Encountering Development

Author : Arturo Escobar
ISBN : 9780691150451
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 37.12 MB
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Originally published: 1995. Paperback reissue, with a new preface by the author.
Category: Business & Economics

Der Mensch Erscheint Im Holoz N

Author : Max Frisch
ISBN : 9783518738856
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 38.35 MB
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Mit der phantastischen Wachheit des Einsamen registriert Herr Geiser die kleinen Anzeichen einer denkbaren Katastrophe. Das Tal ist durch Unwetter von der Umwelt abgeschnitten. Gefaßt darauf, daß eines Tages der ganze Berg ins Rutschen kommt und das Dorf verschüttet für alle Zeit, liest Herr Geiser im Lexikon, in der Bibel, in Geschichtsbüchern und schreib ab, was nicht vergessen werden soll.
Category: Fiction

Schulden

Author : David Graeber
ISBN : 9783608103106
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 50.25 MB
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Ein radikales Buch im doppelten Wortsinn, denn Graeber packt das Problem der Schulden an der Wurzel, indem er bis zu ihren Anfängen in der Geschichte zurückgeht. Das führt ihn mitten hinein in die Krisenherde unserer Zeit: Von der Antike bis in die Gegenwart sind revolutionäre Bewegungen immer in Schuldenkrisen entstanden. Graeber sprengt die moralischen Fesseln, die uns auf das Prinzip der Schulden verpflichten. Denn diese Moral ist eine Waffe in der Hand der Mächtigen. Die weltweite Schuldenwirtschaft ist eine Bankrotterklärung der Ökonomie. Der Autor enttarnt Geld- und Kredittheorien als Mythen, die die Ökonomisierung aller sozialen Beziehungen vorantreiben. Im Kern ist dieses Buch ein hohes Lied auf die Freiheit: Das sumerische Wort »amargi«, das Synonym für Schuldenfreiheit, ist Graeber zufolge das erste Wort für Freiheit in menschlicher Sprache überhaupt. David Graeber ist einer der Begründer der Occupy-Bewegung.
Category: Political Science

Tiersmondismus In Der Schweiz Der 1960er Und 1970er Jahre

Author : Monica Kalt
ISBN : 3034303068
Genre : Economic development projects
File Size : 48.74 MB
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Im Verlaufe der 1960er und 1970er Jahre haben zahlreiche Schweizerinnen und Schweizer die �Dritte Welt� entdeckt und zum Gegenstand ihres Interesses und ihres politischen Engagements gemacht. Breit verankert sowohl in reformkirchlichen als auch in studentischen Kreisen haben die Aktivistinnen und Aktivisten in den Organisationen der Solidarit�tsbewegung gemeinsam auf eine individuelle, soziale und wirtschaftliche Erneuerung hingearbeitet. Im Bewusstsein, dass die �Unterentwicklung� des S�dens ihr Gegenst�ck in der ��berentwicklung� des Nordens hatte, bildete die Herstellung globaler Gerechtigkeit das Ziel dieser Bewegung. Bewusstseinsbildung und Aufkl�rung der eigenen Gesellschaft durch die Erzeugung von Betroffenheitsgef�hlen wurden als Mittel dazu eingesetzt. Anhand der umfangreichen Textproduktion und anhand der Aktionen der Solidarit�tsbewegung zeichnet die Autorin eine Diskursgeschichte des deutschschweizerischen Tiersmondismus nach. Den Tiersmondistinnen und Tiersmondisten gelangen damit politische und symbolische Erfolge. Der Arbeitsgruppe Dritte Welt Bern etwa gelang es im Nestl�-Prozess, den weltweit t�tigen Konzern in Argumentationsn�te zu bringen und den entwicklungspolitischen Anliegen breite Resonanz zu verschaffen.
Category: Economic development projects

