ENVIRONMENTAL ARCHAEOLOGY PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICE

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Environmental Archaeology

Author : Dena F. Dincauze
ISBN : 0521310776
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 69.95 MB
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Archaeologists today need a wide range of scientific approaches in order to delineate and interpret the ecology of their sites. But borrowing concepts from other disciplines demands a critical understanding, and the methods must be appropriate to particular sets of data. This book is an authoritative and essential guide to methods, ranging from techniques for measuring time with isotopes and magnetism to the sciences of climate reconstruction, geomorphology, sedimentology, soil science, paleobotany and faunal paleoecology. Their applications are illustrated by examples from the Paleolithic, through classical civilizations, to urban archaeology.
Category: Social Science

Environmental Archaeology 7

Author : Glynis Jones
ISBN : 1842170813
Genre : Nature
File Size : 80.31 MB
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Contents. Research Papers: Ancient Fires on Southern Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada: A Change in Causal Mechanisms at about 2,000 ybp ( Kendrick J Brown and Richard J Hebda ); The Traditional, Historical and Prehistoric Use of Ashes as an Insecticide, with an Experimental Study on the Insecticidal Efficacy of Washed Ash ( Tom Hakbijl ); Sources of Meat in Colonial Diets: Faunal Evidence from Two Nineteenth Century Tasmanian Whaling Stations ( Susan Lawrence and Catherine Tucker ); Assessment and Further Development of the Recording and Interpretation of Linear Enamel Hypoplasia in Archaeological Pig Populations ( Keith Dobney, Anton Ervynck and Beverly La Ferla ); British Agriculture: Texts for the Zoo-Archaeologist ( Simon J M Davis ); Fish Otoliths and their Relevance to Archaeology: An Analysis of Medieval, Post-Medieval, and Recent Material of Plaice, Cod and Haddock from the North Sea ( Wim Van Neer, Anton Ervynck, Loes J Bolle, Richard S Millner and Adriaan D Rijnsdorp ); Derivation and Application of a Food Utility Index (GFUI) for European Wild Boar ( Sus scrofa L.) ( Peter Rowley-Conwy, Paul Halstead and Patricia Collins ). Short Contributions: A Donkey ( Equus asinus L. ) Partial Skeleton from a Mid-Late Anglo-Saxon Alluvial Layer at Deans Yard Westminster, London SW1 ( Ian L Baxter ); Iron Age Cultigen? Experimental Return Rates for Fat Hen ( Chenopodium album L.) ( Paul Stokes and Peter Rowley-Conwy ); Wetland Microfossils in Soil: Implications for the Study of Land Use on Archaeological Landscapes ( Mark Horrocks, Martin D Jones, Scott L Nichol and Douglas G Sutton ). Book Reviews: R Gale and D Cutler (2000), Plants in Archaeology. Identification manual of vegetative plant materials used in Europe and the Southern Mediterranean to c.1500 ; G Bailey, R Charles, and N Winder (eds) (2000), Human Ecodynamics ; D Dincauze (2000), Environmental Archaeology: Principles and Practice.
Category: Nature

Environmental Archaeology

Author : Terence Patrick O'Connor
ISBN : 0750941537
Genre : Animal remains (Archaeology).
File Size : 32.12 MB
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This title provides a survey of the scientific techniques which are used in archaeology to analyse ancient human environments and which give a fascinating insight into the context of prehistory.
Category: Animal remains (Archaeology).

Case Studies In Environmental Archaeology

Author : Elizabeth Reitz
ISBN : 0387713964
Genre : History
File Size : 41.62 MB
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A few years ago, one of us was approached by a student who asked if we really knew anything about human behavior from environmental archaeology. This student was taking an environmental archaeology course in which taphonomy and the biases of the techniques and methods used by environmental archae- ogists figured prominently. The goal was to train students to be informed users of environmental data. But the student, quite rightly, wanted to know if beyond taphonomy, recovery biases, and analytical biases, there was anything envir- mental archaeologists could say about the human condition. Her question was the stimulus for the first edition of this volume and continued to guide us as we edited this second edition. Our purpose is to show students and scholars, through a series of case studies, that there are things environmental archaeologists do know about the human-environmental relationship; many of which defy conventional archaeological expectations. To do so, however, we must break with the t- ditional organization of environmental archaeology along disciplinary lines. Environmental archaeology is intrinsically interdisciplinary. The demands of each discipline often mean, however, that specialists become further speci- ized in a very limited technical focus. While almost every environmental technique and method is represented in this edition, they are used as tools, not as ends in themselves.
Category: History

Surviving Sudden Environmental Change

Author : Jago Cooper
ISBN : 9781457117268
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 43.22 MB
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Archaeologists have long encountered evidence of natural disasters through excavation and stratigraphy. In Surviving Sudden Environmental Change, case studies examine how eight different past human communities—ranging from Arctic to equatorial regions, from tropical rainforests to desert interiors, and from deep prehistory to living memory—faced, and coped with, such dangers. Many disasters originate from a force of nature, such as an earthquake, cyclone, tsunami, volcanic eruption, drought, or flood. But that is only half of the story; decisions of people and their particular cultural lifeways are the rest. Sociocultural factors are essential in understanding risk, impact, resilience, reactions, and recoveries from massive sudden environmental changes. By using deep-time perspectives provided by interdisciplinary approaches, this book provides a rich temporal background to the human experience of environmental hazards and disasters. In addition, each chapter is followed by an abstract summarizing the important implications for today’s management practices and providing recommendations for policy makers. Publication supported in part by the National Science Foundation.
Category: Social Science

