EXCAVATIONS AT THE INDIAN CREEK SITE ANTIGUA WEST INDIES YALE UNIVERSITY PUBLICATIONS IN ANTHROPOLOGY

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Island Historical Ecology

Author : Peter E. Siegel
ISBN : 9781785337642
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 57.1 MB
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In the first book-length treatise on historical ecology of the West Indies, Island Historical Ecology addresses Caribbean island ecologies from the perspective of social and cultural interventions over approximately eight millennia of human occupations. Environmental coring carried out in carefully selected wetlands allowed for the reconstruction of pre-colonial and colonial landscapes on islands between Venezuela and Puerto Rico. Comparisons with well-documented patterns in the Mediterranean and Pacific islands place this case study into a larger context of island historical ecology.
Category: Social Science

Case Studies In Environmental Archaeology

Author : Elizabeth Reitz
ISBN : 0387713964
Genre : History
File Size : 27.18 MB
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A few years ago, one of us was approached by a student who asked if we really knew anything about human behavior from environmental archaeology. This student was taking an environmental archaeology course in which taphonomy and the biases of the techniques and methods used by environmental archae- ogists figured prominently. The goal was to train students to be informed users of environmental data. But the student, quite rightly, wanted to know if beyond taphonomy, recovery biases, and analytical biases, there was anything envir- mental archaeologists could say about the human condition. Her question was the stimulus for the first edition of this volume and continued to guide us as we edited this second edition. Our purpose is to show students and scholars, through a series of case studies, that there are things environmental archaeologists do know about the human-environmental relationship; many of which defy conventional archaeological expectations. To do so, however, we must break with the t- ditional organization of environmental archaeology along disciplinary lines. Environmental archaeology is intrinsically interdisciplinary. The demands of each discipline often mean, however, that specialists become further speci- ized in a very limited technical focus. While almost every environmental technique and method is represented in this edition, they are used as tools, not as ends in themselves.
Category: History

Blood Is Thicker Than Water

Author : Alistair J. Bright
ISBN : 9789088900716
Genre : History
File Size : 25.24 MB
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This study represents a contribution to the pre-Colonial archaeology of the Windward Islands in the Caribbean. The research aimed to determine how the Ceramic Age (c. 400 BC - AD 1492) Amerindian inhabitants of the region related to one another and others at various geographic scales, with a view to better understanding social interaction and organisation within the Windward Islands as well the integration of this region within the macro-region. This research approached the study of intra- and inter-island interaction and social development through an island-by-island study of some 640 archaeological sites and their ceramic assemblages. Besides providing insight into settlement sequences, patterns and micro-mobility through time, it also highlighted various configurations of sites spread across different islands that were united by shared ceramic (decorative) traits. These configurations were more closely examined by taking recourse to graph-theory. By extending the comparative scope of this research to the Greater Antilles and the South American mainland, possible material cultural influences from more distant regions could be suggested. While Windward Island communities certainly developed a localised material cultural identity, they remained open to a host of wide-ranging influences outside the Windward Island micro-region. As such, rather than representing a cultural backwater operating in the periphery of a burgeoning Taino empire, it is argued that Windward Island communities actively and flexibly realigned themselves with several mainland South American societies in Late Ceramic Age times (c. AD 700-1500), forging and maintaining significant ties and exchange relationships. Alistair Bright was a member of the Caribbean Research Group at Leiden University from 2003 to 2010 and participated in numerous archaeological surveys and excavations in the Caribbean during that time. His research interests include the archaeology, ethnohistory and ethnography of the Caribbean and South America, as well as the archaeology of island societies throughout the world in general.
Category: History

