FLEXIBLE AC TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS MODELLING AND CONTROL POWER SYSTEMS

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Flexible Ac Transmission Systems Modelling And Control

Author : Xiao-Ping Zhang
ISBN : 9783642282416
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 32.21 MB
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The extended and revised second edition of this successful monograph presents advanced modeling, analysis and control techniques of Flexible AC Transmission Systems (FACTS). The book covers comprehensively a range of power-system control problems: from steady-state voltage and power flow control, to voltage and reactive power control, to voltage stability control, to small signal stability control using FACTS controllers. In the six years since the first edition of the book has been published research on the FACTS has continued to flourish while renewable energy has developed into a mature and booming global green business. The second edition reflects the new developments in converter configuration, smart grid technologies, super power grid developments worldwide, new approaches for FACTS control design, new controllers for distribution system control, and power electronic controllers in wind generation operation and control. The latest trends of VSC-HVDC with multilevel architecture have been included and four completely new chapters have been added devoted to Multi-Agent Systems for Coordinated Control of FACTS-devices, Power System Stability Control using FACTS with Multiple Operating Points, Control of a Looping Device in a Distribution System, and Power Electronic Control for Wind Generation.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Flexible Ac Transmission Systems Facts

Author : Suman Bhowmick
ISBN : 9781498756204
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 43.31 MB
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Flexible AC Transmission Systems (FACTS): Newton Power-Flow Modeling of Voltage-Sourced Converter-Based Controllers introduces different voltage-sourced converter (VSC)-based FACTS controllers and VSC-based high-voltage direct current (VSC-HVDC) systems and their working principles, explaining how FACTS controllers exchange real and reactive power with systems. Subsequently, the book: Describes the Newton–Raphson method and its application for solving the power-flow problem Presents the Newton power-flow modeling of the static synchronous series compensator (SSSC), unified power-flow controller (UPFC), interline power-flow controller (IPFC), generalized unified power-flow controller (GUPFC), and static synchronous compensator (STATCOM), accommodating the practical device constraint limits (because of the unique modeling strategy, the existing Newton power-flow codes can be reused) Develops a unified Newton power-flow model of AC systems incorporating multiterminal VSC-HVDC systems with pulse-width modulation (PWM) control schemes, directly yielding the VSC modulation indices from the power-flow solution Provides numerous case studies for validation of Newton power-flow models, elaborating on the occurrences and checking of unrealistic power-flow solutions in isolated cases Includes detailed derivations of all the difficult formulae as well as solved problems on typical VSC-based FACTS controllers Flexible AC Transmission Systems (FACTS): Newton Power-Flow Modeling of Voltage-Sourced Converter-Based Controllers assumes at least an undergraduate-level understanding of engineering mathematics, network analysis, electrical machines, electrical power systems, and power electronics. Thus, the book provides a valuable reference for practitioners as well as senior-undergraduate and graduate students in electrical engineering and electrical power systems.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Thyristor Based Facts Controllers For Electrical Transmission Systems

Author : R. Mohan Mathur
ISBN : 0471206431
Genre : Education
File Size : 57.87 MB
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An important new resource for the international utility market Over the past two decades, static reactive power compensators have evolved into a mature technology and become an integral part of modern electrical power systems. They are one of the key devices in flexible AC transmission systems (FACTS). Coordination of static compensators with other controllable FACTS devices promises not only tremendously enhanced power system controllability, but also the extension of power transfer capability of existing transmission corridors to near their thermal capacities, thus delaying or even curtailing the need to invest in new transmission facilities. Offering both an in-depth presentation of theoretical concepts and practical applications pertaining to these power compensators, Thyristor-Based FACTS Controllers for Electrical Transmission Systems fills the need for an appropriate text on this emerging technology. Replete with examples and case studies on control design and performance, the book provides an important resource for both students and engineers working in the field.
Category: Education

