EXACT SOLUTIONS AND INVARIANT SUBSPACES OF NONLINEAR PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS IN MECHANICS AND PHYSICS CHAPMAN HALL CRC APPLIED MATHEMATICS NONLINEAR SCIENCE

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Author : Victor A. Galaktionov
ISBN : 1420011626
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 34.42 MB
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Exact Solutions and Invariant Subspaces of Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations in Mechanics and Physics is the first book to provide a systematic construction of exact solutions via linear invariant subspaces for nonlinear differential operators. Acting as a guide to nonlinear evolution equations and models from physics and mechanics, the book focuses on the existence of new exact solutions on linear invariant subspaces for nonlinear operators and their crucial new properties. This practical reference deals with various partial differential equations (PDEs) and models that exhibit some common nonlinear invariant features. It begins with classical as well as more recent examples of solutions on invariant subspaces. In the remainder of the book, the authors develop several techniques for constructing exact solutions of various nonlinear PDEs, including reaction-diffusion and gas dynamics models, thin-film and Kuramoto-Sivashinsky equations, nonlinear dispersion (compacton) equations, KdV-type and Harry Dym models, quasilinear magma equations, and Green-Naghdi equations. Using exact solutions, they describe the evolution properties of blow-up or extinction phenomena, finite interface propagation, and the oscillatory, changing sign behavior of weak solutions near interfaces for nonlinear PDEs of various types and orders. The techniques surveyed in Exact Solutions and Invariant Subspaces of Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations in Mechanics and Physics serve as a preliminary introduction to the general theory of nonlinear evolution PDEs of different orders and types.

Author : Ali R. Ansari
ISBN : 9783319069234
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 22.67 MB
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This volume contains contributions from the Gulf International Conference in Applied Mathematics, held at the Gulf University for Science & Technology. The proceedings reflects the three major themes of the conference. The first of these was mathematical biology, including a keynote address by Professor Philip Maini. The second theme was computational science/numerical analysis, including a keynote address by Professor Grigorii Shishkin. The conference also addressed more general applications topics, with papers in business applications, fluid mechanics, optimization, scheduling problems and engineering applications, as well as a keynote by Professor Ali Nayfeh.

Author : Pao-Liu Chow
ISBN : 9781420010305
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 75.11 MB
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As a relatively new area in mathematics, stochastic partial differential equations (PDEs) are still at a tender age and have not yet received much attention in the mathematical community. Filling the void of an introductory text in the field, Stochastic Partial Differential Equations introduces PDEs to students familiar with basic probability theory and Itô's equations, highlighting several computational and analytical techniques. Without assuming specific knowledge of PDEs, the text includes many challenging problems in stochastic analysis and treats stochastic PDEs in a practical way. The author first brings the subject back to its root in classical concrete problems. He then discusses a unified theory of stochastic evolution equations and describes a few applied problems, including the random vibration of a nonlinear elastic beam and invariant measures for stochastic Navier-Stokes equations. The book concludes by pointing out the connection of stochastic PDEs to infinite-dimensional stochastic analysis. By thoroughly covering the concepts and applications of stochastic PDEs at an introductory level, this text provides a guide to current research topics and lays the groundwork for further study.

Author : Jichun Li
ISBN : 1420089056
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 44.55 MB
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This textbook introduces several major numerical methods for solving various partial differential equations (PDEs) in science and engineering, including elliptic, parabolic, and hyperbolic equations. It covers traditional techniques that include the classic finite difference method and the finite element method as well as state-of-the-art numerical methods, such as the high-order compact difference method and the radial basis function meshless method. Helps Students Better Understand Numerical Methods through Use of MATLAB® The authors uniquely emphasize both theoretical numerical analysis and practical implementation of the algorithms in MATLAB, making the book useful for students in computational science and engineering. They provide students with simple, clear implementations instead of sophisticated usages of MATLAB functions. All the Material Needed for a Numerical Analysis Course Based on the authors’ own courses, the text only requires some knowledge of computer programming, advanced calculus, and difference equations. It includes practical examples, exercises, references, and problems, along with a solutions manual for qualifying instructors. Students can download MATLAB code from www.crcpress.com, enabling them to easily modify or improve the codes to solve their own problems.

Author : David H. von Seggern
ISBN : 1584885998
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 71.7 MB
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Since the publication of the first edition, Mathematica® has matured considerably and the computing power of desktop computers has increased greatly. This enables the presentation of more complex curves and surfaces as well as the efficient computation of formerly prohibitive graphical plots. Incorporating both of these aspects, CRC Standard Curves and Surfaces with Mathematica®, Second Edition is a virtual encyclopedia of curves and functions that depicts nearly all of the standard mathematical functions rendered using Mathematica. While the easy-to-use format remains unchanged from the previous edition, many chapters have been reorganized and better graphical representations of numerous curves and surfaces have been produced. An introductory chapter describes the basic properties of curves and surfaces, includes two handy tables of 2-D and 3-D curve and surface transformations, and provides a quick understanding of the basic nature of mathematical functions. To facilitate more efficient and more thorough use of the material, the whole gamut of curves and surfaces is divided into sixteen individual chapters. The accompanying CD-ROM includes Mathematica notebooks of code to construct plots of all the functions presented in the book. New to the Second Edition Chapters on minimal surfaces and Green's functions that involve Poisson, wave, diffusion, and Helmholtz equations Knots and links in the 3-D curves chapter Archimedean solids, duals of Platonic solids, and stellated forms in the regular polyhedra chapter Additional curves and surfaces in almost every chapter Expanded index for quick access to curves or surfaces of interest and to find definitions of common mathematical terms Upgraded Mathematica notebooks with more uniform formatting, more complete documentation on particular curves and surfaces, an explanation of the plotting algorithms, and more explicit designations of variable parameters to easily adjust curve or surface plots

