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Forest Landscapes And Global Change

Author : João C. Azevedo
ISBN : 9781493909537
Genre : Science
File Size : 73.54 MB
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Climate change, urban sprawl, abandonment of agriculture, intensification of forestry and agriculture, changes in energy generation and use, expansion of infrastructure networks, habitat destruction and degradation, and other drivers of change occur at increasing rates. They affect patterns and processes in forest landscapes, and modify ecosystem services derived from those ecosystems. Consequently, rapidly changing landscapes present many new challenges to scientists and managers. While it is not uncommon to encounter the terms “global change” and “landscape” together in the ecological literature, a global analyses of drivers of change in forest landscapes, and their ecological consequences have not been addressed adequately. That is the goal of this volume: an exploration of the state of knowledge of global changes in forested landscapes with emphasis on causes and effects, and challenges faced by researchers and land managers. Initial chapters identify and describe major agents of landscape change: climate, fire, and human activities. The next series of chapters address implications of changes on ecosystem services, biodiversity conservation and carbon flux. A chapter that describes methodologies of detecting and monitoring landscape changes is presented followed by chapter that highlights the many challenges forest landscape managers face amidst of global change. Finally, we present a summary and a synthesis of the main points presented in the book. Each chapter will contain the individual research experiences of chapter authors, augmented by review and synthesis of global scientific literature on relevant topics, as well as critical input from multiple peer reviewers.
Category: Science

Simulation Modeling Of Forest Landscape Disturbances

Author : Ajith H. Perera
ISBN : 9783319198095
Genre : Science
File Size : 53.14 MB
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Forest landscape disturbances are a global phenomenon. Simulation models are an important tool in understanding these broad scale processes and exploring their effects on forest ecosystems. This book contains a collection of insights from a group of ecologists who address a variety of processes: physical disturbances such as drought, wind, and fire; biological disturbances such as defoliating insects and bark beetles; anthropogenic influences; interactions among disturbances; effects of climate change on disturbances; and the recovery of forest landscapes from disturbances—all from a simulation modeling perspective. These discussions and examples offer a broad synopsis of the state of this rapidly evolving subject.
Category: Science

Landscape Ecology In Forest Management And Conservation

Author : Chao Li
ISBN : 9783642127540
Genre : Science
File Size : 22.22 MB
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“Landscape Ecology in Forest Management and Conservation: Challenges and Solutions for Global Change” discusses how landscape ecology can contribute to addressing the challenges in contemporary forest management practice, with diverse contributions from active researchers worldwide. It provides not only a summary of conceptual understanding of landscape ecology as related to forest management but also a whole set of specific challenges, issues, and methods on how to deal with them. This book is a stimulating addition to the international literature on landscape ecology and land resource management at large. Dr. Chao Li is a Research Scientist with the Canadian Forest Service (CFS), Natural Resources Canada, and leads the Landscape Disturbances and Forest Valuation Modeling group. Dr. Raffaele Lafortezza is a Lecturer in forest landscape ecology at the University of Bari, Italy. Dr. Jiquan Chen is a Professor at the Department of Environmental Sciences, the University of Toledo, USA.
Category: Science

Climate Change Adaptation And Mitigation Management Options

Author : James M. Vose
ISBN : 9781466572768
Genre : Nature
File Size : 71.62 MB
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Forest land managers face the challenges of preparing their forests for the impacts of climate change. However, climate change adds a new dimension to the task of developing and testing science-based management options to deal with the effects of stressors on forest ecosystems in the southern United States. The large spatial scale and complex interactions make traditional experimental approaches difficult. Yet, the current progression of climate change science offers new insights from recent syntheses, models, and experiments, providing enough information to start planning now for a future that will likely include an increase in disturbances and rapid changes in forest conditions. Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Management Options: A Guide for Natural Resource Managers in Southern Forest Ecosystems provides a comprehensive analysis of forest management options to guide natural resource management in the face of future climate change. Topics include potential climate change impacts on wildfire, insects, diseases, and invasives, and how these in turn might affect the values of southern forests that include timber, fiber, and carbon; water quality and quantity; species and habitats; and recreation. The book also considers southern forest carbon sequestration, vulnerability to biological threats, and migration of native tree populations due to climate change. This book utilizes the most relevant science and brings together science experts and land managers from various disciplines and regions throughout the south to combine science, models, and on-the-ground experience to develop management options. Providing a link between current management actions and future management options that would anticipate a changing climate, the authors hope to ensure a broader range of options for managing southern forests and protecting their values in the future.
Category: Nature

Climate Change Air Pollution And Global Challenges

Author : Pavel Cudlín
ISBN : 9780128055762
Genre : Nature
File Size : 45.24 MB
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Forests provide many supporting, regulating and cultural services. Extensive environmental changes have resulted in a substantial loss or degradation of forest ecosystem services (ES). Unclear interactions of climate-change phenomena make it difficult to estimate forest ES. Research on interactive effects of climate change and air pollution has become a central issue in forest science during the past decade. Climate change in interaction with air pollution brings novel combinations of severity and timing of multiple stresses, which may significantly affect many forest ES. The aims of the present chapter are to identify basic concepts of evaluating ES with a focus on forest ES, to provide physiological and ecological bases for their evaluation, and to discuss the interactive effects of climate change and air pollution on forest ES based on selected tree physiological functions. Climate regulation mediated by deforestation-induced changes in the hydrological cycle is discussed. Adaptive governance and communication to the public promotes sustainable forest–multi-stakeholder collaboration. A case study is presented evaluating selected ES in a forest–agricultural landscape in the Czech Republic on the basis of monitored energy, water and material flows estimation. From this study, it is apparent that future research must include multi-factorial anthropogenic and natural interactions of climatic changes and air pollution in conjunction with sustainable forest ES provisions. Sustainable forest management is an essential tool for reducing the vulnerability of forests to environmental change.
Category: Nature

