Equality Of Opportunity

Author : John E. ROEMER
ISBN : 0674042875
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 50.80 MB
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John Roemer points out that there are two views of equality of opportunity that are widely held today. The first, which he calls the nondiscrimination principle, states that in the competition for positions in society, individuals should be judged only on attributes relevant to the performance of the duties of the position in question. Attributes such as race or sex should not be taken into account. The second states that society should do what it can to level the playing field among persons who compete for positions, especially during their formative years, so that all those who have the relevant potential attributes can be considered. Common to both positions is that at some point the principle of equal opportunity holds individuals accountable for achievements of particular objectives, whether they be education, employment, health, or income. Roemer argues that there is consequently a "before" and an "after" in the notion of equality of opportunity: before the competition starts, opportunities must be equalized, by social intervention if need be; but after it begins, individuals are on their own. The different views of equal opportunity should be judged according to where they place the starting gate which separates "before" from "after." Roemer works out in a precise way how to determine the location of the starting gate in the different views.
Category: Business & Economics

In Search Of Equality

Author : Charles J. McClain
ISBN : 0520917812
Genre : History
File Size : 24.18 MB
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Charles McClain's illuminating new study probes Chinese efforts to battle manifold discrimination—in housing, employment, and education—in nineteenth-century America. Challenging the stereotypical image of a passive, insular group, McClain reveals a politically savvy population capable of mobilizing to fight mistreatment. He draws on English- and Chinese-language documents and rarely studied sources to chronicle the ways the Chinese sought redress and change in American courts. McClain focuses on the San Francisco Bay Area, the home of almost one-fifth of the fifty thousand Chinese working in California in 1870. He cites cases in which Chinese laundrymen challenged the city of San Francisco's discriminatory building restrictions, and lawsuits brought by parents to protest the exclusion of Chinese children from public schools. While vindication in the courtroom did not always bring immediate change (Chinese schoolchildren in San Francisco continued to be segregated well into the twentieth century), the Chinese community's efforts were instrumental in establishing several legal landmarks. In their battles for justice, the Chinese community helped to clarify many judicial issues, including the parameters of the Fourteenth Amendment and the legal meanings of nondiscrimination and equality. Discussing a wide range of court cases and gleaning their larger constitutional significance, In Search of Equality brings to light an important chapter of American cultural and ethnic history. It should attract attention from American and legal historians, ethnic studies scholars, and students of California culture.
Category: History

Equality

Author : Stuart White
ISBN : 9780745627748
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 31.43 MB
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'Equality' provides an introduction to the concept of equality & to the debates that surround it. The book considers how the demand for equality arises in different spheres, & is useful to students in philosophy & the social sciences & those interested in the values that animate democratic political life.
Category: Political Science

Equality Diversity And Discrimination

Author : Kathy Daniels
ISBN : 1843981122
Genre : Discrimination
File Size : 70.28 MB
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Equality, Diversity and Discrimination is an ideal introductory textbook for anyone studying a module in equality and diversity, particularly those studying the CIPD specialist elective Managing Diversity and Equal Opportunities. This book provides expert coverage of key issues in this area including recruitment and selection diversity and discrimination as well as issues relating to pay and contracts. There is also integral discussion of discrimination at termination of employment and harassment as discrimination. Covering everything students need to know to understand equality, diversity and discrimination in the workplace as well as most importantly, how to prevent discrimination and promote equality and diversity, Equality Diversity and Discrimination is an essential handbook for all HR students. Each chapter includes case studies, examples, and legal cases to facilitate students' understanding and tasks to encourage further research around the subject ensuring that learning continues outside the classroom.
Category: Discrimination

The Equality Of The Human Races

Author : Joseph-Anténor Firmin
ISBN : 0252071026
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 74.13 MB
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This is the first paperback edition of the only English-language translation of the Haitian scholar Antnor Firmin's The Equality of the Human Races, a foundational text in critical anthropology first published in 1885 when anthropology was just emerging as a specialized field of study. Marginalized for its ""radical"" position that the human races were equal, Firmin's lucid and persuasive treatise was decades ahead of its time. Arguing that the equality of the races could be demonstrated through a positivist scientific approach, Firmin challenged racist writings and the dominant views of the day. Translated by Asselin Charles and framed by Carolyn Fluehr-Lobban's substantial introduction, this rediscovered text is an important contribution to contemporary scholarship in anthropology, pan-African studies, and colonial and postcolonial studies.
Category: Social Science

