ECOLOGY AND APPLIED ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE

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Ecology And Applied Environmental Science

Author : Kimon Hadjibiros
ISBN : 9781466570092
Genre : Nature
File Size : 61.97 MB
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Ecology and Applied Environmental Science addresses the impact of contemporary environmental problems by using the main principles of scientific ecology. It offers a brief yet comprehensive explanation of ecosystems based on energy, populations, and cycles of chemical elements. The book presents a variety of scientific ecological issues and uses these to examine a range of environmental problems while considering potential engineering, scientific, and managerial solutions. It takes an engineering approach and avoids excessive biological detail, while introducing ecology with a systemic approach. The book examines categories of organisms as well as the physical and chemical processes that affect them. It refers to the dynamics of populations and analysis of their major mutual influences, elaborates on the roles of primary production, limiting factors, energy flow, and circulation of chemical substances in the ecosystems, and presents the basic functions of aquatic ecosystems. The author considers important issues related to environmental degradation of forests, aquatic habitats, coastal zones, other natural landscapes, and urban areas, includes a survey of problems related to waste and toxic and radioactive substances, and presents the greenhouse effect and impacts from climate change. He discusses environmental management prospects and the potential for technological control of pollution from liquid, solid, and gaseous waste. He also highlights existing tools for environmental management, ecological and social aspects of biodiversity and landscape protection, and the contrast between development and environment in combination with ideas about sustainability.
Category: Nature

Applied Ecology And Environmental Management

Author : Edward I. Newman
ISBN : 9780470698174
Genre : Science
File Size : 28.68 MB
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This book explains ways that ecological science can be applied to solving some of the most crucial problems facing our world today. A major theme is how resources can be effectively managed and exploited in as near a sustainable manner as possible. The author draws together, in a single volume, major topics in environmental and resource management that have traditionally been dispersed among several different books. Applied Ecology starts with an analysis of our planet's basic natural resources - energy, water and soil; it moves on to the management of biological resources - fish, grazing lands and forests, and then to pest control and pollution. Finally, the book tackles conservation and management of wild species and the restoration of ecological communities. The second edition of this text has been radically redesigned and rewritten. Each chapter starts with a list of questions, setting out the various fundamental problems to be considered. Interwoven with these practical problems is a clear explanation of the underlying basic science - ecology - studied at scales ranging from global, landscape and ecosystem, down to the population and individual (and even their physiology and genetics). The science is illustrated by examples from every major geographic area of the world. This book is aimed primarily at undergraduate students taking courses in applied ecology, environmental science, environmental management and natural resources management. The author has extensive experience as a university teacher. Like his lectures, this book is scientifically rigorous yet clear and easy to understand. Draws together major topics in environmental and resource management, usually dispersed over many separate books. Questions, summaries and clearly structured chapters enhance usability. Emphasis on clarity and accessibility. Based on a proven and successful course.
Category: Science

Ecology

Author : S. C. Santra
ISBN : 8185880484
Genre : Ecology
File Size : 29.98 MB
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In recent years much has been said and written about the science of Ecology at all levels in our educational system. The study of Ecology occupies an important place in the science curriculum, if only because being concerned with all aspects of life, it impinges closely on man himself. The outstanding claim of Ecology as a branch of study is that it is concerned with living things as they really are, occupying a diversity of places and responding to one another and their physical environment in a variety of complex ways. In the present book Ecology-Basic and Applied, various biological and physical environmental aspects were considered within the ecological arena of study.
Category: Ecology

Introduction To Applied Mathematics For Environmental Science

Author : David F. Parkhurst
ISBN : 9780387342283
Genre : Science
File Size : 65.52 MB
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This book teaches mathematical structures and how they can be applied in environmental science. Each chapter presents story problems with an emphasis on derivation. For each of these, the discussion follows the pattern of first presenting an example of a type of structure as applied to environmental science. The definition of the structure is presented, followed by additional examples using MATLAB, and analytic methods of solving and learning from the structure.
Category: Science

Introduction To Systems Ecology

Author : Sven Erik Jorgensen
ISBN : 9781439855201
Genre : Nature
File Size : 75.1 MB
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Possibly the first textbook to present a practically applicable ecosystems theory, Introduction to Systems Ecology helps readers understand how ecosystems work and how they react to disturbances. It demonstrates—with many examples and illustrations—how to apply the theory to explain observations and to make quantitative calculations and predictions. In this book, Sven Erik Jørgensen takes a first step toward integrating thermodynamics, biochemistry, hierarchical organization, and network theory into a holistic theory of systems ecology. The first part of the book covers the laws of thermodynamics and the basic biochemistry of living organisms, as well as the constraints they impose on ecosystems. To grow and develop, however, ecosystems have to evade these thermodynamic and biochemical constraints, so the second part of the book discusses the seven basic properties that enable ecosystems to grow, develop, and survive: They are open systems, far from thermodynamic equilibrium. They are organized hierarchically. They have a high diversity. They have high buffer capacities toward changes. Their components are organized in cooperative networks, which allows for sophisticated feedback, regulation mechanisms, and higher efficiencies. They contain an enormous amount of information embodied in genomes. They have emerging system properties. This timely textbook also looks at how systems ecology is applied in integrated environmental management, particularly in ecological modeling and engineering and in the assessment of ecosystem health using ecological indicators. Acknowledging that there is still much room for improvement, it will inspire ecologists to develop a stronger and more widely applicable ecosystem theory.
Category: Nature

