EVOLUTION OF THE CEREBELLAR SENSE OF SELF

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Evolution Of The Cerebellar Sense Of Self

Author : John Montgomery
ISBN : 9780191076626
Genre : Medical
File Size : 59.49 MB
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The cerebellum is an intriguing component of the brain. In humans it occupies only 10% of the brain volume, yet has approximately 69 billion neurons; that is 80% of the nerve cells in the brain. The cerebellum first arose in jawed vertebrates such as sharks, and early vertebrates also have an additional cerebellum-like structure in the hindbrain. Shark cerebellum-like structures function as adaptive filters to discriminate 'self' from 'other' in sensory inputs. It is likely that the true cerebellum evolved from these cerebellum-like precursors, and that their adaptive filter functionality was adopted for motor control; paving the way for the athleticism and movement finesse that we see in swimming, running, climbing and flying vertebrates. This book uses an evolutionary perspective to open up the exciting body of work that is cerebellar research to a wide audience. Understanding the brain is of interest to many people, from many different backgrounds, and for many different reasons. Therefore, understanding cerebellum is a significant step towards the wider challenge of understanding the brain. This book will be of interest to neuroscientists, neurologists and psychologists, in addition to computer scientists, and engineers concerned with machine/human interactions and robotics.
Category: Medical

Napoleon And History Painting

Author : Christopher Prendergast
ISBN : 0198174225
Genre : Art
File Size : 36.89 MB
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This study is an inquiry into the fortunes, in both theory and practice, of the idea of history painting during the Napoleonic period. Its main argument is that under Napoleon, French history painting, especially battle painting, encountered a series of questions as to its nature and function. These questions arose in part from the (often contradictory) demand of a propaganda-machine operating within a postrevolutionary crisis of political legitimation, but also from changes in artistictaste which both retained and re-directed an earlier notion of the civic responsibilities of the history painter. This is a resolutely interdisciplinary book: drawing on perspectives from political thought and history, military theory and practice and art history, which centres on the work of the painter, Antoine-Jean Gros, and his controversial painting, La Bataille d'Eylau. `Detailed and highly intelligent . . . this book is a significant addition to the literature on French art of the early nineteenth century.' Times Literary Supplement
Category: Art

Affective Neuroscience

Author : Jaak Panksepp
ISBN : 9780195178050
Genre : Medical
File Size : 78.38 MB
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This comprehensive and exceptionally readable text summarizes up-to-date information about the fundamental brain sources of emotional tendencies in humans and other animals.
Category: Medical

Evolution Of The Brain Creation Of The Self

Author : John C. Eccles
ISBN : 9781134968350
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 36.44 MB
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Sir John Eccles, a distinguished scientist and Nobel Prize winner who has devoted his scientific life to the study of the mammalian brain, tells the story of how we came to be, not only as animals at the end of the hominid evolutionary line, but also as human persons possessed of reflective consciousness.
Category: Philosophy

Personality And Evolution

Author : Stan Gooch
ISBN : UOM:39015002389388
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 85.86 MB
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Category: Psychology

Brain Evolution Language And Psychopathology In Schizophrenia

Author : Paolo Brambilla
ISBN : 9781134694426
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 78.74 MB
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This book provides a comprehensive review of new developments in the study of language processing and related neural networks in schizophrenia by addressing the complex link between psychopathology, language and evolution at different levels of analysis. Psychopathological symptoms in schizophrenia are mainly characterized by thought and language disorders, which are strictly intertwined. In particular, language is the distinctive dimension of human beings and is ontologically related to brain development. Although normal at the levels of segmental phonology and morphological organization, the speech of patients suffering from schizophrenia is often characterized by flattened intonation and word-finding difficulties. Furthermore, research suggests that the superior temporal gyrus and specific prefrontal areas which support language in humans are altered in people with schizophrenia. Brambilla and Marini bring together international contributors to explore the link between brain evolution and the psychopathological features of schizophrenia, with a focus on language and its neural underpinnings. Divided into three sections the book covers: • brain evolution and language phylogenesis • brain abnormalities in schizophrenia • psychopathology and schizophrenia. This theoretical approach will appeal to professionals including clinical psychologists, cognitive neuroscientists, neuropsychiatrists, neuropsychologists, neurolinguists, and researchers considering the links between brain evolution, language and psychopathology in schizophrenia.
Category: Psychology

