to be applied to knowledge-based systems. The theory of fuzzy logic provides a mathematical strength to capture the un certainties associated with human cognitive processes, such as thinking and reasoning. The conventional approaches to knowledge representation lack the means for representating the meaning of fuzzy concepts. As a consequence, the approaches based on first order logic do not provide an appropriate con ceptual framework for dealing with the representation of commonsense knowl edge, since such knowledge is by its nature both lexically imprecise and non categorical.
Category: Business & Economics

Multi Criteria Decision Making Methods

Author : Evangelos Triantaphyllou
ISBN : 9781475731576
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 44.62 MB
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Multi-Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) has been one of the fastest growing problem areas in many disciplines. The central problem is how to evaluate a set of alternatives in terms of a number of criteria. Although this problem is very relevant in practice, there are few methods available and their quality is hard to determine. Thus, the question `Which is the best method for a given problem?' has become one of the most important and challenging ones. This is exactly what this book has as its focus and why it is important. The author extensively compares, both theoretically and empirically, real-life MCDM issues and makes the reader aware of quite a number of surprising `abnormalities' with some of these methods. What makes this book so valuable and different is that even though the analyses are rigorous, the results can be understood even by the non-specialist. Audience: Researchers, practitioners, and students; it can be used as a textbook for senior undergraduate or graduate courses in business and engineering.
Category: Business & Economics

Fuzzy Planning

Author : Gert de Roo
ISBN : 9781317131137
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 22.82 MB
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Many of the key notions associated with spatial planning are essentially ’fuzzy’ in their nature. For example, while almost everyone accepts ’sustainability’ as an important goal of planning, the actions of the actors involved can render the achieved ’sustainability’ minimal, or even counterproductive. Putting forward an innovative way of looking at planning problems and policies, this volume suggests actor-consulting is important in addressing the fuzzy nature of planning. A tool to address differences in understanding, actor-consulting is based on an analysis of actor motives, perceptions and contributions. By inviting all actors to express their desired, actual and potential contributions to achieving an agreed outcome to a local policy issue, decision-makers have a means to develop their goals in line with the roles, motivation, perception and behaviour of the various actors involved. Including contributions from Patsy Healy, Johan Woltjer, Don Miller and Karel Martens, the book presents a variety of case studies which demonstrate the use of the actor-consulting model in addressing planning issues.
Category: Political Science

Optimizing Decision Making In The Apparel Supply Chain Using Artificial Intelligence Ai

Author : Calvin Wong
ISBN : 9780857097842
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 83.85 MB
Format : PDF
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Practitioners in apparel manufacturing and retailing enterprises in the fashion industry, ranging from senior to front line management, constantly face complex and critical decisions. There has been growing interest in the use of artificial intelligence (AI) techniques to enhance this process, and a number of AI techniques have already been successfully applied to apparel production and retailing. Optimizing decision making in the apparel supply chain using artificial intelligence (AI): From production to retail provides detailed coverage of these techniques, outlining how they are used to assist decision makers in tackling key supply chain problems. Key decision points in the apparel supply chain and the fundamentals of artificial intelligence techniques are the focus of the opening chapters, before the book proceeds to discuss the use of neural networks, genetic algorithms, fuzzy set theory and extreme learning machines for intelligent sales forecasting and intelligent product cross-selling systems. Helps the reader gain an understanding of the key decision points in the apparel supply chain Discusses the fundamentals of artificial intelligence techniques for apparel management techniques Considers the use of neural networks in selecting the location of apparel manufacturing plants
Category: Business & Economics

Fuzzy Optimization And Multi Criteria Decision Making In Digital Marketing

Author : Kumar, Anil
ISBN : 9781466688094
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 23.27 MB
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Abstract: "This book applies fuzzy theory and multi-criteria decision making principles for better practice in the digital business environment through the use of timely research and case studies on practical implementation of such theories in the digital marketplace"--Provided by publisher
Category: Business & Economics