Geschichtswissenschaft Jenseits Des Nationalstaats

Author : Jürgen Osterhammel
ISBN : 9783647351629
Genre : History
File Size : 85.82 MB
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Die deutsche Geschichtswissenschaft ist in weiten Teilen von einer nationalgeschichtlichen Perspektive gekennzeichnet. Die in diesem Band gesammelten Aufsätze sind als Einspruch gegen diese einseitige Prägung zu verstehen. Jürgen Osterhammel behandelt zwischen den Polen Vergleich und Beziehungsgeschichte verschiedene Themen der Weltgeschichte, wobei der Begriff »Beziehung« sich nicht auf dem Bereich der internationalen Politik beschränkt, sondern andere Arten von Beziehungen wie etwa Kulturtransfers in gleicher Weise einbezieht. Auch geht es in diesem Band nicht um »Außereuropäische Geschichte« – letztlich eine Kategorie einer auf Europa zentrierten Historie – sondern vielmehr darum, Amerika, Asien, Afrika und Ozeanien in den Horizont einer »normalen« Geschichtswissenschaft zu integrieren. Neben eine nationalgeschichtliche und eine auf Europa zielende Historie könnte so eine Geschichte in weltbürgerlicher Absicht treten. Dabei geht es nicht um Antworten von globaler Gültigkeit, sondern um Fragen in einem universalen Horizont.
Category: History

About Arturo Escobar Encountering Development

Author : Ronny Röwert
ISBN : 9783656066774
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 40.23 MB
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Literature Review from the year 2011 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Development Politics, grade: 1,7, University of Auckland (Centre for Development Studies), course: Contemporary Theories of International Development, language: English, abstract: The field of development studies has seen an endless coming and going of various new paradigms in the latter half of the 20th century. They all claimed to be highly innovative, stirring hope that, after all the dissatisfactory experiences prior to their emergence, the big problems of developing countries can finally be solved. A vast body of major theory on development emerged since the 1940s, such as Modernisation theory, Dependency theory, World-Systems theory, and Neoliberalism with its strucural adjustment programms (Chant & McIlwaine, 2009). In the early to mid-1990s, an outraged collection of texts, highly critical of all those conventional development approaches, emerged. In contrast to former controversies, these writings were novel in the way that they casted “a serious doubt not only on the feasibility but on the very desirability of development” itself (Escobar, 2000, p. 11), making use of newly revised poststructuralist and discursive approaches. This way of criticism became known as post-development. According to McGregor (2009, p.2), the “most influential and widely read text however” was Escobar’s (1995) Encountering Development: The Naking and Unmaking of the Third World. This article aims to review this book and is divided into three parts. The first section provides a brief summary of the text, followed by an analysis dealing with major potential contradictions and their relative insignificance, closing with the final part by highlighting the huge and unique impact the book had in the field of development studies and especially in the branch of post-development theory.
Category: Social Science

Developing Countries And The Multilateral Trade Regime

Author : Donatella Alessandrini
ISBN : 9781847315922
Genre : Law
File Size : 30.74 MB
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This book explores the way in which 'development' has functioned within the multilateral trade regime since de-colonisation. In particular, it investigates the shift from early approaches to development under the GATT to current approaches to development under the WTO. It argues that a focus on the creation and transformation of a scientific apparatus that links forms of knowledge about the so-called Third World with forms of power and intervention is crucial for understanding the six decades long development enterprise of both the GATT and the WTO. The book is both topical and necessary given the emphasis on the current round of negotiations of the WTO. The Doha 'Development' Round has been premised on two assumptions. Firstly, that the international community has undertaken an unprecedented effort to address the imbalances of the multilateral trading regime with respect to the position of its developing country members. Secondly, that its successful conclusion represents an historic imperative and a political necessity for developing countries. Through a sustained analysis of the interaction between development thinking and trade practices, the book questions both assumptions by showing how development has always occupied a central position within the multilateral trading regime. Thus, rather than asking the question of what needs to be done in order to achieve 'development', the book examines the way in which development has operated and still operates to produce important, and often unacknowledged, power relations. "Intense controversy surrounds the issue of the relationship between trade and development. This book is novel in examining the emergence of the international trade regime in the context of the history of the concept of development that may be traced back at least to the time of the League of Nations. This is a very welcome and original contribution to the field that should generate new discussions and understanding about the law of international trade." Antony Anghie, University of Utah
Category: Law