Author : Mark A. Runco
ISBN : 9786035031080
Genre : Self-Help
File Size : 64.26 MB
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إضافة إلى تلخيصه للبحوث العلمية عن الإبداع، فقد جمع هذا الكتاب إسهامات متناثرة في علم النفس والتجارة، والتربية، وعلم الاجتماع، والاقتصاد، وموضوعات أخرى، مستقصياً ما تشير إليه نتائج البحوث بخصوص تطور الإبداع ومظاهره وتقويته. يبدأ الكتاب بمناقشة نظريات الإبداع، ثم يستعرض البحوث المتعلقة بالنقاش الدائر حول دور التنشئة والوراثة فيها، وكيفية ارتباطه بالشخصية، وكذلك كيفية تأثير السياق الاجتماعي فيه، ودور الصحة العقلية وعلاقتها به، إضافة إلى تأثير فروق النوع الاجتماعي ـ الجندر ـ وكذلك إلى كيفية ارتباط الإبداع بكلٍّ من الاختراع، والابتكار، والخيال، والتكيّف، وكيف يختلف عنها. قُصد من تأليف هذا الكتاب أن يكون مرجعاً في الإبداع؛ ولهذا فإنه سيكون مصدراً شاملاً للبحوث المهتمة بهذا الموضوع، لا يستغني عنه الدارسون ولا المكتبات. ويتضمن هذا الكتاب أيضاً القضايا المثيرة للجدل، والحقائق التاريخية، والقياسات ... إلخ؛ وعليه فإنه سيلقي نظرة ساحرة على هذا العالم؛ عالم الإبداع. المحتويات 1.العمليات المعرفية والإبداع. 2. الاتجاهات التطورية والعوامل المؤثرة في الإبداع. 3. وجهات النظر البيولوجية حول الإبداع. 4. وجهات النظر الصحيّة والإكلينيكية. 5. وجهات النظر الاجتماعية والنسبية والتنظيمية. 6. وجهات النظر التربوية. 7. التاريخ ودراسة التطور البشري. 8. الثقافة والإبداع. 9. الشخصية والدافعية. 10. تعزيز الإبداع وتحقيق الطاقات الكامنة. 11. الخلاصة؛ ما يعدّ وما لا يعدّ من الإبداع. العبيكان للنشر
Category: Self-Help

Cerebellar Functions

Author : André Thomas
ISBN : HARVARD:HC2E7V
Genre : Cerebellum
File Size : 24.10 MB
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Category: Cerebellum

Hope In The Age Of Anxiety

Author : Anthony Scioli
ISBN : 9780199758579
Genre : Self-Help
File Size : 52.53 MB
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Economic collapse, poverty, disease, natural disasters, the constant threat of community unrest and international terrorism--a quick look at any newspaper is enough to cause almost anyone to feel trapped and desperate. Yet the recent election also revealed a growing search for hope spreading through society. In the timely Hope in the Age of Anxiety, Anthony Scioli and Henry Biller illuminate the nature of hope and offer a multitude of techniques designed to improve the lives of individuals, and bring more light into the world. In this fascinating and humane book, Scioli and Biller reveal the ways in which human beings acquire and make use of hope. Hope in the Age of Anxiety is meant to be a definitive guide. The evolutionary, biological, and cultural roots of hope are covered along with the seven kinds of hope found in the world's religions. Just as vital, the book provides many personal tools for addressing the major challenges of the human condition: fear, loss, illness, and death. Some of the key areas illuminated in Hope in the Age of Anxiety: How do you build and sustain hope in trying times? How can hope help you to achieve your life goals? How can hope improve your relationships with others? How can hope aid your recovery from trauma or illness? How does hope relate to spirituality? Hope in the Age of Anxiety identifies the skills needed to cultivate hope, and offers suggestions for using these capacities to realize your life goals, support health and healing, strengthen relationships, enhance spirituality, and inoculate yourself against the despair that engulfs many individuals.
Category: Self-Help