Robust Control In Power Systems

Author : Bikash Pal
ISBN : 9780387259505
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 64.29 MB
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Robust Control in Power Systems deals with the applications of new techniques in linear system theory to control low frequency oscillations in power systems. The book specifically focuses on the analysis and damping of inter-area oscillations in the systems which are in the range of 0.2-1 Hz. The damping control action is injected through high power electronic devices known as flexible AC transmission system (FACTS) controllers. Three commonly used FACTS controllers: controllable series capacitors (CSCs) controllable phase shifters (CPSs) and static var compensators (SVCs) have been used in this book to control the inter-area oscillations. The overview of linear system theory from the perspective of power system control is explained through examples. The damping control design is formulated as norm optimization problem. The H_infinity, H2 norm of properly defined transfer functions are minimized in linear matrix inequalities (LMI) framework to obtain desired performance and stability robustness. Both centralized and decentralized control structures are used. Usually the transmission of feedback signal from a remote location encounters delays making it difficult to control the system. Smith predictor based approach has been successfully explored in this book as a solution to such a problem. Robust Control in Power Systems will be valuable to academicians in the areas of power, control and system theory, as well as professionals in the power industry.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Application Of Flexible Ac Transmission System Devices In Wind Energy Conversion Systems

Author : Ahmed Abu-Siada
ISBN : 9781681085425
Genre : Science
File Size : 64.6 MB
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This book presents information about the application of various flexible AC transmission system devices to wind energy conversion systems. Devices such as unified power flow controllers, superconducting magnetic energy storage and static synchronous compensators are covered in this book. Chapters detail features of the topology and basic control systems of each device. Additionally, case studies are presented where necessary to demonstrate practical applications. This book is a reference for students and technicians studying wind power and AC transmission systems in advanced engineering courses.
Category: Science

Power System Small Signal Stability Analysis And Control

Author : Debasish Mondal
ISBN : 9780128006702
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 30.22 MB
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Power System Small Signal Stability Analysis and Control presents a detailed analysis of the problem of severe outages due to the sustained growth of small signal oscillations in modern interconnected power systems. The ever-expanding nature of power systems and the rapid upgrade to smart grid technologies call for the implementation of robust and optimal controls. Power systems that are forced to operate close to their stability limit have resulted in the use of control devices by utility companies to improve the performance of the transmission system against commonly occurring power system disturbances. This book demonstrates how the application of power system damping controllers such as Power System Stabilizers (PSSs) and Flexible Alternating Current Transmission System (FACTS) controllers—namely Static Var Compensator (SVC) and Thyristor Controlled Series Compensator (TCSC)—can guard against system disruptions. Power System Small Signal Stability Analysis and Control examines the signal stability problem, providing an overview and analysis of the concepts and of the controllers used to mitigate it. Detailed mathematical derivations, illustrated case studies, the application of soft computation techniques, designs of robust controllers, and end-of-chapter exercises make it a useful resource to researchers, practicing engineers, and post-graduates in electrical engineering. Examines the power system small signal stability problem and various ways to mitigate it Offers a new and simple method of finding the optimal location of PSS in a multi-machine power system Provides relevant exercises to further illustrate chapter-specific content
Category: Technology & Engineering

Modeling And Control Of Sustainable Power Systems

Author : Lingfeng Wang
ISBN : 9783642229046
Genre : Science
File Size : 35.21 MB
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The concept of the smart grid promises the world an efficient and intelligent approach of managing energy production, transportation, and consumption by incorporating intelligence, efficiency, and optimality into the power grid. Both energy providers and consumers can take advantage of the convenience, reliability, and energy savings achieved by real-time and intelligent energy management. To this end, the current power grid is experiencing drastic changes and upgrades. For instance, more significant green energy resources such as wind power and solar power are being integrated into the power grid, and higher energy storage capacity is being installed in order to mitigate the intermittency issues brought about by the variable energy resources. At the same time, novel power electronics technologies and operating strategies are being invented and adopted. For instance, Flexible AC transmission systems and phasor measurement units are two promising technologies for improving the power system reliability and power quality. Demand side management will enable the customers to manage the power loads in an active fashion. As a result, modeling and control of modern power grids pose great challenges due to the adoption of new smart grid technologies. In this book, chapters regarding representative applications of smart grid technologies written by world-renowned experts are included, which explain in detail various innovative modeling and control methods.
Category: Science

