Family Properties

Author : Beryl Satter
ISBN : 9781429952606
Genre : History
File Size : 57.54 MB
Format : PDF
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Part family story and part urban history, a landmark investigation of segregation and urban decay in Chicago -- and cities across the nation The "promised land" for thousands of Southern blacks, postwar Chicago quickly became the most segregated city in the North, the site of the nation's worst ghettos and the target of Martin Luther King Jr.'s first campaign beyond the South. In this powerful book, Beryl Satter identifies the true causes of the city's black slums and the ruin of urban neighborhoods throughout the country: not, as some have argued, black pathology, the culture of poverty, or white flight, but a widespread and institutionalized system of legal and financial exploitation. In Satter's riveting account of a city in crisis, unscrupulous lawyers, slumlords, and speculators are pitched against religious reformers, community organizers, and an impassioned attorney who launched a crusade against the profiteers—the author's father, Mark J. Satter. At the heart of the struggle stand the black migrants who, having left the South with its legacy of sharecropping, suddenly find themselves caught in a new kind of debt peonage. Satter shows the interlocking forces at work in their oppression: the discriminatory practices of the banking industry; the federal policies that created the country's shameful "dual housing market"; the economic anxieties that fueled white violence; and the tempting profits to be made by preying on the city's most vulnerable population. Family Properties: Race, Real Estate, and the Exploitation of Black Urban America is a monumental work of history, this tale of racism and real estate, politics and finance, will forever change our understanding of the forces that transformed urban America. "Gripping . . . This painstaking portrayal of the human costs of financial racism is the most important book yet written on the black freedom struggle in the urban North."—David Garrow, The Washington Post
Category: History

Why Busing Failed

Author : Matthew F. Delmont
ISBN : 9780520959873
Genre : History
File Size : 76.1 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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In the decades after the landmark Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court decision, busing to achieve school desegregation became one of the nation’s most controversial civil rights issues. Why Busing Failed is the first book to examine the pitched battles over busing on a national scale, focusing on cities such as Boston, Chicago, New York, and Pontiac, Michigan. This groundbreaking book shows how school officials, politicians, the courts, and the media gave precedence to the desires of white parents who opposed school desegregation over the civil rights of black students. This broad and incisive history of busing features a cast of characters that includes national political figures such as then-president Richard Nixon, Chicago mayor Richard J. Daley, and antibusing advocate Louise Day Hicks, as well as some lesser-known activists on both sides of the issue—Boston civil rights leaders Ruth Batson and Ellen Jackson, who opposed segregated schools, and Pontiac housewife and antibusing activist Irene McCabe, black conservative Clay Smothers, and Florida governor Claude Kirk, all supporters of school segregation. Why Busing Failed shows how antibusing parents and politicians ultimately succeeded in preventing full public school desegregation.
Category: History

Born Out Of Struggle

Author : David Omotoso Stovall
ISBN : 9781438459134
Genre : Education
File Size : 69.6 MB
Format : PDF
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Demonstrates how critical race theory can be useful in real-world situations. Rooted in the initial struggle of community members who staged a successful hunger strike to secure a high school in their Chicago neighborhood, David Omotoso Stovall’s Born Out of Struggle focuses on his first-hand participation in the process to help design the school. Offering important lessons about how to remain accountable to communities while designing a curriculum with a social justice agenda, Stovall explores the use of critical race theory to encourage its practitioners to spend less time with abstract theories and engage more with communities that make a concerted effort to change their conditions. Stovall provides concrete examples of how to navigate the constraints of working with centralized bureaucracies in education and apply them to real-world situations.
Category: Education

Demolition Means Progress

Author : Andrew R. Highsmith
ISBN : 9780226251080
Genre : History
File Size : 90.58 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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In 1997, after General Motors shuttered a massive complex of factories in the gritty industrial city of Flint, Michigan, signs were placed around the empty facility reading, “Demolition Means Progress,” suggesting that the struggling metropolis could not move forward to greatness until the old plants met the wrecking ball. Much more than a trite corporate slogan, the phrase encapsulates the operating ethos of the nation’s metropolitan leadership from at least the 1930s to the present. Throughout, the leaders of Flint and other municipalities repeatedly tried to revitalize their communities by demolishing outdated and inefficient structures and institutions and overseeing numerous urban renewal campaigns—many of which yielded only more impoverished and more divided metropolises. After decades of these efforts, the dawn of the twenty-first century found Flint one of the most racially segregated and economically polarized metropolitan areas in the nation. In one of the most comprehensive works yet written on the history of inequality and metropolitan development in modern America, Andrew R. Highsmith uses the case of Flint to explain how the perennial quest for urban renewal—even more than white flight, corporate abandonment, and other forces—contributed to mass suburbanization, racial and economic division, deindustrialization, and political fragmentation. Challenging much of the conventional wisdom about structural inequality and the roots of the nation’s “urban crisis,” Demolition Means Progress shows in vivid detail how public policies and programs designed to revitalize the Flint area ultimately led to the hardening of social divisions.
Category: History

