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Evaluating Peacekeeping Missions

Author : Sarah-Myriam Martin- Brûlé
ISBN : 9781317268611
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 48.80 MB
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This book offers a new perspective on peace missions in intra-state wars, based on comparative field research. In theoretical terms, this book proposes a new definition of peace operation success based on two crucial elements: the (re)establishment of order and the accomplishment of the mandate. The work presents a new typology for assessing peace operations as failures, partial failures, partial successes, or successes. This focus on ‘blurry’ outcomes provides a clearer theoretical framework to understand what constitutes successful peace operations. It explains the different outcomes of peace operations (based on the type of success/failure) by outlining the effect(s) of the combination of the key ingredients-strategy and the type of interveners. Empirically, this book tests the saliency of the theoretical framework by examining the peace operations which took place in Somalia, Sierra Leone and Liberia. This book refutes the classification of these three cases as the ‘worst’ context for ‘transitional politics’, and demonstrates that peace operations may succeed, partially of totally, in challenging contexts, and that the diverse outcomes are better explained by the type of intervener and the strategy employed than by the type of context. This work shows that, for a peace operation in an intra-state war, the adoption of a deterrence strategy works best for re-establishing order while the involvement of a great power facilitates the accomplishment of the mandate. This book will be of much interest to students of peacekeeping, conflict resolution, civil wars, security studies and IR in general.
Category: Political Science

Un Peace Operations

Author : Eirin Mobekk
ISBN : 9781134714308
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 59.24 MB
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This book assesses the UN Peace Operations in Haiti and establishes what lessons should be taken into account for future operations elsewhere. Specifically, the book examines the UN’s approaches to security and stability, demobilisation, disarmament and reintegration (DDR), police, justice and prison reform, democratisation, and transitional justice and their interdependencies through the seven UN missions in Haiti. Drawing on extensive fieldwork and interviews conducted in Haiti, it identifies strengths and weaknesses of these approaches and focuses on the connections between these different sectors. It places these efforts in the broader Haitian political context, emphasises economic development as a central factor to sustainability, provides a civil society perspective, and discusses the many constraints the UN faced in implementing its mandates. The book also serves as a historical account of UN involvement in Haiti, which comes at a time when the drawdown of the mission has begun. In an environment where the UN is increasingly seeking to conduct security sector reform (SSR) within the context of integrated missions, this book will be a valuable contribution to the debate on intervention, UN peace operations and SSR. This book will be of interest to students of peace operations and peacekeeping, conflict studies, security studies and IR in general.
Category: Political Science

Peacekeeping And The African Union

Author : Jude Cocodia
ISBN : 9781351597579
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 60.87 MB
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This book offers a detailed examination of the effectiveness of the peacekeeping operations of the African Union. Despite its growing reputation in peacekeeping and its status as the oldest continental peacekeeper, the performance of the African Union (AU) has hitherto not been assessed. This book fills that gap and analyses six case studies: Burundi, Comoros, Somalia, Mali, Darfur and the Central African Republic. From a methodological perspective it takes a problem-solving approach and utilises process tracing in its analysis, with its standard for success resting on achieving negative peace (the cessation of violence and provision of security). Theoretically, this study offers a comprehensive list of factors drawn from peace literature and field experience which influence the outcome of peacekeeping. Beyond the major issues, such as funding, international collaboration and mandate, this work also examines the impact of largely ignored factors such as force integrity and territory size. The book modifies the claim of peace literature on what matters for success and advocates the indispensability of domestic elite cooperation, local initiative and international political will. It recognises the necessity of factors such as lead state and force integrity for certain peace operations. In bringing these factors together, this study expands the peacekeeping debate on what matters for stability in conflict areas. This book will be of much interest to students of peacekeeping, African politics, war and conflict studies, and International Relations in general.
Category: Political Science