Bourgeois Equality

Author : Deirdre N. McCloskey
ISBN : 9780226334042
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 42.57 MB
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There’s little doubt that most humans today are better off than their forebears. Stunningly so, the economist and historian Deirdre McCloskey argues in the concluding volume of her trilogy celebrating the oft-derided virtues of the bourgeoisie. The poorest of humanity, McCloskey shows, will soon be joining the comparative riches of Japan and Sweden and Botswana. Why? Most economists—from Adam Smith and Karl Marx to Thomas Piketty—say the Great Enrichment since 1800 came from accumulated capital. McCloskey disagrees, fiercely. “Our riches,” she argues, “were made not by piling brick on brick, bank balance on bank balance, but by piling idea on idea.” Capital was necessary, but so was the presence of oxygen. It was ideas, not matter, that drove “trade-tested betterment.” Nor were institutions the drivers. The World Bank orthodoxy of “add institutions and stir” doesn’t work, and didn’t. McCloskey builds a powerful case for the initiating role of ideas—ideas for electric motors and free elections, of course, but more deeply the bizarre and liberal ideas of equal liberty and dignity for ordinary folk. Liberalism arose from theological and political revolutions in northwest Europe, yielding a unique respect for betterment and its practitioners, and upending ancient hierarchies. Commoners were encouraged to have a go, and the bourgeoisie took up the Bourgeois Deal, and we were all enriched. Few economists or historians write like McCloskey—her ability to invest the facts of economic history with the urgency of a novel, or of a leading case at law, is unmatched. She summarizes modern economics and modern economic history with verve and lucidity, yet sees through to the really big scientific conclusion. Not matter, but ideas. Big books don’t come any more ambitious, or captivating, than Bourgeois Equality.
Category: Business & Economics

Equality Diversity And Inclusion At Work

Author : Mustafa Èzbilgin
ISBN : 9781848449299
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 40.16 MB
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Equality, Diversity and Inclusion at Work is certainly a recommended read for EDI scholars interested in both established and novel perspectives on the field. . . Practitioners, whether directly involved with diversity management or not, can also use this volume to gain significant insight into the variety of perspectives on diversity management and training. Florence Villesèche, Management This collection can serve as a mirror for all of us who spend much of our lives in work organizations. From diverse vantage points, the authors help us see and understand the dynamics through which workplaces are gendered to the advantage of some and the disadvantage of others. For those of us wanting to transform those dynamics and create organizational cultures characterized by fairness, support, and cooperation, this book is a must-read. Jay Coakley, University of Colorado, Colorado Springs, US Equality, Diversity and Inclusion at Work, edited by Mustafa F. Özbilgin is a fascinating and useful collection of articles that cover varied perspectives on this thriving topic. Theoretical issues and policy problems, equal opportunity and diversity management, sociological and psychological approaches, history and present management and trade union efforts, and much more are all covered. I particularly appreciated the inclusion of several articles on men, masculinities, equality and diversity, a refreshing recognition of the importance of men and masculinities in the success or failure of equality and diversity efforts. Although the collection covers the UK in the most detail, chapters on the US, Germany, South Africa, and Japan provide a multinational perspective. It s the kind of book I d like to have at hand when I m writing about organizations, gender, equality and diversity. Joan Acker, University of Oregon, US With over thirty chapters, this book offers a truly interdisciplinary collection of original contributions that are likely to influence theorization in the field of equality, diversity and inclusion at work. Many chapters in the book offer comparative perspectives through cross-national and multi-level analyses. The volume adopts a critical perspective as it focuses on relations of power in exploring equality, diversity and inclusion at work. Specifically, the authors examine areas such as cultural conflict, gender inequity and politics, work life balance, affirmative action, trade unions and diversity and diversity interventions and change. This timely book with chapters that are contributed by internationally eminent scholars will prove to be an invaluable resource for researchers, policy makers and students in this field.
Category: Business & Economics

Equality

Author : Jane Franklin
ISBN : 1860300537
Genre : Culture
File Size : 73.49 MB
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Preface
Category: Culture

Reconceiving Women S Equality In China

Author : Lijun Yuan
ISBN : 0739112287
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 45.50 MB
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According to the author, the subordination of Chinese women continued under different models of sex equality in China in the twentieth century. In Reconceiving Women's Equality in China Lijun Yuan discusses and assesses four models of womenOs equality. After exposing the common feature of their failure to reach the social ideal of womenOs equality, the author proposes a more democratic conception of womenOs equality that will allow ideals to continue changing as material circumstances change in different stages of social development.
Category: Social Science

Women And The Press

Author : Patricia Bradley
ISBN : 9780810123137
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 26.67 MB
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When Abigail Adams made her famous plea to John Adams to "remember the ladies," the role of advocacy on behalf of U.S. gender equality began its rocky and still uncompleted journey. In Women and the Press, Patricia Bradley examines the tensions that have arisen over the course of this journey as they relate to women in journalism. From their first entrance into the commercial press as sentimental writers, to the present day, the call for gender equality has had special meaning for female journalists. Is there a role, a responsibility, for advocacy, even subversion, in a newsroom setting? This is an account of how women in journalism sought to integrate the need for gender equality with the realities of the journalistic workplace.
Category: Social Science