FORENSIC FACIAL IDENTIFICATION THEORY AND PRACTICE OF IDENTIFICATION FROM EYEWITNESSES COMPOSITES AND CCTV WILEY SERIES IN PSYCHOLOGY OF CRIME POLICING AND LAW

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Forensic Facial Identification

Author : Tim Valentine
ISBN : 9781118469583
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 43.73 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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Forensic Facial Identification discusses the latest scientific and technical advancements in the field and their implications for practice in psychology, criminology, and law. Provides an up-to-date set of best practices for forensic facial identification Reviews current procedures for different facial identification methods and their reliability Covers eyewitness testimony, line-ups, facial composites, anthropological face reconstructions, CCTV images, and computerized automatic face recognition systems Incorporates case studies which put the latest research and technology in the proper legal context
Category: Psychology

Forensic Psychology

Author : Graham M. Davies
ISBN : 9781119106654
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 87.1 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Introduces forensic psychology to students and professionals who want to better understand psychology’s expanding influence on the study of law, crime and criminality Forensic psychology is a constantly growing discipline, both in terms of student interest and as a profession for graduates. This book highlights the often sizeable gap between media myths surrounding forensic practice and reality. Editors Graham Davies and Anthony Beech present an exciting and broad range of topics within the field, including detailed treatments of the causes of crime, investigative methods, the trial process, and interventions with different types of offenders and offences. Forensic Psychology: Crime, Justice, Law, Interventions, Third Edition covers every aspect of forensic psychology—from understanding criminal behaviour, to applying psychological theory to criminal investigation, analysing the legal process and the treatment of witnesses and offenders. Each chapter has been thoroughly revised and updated with the latest findings. The book also includes two entirely new chapters—one on psychopathy and crime, the other on female offenders. Drawing on a wealth of experience from leading researchers and practitioners, this new edition will interest and enthuse today’s generation of students. All chapters thoroughly revised and updated Features two brand new chapters Supplemented by additional online resource materials, including related links, multiple choice questions, and PowerPoint slides Authored by a wide-range of experienced forensic psychology professionals Forensic Psychology, Third Edition is essential reading for undergraduates’ first encounter with the subject area and is an excellent introduction for more specialised postgraduate courses.
Category: Psychology

Handbook Of Psychology Of Investigative Interviewing

Author : Ray Bull
ISBN : 9780470747605
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 61.64 MB
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Investigative interviewing, and the information obtained from witnesses and victims, plays a vital role in criminal investigations. This comprehensive handbook explores current developments taking place in this rapidly developing field. An authoritative handbook created by prestigious editors and an international team of recognised authors International in its focus - the book assesses current developments taking place in several countries Takes a holistic approach to the process by including sections on eyewitness indentification and evaluating truthfulness
Category: Psychology

Exposing Fraud

Author : Ian Ross
ISBN : 9781118823699
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 24.43 MB
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Exposing Fraud: Skills, Process and Practicalities is a working resource book, containing practical advice on how to conduct a fraud investigation, combined with a solid background of essential theories, the law, and related definitions. Highly-regarded anti-fraud expert and trainers Ian Ross and Jose Chacko go beyond the basic techniques of fraud investigation, and show the reader how to apply those techniques effectively in real-life situations. Fraud investigators will be given the tools to investigate criminals who may be running multiple scams at the same time; they will find out how to manage an investigation and gather evidence to achieve the best possible outcome; finally, they will be shown how to take into consideration the cultural and psychological factors which influence fraudsters, as well as those factors which may represent a stumbling block to their own effectiveness. Topics covered include: key fraud definitions key types and variants of fraud, including cyber fraud concepts of fraud behaviour: the psychology of fraud, impulsive fraud, systemic fraud, organised fraud conducting investigations: aims and objectives, essential skills, effective resourcing, ethical conduct, overcoming personal or cultural barriers, and appraising the corporate culture the importance of data analysis in fraud detection techniques in data analysis for fraud detection responses to fraud: dealing with fraud behaviour rather than type, handling intelligence and assessing evidence, dealing with different levels of fraud, from 'one-hit' cases through to complex investigations investigative interviewing: objectives, information capture, overcoming problems such as relevance filtering and confirmation bias, the PEACE model of interviewing, and avoiding false confessions prioritising and presenting the evidence: avoiding 'bad duplication', promoting data integrity, and reporting effectively case outcome and disposal; recovery of losses, civil and/or criminal proceedings managing the business risk of fraud
Category: Business & Economics

Charles Darwin S Life With Birds

Author : Clifford B. Frith
ISBN : 9780190240233
Genre :
File Size : 29.76 MB
Format : PDF
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Much of Charles Darwin's groundbreaking work as an evolutionary biologist stemmed from his study of birds. It is universally acknowledged that Darwin's observation of bird groups and species like the Galapagos finches, mockingbirds, and rock doves was critical to the development of his theories on natural selection, evolution, and sexual selection. The significant number of diverse birds that Darwin covered in his published works represents a most substantial ornithological contribution. His major books alone contain reference to and consideration of almost 500 bird species, as well as interesting and pertinent discussion of over 100 ornithological topics. "Charles Darwin's Birds" is a comprehensive treatment of Darwin's work as an ornithologist. Clifford Frith discusses every ornithological topic and bird species that Darwin researched, providing a complete historical survey of his published writing on birds. Through this, we learn how Darwin became an increasingly skilled and eventually exceptional ornithologist, and how his relationships grew with contemporary scientists like John Gould. It examines how Darwin was influenced by birds, and how the major themes of his research developed through his study of them. The book also features 4 appendices, which contain brief accounts of every bird species Darwin wrote about, basic ornithological information about each of the species, and a listing of where the species appears in Darwin's work.
Category:

Surveillance In Action

Author : Panagiotis Karampelas
ISBN : 9783319685335
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 35.72 MB
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This book addresses surveillance in action-related applications, and presents novel research on military, civil and cyber surveillance from an international team of experts. The first part of the book, Surveillance of Human Features, reviews surveillance systems that use biometric technologies. It discusses various novel approaches to areas including gait recognition, face-based physiology-assisted recognition, face recognition in the visible and infrared bands, and cross-spectral iris recognition. The second part of the book, Surveillance for Security and Defense, discusses the ethical issues raised by the use of surveillance systems in the name of combatting terrorism and ensuring security. It presents different generations of satellite surveillance systems and discusses the requirements for real-time satellite surveillance in military contexts. In addition, it explores the new standards of surveillance using unmanned air vehicles and drones, proposes surveillance techniques for detecting stealth aircrafts and drones, and highlights key techniques for maritime border surveillance, bio-warfare and bio-terrorism detection. The last part of the book, Cyber Surveillance, provides a review of data hiding techniques that are used to hinder electronic surveillance. It subsequently presents methods for collecting and analyzing information from social media sites and discusses techniques for detecting internal and external threats posed by various individuals (such as spammers, cyber-criminals, suspicious users or extremists in general). The book concludes by examining how high-performance computing environments can be exploited by malicious users, and what surveillance methods need to be put in place to protect these valuable infrastructures. The book is primarily intended for military and law enforcement personnel who use surveillance-related technologies, as well as researchers, Master’s and Ph.D. students who are interested in learning about the latest advances in military, civilian and cyber surveillance.
Category: Political Science

Essential Forensic Biology

Author : Alan Gunn
ISBN : 9781119964735
Genre : Science
File Size : 26.98 MB
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This book is an introduction to the application of biology in legal investigations. Fully revised and updated throughout, the second edition of this highly successful textbook offers an accessible overview to the essentials of the subject providing a balanced coverage of the range of organisms used as evidence in forensic investigations; invertebrates, vertebrates, plants and microbes. The book provides an overview of the decay process and discusses the role of forensic indicators – human fluids and tissues, including blood cells, bloodstain pattern analysis, hair, teeth, bones, and wounds. It also examines the study of forensic biology in cases of suspicious death. The coverage of molecular techniques has been expanded throughout with additional material on bioterrorism and wildlife forensics now included. The use of DNA and RNA for the identification of individuals and their personal characteristics is now covered along with a discussion of the ethical issues associated with the maintenance of DNA databases. • Fully revised and updated new edition of this highly successful textbook. • Includes self-assessment questions at the end of each chapter and case studies. • Now in full colour throughout. • Includes a supplementary website (www.wileyeurope.com/college/gunn) covering additional material and self-test questions to reinforce student understanding. From the reviews of the first edition: "The author does an excellent job of demonstrating how biological science can, and does, contribute to legal investigations…" THE QUARTERLY REVIEW OF BIOLOGY "…a super book …not a book that will languish on library shelves. Buy it!" JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL EDUCATION "…naturalists and biologists will find much of interest within these books…new light on the application of their own specialism..." THE NATURALIST "Overall, I give it my highest recommendation. I was unable to find a single paragraph that was no fascinating, despite being sad or gruesome at times." E-STREAMS
Category: Science

Psychology And Law

Author : Neil Brewer
ISBN : 9781462532346
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 77.13 MB
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From the initial investigation of a crime to the sentencing of an offender, many everyday practices within the criminal justice system involve complex psychological processes. This volume analyzes the processes involved in such tasks as interviewing witnesses, detecting deception, and eliciting eyewitness reports and identification from adults and children. Factors that influence decision making by jurors and judges are examined as well. Throughout, findings from experimental research are translated into clear recommendations for improving the quality of evidence and the fairness of investigative and legal proceedings. The book also addresses salient methodological questions and identifies key directions for future investigation.
Category: Psychology

Butterflies Of Georgia Field Guide

Author : Jaret C. Daniels
ISBN : 159193057X
Genre : Nature
File Size : 67.34 MB
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Butterfly identification is now simple for everyone! This handy field guide focuses on 133 species of Ohio butterflies, arranged by color. See a blue butterfly? Turn to the blue section. Perfect for backyard or field use, this book features full-color photos of each butterfly plus an illustration that points out key identification marks. Youíll learn things youíve always wondered about butterflies while easily identifying the ones that you see.
Category: Nature

The Cognitive Psychology Of Proper Names

Author : Serge Bredart
ISBN : 9781134779567
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 88.23 MB
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It's on the tip of my tongue, but I can't remember her name." Lots of people have difficulty remembering people's names, even though they can easily recall other information about the person. As memory and retrieval processes are central to cognitive psychology and neuropsychology the study of proper names makes a fascinating and practical focus of study. Using an information processing approach, Valentine, Brennen and Bredart consider evidence from speech production, face recognition and word recognition to develop a new functional model of the production and recognition of people's names. This book will be valuable to all those studying cognitive psychology, cognitive neuropsychology and linguistics. It makes a suitalbe text for higher level undergraduates and postgraduates and those engaged in research.
Category: Psychology