Soft Computing Based Optimization And Decision Models

Author : David A. Pelta
ISBN : 9783319642864
Genre : Computers
File Size : 58.35 MB
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This book offers a timely snapshot of current soft-computing research and solutions to decision-making and optimization problems, which are ubiquitous in the current social and technological context, addressing fields including logistics, transportation and data analysis. Written by leading international experts from the United States, Brazil and Cuba, as well as the United Kingdom, France, Finland and Spain, it discusses theoretical developments in and practical applications of soft computing in fields where these methods are crucial to obtaining better models, including: intelligent transportation systems, maritime logistics, portfolio selection, decision- making, fuzzy cognitive maps, and fault detection. The book is dedicated to Professor José L. Verdegay, a pioneer who has been actively pursuing research in fuzzy sets theory and soft computing since 1982, in honor of his 65th birthday.
Category: Computers

Fuzzy Mathematical Programming

Author : Young-Jou Lai
ISBN : 9783642487538
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 50.23 MB
Format : PDF
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In the last 25 years, the fuzzy set theory has been applied in many disciplines such as operations research, management science, control theory,artificial intelligence/expert system, etc. In this volume, methods and applications of fuzzy mathematical programming and possibilistic mathematical programming are first systematically and thoroughly reviewed and classified. This state-of-the-art survey provides readers with a capsule look into the existing methods, and their characteristics and applicability to analysis of fuzzy and possibilistic programming problems. To realize practical fuzzy modelling, we present solutions for real-world problems including production/manufacturing, transportation, assignment, game, environmental management, resource allocation, project investment, banking/finance, and agricultural economics. To improve flexibility and robustness of fuzzy mathematical programming techniques, we also present our expert decision-making support system IFLP which considers and solves all possibilities of a specific domain of (fuzzy) linear programming problems. Basic fuzzy set theories, membership functions, fuzzy decisions, operators and fuzzy arithmetic are introduced with simple numerical examples in aneasy-to-read and easy-to-follow manner. An updated bibliographical listing of 60 books, monographs or conference proceedings, and about 300 selected papers, reports or theses is presented in the end of this study.
Category: Business & Economics

Civil Engineering And Urban Planning Iv

Author : Yuan-Ming Liu
ISBN : 9781315645155
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 36.81 MB
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Civil Engineering and Urban Planning IV includes the papers presented at the 4th International Conference on Civil Engineering and Urban Planning (CEUP 2015, Beijing, China, 25-27 July 2015). The contributions from experts and world-renowned scientists cover a wide variety of topics: - Civil engineering; - Architecture and urban planning; - Transportation engineering; - Geomatics; - Natural hazards and risk, and - Rock mechanics and rock engineering. Civil Engineering and Urban Planning IV will appeal to professionals and academics involved in the above mentioned areas.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Artificial Intelligence Techniques For Computer Graphics

Author : Dimitri Plemenos
ISBN : 9783540851271
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 24.68 MB
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The purpose of this volume is to present current work of the Intelligent Computer Graphics community, a community growing up year after year. Indeed, if at the beg- ning of Computer Graphics the use of Artificial Intelligence techniques was quite unknown, more and more researchers all over the world are nowadays interested in intelligent techniques allowing substantial improvements of traditional Computer Graphics methods. The other main contribution of intelligent techniques in Computer Graphics is to allow invention of completely new methods, often based on automation of a lot of tasks assumed in the past by the user in an imprecise and (human) time consuming manner. The history of research in Computer Graphics is very edifying. At the beginning, due to the slowness of computers in the years 1960, the unique research concern was visualisation. The purpose of Computer Graphics researchers was to find new visua- sation algorithms, less and less time consuming, in order to reduce the enormous time required for visualisation. A lot of interesting algorithms were invented during these first years of research in Computer Graphics. The scenes to be displayed were very simple because the computing power of computers was very low. So, scene modelling was not necessary and scenes were designed directly by the user, who had to give co-ordinates of vertices of scene polygons.
Category: Mathematics