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French Historians 1900 2000

Author : Philip Daileader
ISBN : 1444323660
Genre : History
File Size : 84.49 MB
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French Historians 1900-2000: The New Historical Writing inTwentieth-Century France examines the lives and writings of 40of France’s great twentieth-century historians. Blends biography with critical analysis of major works, placingthe work of the French historians in the context of their lifestories Includes contributions from over 30 international scholars Provides English-speaking readers with a new insight into thekey French historians of the last century
Category: History

Centuries Of Childhood

Author : Eva-Marie Prag
ISBN : 9780429939815
Genre : History
File Size : 71.97 MB
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In Centuries of Childhood, the French historian Philippe Aries offers a fundamentally fresh interpretation of what childhood is and what the institution means for society at large. Aries's core idea is that ‘childhood,’ as we understand it today – a special time that requires special efforts and resources – is an invention of the 19th century, and that before that date children were in effect thought of as small adults. This led him to a re-evaluation of sources that suggested a second, crucial, conclusion: the idea that these competing visions of childhood were the products of two very different conceptions of human society. An earlier, essentially communal, social ideal, Aries wrote, had been supplanted by a society far more family-centric and hence inward-facing. In his view, moreover, this increased focus on childhood posed a direct challenge to a well-entrenched social order. ‘One is tempted to conclude,’ he wrote, ‘that sociability and the concept of the family were incompatible, and could develop only at each other's expense.’ This revolutionary thesis, which has inspired and infuriated other historians in roughly equal measure, was made possible by Aries's determination to understand the meaning of the evidence available to him and highlight problems of definition that others had simply glossed over, making Centuries of Childhood an important example of the critical thinking skill of interpretation.
Category: History

History As A Kind Of Writing

Author : Philippe Carrard
ISBN : 9780226427966
Genre : History
File Size : 64.72 MB
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Philippe Carrard, a historian and theorist of historical forms and functions, has an enviable reputation both in France and the U.S. He gives historiographers access to what writers of history in France have been doing the past 25 years, casting light on views of historiography put forward by literary theorists, by theorists of history, and by historians themselves. The field of historical theory has been dominated by Hayden White for a long time; Carrard bids fair to displace him, by showing how historians use other forms (i.e., in addition to narrative) for building their accounts. This book provides an overview of the current state of French historiography (touching on history of memory, contemporary history, political history, and other areas that the Annales school left out or rejected), but it aims to do more. Carrard examines conventions of historiographic writing at different levels, going from the structure of the whole book to specific points such as the use of the first person singular, the turn to figurative language, and the way documents are made part of the text. Throughout the book, Carrard is in constant dialogue with English-speaking theorists of history (from Ankersmit to Megill and many in between on our backlist), and among the many French theorists, he ranges from Henry Rousso to Paul Veyne, also on out backlist. He is at pains to keep the distinction between history and fiction clearly in sight, treating the uses of figurative languages, anachronisms, incompleteness of evidence, and more, all related to the poetics of French historiography, by which he means the study of the rules, codes, and conventions that operate in a given set of texts. "
Category: History

The French Revolution In Global Perspective

Author : Suzanne Desan
ISBN : 9780801467462
Genre : History
File Size : 70.39 MB
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Situating the French Revolution in the context of early modern globalization for the first time, this book offers a new approach to understanding its international origins and worldwide effects. A distinguished group of contributors shows that the political culture of the Revolution emerged out of a long history of global commerce, imperial competition, and the movement of people and ideas in places as far flung as India, Egypt, Guiana, and the Caribbean. This international approach helps to explain how the Revolution fused immense idealism with territorial ambition and combined the drive for human rights with various forms of exclusion. The essays examine topics including the role of smuggling and free trade in the origins of the French Revolution, the entwined nature of feminism and abolitionism, and the influence of the French revolutionary wars on the shape of American empire. The French Revolution in Global Perspective illuminates the dense connections among the cultural, social, and economic aspects of the French Revolution, revealing how new political forms-at once democratic and imperial, anticolonial and centralizing-were generated in and through continual transnational exchanges and dialogues. Contributors: Rafe Blaufarb, Florida State University; Ian Coller, La Trobe University; Denise Davidson, Georgia State University; Suzanne Desan, University of Wisconsin-Madison; Lynn Hunt, University of California, Los Angeles; Andrew Jainchill, Queen's University; Michael Kwass, The Johns Hopkins University; William Max Nelson, University of Toronto; Pierre Serna, Université Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne; Miranda Spieler, University of Arizona; Charles Walton, Yale University
Category: History

