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Exploring Vulnerability

Author : Günter Thomas
ISBN : 9783647540634
Genre : Religion
File Size : 58.38 MB
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Vulnerability is an essential but also an intriguing ambiguous part of the human condition. This book con-ceptualizes vulnerability to be a fundamental threat and deficit and at the same time to be a powerful resource for transformation.The exploration is undertaken in multidisciplinary perspectives and approaches the human condition in fruitful conversations with medical, psychological, legal, theological, political and philosophical investiga-tions of vulnerability.The multidisciplinary approach opens the space for a broad variety of deeply interrelated topics. Thus, vulnerability is analyzed with respect to diverse aspects of human and social life, such as violence and power, the body and social institutions. Theologically questions of sin and redemption and eventually the nature of the Divine are taken up. Throughout the book phenomenological descriptions are combined with necessary conceptual clarifications. The contributions seek to illuminate the relation between vulnerability as a fundamental unavoidable condition and contingent actualizations related to specific dangers and risks. The core thesis of the book can be seen within its multi-perspectivity: A sound concept of vulnerability is key to a realistic, that is to say neither negative nor illusionary anthropology, to an honest post-theistic understanding of God and eventually to a deeply humanistic understanding of social life.
Category: Religion

Exploring Vulnerability Of Undernutrition Among Wives

Author :
ISBN : OCLC:1051847439
Genre :
File Size : 20.95 MB
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Generally, at household level, cultural norms and practices regarding intra-household food allocation and distribution, and other demographic and socio-economic factors determine the extent of nutritional status among women. Arguably, husbands' background attributes such as educational attainment, employment, nutritional status and health habits such as smoking and drinking could also contribute in determining their wives' nutritional status. It was hypothesized that risk of undernourishment is higher among wives whose husbands are less educated, engaged in low-paid jobs, undernourished and possessing unhealthy lifestyle. Using data from the third round of National Family Health Survey, 2005–06, a nationally representative cross-sectional survey that provided information on BMI level of 34, 062 couples, the present study found that the prevalence of undernutrition among wives was high cutting across husbands' differential attributes as well as other social, economic and cultural covariates. Protective factors include husbands' tertiary employment, husbands' well nourishment and healthy lifestyle, high social and economic status and living in urban areas. Programmes and policies should focus on the issues related to household nutritional status instead of focusing only women and children of a household.

Getting Down To Local Level

Author : Komal Aryal
ISBN : OCLC:817241100
Genre :
File Size : 66.19 MB
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This research explores disaster vulnerability in Nepal. Disaster vulnerability is increasing due to the following reasons: weak governance; demographic growth; rapid urban expansion; relatively weak land use planning; the growth of informal settlements; poor construction methods; steep land farming practices; the encroachment of river plains and forest areas; and environmental degradation. This research is divided into three parts; problem overview, mapping past disaster events and community vulnerability. Often disaster management practice at the national level has tended to focus on large-scale events. In Nepal, there is a history of government responses to large-scale disasters; however, evidence increasingly shows that small-scale disasters have a more significant impact on people's livelihoods. This is the case in Nepal and it is unclear whether small-scale disasters have prompted policy change. The purpose of this research is to evaluate the impact of small-scale disasters and to ascertain if there is any evidence of a shift in government disaster management policy. Local disasters seem to dominate the lived risk experience, but there is little understanding of how small-scale disasters can contribute to disaster risk reduction knowledge. Urban and rural communities differ in their understanding of small-scale disaster knowledge base, not least because both populations have little experience of the risks they take as a result of migration to new environments. This study captures 10 years of field experience in Nepal. This research has found that:- Small-scale disasters have a greater impact than larger disasters. Without an integrated policy and legislative framework approach from government and a focus on small-scale disasters, it is unlikely that effective disaster risk reduction measures will be integrated into sector development planning. People's knowledge of, relationship to, and interactions with small-scale hazards in a changing climate produce new risks and vulnerabilities at the local level. This thesis concludes with recommendations for improving disaster risk reduction at the local level in Nepal.


Author : Martha Albertson Fineman
ISBN : 9781317000907
Genre : Law
File Size : 57.9 MB
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Martha Albertson Fineman’s earlier work developed a theory of inevitable and derivative dependencies as a way of problematizing the core assumptions underlying the ’autonomous’ subject of liberal law and politics in the context of US equality discourse. Her ’vulnerability thesis’ represents the evolution of that earlier work and situates human vulnerability as a critical heuristic for exploring alternative legal and political foundations. This book draws together major British and American scholars who present different perspectives on the concept of vulnerability and Fineman's ’vulnerability thesis’. The contributors include scholars who have thought about vulnerability in different ways and contexts prior to encountering Fineman’s work, as well as those for whom Fineman’s work provided an introduction to thinking through a vulnerability lens. This collection demonstrates the broad and intellectually exciting potential of vulnerability as a theoretical foundation for legal and political engagements with a range of urgent contemporary challenges. Exploring ways in which vulnerability might provide a new ethical foundation for law and politics, the book will be of interest to the general reader, as well as academics and students in fields such as jurisprudence, philosophy, legal theory, political theory, feminist theory, and ethics.
Category: Law