Flexible Ac Transmission Systems Facts

Author : Yong-Hua Song
ISBN : 0852967713
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 26.99 MB
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Deregulation of electricity supply industries worldwide and the resultant arrival of competition is forcing power utilities to utilise their existing facilities to ever higher levels of efficiency, enabled by advances in power electronics technology. In the 1990s a number of control devices, collectively known as FACTS technology, have come into widescale operation and offer further opportunities to improve the control of transmission systems. Much research activity continues in this field and this book aims to describe the state-of-the-art internationally. It will be widely welcomed throughout the power industry. "This book provides a comprehensive guide to FACTS, covering all the major aspects in research and development of FACTS technologies [and] will be a useful reference for professional engineers involved in the operation and control of modern power systems. It will also be of value to post-graduate students and researchers." - IEEE Power Engineering Review
Category: Technology & Engineering

Facts Controllers In Power Transmission And Distribution

Author : K. R. Padiyar
ISBN : 1848290101
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 22.67 MB
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The emerging technology of Flexible AC Transmission System (FACTS) enables planning and operation of power systems at minimum costs, without compromising security. This is based on modern high power electronic systems that provide fast controllability to ensure ‘flexible' operation under changing system conditions. This book presents a comprehensive treatment of the subject by discussing the operating principles, mathematical models, control design and issues that affect the applications. The concepts are explained often with illustrative examples and case studies. In particular, the book presents an in-depth coverage of: Applications of SVC, TCSC, GCSC, SPST, STATCOM, SSSC, UPFC, IPFC and IPC for voltage/power control in transmission systems; Application of DSTATCOM, DVR and UPQC for improving power quality in distribution systems; Design of Power Oscillation Damping (POD) controllers; Discrete control of FACTS for improving transient stability; Mitigation of SSR using series FACTS Controllers; Issues affecting control design such as electromagnetic and harmonic interactions. The book can serve as a text or reference for a course on FACTS Controllers. It will also benefit researchers and practicing engineers who wish to understand and apply FACTS technology.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Static Compensators Statcoms In Power Systems

Author : Farhad Shahnia
ISBN : 9789812872814
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 69.36 MB
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A static compensator (STATCOM), also known as static synchronous compensator, is a member of the flexible alternating current transmission system (FACTS) devices. It is a power-electronics based regulating device which is composed of a voltage source converter (VSC) and is shunt-connected to alternating current electricity transmission and distribution networks. The voltage source is created from a DC capacitor and the STATCOM can exchange reactive power with the network. It can also supply some active power to the network, if a DC source of power is connected across the capacitor. A STATCOM is usually installed in the electric networks with poor power factor or poor voltage regulation to improve these problems. In addition, it is used to improve the voltage stability of a network. This book covers STATCOMs from different aspects. Different converter topologies, output filters and modulation techniques utilized within STATCOMs are reviewed. Mathematical modeling of STATCOM is presented in detail and different STATCOM control strategies and algorithms are discussed. Modified load flow calculations for a power system in the presence of STATCOMs are presented. Several applications of STATCOMs in transmission and distribution networks are discussed in different examples and optimization techniques for defining the optimal location and ratings of the STATCOMs in power systems are reviewed. Finally, the performance of the network protection scheme in the presence of STATCOMs is described. This book will be an excellent resource for postgraduate students and researchers interested in grasping the knowledge on STATCOMs.
Category: Technology & Engineering