FROM MOLECULE TO METAPHOR A NEURAL THEORY OF LANGUAGE MIT PRESS

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From Molecule To Metaphor

Author : Jerome Feldman
ISBN : 9780262296885
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 72.1 MB
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In From Molecule to Metaphor, Jerome Feldman proposes a theory of language and thought that treats language not as an abstract symbol system but as a human biological ability that can be studied as a function of the brain, as vision and motor control are studied. This theory, he writes, is a "bridging theory" that works from extensive knowledge at two ends of a causal chain to explicate the links between. Although the cognitive sciences are revealing much about how our brains produce language and thought, we do not yet know exactly how words are understood or have any methodology for finding out. Feldman develops his theory in computer simulations -- formal models that suggest ways that language and thought may be realized in the brain. Combining key findings and theories from biology, computer science, linguistics, and psychology, Feldman synthesizes a theory by exhibiting programs that demonstrate the required behavior while remaining consistent with the findings from all disciplines.After presenting the essential results on language, learning, neural computation, the biology of neurons and neural circuits, and the mind/brain, Feldman introduces specific demonstrations and formal models of such topics as how children learn their first words, words for abstract and metaphorical concepts, understanding stories, and grammar (including "hot-button" issues surrounding the innateness of human grammar). With this accessible, comprehensive book Feldman offers readers who want to understand how our brains create thought and language a theory of language that is intuitively plausible and also consistent with existing scientific data at all levels.
Category: Psychology

Embodied Mind Meaning And Reason

Author : Mark Johnson
ISBN : 9780226500256
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 73.87 MB
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Introduction: bringing the body to mind -- Cognitive science and Dewey's theory of mind, thought, and language -- Cowboy bill rides herd on the range of consciousness -- We are live creatures: embodiment, American pragmatism, and the cognitive organism / Mark Johnson and Tim Rohrer -- The meaning of the body -- The philosophical significance of image schemas -- Action, embodied meaning, and thought -- Knowing through the body -- Embodied realism and truth incarnate -- Why the body matters
Category: Philosophy

Metaphor From The Ground Up

Author : Daniel C. Strack
ISBN : 9781498547918
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 89.79 MB
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Cross-referencing neurobiological knowledge with the invariance hypothesis, relevance theory, and frame semantics, Metaphor from the Ground Up: Understanding Figurative Language in Context unifies metaphor theory, fundamentally rethinks “context,” and moves linguistics into the twenty-first century.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Sensory Perceptions In Language Embodiment And Epistemology

Author : Annalisa Baicchi
ISBN : 9783319912776
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 42.11 MB
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The book illustrates how the human ability to adapt to the environment and interact with it can explain our linguistic representation of the world as constrained by our bodies and sensory perception. The different chapters discuss philosophical, scientific, and linguistic perspectives on embodiment and body perception, highlighting the core mechanisms humans employ to acquire knowledge of reality. These processes are based on sensory experience and interaction through communication.
Category: Philosophy

The Transformational Self

Author : Harold K. Bendicsen
ISBN : 9781781812075
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 36.60 MB
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This book is an attempt to add to the theoretical discussion regarding the nature of the intrapsychic and interpersonal transformational changes associated with the transition from adolescence to young adulthood. The author introduces the concept of the 'Transformational Self', a phase-specific dimension of the neural self, and demonstrates the enhanced explanatory power that it offers in attempting to examine the sometimes dramatic shifting self-states accompanying the metamorphosis from adolescence into young adulthood. A necessary precondition for the emergence of the Transformational Self is the maturation of the pre-frontal cortex and its enhanced neural connectivity. With this biological achievement, executive functioning, a strengthened ego/self capacity, can arrive at a mature level of external stabilization and internal, intrapsychic structuralization. Conceptualized in self-referencing metaphor and expressed and reinforced through long term potentiation (repeated firing patterns of synchronous neural assemblies), the late adolescent reconfigured self-state becomes a true developmental potentiality evidenced by the use of different self (and other) representations. In other words, self referencing metaphor becomes the pathway to personal metamorphosis. The psychotherapies of two mid adolescent girls illustrate the application of the Transformational Self concept.
Category: Psychology

A Glossary Of Cognitive Linguistics

Author : Vyvyan Evans
ISBN : UOM:39015079267269
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 80.61 MB
Format : PDF
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Cognitive linguistics is one of the most rapidly expanding schools in linguistics. A mature intellectual movement with a large international community of active scholars, cognitive linguistics is a fast growing approach to language and mind within cognitive science with an impressive and complex technical vocabulary. This alphabetic guide gives an up-to-date introduction to the key terms in cognitive linguistics, covering all the major theories, approaches, ideas, and many relevant theoretical constructs. A Glossary of Cognitive Linguistics also features a brief introduction to cognitive linguistics, a detailed annotated reading list, and a listing of some key researchers in cognitive linguistics. Key Features: -A handy and easy to understand pocket guide for anyone embarking on courses in cognitive linguistics or language and the mind -Numerous cross-references to related terms -Coverage of newer areas such as Radical Construction Grammar, Embodied Construction Grammar, Primary Metaphor Theory, and Principled Polysemy Linguistics Distribution is limited to Canada and the United States
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Abstract Phonology In A Concrete Model

Author : Tore Nesset
ISBN : STANFORD:36105122576528
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 34.98 MB
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This book is relevant for phonologists, morphologists, Slavists and cognitive linguists, and addresses two questions: How can the morphology-phonology interface be accommodated in cognitive linguistics? Do morphophonological alternations have a meaning? These questions are explored via a comprehensive analysis of stem alternations in Russian verbs. The analysis is couched in R.W. Langacker's Cognitive Grammar framework, and the book offers comparisons to other varieties of cognitive linguistics, such as Construction Grammar and Conceptual Integration. The proposed analysis is furthermore compared to rule-based and constraint-based approaches to phonology in generative grammar. Without resorting to underlying representations or procedural rules, the Cognitive Linguistics framework facilitates an insightful approach to abstract phonology, offering the important advantage of restrictiveness. Cognitive Grammar provides an analysis of an entire morphophonological system in terms of a parsimonious set of theoretical constructs that all have cognitive motivation. No ad hoc machinery is invoked, and the analysis yields strong empirical predictions. Another advantage is that Cognitive Grammar can identify the meaning of morphophonological alternations. For example, it is argued that stem alternations in Russian verbs conspire to signal non-past meaning. This book is accessible to a broad readership and offers a welcome contribution to phonology and morphology, which have been understudied in cognitive linguistics.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Author : Jouko Lindstedt
ISBN : STANFORD:36105133677992
Genre : Russian philology
File Size : 59.32 MB
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Category: Russian philology

Meaning In Mind And Society

Author : Peter Harder
ISBN : STANFORD:36105132513743
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 20.20 MB
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Cognitive Linguistics is becoming increasingly oriented towards the social dimension. This book describes this development and discusses some central issues for the emerging socio-cognitive synthesis. Mapping out the territory from individual embodied meaning to discourse struggles, it suggests principles for an analysis of the relation between conceptual and social processes.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines