ETHNOGRAPHY AS COMMENTARY

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Ethnography As Commentary

Author : Johannes Fabian
ISBN : 9780822381204
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 90.49 MB
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The Internet allows ethnographers to deposit the textual materials on which they base their writing in virtual archives. Electronically archived fieldwork documents can be accessed at any time by the writer, his or her readers, and the people studied. Johannes Fabian, a leading theorist of anthropological practice, argues that virtual archives have the potential to shift the emphasis in ethnographic writing from the monograph to commentary. In this insightful study, he returns to the recording of a conversation he had with a ritual healer in the Congolese town of Lubumbashi more than three decades ago. Fabian’s transcript and translation of the exchange have been deposited on a website (Language and Popular Culture in Africa), and in Ethnography as Commentary he provides a model of writing in the presence of a virtual archive. In his commentary, Fabian reconstructs his meeting with the healer Kahenga Mukonkwa Michel, in which the two discussed the ritual that Kahenga performed to protect Fabian’s home from burglary. Fabian reflects on the expectations and terminology that shape his description of Kahenga’s ritual and meditates on how ethnographic texts are made, considering the settings, the participants, the technologies, and the linguistic medium that influence the transcription and translation of a recording and thus fashion ethnographic knowledge. Turning more directly to Kahenga—as a practitioner, a person, and an ethnographic subject—and to the questions posed to him, Fabian reconsiders questions of ethnic identity, politics, and religion. While Fabian hopes that emerging anthropologists will share their fieldwork through virtual archives, he does not suggest that traditional ethnography will disappear. It will become part of a broader project facilitated by new media.
Category: Social Science

Talk About Prayer

Author : Johannes Fabian
ISBN : 9781137570178
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 79.46 MB
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Talk about Prayer is an experiment in writing ethnography, a commentary on a conversation with Mama Régine Tshitanda, the leader of a Charismatic prayer group (groupe de prière) in Lubumbashi (Katanga, Democratic Republic of the Congo) and members of her family in 1986. Fabian's research on expressions and practices of popular culture, including popular religion, was conducted during two visits to Katanga in 1985 and 1986. He discusses controversial issues in the study of the Global Charismatic Movement as seen at the time and gives a detailed account of the circumstances and events that led to the recorded meeting and how the ethnographic document on which this book is based was made. Central to the book is the authors understanding of anthropology of religion, in that research should be based on communicative ethnography, an approach that involves confrontation between researchers and interlocutors as well between their views of the world. Talk about Prayer is one such argument for keeping open the debate on a critical stance toward religion.
Category: Social Science

Linguistic Ethnography

Author : Fiona Copland
ISBN : 9781137035035
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 59.12 MB
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The collection demonstrates the ways in which established traditions and scholars have come together under the umbrella of linguistic ethnography to explore important questions about how language and communication are used in a range of settings and contexts, and with what effect.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Time And The Other

Author : Johannes Fabian
ISBN : 9780231537483
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 33.25 MB
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Time and the Other is a classic work that critically reexamined the relationship between anthropologists and their subjects and reoriented the approach literary critics, philosophers, and historians took to the study of humankind. Johannes Fabian challenges the assumption that anthropologists live in the "here and now," that their subjects live in the "there and then," and that the "other" exists in a time not contemporary with our own. He also pinpoints the emergence, transformation, and differentiation of a variety of uses of time in the history of anthropology that set specific parameters between power and inequality. In this edition, a new postscript by the author revisits popular conceptions of the "other" and the attempt to produce and represent knowledge of other(s).
Category: Social Science

Politics And Pitfalls Of Japan Ethnography

Author : Jennifer Robertson
ISBN : 9781317967583
Genre : History
File Size : 78.7 MB
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Four anthropologists, Elise Edwards, Ann Elise Lewallen, Bridget Love and Tomomi Yamaguchi, draw on their fieldwork experiences in Japan to demonstrate collectively the inadequacy of both the Code of Ethics developed by the American Anthropological Association (AAA) and the dictates of Institutional Review Boards (IRB) when dealing with messy human realities. The four candidly and critically explore the existential dilemmas they were forced to confront with respect to this inadequacy, for the AAA’s code and IRBs consider neither the vulnerability and powerlessness of ethnographers nor the wholly unethical (and even criminal) deportment of some informants. As Jennifer Robertson points out in her Introduction, whereas the AAA’s Code tends to perpetuate the stereotype of more advantaged fieldworkers studying less advantaged peoples, IRBs appear to protect their home institutions (from possible litigation) rather than living and breathing people whose lives are often ethically compromised irrespective of the presence of an ethnographer. In her commentary, Sabine Frühstück, who incurred ample experience with ethical dilemmas in the course of her pathbreaking ethnographic research on Japan’s Self-Defense Forces, situates the four articles in a broader theoretical context, and emphasizes the link between political engagement and ethnographic accuracy. This book was previously published as a special issue of Critical Asian Studies.
Category: History

