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French Historians 1900 2000

Author : Philip Daileader
ISBN : 1444323660
Genre : History
File Size : 48.23 MB
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French Historians 1900-2000: The New Historical Writing in Twentieth-Century France examines the lives and writings of 40 of France’s great twentieth-century historians. Blends biography with critical analysis of major works, placing the work of the French historians in the context of their life stories Includes contributions from over 30 international scholars Provides English-speaking readers with a new insight into the key French historians of the last century
Category: History

France At War In The Twentieth Century

Author : Christian Delporte
ISBN : 1571817018
Genre : History
File Size : 32.16 MB
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France experienced four major conflicts in the fifty years between 1914 and 1964: two world wars, and the wars in Indochina and Algeria. In each the role of myth was intricately bound up with memory, hope, belief, and ideas of nation. This is the first book to explore how individual myths were created, sustained, and used for purposes of propaganda, examining in detail not just the press, radio, photographs, posters, films, and songs that gave credence to an imagined event or attributed mythical status to an individual, but also the cultural processes by which such artifacts were disseminated and took effect. Reliance on myth, so the authors argue, is shown to be one of the most significant and durable features of 20th century warfare propaganda, used by both sides in all the conflicts covered in this book. However, its effective and useful role in time of war notwithstanding, it does distort a population's perception of reality and therefore often results in defeat: the myth-making that began as a means of sustaining belief in France's supremacy, and later her will and ability to resist, ultimately proved counterproductive in the process of decolonization.
Category: History

Centuries Of Childhood

Author : Eva-Marie Prag
ISBN : 9780429939815
Genre : History
File Size : 48.29 MB
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In Centuries of Childhood, the French historian Philippe Aries offers a fundamentally fresh interpretation of what childhood is and what the institution means for society at large. Aries's core idea is that ‘childhood,’ as we understand it today – a special time that requires special efforts and resources – is an invention of the 19th century, and that before that date children were in effect thought of as small adults. This led him to a re-evaluation of sources that suggested a second, crucial, conclusion: the idea that these competing visions of childhood were the products of two very different conceptions of human society. An earlier, essentially communal, social ideal, Aries wrote, had been supplanted by a society far more family-centric and hence inward-facing. In his view, moreover, this increased focus on childhood posed a direct challenge to a well-entrenched social order. ‘One is tempted to conclude,’ he wrote, ‘that sociability and the concept of the family were incompatible, and could develop only at each other's expense.’ This revolutionary thesis, which has inspired and infuriated other historians in roughly equal measure, was made possible by Aries's determination to understand the meaning of the evidence available to him and highlight problems of definition that others had simply glossed over, making Centuries of Childhood an important example of the critical thinking skill of interpretation.
Category: History

Place And Locality In Modern France

Author : Philip Whalen
ISBN : 9781780938417
Genre : History
File Size : 46.52 MB
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Place and Locality in Modern France analyses the significance and changing constructions of local place in modern France. Drawing on the expertise of a range of scholars from around the world, this book provides a timely overview of the cross-disciplinary thinking that is currently taking place over a central issue in French history. The contributed chapters address a range of subjects that include: the politics of administrative reform, decentralization, regionalism and local advocacy; the role of commerce in engendering narratives and experience of local place; the importance of ethnic, class, gender and race distinctions in shaping local connection and identity; the generation and transmission of knowledge about local place and culture through academia, civic heritage and popular memory. As a reconsideration of the 'local' in French history, Place and Locality in Modern France bridges the divide between micro- and macro-history for all those interested in ideas of locality and culture in modern French and European history.
Category: History

The Inverted Mirror

Author : Michael E. Nolan
ISBN : 1845453018
Genre : History
File Size : 90.30 MB
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This study explores a particularly virulent phase during which France and Germany projected certain assumptions about national character onto the other, which contributed to the growing hostility between the two countries in the years before the First World War.
Category: History

France In The Enlightenment

Author : Daniel Roche
ISBN : 0674317475
Genre : History
File Size : 44.8 MB
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Explores the social, cultural, and political developments in France in the period before the Revolution
Category: History

A Divided Republic

Author : Emile Chabal
ISBN : 9781316299210
Genre : History
File Size : 66.78 MB
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This book is an original and sophisticated historical interpretation of contemporary French political culture. Until now, there have been few attempts to understand the political consequences of the profound geopolitical, intellectual and economic changes that France has undergone since the 1970s. However, Emile Chabal's detailed study shows how passionate debates over citizenship, immigration, colonial memory, the reform of the state and the historiography of modern France have galvanised the French elite and created new spaces for discussion and disagreement. Many of these debates have coalesced around two political languages - republicanism and liberalism - both of which structure the historical imagination and the symbolic vocabulary of French political actors. The tension between these two political languages has become the central battleground of contemporary French politics. It is around these two poles that politicians, intellectuals and members of France's vast civil society have tried to negotiate the formidable challenges of ideological uncertainty and a renewed sense of global insecurity.
Category: History

Unlikely Collaboration

Author : Barbara Will
ISBN : 9780231526418
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 69.44 MB
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In 1941, Jewish American writer and avant-garde icon Gertrude Stein embarked on one of the strangest intellectual projects of her life: translating for an American audience the speeches of Marshal Philippe Pétain, head of state for the collaborationist Vichy government. From 1941 to 1943, Stein translated thirty-two speeches in which Pétain outlines the Vichy policy barring Jews and other "foreign elements" from the public sphere and calls for France to reconcile with Nazi occupiers. Unlikely Collaboration pursues a troubling question: Why and under what circumstances would Stein undertake this project? A specialist on the author and her radical writing, Barbara Will links Stein to the man at the core of this controversy: Bernard Faÿ, Stein's apparent Vichy protector. Faÿ was director of the Bibliothèque Nationale during the Vichy regime and overseer of the repression of French freemasons. He convinced Pétain to keep Stein "undisturbed" during the war and, in turn, "encouraged" her to translate Pétain for American audiences. Yet Faÿ's protection was not coercive. Stein described the thinker as a chief intellectual companion during her final years. Will outlines the formative powers of this relationship, noting possible affinities between Stein and Faÿ's political and aesthetic ideals, especially their reflection in Stein's writing from the late 1920s to the 1940s. Will treats their interaction as a case study of intellectual life during wartime France and an indication of America's place in the Vichy imagination. Her book forces a reconsideration of modernism and fascism, revealing what led so many within the avant-garde toward fascist thought. Touching off a potential powder keg of critical dispute, Will replays a collaboration that proves key to understanding fascism and the remaking of modern Europe.
Category: Literary Criticism

True Citizens

Author : Philip Daileader
ISBN : 9004115714
Genre : History
File Size : 34.55 MB
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This study of urban citizenship sheds new light on medieval Catalonia's communal development, Jewish-Christian relations, Catalonia's place within the urban history of medieval Europe, and the transition from the High to the Late Middle Ages.
Category: History

Contesting The Reformation

Author : C. Scott Dixon
ISBN : 9781118272305
Genre : History
File Size : 44.53 MB
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Contesting the Reformation provides a comprehensive survey of the most influential works in the field of Reformation studies from a comparative, cross-national, interdisciplinary perspective. Represents the only English-language single-authored synthetic study of Reformation historiography Addresses both the English and the Continental debates on Reformation history Provides a thematic approach which takes in the main trends in modern Reformation history Draws on the most recent publications relating to Reformation studies Considers the social, political, cultural, and intellectual implications of the Reformation and the associated literature
Category: History