ENDURANCE AND WAR THE NATIONAL SOURCES OF MILITARY COHESION

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Endurance And War

Author : Jasen J. Castillo
ISBN : 9780804790727
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 57.3 MB
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Scholars and military practitioners alike have long sought to understand why some country's militaries fight hard when facing defeat while others collapse. In Endurance and War, Jasen Castillo presents a new unifying theory—cohesion theory—to explain why national militaries differ in their staying power. His argument builds on insights from the literatures on group solidarity in general and military effectiveness in particular, which argue that the stronger the ties binding together individuals in a group of any kind, the higher the degree of cohesion that a group will exhibit when taking collective action, including fighting in war. Specifically, he argues that two types of ties determine the cohesion, and therefore the resilience, of a nation's armed forces during war: the degree of control a regime holds over its citizens and the amount of autonomy the armed forces possess to focus on training for warfighting. Understanding why armed forces differ in their cohesion should help U.S. military planners better assess the military capabilities of potential adversaries, like Iran and North Korea. For scholars of international politics, cohesion theory can help provide insights into how countries create military power and how they win wars.
Category: Political Science

Commanding Military Power

Author : Ryan Grauer
ISBN : 9781107158214
Genre : History
File Size : 29.43 MB
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This book offers a new explanation of military power, highlighting the role of uncertainty in the creation of combat capabilities.
Category: History

The Dictator S Army

Author : Caitlin Talmadge
ISBN : 9781501701764
Genre : History
File Size : 41.19 MB
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A compelling new argument to help us understand why authoritarian militaries sometimes fight very well—and sometimes very poorly. Talmadge's framework for understanding battlefield effectiveness focuses on four key sets of military organizational practices.
Category: History

The Sword S Other Edge

Author : Dan Reiter
ISBN : 9781108416726
Genre : History
File Size : 51.24 MB
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Military effectiveness can only be fully understood by accounting for its political and military tradeoffs. This book explains those tradeoffs.
Category: History

The Iraq Wars And America S Military Revolution

Author : Keith L. Shimko
ISBN : 9780521111515
Genre : History
File Size : 73.7 MB
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This book is a comprehensive study of the Iraq Wars in the context of the revolution in military affairs debate.
Category: History

Beyond Air Sea Battle

Author : Aaron L. Friedberg
ISBN : 1138466573
Genre :
File Size : 67.23 MB
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This book presents the first comprehensive analysis of the debate over how the United States and its allies can counter China's rapidly growing military power.
Category:

Forced To Change

Author : Bernd Horn
ISBN : 9781459727861
Genre : History
File Size : 59.35 MB
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Undeniably, the 1990s were a period of crisis for the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF). Drastic budget reductions and a series of endless scandals all collided to form the perfect storm. The outcome of this was nothing short of the implosion of the Canadian Armed Forces Officer Corps. Stripped by the government of the right to regulate itself, the Officer Corps, which represented the nation’s stewards of the profession of arms, was forced to reform itself. Key to this transformation was education. However, the road was not easy, as cultural change rarely is. Forced to Change tells the story of how the Canadian Armed Forces found itself at its lowest point in history and how it managed to reform itself. The question is whether it was a fundamental transformation or just a temporary adjustment to weather the storm.
Category: History

Cheap Threats

Author : Dianne Pfundstein Chamberlain
ISBN : 9781626162839
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 68.26 MB
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Why do weak states resist threats of force from the United States, especially when history shows that this superpower carries out its ultimatums? Cheap Threats upends conventional notions of power politics and challenges assumptions about the use of compellent military threats in international politics. Drawing on an original dataset of US compellence from 1945 to 2007 and four in-depth case studies—the Cuban Missile Crisis, the 2011 confrontation with Libya, and the 1991 and 2003 showdowns with Iraq—Dianne Pfundstein Chamberlain finds that US compellent threats often fail because threatening and using force became comparatively “cheap” for the United States after the Cold War. Becoming the world’s only superpower and adopting a new light-footprint model of war, which relied heavily on airpower and now drones, have reduced the political, economic, and human costs that US policymakers face when they go to war. Paradoxically, this lower-cost model of war has cheapened US threats and fails to signal to opponents that the United States is resolved to bear the high costs of a protracted conflict. The result: small states gamble, often unwisely, that the United States will move on to a new target before achieving its goals. Cheap Threats resets the bar for scholars and planners grappling with questions of state resolve, hegemonic stability, effective coercion, and other issues pertinent in this new era of US warfighting and diplomacy.
Category: Political Science

Securing Freedom

Author : Eliza Manningham-Buller
ISBN : 9781847658517
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 24.86 MB
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How do we balance our belief in human freedom with the need to defend ourselves against those who believe the use of terror can be justified? Can our handling of security risk and the laws we pass to deal with them distort our response to the threat of terrorism? In this sobering and remarkably frank analysis based on her 2011 Reith Lectures, Eliza Manningham-Buller, ex-Director General of MI5, the British Security Service, talks about key events during her tenure - from the threat of the IRA to al-Qaeda. She states that torture works but must never be used, how intelligence is gathered and why surveillance is necessary to protect democracy, the importance of the rule of law and why without security there can be no liberty.
Category: Political Science

Combat Motivation

Author : A. Kellett
ISBN : 9789401539654
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 74.8 MB
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"What men will fight for seems to be worth looking into," H. L. Mencken noted shortly after the close of the First World War. Prior to that war, although many military commanders and theorists had throughout history shown an aptitude for devising maxims concerning esprit de corps, fighting spirit, morale, and the like, military organizations had rarely sought either to understand or to promote combat motivation. For example, an officer who graduated from the Royal Military College (Sandhurst) at the end of the nineteenth century later commented that the art of leadership was utterly neglected (Charlton 1931, p. 48), while General Wavell recalled that during his course at the British Staff College at Camberley (1909-1 0) insufficient stress was laid "on the factor of morale, or how to induce it and maintain it'' (quoted in Connell1964, p. 63). The First World War forced commanders and staffs to take account of psychological factors and to anticipate wideJy varied responses to the combat environment because, unlike most previous wars, it was not fought by relatively small and homogeneous armies of regulars and trained reservists. The mobilization by the belligerents of about 65 million men (many of whom were enrolled under duress), the evidence of fairly widespread psychiatric breakdown, and the postwar disillusion (- xiii xiv PREFACE emplified in books like C. E. Montague's Disenchantment, published in 1922) all tended to dispel assumptions and to provoke questions about mo tivation and morale.
Category: Business & Economics