Ethnography And Language Policy

Author : Teresa L. McCarty
ISBN : 9781136860911
Genre : Education
File Size : 49.27 MB
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Illuminating, through ethnographic inquiry, how individual agents "make" language policy in everyday social practice, this volume advances the growing field of language planning and policy using a critical sociocultural approach. From this perspective, language policy is conceptualized not only as official acts and documents, but as language-regulating modes of human interaction, negotiation, and production mediated by relations of power. Using this conceptual framework, the volume addresses the impacts of globalization, diaspora, and transmigration on language practices and policies; language endangerment, revitalization, and maintenance; medium-of-instruction policies; literacy and biliteracy; language and ethnic/national identity; and the ethical tensions in conducting critical ethnographic language policy research. These issues are contextualized in case studies and reflective commentaries by leading scholars in the field. Ethnography and Language Policy extends previous work in the field, tapping into leading-edge interdisciplinary scholarship, and charting new directions. Recognizing that language policy is not merely or even primarily about language per se, but rather about power relations that structure social-linguistic hierarchies, the authors seek to expand policy discourses in ways that foster social justice for all.
Category: Education

Handbook Of Ethnography

Author : Paul Atkinson
ISBN : 9781446204825
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 32.59 MB
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"I wish the Handbook of Ethnography had been available to me as a fledgling ethnographer. I would recommend it for any graduate student who contemplates a career in the field. Likewise for experienced ethnographers who would like the equivalent of a world atlas to help pinpoint their own locations in the field." - Journal of Contemporary Ethnography "No self-respecting qualitative researcher should be without Paul Atkinson's handbook on ethnography. This really is encyclopaedic in concept and scope. Many "big names" in the field have contributed so this has to be the starting point for anyone looking to understand the field in substantive topic, theoretical tradition and methodology." - SRA News Ethnography is one of the chief research methods in sociology, anthropology and other cognate disciplines in the social sciences. This Handbook provides an unparalleled, critical guide to its principles and practice. The volume is organized into three sections. The first systematically locates ethnography firmly in its relevant historical and intellectual contexts. The roots of ethnography are pinpointed and the pattern of its development is demonstrated. The second section examines the contribution of ethnography to major fields of substantive research. The impact and strengths and weaknesses of ethnographic method are dealt with authoritatively and accessibly. The third section moves on to examine key debates and issues in ethnography, from the conduct of research through to contemporary arguments. The result is a landmark work in the field, which draws on the expertise of an internationally renowned group of interdisicplinary scholars. The Handbook of Ethnography provides readers with a one-stop critical guide to the past, present and future of ethnography. It will quickly establish itself as the ethnographer's bible.
Category: Social Science

The Future Of Visual Anthropology

Author : Sarah Pink
ISBN : 9781134247134
Genre : Art
File Size : 52.51 MB
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From an eminent author in the field, The Future of Visual Anthropology develops a new approach to visual anthropology and presents a groundbreaking examination of developments within the field and the way forward for the subdiscipline in the twenty-first century. The explosion of visual media in recent years has generated a wide range of visual and digital technologies which have transformed visual research and analysis. The result is an exciting new interdisciplinary approach of great potential influence for the future of social/cultural anthropology. Sarah Pink argues that this potential can be harnessed by engaging visual anthropology with its wider contexts, including: the increasing use of visual research methods across the social sciences and humanities the growth in popularity of the visual as methodology and object of analysis within mainstream anthropology and applied anthropology the growing interest in 'anthropology of the senses' and media anthropology the development of new visual technologies that allow anthropologists to work in new ways. This book has immense interdisciplinary potential, and is essential reading for students, researchers and practitioners of visual anthropology, media anthropology, visual cultural studies, media studies and sociology.
Category: Art

Chronic Illness

Author : S. Kay Toombs
ISBN : 0253113555
Genre : Medical
File Size : 50.10 MB
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"…excellent…" -- Choices - Choice on Dying Newsletter "Toombs, Barnard, and Carson have organized and edited a valuable series of papers that provide a rare perspective on the impact of chronic illness. Beginning with the person who is experiencing the chronic condition, they are able to weave an important blend of personal, social, and policy themes." -- Choice "This volume of collected essays is a solid contribution to the medical humanities literature on chronic illness... the contributors have produced a cohesive, systematic, and sensitive examination of issues in chronic illness and disability." -- Medical Humanities Review "Although it may seem to be intended largely for health care providers, this thought-provoking volume has much that will interest a wider lay audience." -- Medical and Health Annual An often moving exploration of the human, moral, and policy aspects of a health issue that affects each of us. Through first-person accounts and the perspectives of literature, medicine, philosophy, and religion, this book explores what it means to live with chronic illness and the implications of this experience for social policy, health care, bioethics, and the professions.
Category: Medical

Culture Landscape And The Environment

Author : Professor of English Kate Flint
ISBN : 0198233787
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 68.71 MB
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This collection of essays looks at the relationship between culture and the environment. Leading scholars in the humanities and social sciences explore the concept of landscape across cultures, ranging from Papua New Guinea to ancient Britain. Generously illustrated, the book provides powerful evidence of the role of culture in shaping our understanding of the material world.
Category: Social Science