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Elementary Number Theory

Author : Gareth A. Jones
ISBN : 9781447106135
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 63.54 MB
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An undergraduate-level introduction to number theory, with the emphasis on fully explained proofs and examples. Exercises, together with their solutions are integrated into the text, and the first few chapters assume only basic school algebra. Elementary ideas about groups and rings are then used to study groups of units, quadratic residues and arithmetic functions with applications to enumeration and cryptography. The final part, suitable for third-year students, uses ideas from algebra, analysis, calculus and geometry to study Dirichlet series and sums of squares. In particular, the last chapter gives a concise account of Fermat's Last Theorem, from its origin in the ancient Babylonian and Greek study of Pythagorean triples to its recent proof by Andrew Wiles.
Category: Mathematics

Special Relativity

Author : Nicholas M.J. Woodhouse
ISBN : 9783540466765
Genre : Science
File Size : 34.67 MB
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Category: Science

Algebraic Number Theory

Author : Frazer Jarvis
ISBN : 9783319075457
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 38.50 MB
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This undergraduate textbook provides an approachable and thorough introduction to the topic of algebraic number theory, taking the reader from unique factorisation in the integers through to the modern-day number field sieve. The first few chapters consider the importance of arithmetic in fields larger than the rational numbers. Whilst some results generalise well, the unique factorisation of the integers in these more general number fields often fail. Algebraic number theory aims to overcome this problem. Most examples are taken from quadratic fields, for which calculations are easy to perform. The middle section considers more general theory and results for number fields, and the book concludes with some topics which are more likely to be suitable for advanced students, namely, the analytic class number formula and the number field sieve. This is the first time that the number field sieve has been considered in a textbook at this level.
Category: Mathematics

Algebraische Zahlentheorie

Author : Jürgen Neukirch
ISBN : 9783540376637
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 45.6 MB
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Algebraische Zahlentheorie: eine der traditionsreichsten und aktuellsten Grunddisziplinen der Mathematik. Das vorliegende Buch schildert ausführlich Grundlagen und Höhepunkte. Konkret, modern und in vielen Teilen neu. Neu: Theorie der Ordnungen. Plus: die geometrische Neubegründung der Theorie der algebraischen Zahlkörper durch die "Riemann-Roch-Theorie" vom "Arakelovschen Standpunkt", die bis hin zum "Grothendieck-Riemann-Roch-Theorem" führt.
Category: Mathematics

Das Buch Der Beweise

Author : Martin Aigner
ISBN : 9783662064542
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 36.9 MB
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Die elegantesten mathematischen Beweise, spannend und für jeden Interessierten verständlich. "Der Beweis selbst, seine Ästhetik, seine Pointe geht ins Geschichtsbuch der Königin der Wissenschaften ein. Ihre Anmut offenbart sich in dem gelungenen und geschickt illustrierten Buch." Die Zeit
Category: Mathematics

Number Theory Fourier Analysis And Geometric Discrepancy

Author : Giancarlo Travaglini
ISBN : 9781139992824
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 79.84 MB
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The study of geometric discrepancy, which provides a framework for quantifying the quality of a distribution of a finite set of points, has experienced significant growth in recent decades. This book provides a self-contained course in number theory, Fourier analysis and geometric discrepancy theory, and the relations between them, at the advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate level. It starts as a traditional course in elementary number theory, and introduces the reader to subsequent material on uniform distribution of infinite sequences, and discrepancy of finite sequences. Both modern and classical aspects of the theory are discussed, such as Weyl's criterion, Benford's law, the Koksma–Hlawka inequality, lattice point problems, and irregularities of distribution for convex bodies. Fourier analysis also features prominently, for which the theory is developed in parallel, including topics such as convergence of Fourier series, one-sided trigonometric approximation, the Poisson summation formula, exponential sums, decay of Fourier transforms, and Bessel functions.
Category: Mathematics

Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie Und Stochastische Prozesse

Author : Michael Mürmann
ISBN : 9783642381607
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 39.53 MB
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Dieses Lehrbuch beschäftigt sich mit den zentralen Gebieten einer maßtheoretisch orientierten Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie im Umfang einer zweisemestrigen Vorlesung. Nach den Grundlagen werden Grenzwertsätze und schwache Konvergenz behandelt. Es folgt die Darstellung und Betrachtung der stochastischen Abhängigkeit durch die bedingte Erwartung, die mit der Radon-Nikodym-Ableitung realisiert wird. Sie wird angewandt auf die Theorie der stochastischen Prozesse, die nach der allgemeinen Konstruktion aus der Untersuchung von Martingalen und Markov-Prozessen besteht. Neu in einem Lehrbuch über allgemeine Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie ist eine Einführung in die stochastische Analysis von Semimartingalen auf der Grundlage einer geeigneten Stetigkeitsbedingung mit Anwendungen auf die Theorie der Finanzmärkte. Das Buch enthält zahlreiche Übungen, teilweise mit Lösungen. Neben der Theorie vertiefen Anmerkungen, besonders zu mathematischen Modellen für Phänomene der Realität, das Verständnis.​
Category: Mathematics

Basic Stochastic Processes

Author : Zdzislaw Brzezniak
ISBN : 9781447105336
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 28.27 MB
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Stochastic processes are tools used widely by statisticians and researchers working in the mathematics of finance. This book for self-study provides a detailed treatment of conditional expectation and probability, a topic that in principle belongs to probability theory, but is essential as a tool for stochastic processes. The book centers on exercises as the main means of explanation.
Category: Mathematics

Exploring Mathematics

Author : Daniel Grieser
ISBN : 9783319903217
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 89.61 MB
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Have you ever faced a mathematical problem and had no idea how to approach it? Or perhaps you had an idea but got stuck halfway through? This book guides you in developing your creativity, as it takes you on a voyage of discovery into mathematics. Readers will not only learn strategies for solving problems and logical reasoning, but they will also learn about the importance of proofs and various proof techniques. Other topics covered include recursion, mathematical induction, graphs, counting, elementary number theory, and the pigeonhole, extremal and invariance principles. Designed to help students make the transition from secondary school to university level, this book provides readers with a refreshing look at mathematics and deep insights into universal principles that are valuable far beyond the scope of this book. Aimed especially at undergraduate and secondary school students as well as teachers, this book will appeal to anyone interested in mathematics. Only basic secondary school mathematics is required, including an understanding of numbers and elementary geometry, but no calculus. Including numerous exercises, with hints provided, this textbook is suitable for self-study and use alongside lecture courses.
Category: Mathematics

From Natural Numbers To Quaternions

Author : Jürg Kramer
ISBN : 9783319694290
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 34.85 MB
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This textbook offers an invitation to modern algebra through number systems of increasing complexity, beginning with the natural numbers and culminating with Hamilton's quaternions. Along the way, the authors carefully develop the necessary concepts and methods from abstract algebra: monoids, groups, rings, fields, and skew fields. Each chapter ends with an appendix discussing related topics from algebra and number theory, including recent developments reflecting the relevance of the material to current research. The present volume is intended for undergraduate courses in abstract algebra or elementary number theory. The inclusion of exercises with solutions also makes it suitable for self-study and accessible to anyone with an interest in modern algebra and number theory.
Category: Mathematics