Contesting The Reformation

Author : C. Scott Dixon
ISBN : 9781118272305
Genre : History
File Size : 62.25 MB
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Contesting the Reformation provides a comprehensive surveyof the most influential works in the field of Reformation studiesfrom a comparative, cross-national, interdisciplinaryperspective. Represents the only English-language single-authored syntheticstudy of Reformation historiography Addresses both the English and the Continental debates onReformation history Provides a thematic approach which takes in the main trends inmodern Reformation history Draws on the most recent publications relating to Reformationstudies Considers the social, political, cultural, and intellectualimplications of the Reformation and the associated literature
Category: History

Foucault S Archaeology

Author : David Webb
ISBN : 9780748675449
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 68.76 MB
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Reveals the extent to which Foucault's approach to language in The Archaeology of Knowledge was influenced by the mathematical sciences, adopting a mode of thought indebted to thinkers in the scientific and epistemological traditions such as Cavailles and
Category: Philosophy

Unlikely Collaboration

Author : Barbara Will
ISBN : 9780231526418
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 26.33 MB
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In 1941, the Jewish American writer and avant-garde icon Gertrude Stein embarked on one of the strangest intellectual projects of her life: translating for an American audience the speeches of Marshal Philippe Pétain, head of state for the collaborationist Vichy government. From 1941 to 1943, Stein translated thirty-two of Pétain's speeches, in which he outlined the Vichy policy barring Jews and other "foreign elements" from the public sphere while calling for France to reconcile with Nazi occupiers. Unlikely Collaboration pursues troubling questions: Why and under what circumstances would Stein undertake this project? The answers lie in Stein's link to the man at the core of this controversy: Bernard Faÿ, Stein's apparent Vichy protector. Faÿ was director of the Bibliothèque Nationale during the Vichy regime and overseer of the repression of French freemasons. He convinced Pétain to keep Stein undisturbed during the war and, in turn, encouraged her to translate Pétain for American audiences. Yet Faÿ's protection was not coercive. Stein described the thinker as her chief intellectual companion during her final years. Barbara Will outlines the formative powers of this relationship, noting possible affinities between Stein and Faÿ's political and aesthetic ideals, especially their reflection in Stein's writing from the late 1920s to the 1940s. Will treats their interaction as a case study of intellectual life during wartime France and an indication of America's place in the Vichy imagination. Her book forces a reconsideration of modernism and fascism, asking what led so many within the avant-garde toward fascist and collaborationist thought. Touching off a potential powder keg of critical dispute, Will replays a collaboration that proves essential to understanding fascism and the remaking of modern Europe.
Category: Literary Criticism

News On The Rialto

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015079763275
Genre : Venice (Italy)
File Size : 77.63 MB
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Category: Venice (Italy)

Saint Vincent Ferrer His World And Life

Author : Philip Daileader
ISBN : 9781137532930
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 26.49 MB
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The fourteenth and fifteenth centuries were times of tumultuous change in medieval Europe; they witnessed the Black Death, the Great Papal Schism, heightened fears of the apocalypse, and the elimination of Spain's non-Christian population. Few figures were as widely and as intimately involved in late medieval Europe's struggles as Saint Vincent Ferrer. Perhaps the foremost preacher of his day, Ferrer spent the final two decades of his life traversing Europe, preparing the world for its imminent destruction. Saint Vincent Ferrer (d. 1419), His World and Life reassesses the controversial preacher's motives, methods, and impact, tracing Ferrer's journey from obscure logician to angel of the apocalypse, as he came to be known. At the same time, the book offers new insights into the depth and breadth of late medieval apocalyptic anticipation, and into the processes that ultimately led to the expulsions of Spain's Jews and Muslims.
Category: Literary Criticism