EISENHOWER S SPUTNIK MOMENT

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Eisenhower S Sputnik Moment

Author : Yanek Mieczkowski
ISBN : 9780801467929
Genre : History
File Size : 37.81 MB
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In a critical Cold War moment, Dwight D. Eisenhower's presidency suddenly changed when the Soviet Union launched Sputnik, the world's first satellite. What Ike called "a small ball" became a source of Russian pride and propaganda, and it wounded him politically, as critics charged that he responded sluggishly to the challenge of space exploration. Yet Eisenhower refused to panic after Sputnik-and he did more than just stay calm. He helped to guide the United States into the Space Age, even though Americans have given greater credit to John F. Kennedy for that achievement. In Eisenhower's Sputnik Moment, Yanek Mieczkowski examines the early history of America's space program, reassessing Eisenhower's leadership. He details how Eisenhower approved breakthrough satellites, supported a new civilian space agency, signed a landmark science education law, and fostered improved relations with scientists. These feats made Eisenhower's post-Sputnik years not the flop that critics alleged but a time of remarkable progress, even as he endured the setbacks of recession, medical illness, and a humiliating first U.S. attempt to launch a satellite. Eisenhower's principled stands enabled him to resist intense pressure to boost federal spending, and he instead pursued his priorities-a balanced budget, prosperous economy, and sturdy national defense. Yet Sputnik also altered the world's power dynamics, sweeping Eisenhower in directions that were new, even alien, to him, and he misjudged the importance of space in the Cold War's "prestige race." By contrast, Kennedy capitalized on the issue in the 1960 election, and after taking office he urged a manned mission to the moon, leaving Eisenhower to grumble over the young president's aggressive approach. Offering a fast-paced account of this Cold War episode, Mieczkowski demonstrates that Eisenhower built an impressive record in space and on earth, all the while offering warnings about America's stature and strengths that still hold true today.
Category: History

Eisenhower At The Dawn Of The Space Age

Author : Mark Shanahan
ISBN : 9781498528153
Genre : History
File Size : 61.1 MB
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Historians have established a norm whereby President Eisenhower's actions in relation to the dawn of the space age are judged solely as a response to the Soviet launch of the Sputnik satellite, and are indicative of a passive, negative presidency. His low-key actions are seen merely as a prelude to the US triumph in space which is largely bookended first by President Kennedy’s man-to-the-moon pledge in 1961, and finally by Neil Armstrong’s moon landing eight years later. This book presents an alternative view of the development of space policy during Eisenhower’s administration, assessing the hypothesis that his space policy was not a reaction to the heavily-propagandized Soviet satellite launches, or even the effect they caused in the US political and military elites, but the continuation of a strategic journey. This study engages with three distinct but converging strands of literature and proposes a revised interpretation of Eisenhower’s actions in relation to rockets, missiles and satellites: namely that Eisenhower was operating on a parallel path to the established norm that started with the Bikini Atoll Castle H-bomb tests; developed through the CIA's reconnaissance efforts and was distilled in the Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958 which set a policy for US involvement in outer space that matched Eisenhower’s desire for a balanced budget and fundamental belief in maintaining peace. President Eisenhower was not interested in joining a “space race”: while national security underpinned his thinking, his space policy actions were strategic steps that actively sidestepped internecine armed forces rivalry, and provided a logical next step for both civilian and military space programs at the completion of the International Geophysical Year. In reassessing the United States’ first space policy, the book adds to the revisionism under way in relation to the Eisenhower presidency, focusing on the “Helping Hands” that enabled him to wage peace.
Category: History

The President And The Apprentice

Author : Irwin F. Gellman
ISBN : 9780300181050
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
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More than half a century after Eisenhower left office, the history of his presidency is so clouded by myth, partisanship, and outright fraud that most people have little understanding of how Ike's administration worked or what it accomplished. We know--or think we know--that Eisenhower distrusted his vice president, Richard Nixon, and kept him at arm's length; that he did little to advance civil rights; that he sat by as Joseph McCarthy's reckless anticommunist campaign threatened to wreck his administration; and that he planned the disastrous 1961 Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba. None of this is true. The President and the Apprentice reveals a different Eisenhower, and a different Nixon. Ike trusted and relied on Nixon, sending him on many sensitive overseas missions. Eisenhower, not Truman, desegregated the military. Eisenhower and Nixon, not Lyndon Johnson, pushed the Civil Rights Act of 1957 through the Senate. Eisenhower was determined to bring down McCarthy and did so. Nixon never, contrary to recent accounts, saw a psychotherapist, but while Ike was recovering from his heart attack in 1955, Nixon was overworked, overanxious, overmedicated, and at the limits of his ability to function.
Category: Biography & Autobiography

