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Ethnicities Personalities And Politics In The Ethnic Chinese Worlds

Author : Ching-hwang Yen
ISBN : 9789814603034
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 56.5 MB
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The rise of the economic power of the ethnic Chinese, known also as overseas Chinese, Chinese overseas or Chinese diaspora, was a late 20th century phenomenon. It was partly the result of the rise of the Four Little Asian Dragons in the 1970s, and was speeded up by the tempo of globalization towards the end of that century. This book explores the ethnic identity and boundary of the Chinese as minority groups in foreign lands, and as sub-groups among the Chinese themselves. It examines prominent personalities that had wielded considerable influence in the ethnic Chinese communities in the economic, social and educational arenas. It also discusses the type of politics that had impacted their relationship with their mother country — China. Containing 16 papers presented at various international conferences in Singapore, Malaysia, Hong Kong, China and Taiwan as keynote speeches and research findings which are predominantly unpublished in English, this book provides fresh perspectives and re-interpretations on the issues of ethnicity, leadership and politics in the ethnic Chinese worlds.
Category: Social Science

Islam In China

Author : Raphael Israeli
ISBN : 073910375X
Genre : History
File Size : 68.21 MB
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"Are they really Muslims?" Islam in China reveals the struggle for identity of the small yet vital Muslim community of China, a little studied minority on the fringes of the Islamic world now thrust into the spotlight by the opening of China to the world and the rise of independent Muslim republics on China's western borders. Both timely and important, the multifaceted essays- collection of over twenty years of Raphael Israeli's scholarship on Chinese Muslims offer detailed insight into the relationship between China's non-Muslim majority and an increasingly self-confident guest culture. The work uncovers a history of uneasy ethnic, philosophical, and ideological coexistence, the gradual sinification of the Chinese Muslim creed, and the increasing accommodation of Islam by a modern, westernizing China. In addition, it highlights a religious group riddled with sectarianism; factional rifts that reveal the doctrinal, social, and political diversity at the core of Chinese Islam."
Category: History

Guest People

Author : Nicole Constable
ISBN : 9780295805450
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 20.75 MB
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The essays in this volume analyze and compare what it means to be Hakka in a variety of sociocultural, political, geographical, and historical contexts including Malaysia, Hong Kong, Calcutta, Taiwan, and contemporary China.
Category: Social Science

Cultural Encounters On Chinas Ethnic Frontiers

Author : Stevan Harrell
ISBN : 9780295804088
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 40.48 MB
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China's exploitation by Western imperialism is well known, but the imperialist treatment within China of ethnic minorities has been little explored. Around the geographic periphery of China, as well as some of the less accessible parts of the interior, and even in its cities, live a variety of peoples of different origins, languages, ecological adaptations, and cultures. These people have interacted for centuries with the Han Chinese majority, with other minority ethnic groups (minzu), and with non-Chinese, but identification of distinct groups and analysis of their history and relationship to others still are problematic. Cultural Encounters on China's Ethnic Frontiers provides rich material for the comparative study of colonialism and imperialism and for the study of Chinese nation-building. It represents some of the first scholarship on ethnic minorities in China based on direct research since before World War II. This, combined with increasing awareness in the West of the importance of ethnic relations, makes it an especially timely book. It will be of interest to anthopologists, historians, and political scientists, as well as to sinologists.
Category: Social Science

Governing China S Multiethnic Frontiers

Author : Morris Rossabi
ISBN : 9780295804057
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 73.88 MB
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Upon coming to power in 1949, the Chinese Communist government proclaimed that its stance toward ethnic minorities--who comprise approximatelyeight percent of China�s population--differed from that of previous regimes and that it would help preserve the linguistic and cultural heritage of the fifty-five official "minority nationalities." However, minority culture suffered widespread destruction in the early decades of the People�s Republic of China, and minority areas still lag far behind Han (majority) areas economically. Since the mid-1990s, both domestic and foreign developments have refocused government attention on the inhabitants of China�s minority regions, their relationship to the Chinese state, and their foreign ties. Intense economic development of and Han settlement in China�s remote minority regions threaten to displace indigenous populations, post-Soviet establishment of independent countries composed mainly of Muslim and Turkic-speaking peoples presents questions for related groups in China, freedom of Mongolia from Soviet control raises the specter of a pan-Mongolian movement encompassing Chinese Mongols, and international groups press for a more autonomous or even independent Tibet. In Governing China�s Multiethnic Frontiers, leading scholars examine the Chinese government�s administration of its ethnic minority regions, particularly border areas where ethnicity is at times a volatile issue and where separatist movements are feared. Seven essays focus on the Muslim Hui, multiethnic southwest China, Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang, and Tibet. Together these studies provide an overview of government relations with key minority populations, against which one can view evolving dialogues and disputes.
Category: Social Science

In The Land Of The Eastern Queendom

Author : Tenzin Jinba
ISBN : 9780295804842
Genre : History
File Size : 54.56 MB
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The story underlying this ethnography began with the recent discovery and commercialization of the remnant of an ancient �queendom� on the Sichuan-Tibet border. Recorded in classical Chinese texts, this legendary matriarchal domain has attracted not only tourists but the vigilance of the Chinese state. Tenzin Jinba�s research examines the consequences of development of the queendom label for local ethnic, gender, and political identities and for state-society relations.
Category: History

Negotiating Ethnicity In China

Author : Chih-yu Shih
ISBN : 9781134455041
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 74.93 MB
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This challenging study brings together anthropology and political science to examine how ethnic minorities are constructed by the state, and how they respond to such constructions. Disclosing endless mini negotiations between those acting in the name of the Chinese state and those carrying the images of ethnic minority, this book provides an image of the framing of ethnicity by modern state building processes. It will be of vital interest to scholars of political science, anthropology and sociology, and is essential reading to those engaged in studying Chinese society.
Category: Political Science

Ethnicity In Asia

Author : Colin Mackerras
ISBN : 0415258162
Genre : History
File Size : 41.87 MB
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This book is designed as a comprehensive comparative introduction to ethnicity in East and Southeast Asia since 1945. Each chapter covers a particular country looking at such core issues as: · the ethnic minorities or groups in the country of concern, how many ethnic groups, population, language and culture group they belong to, traditional religions and arts · government policy towards the ethnic minorities or groups · the economies of the ethnic minorities or groups and the relation with the national economy; · problems of national integration caused by the ethnic minorities or groups; · the impact of ethnic issues on the country's overall foreign relations.
Category: History

Naturalizing Ethnicity Culturalizing Landscape

Author : Yu Wang
ISBN : OCLC:547364205
Genre : Cultural property
File Size : 20.63 MB
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In the past ten years, more than twenty sites in China have been added to UNESCO's World Heritage List. This growing World-Heritage "fever" has manifestly transformed not only the lives of people living in these sites, but also the environments and ecosystems that these people both inhabit and constitute. Focusing on the tourism development, ethnicity construction, and landscape conservation on a potential World Cultural Heritage Site in Yunnan Province of China, my research investigates how the World Heritage system generates debates about heritage authenticity and creates new sites of struggle over control of cultural and natural resources in this rural, ethnic, and poverty-stricken site of Yunnan. My central research questions are: (1) How is "World Heritage" defined, through what discourses and priorities? (2) What is meant by "authenticity" in the discourse and practice of world heritage? And who has the right to determine how to preserve the presumed authenticity of a given people/site? (3) How are global concepts, such as heritage, authenticity, and conservation, understood and practiced on the local level? (4) Under the World-Heritage protection system, how are "nature" and "culture" received and constructed by different parties? Specifically, what influence does the natural environment exert on the imagination of the dominant ethnic minority, the Hani, living in the site? This is a project designed to interrogate networks of transnational actors and the circuits of power-knowledge production, by questioning who can really speak for "nature", "culture", "community," and finally "development." In a context where both global and state policies continue orchestrating developments in contemporary China, and where local struggles over identification and poverty increasingly haunt the policies, my dissertation seeks to contribute to a literature that has focused on the problems of development and conservation with a case that is centrally engaged with international and state-based modes of governmentality. This project aims above all to explore the multivalency and complexity of such concepts as "unity," "integrity," and "authenticity" central to the World Heritage protection system, and thus to create a broader dialogue among intellectuals and policy makers about how to make world heritage sites more manageable and their policies more effective.
Category: Cultural property

An Ethnohistorical Dictionary Of China

Author : James Stuart Olson
ISBN : 0313288534
Genre : History
File Size : 46.22 MB
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Provides a ready reference for understanding China's ethnic groups, ethnic rivalries, and the impact of these rivalries on China's internal politics.
Category: History