EFFORTLESS ATTENTION A NEW PERSPECTIVE IN THE COGNITIVE SCIENCE OF ATTENTION AND ACTION MIT PRESS

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Effortless Attention

Author : Brian Bruya
ISBN : 9780262013840
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 45.83 MB
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The phenomena of effortless attention and action and the challenges they pose to current cognitive models of attention and action.
Category: Philosophy

The Oxford Handbook Of Virtue

Author : Nancy Snow
ISBN : 9780199385195
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 34.70 MB
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The late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries have seen a renaissance in the study of virtue -- a topic that has prevailed in philosophical work since the time of Aristotle. Several major developments have conspired to mark this new age. Foremost among them, some argue, is the birth of virtue ethics, an approach to ethics that focuses on virtue in place of consequentialism (the view that normative properties depend only on consequences) or deontology (the study of what we have a moral duty to do). The emergence of new virtue theories also marks this new wave of work on virtue. Put simply, these are theories about what virtue is, and they include Kantian and utilitarian virtue theories. Concurrently, virtue ethics is being applied to other fields where it hasn't been used before, including bioethics and education. In addition to these developments, the study of virtue in epistemological theories has become increasingly widespread to the point that it has spawned a subfield known as 'virtue epistemology.' This volume therefore provides a representative overview of philosophical work on virtue. It is divided into seven parts: conceptualizations of virtue, historical and religious accounts, contemporary virtue ethics and theories of virtue, central concepts and issues, critical examinations, applied virtue ethics, and virtue epistemology. Forty-two chapters by distinguished scholars offer insights and directions for further research. In addition to philosophy, authors also deal with virtues in non-western philosophical traditions, religion, and psychological perspectives on virtue.
Category: Philosophy

Anticipatory Behavior In Adaptive Learning Systems

Author : Giovanni Pezzulo
ISBN : 9783642025648
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 50.76 MB
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Anticipatory behavior in adaptive learning systems continues attracting attention of researchers in many areas, including cognitive systems, neuroscience, psychology, and machine learning. This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-workshop proceedings of the 4th International Workshop on Anticipatory Behavior in Adaptive Learning Systems, ABiALS 2008, held in Munich, Germany, in June 2008, in collaboration with the six-monthly Meeting of euCognition 'The Role of Anticipation in Cognition'. The 18 revised full papers presented were carefully selected during two rounds of reviewing and improvement for inclusion in the book. The introductory chapter of this state-of-the-art survey not only provides an overview of the contributions included in this volume but also revisits the current available terminology on anticipatory behavior and relates it to the available system approaches. The papers are organized in topical sections on anticipation in psychology with focus on the ideomotor view, conceptualizations, anticipation and dynamical systems, computational modeling of psychological processes in the individual and social domains, behavioral and cognitive capabilities based on anticipation, and computational frameworks and algorithms for anticipation, and their evaluation.
Category: Technology & Engineering

The Bloomsbury Research Handbook Of Chinese Philosophy Methodologies

Author : Sor-hoon Tan
ISBN : 9781472580320
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 87.92 MB
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The Bloomsbury Research Handbook of Chinese Philosophy Methodologies presents a new understanding of the changing methods used to study Chinese philosophy. By identifying the various different approaches and discussing the role, and significance of philosophical methods in the Chinese tradition, this collection identifies difficulties and exciting developments for scholars of Asian philosophy. Divided into four parts, the nature of Chinese philosophical thought is illuminated by discussing historical developments, current concerns and methodological challenges. Surveying recent methodological trends, this research companion explores and evaluates the methodologies that have been applied to Chinese philosophy. From these diverse angles, an international team of experts reflect on the considerations that enter their methodological choices and indicate new research directions. The Bloomsbury Research Handbook of Chinese Philosophy Methodologies is an important contribution to the education of the next generation of Chinese philosophers.
Category: Philosophy

The Philosophical Challenge From China

Author : Brian Bruya
ISBN : 9780262028431
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 84.81 MB
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Rigorously argued and meticulously researched, an investigation of current topics in philosophy that is informed by the Chinese philosophical tradition.
Category: Philosophy

First Person

Author : Associate Professor in the Computer Science Department at the University of California Santa Cruz Noah Wardrip-Fruin
ISBN : 0262232324
Genre : Games & Activities
File Size : 41.91 MB
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The relationship between story and game, and related questions of electronic writing and play, examined through a series of discussions among new media creators and theorists.
Category: Games & Activities