Verletzlichkeit Macht Stark

Author : Brené Brown
ISBN : 9783641106782
Genre : Self-Help
File Size : 60.4 MB
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Selbstliebe statt Perfektionismus In einer Welt, in der die Furcht zu versagen zur zweiten Natur geworden ist, erscheint Verletzlichkeit als gefährlich. Doch das Gegenteil ist der Fall: Die renommierte Psychologin Brené Brown zeigt, dass Verletzlichkeit der Ort ist, wo Liebe, Zugehörigkeit, Freude und Kreativität entstehen. Unter ihrer behutsamen Anleitung erforschen wir unsere Ängste und entwickeln eine machtvolle neue Vision, die uns ermutigt, Großes zu wagen.
Category: Self-Help

Vulnerability And Marginality In Human Services

Author : Mark Henrickson
ISBN : 9781317000877
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 31.63 MB
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Vulnerability has traditionally been conceived as a dichotomised status, where an individual by reason of a personal characteristic is classified as vulnerable or not. However, vulnerability is not static, and most, if not all, people are vulnerable at some time in their lives. Similarly, marginality is a social construct linked to power and control. Marginalised populations are relegated to the perimeters of power by legal and political structures and limited access to resources. Neither are fixed or essential categories. This book draws on international research and scholarship related to these constructs, exploring vulnerability and marginality as they intersect with power and privilege. This exploration is undertaken through the lenses of intimacy and sexuality to consider vulnerability and marginality in the most personal of ways. This includes examining these concepts in relation to a range of professions, including social work, psychology, nursing, and allied health. A strong emphasis on the fluidity and complexity of vulnerability and marginality across cultures and at different times makes this a unique contribution to scholarship in this field. This is essential reading for students and researchers involved with social work, social policy, sociology, and gender and sexuality studies.
Category: Social Science

Agent Based Simulation Of Vulnerability Dynamics

Author : Cilli Sobiech
ISBN : 9783642323645
Genre : Nature
File Size : 61.41 MB
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This thesis constitutes an extraordinary innovative research approach in transferring the concepts and methods of complex systems to risk research. It ambitiously bridges the barriers between theoretical, empirical and methodical research work and integrates these fields into one comprehensive approach of dealing with uncertainty in socio-ecological systems. The developed agent-based simulation aims at the dynamics of social vulnerability in the considered system of the German North Sea Coast. Thus, the social simulation provides an analytical method to explore the individual, relational, and spatial aspects leading to dynamics of vulnerability in society. Combining complexity science and risk research by the method of agent-based simulation hereby emphasizes the importance of understanding interrelations inside the system for the system's development, i.e. for the evolving. Based on a vulnerability assessment regarding vulnerability characteristics, present risk behavior and self-protection preferences of private households against the impacts of flooding and storm surges, possible system trajectories could be explored by means of simulation experiments. The system-analytical approach therefore contributes to an integrated consideration of multi-dimensional and context-sensitv social phenomena such as vulnerability. Furthermore it achieves conceptually and strategically relevant implications for risk research and complex systems research.
Category: Nature

Seeds Of Sustainability

Author : Pamela A. Matson
ISBN : 9781610911771
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 62.93 MB
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Seeds of Sustainability is a groundbreaking analysis of agricultural development and transitions toward more sustainable management in one region. An invaluable resource for researchers, policymakers, and students alike, it examines new approaches to make agricultural landscapes healthier for both the environment and people. The Yaqui Valley is the birthplace of the Green Revolution and one of the most intensive agricultural regions of the world, using irrigation, fertilizers, and other technologies to produce some of the highest yields of wheat anywhere. It also faces resource limitations, threats to human health, and rapidly changing economic conditions. In short, the Yaqui Valley represents the challenge of modern agriculture: how to maintain livelihoods and increase food production while protecting the environment. Renowned scientist Pamela Matson and colleagues from leading institutions in the U.S. and Mexico spent fifteen years in the Yaqui Valley in Sonora, Mexico addressing this challenge. Seeds of Sustainability represents the culmination of their research, providing unparalleled information about the causes and consequences of current agricultural methods. Even more importantly, it shows how knowledge can translate into better practices, not just in the Yaqui Valley, but throughout the world.
Category: Political Science

Motor Vehicle Collisions Medical Psychosocial And Legal Consequences

Author : Melanie P Duckworth
ISBN : 0080560555
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 90.60 MB
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Motor Vehicle Collisions: Medical, Psychosocial, and Legal Consequences is a comprehensive review of the motor vehicle collision (MVC) experience and includes chapters relevant to the assessment and treatment of multiple consequences of MVC involvement, including medical, psychosocial, and legal difficulties. The book is designed to be accessible to both clinicians and researchers interested in the study of MVCs and in the management of MVC-related problems. The aim of this book is to capture the MVC experience from a multidisciplinary perspective, This book will serve as a necessary reference for physicians, rehabilitation specialists, allied medical professionals, psychologists, and lawyers. Presents the complete chronology of an MVC from immediate aftermath to chronic disability Details evidence-based assessment and treatment practices across disciplines Addresses cultural factors that influence assessment and treatment of MVC sufferers
Category: Psychology