The Oxford Handbook Of Public Archaeology

Author : Robin Skeates
ISBN : 9780191612503
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 79.37 MB
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The Oxford Handbook of Public Archaeology seeks to reappraise the place of archaeology in the contemporary world by providing a series of essays that critically engage with both old and current debates in the field of public archaeology. Divided into four distinct sections and drawing across disciplines in this dynamic field, the volume aims to evaluate the range of research strategies and methods used in archaeological heritage and museum studies, identify and contribute to key contemporary debates, critically explore the history of archaeological resource management, and question the fundamental principles and practices through which the archaeological past is understood and used today.
Category: Social Science

Snails

Author : Paul Davies
ISBN : 9781782975946
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 41.96 MB
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The remains of snails in ancient soils and sediments are one of the most important biological indicators of past landscapes, and have attracted study for well over a century. In spite of this, the only English-language textbook was published in 1972 and is long since out of print. Snails provides a comprehensive, up to date reference text on the use of snails as indicators of past environments in Quaternary landscape studies and archaeology. It considers the use of terrestrial and freshwater sub-fossil snail remains as indicators of Late Quaternary (c. last 15,000 years) environmental change and as indicators of past environments and human impacts on the landscape. The volume also demonstrates how an understanding of modern snail ecology can be used to enhance our interpretation of landscape archaeology, and provides a detailed contextual approach to the main types of deposits in which snail remains are found. Davies also puts forward an agenda for future research on the use of snails in archaeological and environmental reconstruction.
Category: Social Science

Environmental Archaeology

Author : Evangelia Pişkin
ISBN : 9783319750828
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 56.53 MB
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This book aims to thoroughly discuss new directions of thinking in the arena of environmental archaeology and test them by presenting new practical applications. Recent theoretical and epistemological advancement in the field of archaeology calls for a re-definition of the subdiscipline of environmental archaeology and its position within the practise of archaeology. New technological and methodological discoveries in hard sciences and computer applications opened fresh ways for interdisciplinary collaborations thus introducing new branches and specialisations that need now to be accommodated and integrated within the previous status-quo. This edited volume will take the challenge and engage with contemporary international discussions about the role of the discipline within the general framework of archaeology. By drawing upon these debates, the contributors to this volume will rethink what environmental archaeology is and what kind of input the investigation of this kind of materiality has to the reconstruction of human history and sociality.
Category: Social Science

Underwater Archaeology

Author : Nautical Archaeology Society (NAS)
ISBN : 9781444358315
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 48.6 MB
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Underwater Archaeology: The NAS Guide to Principles and Practice provides a comprehensive summary of the archaeological process as applied in an underwater context. Long awaited second edition of what is popularly referred to as the NAS Handbook Provides a practical guide to underwater archaeology: how to get involved, basic principles, essential techniques, project planning and execution, publishing and presenting Fully illustrated with over 100 drawings and new colour graphics New chapters on geophysics, historical research, photography and video, monitoring and maintenance and conservation
Category: Technology & Engineering

Environmental Archaeology

Author : Elizabeth Reitz
ISBN : 9781461433392
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 31.77 MB
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One of the most significant developments in archaeology in recent years is the emergence of its environmental branch: the study of humans’ interactions with their natural surroundings over long periods and of organic remains instead of the artifacts and household items generally associated with sites. With the current attention paid to human responsibility for environmental change, this innovative field is recognized by scientists, conservation and heritage managers and policymakers worldwide. In this context comes Environmental Archaeology by Elizabeth Reitz and Myra Shackley, updating the seminal 1981 text Environmental Archaeology by Myra Shackley. Rigorously detailed yet concise and accessible, this volume surveys the complex and technical field of environmental archaeology for researchers interested in the causes, consequences and potential future impact of environmental change and archaeology. Its coverage acknowledges the multiple disciplines involved in the field, expanding the possibilities for using environmental data from archaeological sites in enriching related disciplines and improving communication among them. Introductory chapters explain the processes involved in the formation of sites, introduce research designs and field methods and walk the reader through biological classifications before focusing on the various levels of biotic and abiotic materials found at sites, including: Sediments and soils. Viruses, bacteria, archaea, protists and fungi. Bryophytes and vascular plants. Wood, charcoal, stems, leaves and roots. Spores, pollen and other microbotanical remains. Arthropods, molluscs, echinoderms and vertebrates. Stable isotopes, elements and biomolecules. The updated Environmental Archaeology is a major addition to the resource library of archaeologists, environmentalists, historians, researchers, policymakers—anyone involved in studying, managing or preserving historical sites. The updated Environmental Archaeology is a major addition to the resource library of archaeologists, environmentalists, historians, researchers, policymakers—anyone involved in studying, managing, or preserving historical sites.
Category: Social Science