Author : Stephen J. Kirkland
ISBN : 9781439888599
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 58.32 MB
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Group inverses for singular M-matrices are useful tools not only in matrix analysis, but also in the analysis of stochastic processes, graph theory, electrical networks, and demographic models. Group Inverses of M-Matrices and Their Applications highlights the importance and utility of the group inverses of M-matrices in several application areas. After introducing sample problems associated with Leslie matrices and stochastic matrices, the authors develop the basic algebraic and spectral properties of the group inverse of a general matrix. They then derive formulas for derivatives of matrix functions and apply the formulas to matrices arising in a demographic setting, including the class of Leslie matrices. With a focus on Markov chains, the text shows how the group inverse of an appropriate M-matrix is used in the perturbation analysis of the stationary distribution vector as well as in the derivation of a bound for the asymptotic convergence rate of the underlying Markov chain. It also illustrates how to use the group inverse to compute and analyze the mean first passage matrix for a Markov chain. The final chapters focus on the Laplacian matrix for an undirected graph and compare approaches for computing the group inverse. Collecting diverse results into a single volume, this self-contained book emphasizes the connections between problems arising in Markov chains, Perron eigenvalue analysis, and spectral graph theory. It shows how group inverses offer valuable insight into each of these areas.

Author : Dean G. Duffy
ISBN : 1420010948
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 80.34 MB
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Methods for Solving Mixed Boundary Value Problems An up-to-date treatment of the subject, Mixed Boundary Value Problems focuses on boundary value problems when the boundary condition changes along a particular boundary. The book often employs numerical methods to solve mixed boundary value problems and the associated integral equations. Straightforward Presentation of Mathematical Techniques The author first provides examples of mixed boundary value problems and the mathematical background of integral functions and special functions. He then presents classic mathematical physics problems to explain the origin of mixed boundary value problems and the mathematical techniques that were developed to handle them. The remaining chapters solve various mixed boundary value problems using separation of variables, transform methods, the Wiener–Hopf technique, Green’s function, and conformal mapping. Decipher Mixed Boundary Value Problems That Occur in Diverse Fields Including MATLAB® to help with problem solving, this book provides the mathematical skills needed for the solution of mixed boundary value problems.

Author : Matthew P. Coleman
ISBN : 9781439898475
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 29.95 MB
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An Introduction to Partial Differential Equations with MATLAB®, Second Edition illustrates the usefulness of PDEs through numerous applications and helps students appreciate the beauty of the underlying mathematics. Updated throughout, this second edition of a bestseller shows students how PDEs can model diverse problems, including the flow of heat, the propagation of sound waves, the spread of algae along the ocean’s surface, the fluctuation in the price of a stock option, and the quantum mechanical behavior of a hydrogen atom. Suitable for a two-semester introduction to PDEs and Fourier series for mathematics, physics, and engineering students, the text teaches the equations based on method of solution. It provides both physical and mathematical motivation as much as possible. The author treats problems in one spatial dimension before dealing with those in higher dimensions. He covers PDEs on bounded domains and then on unbounded domains, introducing students to Fourier series early on in the text. Each chapter’s prelude explains what and why material is to be covered and considers the material in a historical setting. The text also contains many exercises, including standard ones and graphical problems using MATLAB. While the book can be used without MATLAB, instructors and students are encouraged to take advantage of MATLAB’s excellent graphics capabilities. The MATLAB code used to generate the tables and figures is available in an appendix and on the author’s website.

Author : Peng-Fei Yao
ISBN : 9781439834558
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 25.16 MB
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Modeling and Control in Vibrational and Structural Dynamics: A Differential Geometric Approach describes the control behavior of mechanical objects, such as wave equations, plates, and shells. It shows how the differential geometric approach is used when the coefficients of partial differential equations (PDEs) are variable in space (waves/plates), when the PDEs themselves are defined on curved surfaces (shells), and when the systems have quasilinear principal parts. To make the book self-contained, the author starts with the necessary background on Riemannian geometry. He then describes differential geometric energy methods that are generalizations of the classical energy methods of the 1980s. He illustrates how a basic computational technique can enable multiplier schemes for controls and provide mathematical models for shells in the form of free coordinates. The author also examines the quasilinearity of models for nonlinear materials, the dependence of controllability/stabilization on variable coefficients and equilibria, and the use of curvature theory to check assumptions. With numerous examples and exercises throughout, this book presents a complete and up-to-date account of many important advances in the modeling and control of vibrational and structural dynamics.

Author : John A. Burns
ISBN : 9781466571396
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 69.33 MB
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Introduction to the Calculus of Variations and Control with Modern Applications provides the fundamental background required to develop rigorous necessary conditions that are the starting points for theoretical and numerical approaches to modern variational calculus and control problems. The book also presents some classical sufficient conditions and discusses the importance of distinguishing between the necessary and sufficient conditions. In the first part of the text, the author develops the calculus of variations and provides complete proofs of the main results. He explains how the ideas behind the proofs are essential to the development of modern optimization and control theory. Focusing on optimal control problems, the second part shows how optimal control is a natural extension of the classical calculus of variations to more complex problems. By emphasizing the basic ideas and their mathematical development, this book gives you the foundation to use these mathematical tools to then tackle new problems. The text moves from simple to more complex problems, allowing you to see how the fundamental theory can be modified to address more difficult and advanced challenges. This approach helps you understand how to deal with future problems and applications in a realistic work environment.