Disrupting Adult And Community Education

Author : Robert C. Mizzi
ISBN : 9781438460932
Genre : Education
File Size : 27.51 MB
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Reconceptualizes local, national, and transnational adult education practices in light of neoliberalism and globalization. This groundbreaking book critiques the boundaries of where adult education takes place through a candid examination of teaching, learning, and working practices in the social periphery. Lives in this context are diverse and made through complex practices that take place in the shadows of formal systems: on streetscapes and farms, in vehicles and homes, and through underground networks. Educators may be family members, friends, or colleagues, and the curriculum may be based on needs, interests, histories, and cultural practices. The case studies presented here analyze adult education in the lives of sex workers, LGBTQ activists, undocumented migrants, disabled workers, homeless youth, immigrants, inmates, and others. Focusing on learning at the social margins, this book challenges readers to reconceptualize local, national, and transnational adult education practices in light of neoliberalism and globalization.
Category: Education

Rocket Boys Roman Einer Jugend

Author : Homer Hickam
ISBN : 9783959677264
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 57.61 MB
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Für die einen ist Sputnik nur ein heller Fleck am Himmel. Doch Sonny bedeutet er die Welt. In der tristen Bergarbeiterstadt Coalwood gibt es für ihn nur zwei Möglichkeiten: Entweder er erhält ein Football-Stipendium am College oder er fristet sein Dasein in der Kohlemine seines Vaters. Doch Sonny hat eine Mission: Er will eine Rakete bauen. Gemeinsam mit seinen Freunden wagt er es, seine Zukunft in neue Bahnen zu lenken. Gegen die Angst. Gegen den Willen seines unnahbaren Vaters. Und für die Hoffnungen einer ganzen Stadt. "Wundervoll" The Times "Durch und durch charmant" New York Times "Der Text ist voller Witz, voller Selbstironie, immer erfüllt von Lebensfreude und liebendem Ernst." Die Welt "Homer Hickam erzählt in diesem fantasievollen Roman seine eigene Entwicklung vom Buben zum Nasa-Ingenieur. Es ist der klassische US-Traum - allerdings amüsant, originell und anschaulich aufgeschrieben." Münchner Merkur
Category: Fiction

Cia

Author : Tim Weiner
ISBN : 3596190592
Genre :
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Eine Kurze Geschichte Der Menschheit

Author : Yuval Noah Harari
ISBN : 9783641104986
Genre : History
File Size : 28.94 MB
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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
Category: History

Trump Im Amt

Author : David Cay Johnston
ISBN : 9783711052254
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 71.96 MB
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Schlimmer als befürchtet Wo steuert diese Präsidentschaft hin? Und vor allem: Welche Folgen birgt sie für uns? David Cay Johnston, einer der besten Kenner des amtierenden amerikanischen Präsidenten, zieht nach dem ersten Jahr mit Donald Trump eine düstere Bilanz: Die Lage der Wirtschaft ist desolat, die globale Sicherheit in permanenter Bedrohung, das Alltagsleben spürbar eingeschränkt. Ein schockierendes Buch, nicht nur über den Präsidenten und die amerikanische Gesellschaft, sondern auch über die Instabilität der politischen Weltlage. "Kein anderer Journalist kennt Donald Trumps Biografie so gut; schon aus diesem Grund verdient jedes Buch von David Cay Johnston Beachtung und viele Leser." Süddeutsche Zeitung
Category: Political Science

Der Kalte Krieg

Author : John Lewis Gaddis
ISBN : 3570550575
Genre :
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Beyond Sputnik

Author : Homer A. Neal
ISBN : 0472114417
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 75.87 MB
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A timely introduction to all facets of U.S. national science policy
Category: Political Science