On Land And Sea

Author : Lee A. Newsom
ISBN : 9780817313159
Genre : History
File Size : 68.84 MB
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During the vast stretches of early geologic time, the islands of the Caribbean archipelago separated from continental land masses, rose and sank many times, merged with and broke from other land masses, and then by the mid-Cenozoic period settled into the current pattern known today. By the time Native Americans arrived, the islands had developed complex, stable ecosystems. The actions these first colonists took on the landscape—timber clearing, cultivation, animal hunting and domestication, fishing and exploitation of reef species—affected fragile land and sea biotic communities in both beneficial and harmful ways. On Land and Sea examines the condition of biosystems on Caribbean islands at the time of colonization, human interactions with those systems through time, and the current state of biological resources in the West Indies. Drawing on a massive data set collected from long-term archaeological research, the study reconstructs past lifeways on these small tropical islands. The work presents a wide range of information, including types of fuel and construction timber used by inhabitants, cooking techniques for various shellfish, availability and use of medicinal and ritual plants, the effects on native plants and animals of cultivation and domestication, and diet and nutrition of native populations. The islands of the Caribbean basin continue to be actively excavated and studied in the quest to understand the earliest human inhabitants of the New World. This comprehensive work will ground current and future studies and will be valuable to archaeologists, anthropologists, botanists, ecologists, Caribbeanists, Latin American historians, and anyone studying similar island environments.
Category: History

The Peoples Of The Caribbean

Author : Nicholas J. Saunders
ISBN : 9781576077016
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 36.7 MB
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Offers a comprehensive guide to the archaeology and traditional culture of the Caribbean.
Category: Social Science

General History Of The Caribbean

Author : Jalil Sued Badillo
ISBN : 923103832X
Genre : History
File Size : 33.42 MB
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This is the first in a six-volume publication which examines the history of the Caribbean, its people and landscape on a thematic basis. This volume covers the history of the origins of the earliest Caribbean peoples and analyses their various political, social, cultural and economic organisations over time, in and around the region. Topics covered include: ethnohistorical research; biogeographic teleconnections; the Palaeoindians in Cuba and surrounding regions; agricultural societies; indigenous societies at the time of the Spanish Conquest; the hierarchy of chiefdoms; and the development of slavery.
Category: History

Late Ceramic Age Societies In The Eastern Caribbean

Author : André Delpuech
ISBN : UOM:39015061381987
Genre : History
File Size : 73.73 MB
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This present volume discusses the period between, approximately, AD 600 and 1500. The geographic region concerned is limited to the eastern part of the Antilles, including Trinidad, the Lesser Antilles, the Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico and the adjacent coastal area of South America. The emphasis is on the northern islands of the Lesser Antilles as research has progressed so much in especially this area during the past decade, while other regions such as the Windward Islands to the south have been less studied. The papers include: Espaces naturels et territories amerindiens dans la Caraibe orientale (Andre Delpuech); Time and culture: chronology and taxonomy in the Eastern Caribbean and the Guianas (James B. Peterson et al.); Islands of chaos (William F. Keegan); Social dynamics and change in the Northern Lesser Antilles (Corrine L. Hoffman et al.); Political and social history of Eastern Puerto Rico: the Ceramic Age (L. Antonio Curet et al.); What happened after AD 600 in Puerto Rico? Corporate groups, population restructuring, and post-Saladoid social changes (Peter E. Siegel); Late Ceramic Age developments in the Virgins Archipelago: The Puerto Rican connection (Elizabeth Righter et al.); Distribution and exchange of lithic materials: three-pointers and axes from St. Martin (Sebastiaan Knippenberg); Inter-island exchange, settlement hierarchy, and a Taion-related chiefdom on the Anguilla Bank, Northern Lesser Antilles (John G. Crock et al.); Late Ceramic Age survey of the northeastern islands of the Guadeloupean Archipelago: Grande-Terre, La Desirade and Petite-Terre (Corinne L. Hofman et al.); At the onset of complexity: Late ceramic developments in St. Croix (Birgit Faber-Morse); En vue de lAeetude de lAeoccupation post-Saladoide de la Martinique (Nathalie Vidal et al.); Life in an insular environment: the case of Antigua (Reg Murphy); Post-Saladoid society on Barbados (Peter Drewett); The Arauquinoid tradition in the Guianas (Stephen Rostain et al.); Koriabo and the polychrome tradition: the late-prehistoric era between the Orinoco and Amazon mouths (Arie Boomert); Linking prehistory and history in the Caribbean (Samuel M. Wilson).
Category: History