EXTENDED HEREDITY

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Extended Heredity

Author : Russell Bonduriansky
ISBN : 9781400890156
Genre : Science
File Size : 77.37 MB
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How genes are not the only basis of heredity—and what this means for evolution, human life, and disease For much of the twentieth century it was assumed that genes alone mediate the transmission of biological information across generations and provide the raw material for natural selection. In Extended Heredity, leading evolutionary biologists Russell Bonduriansky and Troy Day challenge this premise. Drawing on the latest research, they demonstrate that what happens during our lifetimes--and even our grandparents' and great-grandparents' lifetimes—can influence the features of our descendants. On the basis of these discoveries, Bonduriansky and Day develop an extended concept of heredity that upends ideas about how traits can and cannot be transmitted across generations. By examining the history of the gene-centered view in modern biology and reassessing fundamental tenets of evolutionary theory, Bonduriansky and Day show that nongenetic inheritance—involving epigenetic, environmental, behavioral, and cultural factors—could play an important role in evolution. The discovery of nongenetic inheritance therefore has major implications for key questions in evolutionary biology, as well as human health. Extended Heredity reappraises long-held ideas and opens the door to a new understanding of inheritance and evolution.
Category: Science

Genetics And Philosophy

Author : Paul Griffiths
ISBN : 9781107002128
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 74.39 MB
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Integrates the work of philosophers of science seeking to make sense of genetics with an accessible introduction to the science.
Category: Philosophy

Heredity And Development

Author :
ISBN : 9780309216906
Genre : Electronic books
File Size : 51.45 MB
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We are living in an age when scientific knowledge is of the utmost concern to all mankind. The proper use of scientific knowledge can result in unparalleled benefits to mankind and a misuse can lead to unimaginable disasters. Heredity and Development: Second Edition describes the progress of genetics as it took place and in so doing evaluates some of the problems facing scientists who are working on unknown phenomena. The principal purpose is to show how ideas in these two fields were formulated and studied. The intellectual history of the two has been quite different. Therefore, the report provides a foundation of the data and concepts in the field of genetics and an understanding of the manner in which science develops. Emphasizing the manner in which hypotheses and observations lead to the conceptual schemes that allow us to think in an orderly and satisfying way about the problems involved, Heredity and Development explores the subsciences of genetics and embryology detailing a range of topics from Darwin's Theory of Pangenesis, and Mendelism to DNA structure and function, and differentiation . Used chiefly in college biology and genetics courses, the text is essential to decision makers, including those without a scientific background.
Category: Electronic books

The Kallikak Family

Author : Henry Herbert Goddard
ISBN : NYPL:33433010824211
Genre : Heredity
File Size : 77.67 MB
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Category: Heredity

Evolutionary Theory Fringe Or Central To Psychological Science

Author : Danielle Sulikowski
ISBN : 9782889199204
Genre : Evolutionary psychology
File Size : 71.62 MB
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The computational theory of mind, which views the brain as an information processor that operates on cognitive representations, is central to modern cognitive psychology and is the dominant perspective from which brain function is conceptualized and studied. Evolutionary Psychology (EP) is the application of evolutionary theory to understanding human behaviour and cognition. Unlike other core Psychology topic areas (such as Personality, Learning or Developmental Psychology), however, EP is not defined by the subset of psychological phenomena it seeks to describe and understand. It is instead defined by a specific meta-theoretical perspective, from which it seeks to (potentially) explain all psychological phenomena. The central question posed by this volume is whether this over-arching nature provides an opportunity for evolutionary approaches to offer an alternative meta-theoretical perspective to the information processing / representational view of brain function and behavior.
Category: Evolutionary psychology

The Selfish Gene

Author : Richard Dawkins
ISBN : 0192860925
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 76.8 MB
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An ethologist shows man to be a gene machine whose world is one of savage competition and deceit
Category: Literary Criticism

Heredity

Author : Théodule Ribot
ISBN : HARVARD:32044106202393
Genre : Heredity
File Size : 38.52 MB
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Category: Heredity

The Foundations Of Genetics

Author : F. A. E. Crew
ISBN : 9781483282657
Genre : Science
File Size : 20.72 MB
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The Foundations of Genetics describes the historical development of genetics with emphasis on the contributions to advancing genetical knowledge and the various applications of genetics. The book reviews the work of Gregor Mendel, his Law of Segregation, and of Ernst Haeckel who suggested that the nucleus is that part of the cell that is responsible for heredity. The text also describes the studies of W. Johannsen on "pure lines," and his introduction of the terms gene, genotype, and phenotype. The book explains the theory of the gene and the notion that hereditary particles are borne by the chromosomes (Sutton-Boveri hypothesis). Of the constituent parts of the nucleus only the chromatin material divides at mitosis and segregates during maturation. Following studies confirm that the chromatin material, present in the form of chromosomes with a constant and characteristic number and appearance for each species, is indeed the hereditary material. The book describes how Muller in 1927, showed that high precision energy radiation is the external cause to mutation in the gene itself if one allele can mutate without affecting its partner. The superstructure of genetics built upon the foundations of Mendelism has many applications including cytogenetics, polyploidy, human genetics, eugenics, plant breeding, radiation genetics, and the evolution theory. The book can be useful to academicians and investigators in the fields of genetics such as biochemical, biometrical, microbial, and pharmacogenetics. Students in agriculture, anthropology, botany, medicine, sociology, veterinary medicine, and zoology should add this text to their list of primary reading materials.
Category: Science