Measures Of Effectiveness

Author : Ann Livingstone
ISBN : 1896551653
Genre : Afghan War, 2001-
File Size : 78.59 MB
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This issue is the first in a re-designed and peer-reviewed series of the Pearson Papers that provides a forum where researchers and practitioners can openly engage with the complexities of evolving peace operations. In light of the international community?s large investment in peace operations, measuring their effectiveness has become an important topic in the public discourse. The first re-designed and peer-reviewed issue of the Pearson Papers, then, focuses on the theme: ?Measures of Effectiveness: Peace Operations and Beyond.? In the first paper in this issue, ?Our Seven Wars in Afghanistan: Progress under the SWORD Model,? Captain N.N. French assesses progress in Afghanistan using the SWORD model?s seven strategic dimensions. Following his trends-based analyses, French contends that chances for success in Afghanistan are improving and he recommends ways to further progress. Dr. Sarah Jane Meharg?s paper, ?Measuring the Effectiveness of Reconstruction and Stabilization Activities,? argues for the need to include social and cultural narratives, rather than traditional military statistics, when analyzing reconstruction efforts. ?What to Measure in Peace Operations? by Joseph Schumacher analyzes peace operations from a theoretical angle, presenting a combination of macro and impact evaluation approaches. In the final paper, ?Israeli-Palestinian Bi-level Conflict Zone and Its Implications for International Intervention: What Went Wrong and What Can be Done?? authors Dr. Kobi Michael and David Kellen use the Israel-Palestine conflict to illustrate the need to redefine conceptual approaches to addressing conflict while focusing on stabilization and reconstruction efforts. -- Publisher's Description.
Category: Afghan War, 2001-

The Un Peace And Force

Author : Michael Pugh
ISBN : 9781135250461
Genre : History
File Size : 60.34 MB
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Restoring and maintaining peace within war-torn societies is a relatively new task for the United Nations. This book examines the options for the UN in the use of force to secure peace, and the extent to which peacekeeping can be effectively extended to coerce warring factions. A combination of internationally distinguished academics and new scholars at the forefront of research are represented, making an important contribution to the debate about the role of international military operations in the maintenance of international peace and security.
Category: History

Providing Peacekeepers

Author : Alex J. Bellamy
ISBN : 9780191653476
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 20.99 MB
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During the first decade of the twenty-first century, the rising demand for peacekeepers saw the United Nations (UN) operate at a historically unprecedented tempo, with increases in the number and size of missions as well as in the scope and complexity of their mandates. The need to deploy over 120,000 UN peacekeepers and the demands placed upon them in the field have threatened to outstrip the willingness and to some extent capacity of the UN's Member States. This situation raised the questions of why states contribute forces to UN missions and, conversely, what factors inhibit them from doing more? Providing Peacekeepers answers these questions. After summarizing the challenges confronting the UN in its force generation efforts, the book develops a new framework for analyzing UN peacekeeping contributions in light of the evidence presented in sixteen case study chapters which examine the experiences of the United States, the United Kingdom, France, the People's Republic of China, the Russian Federation, Bangladesh, Pakistan, India, Nigeria, Ghana, Nepal, Uruguay, Brazil, Turkey, South Africa, and Japan. The book concludes by offering recommendations for how the UN might develop new strategies for force generation so as to meet the foreseeable challenges of twenty-first century peacekeeping and improve the quantity and quality of its uniformed peacekeepers.
Category: Political Science

From War To The Rule Of Law

Author : J. J. C. Voorhoeve
ISBN : 9789053568675
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 24.48 MB
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As recent events in Iraq demonstrate, countries that have suffered civil war or rule by military regime can face a long, difficult transition to peaceful democracy. Drawing on the experiences of Bosnia, Haiti, Rwanda and Afghanistan, this outstanding volume demonstrates that newly emerging democracies need more than emergency economic support: restoring the rule of law can involve the training of a new police force, for example, or the creation of an international war crimes tribunal. Concluding with specific recommendations for the UN and EU members, Voorhoeve reminds us that disregard for human rights or delay in civilian reconciliation can lead to resurgences of violence.
Category: Political Science

Fixing Haiti

Author : Jorge Heine
ISBN : 9789280811971
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 29.47 MB
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Haiti may well be the only country in the Americas with a last name. References to the land of the "black Jacobins" are almost always followed by the phrase "the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere". To that dubious distinction, on 12 January 2010 Haiti added another, when it was hit by the most devastating natural disaster in the Americas, a 7.0 Richter scale earthquake. More than 220,000 people lost their lives and much of its vibrant capital, Port-au-Prince, was reduced to rubble. Since 2004, the United Nations has been in Haiti through MINUSTAH, in an ambitious attempt to help Haiti raise itself by its bootstraps. This effort has now acquired additional urgency. Is Haiti a failed state? Does it deserve a Marshall-plan-like program? What will it take to address the Haitian predicament? In this book, some of the world's leading experts on Haiti examine the challenges faced by the first black republic, the tasks undertaken by the UN, and the new role of hemispheric players like Argentina, Brazil and Chile, as well as that of Canada, France and the United States.
Category: Political Science

The New World Of Un Peace Operations

Author : Thorsten Benner
ISBN : 9780199594887
Genre : History
File Size : 70.91 MB
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Provides a comprehensive account of learning in peacekeeping, focusing on instances of attempted learning by UN representatives involved in police assistance, judicial reform, reintegration of former combatants, and mission integration by looking at three cases in each area.
Category: History