International Development

Author : Bruce Currie-Alder
ISBN : 9780191651694
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 87.54 MB
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Thinking on development informs and inspires the actions of people, organizations, and states in their continuous effort to invent a better world. This volume examines the ideas behind development: their origins, how they have changed and spread over time, and how they may evolve over the coming decades. It also examines how the real-life experiences of different countries and organizations have been inspired by, and contributed to, thinking on development. The extent to which development 'works' depends in part on particular local, historical, or institutional contexts. General policy prescriptions fail when the necessary conditions that make them work are either absent, ignored, or poorly understood. There is a need to grasp how people understand their own development experience. If the countries of the world are varied in every way, from their initial conditions to the degree of their openness to outside money and influence, and success is not centred in any one group, it stands to reason that there cannot be a single recipe for development. Each chapter provides an analytical survey of thinking about development that highlights debates and takes into account critical perspectives. It includes contributions from scholars and practitioners from the global North and the global South, spanning at least two generations and multiple disciplines. It will be a key reference on the concepts and theories of development - their origins, evolution, and trajectories - and act as a resource for scholars, graduate students, and practitioners.
Category: Business & Economics

From Development To Dictatorship

Author : Thomas C. Field, Jr.
ISBN : 9780801470448
Genre : History
File Size : 86.72 MB
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During the most idealistic years of John F. Kennedy’s Alliance for Progress development program, Bolivia was the highest per capita recipient of U.S. foreign aid in Latin America. Nonetheless, Washington’s modernization programs in early 1960s' Bolivia ended up on a collision course with important sectors of the country’s civil society, including radical workers, rebellious students, and a plethora of rightwing and leftwing political parties. In From Development to Dictatorship, Thomas C. Field Jr. reconstructs the untold story of USAID’s first years in Bolivia, including the country’s 1964 military coup d’état. Field draws heavily on local sources to demonstrate that Bolivia’s turn toward anticommunist, development-oriented dictatorship was the logical and practical culmination of the military-led modernization paradigm that provided the liberal underpinnings of Kennedy’s Alliance for Progress. In the process, he explores several underappreciated aspects of Cold War liberal internationalism: the tendency of “development” to encourage authoritarian solutions to political unrest, the connection between modernization theories and the rise of Third World armed forces, and the intimacy between USAID and CIA covert operations. Challenging the conventional dichotomy between ideology and strategy in international politics, From Development to Dictatorship engages with a growing literature on development as a key rubric for understanding the interconnected processes of decolonization and the Cold War.
Category: History

The Great American Mission

Author : David Ekbladh
ISBN : 9781400833740
Genre : History
File Size : 87.9 MB
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The Great American Mission traces how America's global modernization efforts during the twentieth century were a means to remake the world in its own image. David Ekbladh shows that the emerging concept of modernization combined existing development ideas from the Depression. He describes how ambitious New Deal programs like the Tennessee Valley Authority became symbols of American liberalism's ability to marshal the social sciences, state planning, civil society, and technology to produce extensive social and economic change. For proponents, it became a valuable weapon to check the influence of menacing ideologies such as Fascism and Communism. Modernization took on profound geopolitical importance as the United States grappled with these threats. After World War II, modernization remained a means to contain the growing influence of the Soviet Union. Ekbladh demonstrates how U.S.-led nation-building efforts in global hot spots, enlisting an array of nongovernmental groups and international organizations, were a basic part of American strategy in the Cold War. However, a close connection to the Vietnam War and the upheavals of the 1960s would discredit modernization. The end of the Cold War further obscured modernization's mission, but many of its assumptions regained prominence after September 11 as the United States moved to contain new threats. Using new sources and perspectives, The Great American Mission offers new and challenging interpretations of America's ideological motivations and humanitarian responsibilities abroad.
Category: History