ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS ON VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS FROM DEEP OCEANS TO DEEP SPACE

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Environmental Effects On Volcanic Eruptions

Author : James R. Zimbelman
ISBN : 9781461541516
Genre : Science
File Size : 74.63 MB
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The book presents current research into the effect that environmental conditions have on volcanic eruptions and the subsequent emplacement of volcanic products. This is accomplished through a series of chapters that investigate specific environments - both terrestrial and extraterrestrial - and the expression of volcanic materials found within those settings. Current state-of-the-art numerical, analytical and computer models are used in most chapters to provide robust, quantitative insights into how volcanoes behave in different environmental settings. Readership: Upper level undergraduates and new graduates. The book is primarily a presentation of research results rather than a tutorial for the general public. Textbook or supplementary reading for courses in volcanology or comparative planetology at college/university level.
Category: Science

Chronology And Evolution Of Mars

Author : R. Kallenbach
ISBN : 9789401710350
Genre : Science
File Size : 39.36 MB
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Mars is about one-eighth the mass of the Earth and it may provide an analogue of what the Earth was like when it was at such an early stage of accretion. The fur ther growth of the Earth was sustained by major collisions with planetesimals and planets such as that which resulted in the formation ofthe Earth's moon (Hartmann and Davis, 1975; Cameron and Ward, 1976; Wetherill, 1986; Cameron and Benz, 1991). This late accretionary history, which lasted more than 50 Myr in the case of the Earth (Halliday, 2000a, b), appears to have been shorter and less catastrophic in the case of Mars (Harper et ai. , 1995; Lee and Halliday, 1997). In this article we review the basic differences between the bulk composition of Mars and the Earth and the manner in which this plays into our understanding of the timing and mechanisms of accretion and core formation. We highlight some of the evidence for early cessation of major collisional growth on Mars. Finally, we reevaluate the isotopic evidence that Mars differentiated quickly. Fundamental differences between the composition of Mars and that of other terrestrial planets are apparent from the planet's slightly lower density and from the compositions of Martian meteorites. The low density is partially explicable if there is a greater proportion of more volatile elements.
Category: Science

Origin Of The Earth And Moon

Author : Robin M. Canup
ISBN : 0816520739
Genre : Science
File Size : 33.65 MB
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The age-old question of how our home planet and its satellite originated has in recent times undergone a minor revolution. The emergence of the "giant impact theory" as the most successful model for the origin of the Moon has been difficult to reconcile with some aspects of the Earth, and the development of an integrated model for the origin of the Earth-Moon system has been difficult for this reason. However, recent technical advances in experimental and isotopic work, together with intensified interest in the modeling of planetary dynamics, have produced a wealth of new results requiring a rethinking of models for the origin of the Earth and Moon. This book is intended to serve as a resource for those scientists working closely in this field, while at the same time it provides enough balance and depth to offer an introduction for students or technically minded general readers. Its thirty chapters address isotopic and chemical constraints on accretion, the dynamics of terrestrial planet formation, the impact-triggered formation of the Earth-Moon system, differentiation of the Earth and Moon, the origin of terrestrial volatiles, and conditions on the young Earth and Moon. Covering such subjects as the history and origin of the Moon's orbit, water on the Earth, and the implications of Earth-Moon interactions for terrestrial climate and life, the book constitutes a state-of-the-art overview of the most recent investigations in the field. Although many advances have been made in our ability to evaluate competing models of the formation of the Earth-Moon system, there are still many gaps in our understanding. This book makes great strides toward closing those gaps by highlighting the extensive progress that has been made and pointing toward future research.
Category: Science

Modeling Volcanic Processes

Author : Sarah A. Fagents
ISBN : 9780521895439
Genre : Nature
File Size : 63.17 MB
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An advanced textbook and reference resource examining the physics of volcanic behavior and the state of the art in modeling volcanic processes.
Category: Nature

Elements

Author :
ISBN : UCSD:31822009513953
Genre : Geochemistry
File Size : 76.61 MB
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Category: Geochemistry

J Kull

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105132733986
Genre : Glaciers
File Size : 68.16 MB
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Category: Glaciers

The Encyclopedia Of Volcanoes

Author : Haraldur Sigurdsson
ISBN : 9780123859396
Genre : Science
File Size : 78.89 MB
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Volcanoes are unquestionably one of the most spectacular and awe-inspiring features of the physical world. Our paradoxical fascination with them stems from their majestic beauty and powerful, sometimes deadly, destructiveness. Notwithstanding the tremendous advances in volcanology since ancient times, some of the mystery surrounding volcanic eruptions remains today. The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes summarizes our present knowledge of volcanoes; it provides a comprehensive source of information on the causes of volcanic eruptions and both the destructive and beneficial effects. The early chapters focus on the science of volcanism (melting of source rocks, ascent of magma, eruption processes, extraterrestrial volcanism, etc.). Later chapters discuss human interface with volcanoes, including the history of volcanology, geothermal energy resources, interaction with the oceans and atmosphere, health aspects of volcanism, mitigation of volcanic disasters, post-eruption ecology, and the impact of eruptions on organismal biodiversity. Provides the only comprehensive reference work to cover all aspects of volcanology Written by nearly 100 world experts in volcanology Explores an integrated transition from the physical process of eruptions through hazards and risk, to the social face of volcanism, with an emphasis on how volcanoes have influenced and shaped society Presents hundreds of color photographs, maps, charts and illustrations making this an aesthetically appealing reference Glossary of 3,000 key terms with definitions of all key vocabulary items in the field is included
Category: Science

Interridge News

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105028763535
Genre : Submarine topography
File Size : 72.70 MB
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Category: Submarine topography

Carbonatite Volcanism

Author : Keith Bell
ISBN : 3540582991
Genre : Nature
File Size : 58.53 MB
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This volume represents the results of the most recent research on field relationships, volcanology, geochemistry and petrology of Oldoinyo Lengai in Tanzania (East Africa), the only active carbonatite volcano. Peculiarities of carbonatite flows such as the highly sodic composition, their unique mineralogy, their low eruptive temperatures and viscosities, as well as their association with nephelinitic and phonolitic flows are of major interest to igneous petrologists. The wealth of new data, including the role of carbonatitic melts as metasomatizing agents in the earth's mantle are of interest to petrologists and other geoscientists.
Category: Nature