A Changing World

Author : Felix Kienast
ISBN : 9781402044366
Genre : Science
File Size : 78.85 MB
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Modern landscape research uses a panoply of techniques to further our understanding of our changing world, including mathematics, statistics and advanced simulation techniques to combine empirical observations with known theories. This book identifies emerging fields and new challenges that are discussed within the framework of the ‘driving forces’ of Landscape Development. the book addresses all of the ‘hot topics’ in this important area of study and emphasizes major contemporary trends in these fields.
Category: Science

Beyond Restoration Ecology Social Perspectives In Latin America And The Caribbean

Author : Eliane Ceccon & Daniel Roberto Pérez
ISBN : 9789879132555
Genre :
File Size : 40.10 MB
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This book invites us to reflect on the restoration of terrestrial ecosystems in the context of a region whose identity is still under construction, Latin America and the Caribbean, immersed in a social, economic, ecological and political crisis, whose roots originate historically and politically in colonialism and in the prevailing model of capital accumulation. For the first time, insights and practical experiences on restoration are gathered from most Latin-American and Caribbean countries. Furthermore, this book offers a social approach to restoration, which will likely become preponderant in this field and in this region. The authors claim that a Latin-American knowledge of restoration is under construction and that this discipline can be a significant tool to empower local populations, which might, in turn, lead to a collective action of change. Case studies from 11 countries of the region were compiled, involving multiple voices that emerge beyond generalist principles and with a bottom-up approach. The main idea of the book is to open a debate about the identity of ecological and social restoration in this region. This book is targeted to restoration specialists, volunteers, environmental managers, researchers, politicians and NGOs working on the complexity of socioecological restoration in a region with unavoidable social problems. It is intended for people with similar concerns to those of the chapters' authors. This work tries to integrate a movement on the rise, almost silent, born with its own narratives of successes and failures that do not hinder its development. Finally, the determination and commitment of Latin-American and Caribbean social actors to restore not only natural values but also social, ethical and cultural ones is remarkable.

Forest Research Information Paper

Author : Ajith Perera
ISBN : 1424923786
Genre : Forests and forestry
File Size : 78.28 MB
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This prospectus presents a broad framework for a series of research studies to investigate Ontario boreal forest fire regime at multiple scales. The broad research goal is to reduce uncertainties in knowledge about boreal forest fire regimes related to policy directions in Ministry of Natural Resources' Forest management guide for natural disturbance pattern emulation. The research studies are grouped into three categories: reviews and syntheses of published literature; determining the characteristics of the broad-scale fire regime in boreal Ontario; and spatial mapping and monitoring.
Category: Forests and forestry

Applied Studies In Climate Adaptation

Author : Jean P. Palutikof
ISBN : 9781118845035
Genre : Science
File Size : 63.25 MB
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The book advances knowledge about climate change adaptationpractices through a series of case studies. It presents importantevidence about adaptation practices in agriculture, businesses, thecoastal zone, community services, disaster management, ecosystems,indigneous populations, and settlements and infrastructure. Inaddition to 38 case studies across these sectors, the book containshorizon-scoping essays from international experts in adaptationresearch, including Hallie Eakin, Susanne Moser, Jonathon Overpeck,Bill Solecki, and Gary Yohe. Australia’s social-ecological systems have a long historyof adapting to climate variability and change, and in recentdecades has been a world-leader in implementing and researchingadaptation, making this book of universal relevance to all thoseworking to adapt our environment and societies to climatechange.
Category: Science

Forest Soil And Water Research Program

Author : Jim W. McLaughlin
ISBN : MINN:31951D023989476
Genre : Carbon cycle (Biogeochemistry)
File Size : 42.15 MB
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This report presents a five-year research strategy for MNR's Forest Research and Development Section's Forest Soil and Water Research Program (FSWRP). Included are the program's goals, research priorities, policy links, transfer plans, staffing needs, and partnerships. The FSWRP contributes to MNR's policy support using three major research themes: (1) riparian zone management, (2) silviculture and soils, and (3) climate change; all areas that the program has been addressing since 2002 and in which knowledge uncertainty is high. Planned 2006-2011 research efforts will continue to reduce uncertainties, specifically in relation to soil carbon and water cycling. Also, partnerships will be refined to address emerging issues such as peatland management (under the climate change theme) as well as parameterize and validate a series of process-based carbon, nutrient, and water models to improve understanding of how soil carbon and water interactions affect forest and aquatic productivity to develop a measurable indicator for sustainable forest management. This five-year strategy is based on a synthesis of the results of a workshop titled 'Integrating OMNR research priorities and climate change: soil and water resources' held February 15-16, 2005 in Sault Ste. Marie, as well as new policy directions introduced since that workshop.
Category: Carbon cycle (Biogeochemistry)