Evicted

Author : Matthew Desmond
ISBN : 9780241260876
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 65.69 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
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'Essential. A compelling and damning exploration of the abuse of one of our basic human rights: shelter.' Owen Jones Arleen spends nearly all her money on rent but is kicked out with her kids in Milwaukee's coldest winter for years. Doreen's home is so filthy her family call it 'the rat hole'. Lamar, a wheelchair-bound ex-soldier, tries to work his way out of debt for his boys. Scott, a nurse turned addict, lives in a gutted-out trailer. This is their world. And this is the twenty-first century: where fewer and fewer people can afford a simple roof over their head. From abandoned slums to shelters, eviction courts to ghettoes, Matthew Desmond spent years living with and recording the stories of those struggling to survive - yet who won't give up. A work of love, care and humanity, Evicted reminds us why, without a home, nothing else is possible. It is one of the most necessary books of our time. 'This is an extraordinary and crucial piece of work. Read it. Please, read it' - Adrian Nicole LeBlanc, author of Random Family 'Sensitive, achingly beautiful' - Robert D. Putnam, author of Our Kids
Category: Social Science

Everybody Else

Author : Sarah Potter
ISBN : 9780820346960
Genre : History
File Size : 89.79 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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In the popular imagination, the twenty years after World War II are associated with simpler, happier, more family-focused living. We think of stereotypical baby boom families like the Cleavers—white, suburban, and well on their way to middle-class affluence. For these couples and their children, a happy, stable family life provided an antidote to the anxieties and uncertainties of the emerging nuclear age. But not everyone looked or lived like the Cleavers. For those who could not have children, or have as many children as they wanted, the postwar baby boom proved a source of social stigma and personal pain. Further, in 1950 roughly one in three Americans made below middle-class incomes, and over fifteen million lived under Jim Crow segregation. For these individuals, home life was not an oasis but a challenge, intimately connected to the era's many political and social upheavals. Everybody Else provides a comparative analysis of diverse postwar families and examines the lives and case records of men and women who applied to adopt or provide pre-adoptive foster care in the 1940s and 1950s. It considers an array of individuals—both black and white, middle and working class—who found themselves on the margins of a social world that privileged family membership. These couples wanted adoptive and foster children in order to achieve a sense of personal mission and meaning, as well as a deeper feeling of belonging to their communities. But their quest for parenthood also highlighted the many inequities of that era. These individuals' experiences seeking children reveal that the baby boom family was about much more than “togetherness” or a quiet house in the suburbs; it also shaped people's ideas about the promises and perils of getting ahead in postwar America.
Category: History

Collage City

Author : Colin Rowe
ISBN : 3764356081
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 22.84 MB
Format : PDF
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«Collage City» ist eine Kritik der modernen Architektur und zugleich der Aufruf, Theorie und Praxis von Planung und Städtebau zu überdenken. Colin Rowe und Fred Koetter erklären die moderne Architektur als Heilsbotschaft und den modernen Städtebau als Versuch, eine Idealvorstellung von totaler Ordnung zu verwirklichen.
Category: Architecture

Hammerstein Oder Der Eigensinn

Author : Hans Magnus Enzensberger
ISBN : 9783518734308
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 77.83 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
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Ein großes Werk über die verhängnisvollste Periode der deutschen Geschichte und über die herausragende Gestalt eines Mannes, dessen Biographie bislang nicht geschrieben wurde. Hans Magnus Enzensberger hat die Geschichte des Generals Kurt von Hammerstein aus allen erreichbaren Quellen recherchiert und entfaltet sie in einem Genre, das er beherrscht wie kein zweiter: in der literarischen Biographie. Kurt von Hammerstein war Chef der Reichswehr, ein Grandseigneur, ein unerschütterlicher Gegner des Nationalsozialismus, ein unbestechlicher Zeuge des Untergangs seiner Klasse, des deutschen Militäradels. Seinen Abschied nahm er, nachdem Hitler seine Weltkriegspläne 1933 in einer Geheimrede offengelegt hatte. Aber es geht auch um die Lebensläufe seiner Frau und seiner sieben Kinder: gezeichnet von den Katastrophen des 20. Jahrhunderts, von Verrat, Widerstand, Spionage und Sippenhaft. Und nicht zuletzt geraten jene Personen ins Fadenkreuz, die zu einem gefährlichen Doppelleben gezwungen waren: vom letzten Reichskanzler der Weimarer Republik über die Agenten der KPD bis zu jener Drogistin, die in Kreuzberg Deserteure und Juden versteckte. Hammerstein ist nach Der kurze Sommer der Anarchie und Requiem für eine romantische Frau Enzensbergers dritte literarische Biographie, in der die Selbstbehauptung des Einzelnen gegenüber kollektiven und autoritären Zumutungen im Zentrum steht. Für dieses Buch hat der Autor die Archive von Moskau bis Berlin, von München bis Toronto befragt. Doch behält für ihn das Dokument nicht das letzte Wort. In einem vielfältigen Werk verbindet sich erneut die Recherche mit der Freiheit des Autors, sich der historischen Wirklichkeit auch über Fiktionen zu nähern.
Category: Fiction

Tod Und Leben Gro Er Amerikanischer St Dte

Author : Jane Jacobs
ISBN : 9783035602128
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 74.72 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
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In The Death and Life of Great American Cities durchleuchtet Jane Jacobs 1961 die fragwürdigen Methoden der Stadtplanung und Stadtsanierung in Amerika, der "New Yorker" nannte es das unkonventionellste und provozierendste Buch über Städtebau seit langem. Die deutsche Ausgabe wurde schnell auch im deutschsprachigem Raum zu einer viel gelesenen und diskutierten Lektüre. Sie ist jetzt wieder in einem Nachdruck zugänglich, mit einem Vorwort von Gerd Albers (1993), das nach der Aktualität dieser Streitschrift fragt.
Category: Architecture