Ecology And Ecosystem Conservation

Author : Oswald J. Schmitz
ISBN : 1597265985
Genre : Science
File Size : 75.16 MB
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Meeting today’s environmental challenges requires a new way of thinking about the intricate dependencies between humans and nature. Ecology and Ecosystem Conservation provides students and other readers with a basic understanding of the fundamental principles of ecological science and their applications, offering an essential overview of the way ecology can be used to devise strategies to conserve the health and functioning of ecosystems. The book begins by exploring the need for ecological science in understanding current environmental issues and briefly discussing what ecology is and isn’t. Subsequent chapters address critical issues in conservation and show how ecological science can be applied to them. The book explores questions such as: • What is the role of ecological science in decision making? • What factors govern the assembly of ecosystems and determine their response to various stressors? • How does Earth’s climate system function and determine the distribution of life on Earth? • What factors control the size of populations? • How does fragmentation of the landscape affect the persistence of species on the landscape? • How does biological diversity influence ecosystem processes? The book closes with a final chapter that addresses the need not only to understand ecological science, but to put that science into an ecosystem conservation ethics perspective.
Category: Science

Environmental Science Foundations And Applications

Author : Andrew Friedland
ISBN : 9781429240291
Genre : Science
File Size : 83.45 MB
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Watch a video clips and view sample chapters at www.whfreeman.com/friedlandpreview Created for non-majors courses in environmental science, environmental studies, and environmental biology, Environmental Science: Foundations and Applications emphasizes critical thinking and quantitative reasoning skills. Students learn how to analyze graphs, measure environmental impact on various scales, and use simple calculations to understand key concepts.With a solid understanding of science fundamentals and how the scientific method is applied, students are able to evaluate information objectively and draw their own conclusions. The text equips students to interpret the wealth of data they will encounter as citizens, professionals, and consumers.
Category: Science

Statistical Data Analysis Explained

Author : Clemens Reimann
ISBN : 9781119965282
Genre : Science
File Size : 69.83 MB
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Few books on statistical data analysis in the natural sciences are written at a level that a non-statistician will easily understand. This is a book written in colloquial language, avoiding mathematical formulae as much as possible, trying to explain statistical methods using examples and graphics instead. To use the book efficiently, readers should have some computer experience. The book starts with the simplest of statistical concepts and carries readers forward to a deeper and more extensive understanding of the use of statistics in environmental sciences. The book concerns the application of statistical and other computer methods to the management, analysis and display of spatial data. These data are characterised by including locations (geographic coordinates), which leads to the necessity of using maps to display the data and the results of the statistical methods. Although the book uses examples from applied geochemistry, and a large geochemical survey in particular, the principles and ideas equally well apply to other natural sciences, e.g., environmental sciences, pedology, hydrology, geography, forestry, ecology, and health sciences/epidemiology. The book is unique because it supplies direct access to software solutions (based on R, the Open Source version of the S-language for statistics) for applied environmental statistics. For all graphics and tables presented in the book, the R-scripts are provided in the form of executable R-scripts. In addition, a graphical user interface for R, called DAS+R, was developed for convenient, fast and interactive data analysis. Statistical Data Analysis Explained: Applied Environmental Statistics with R provides, on an accompanying website, the software to undertake all the procedures discussed, and the data employed for their description in the book.
Category: Science

Modern Ecology

Author : G. Esser
ISBN : 9781483291253
Genre : Science
File Size : 90.38 MB
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This book is based on many case studies in the broad area of ecological studies and is derived from numerous sources originating from several countries. The book begins with discussions on morphology, stand structure, competition, mass and water balance at the stand level of vegetation as well as mineral cycles. A section deals with disturbances and management of agricultural as well as semi-natural systems. With the input of several authors, zoologists, botanists and geographers, detail is given to the eutrophication and pollution in terrestrial ecosystems. Included as well are discussions on the carbon cycle as it relates to current climate change and modern methods of remote sensing and geographical modelling. The book concludes with a chapter on urban and landscape ecology. The main feature of this book is that it includes most methods and tasks of modern ecology using case studies and incorporating all levels of integration from single plants and animals to populations and ecosystems.
Category: Science

Freshwater Ecology

Author : Walter K. Dodds
ISBN : 0080884776
Genre : Science
File Size : 66.90 MB
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Freshwater Ecology, Second Edition, is a broad, up-to-date treatment of everything from the basic chemical and physical properties of water to advanced unifying concepts of the community ecology and ecosystem relationships as found in continental waters. With 40% new and expanded coverage, this text covers applied and basic aspects of limnology, now with more emphasis on wetlands and reservoirs than in the previous edition. It features 80 new and updated figures, including a section of color plates, and 500 new and updated references. The authors take a synthetic approach to ecological problems, teaching students how to handle the challenges faced by contemporary aquatic scientists. This text is designed for undergraduate students taking courses in Freshwater Ecology and Limnology; and introductory graduate students taking courses in Freshwater Ecology and Limnology. Expanded revision of Dodds' successful text. New boxed sections provide more advanced material within the introductory, modular format of the first edition. Basic scientific concepts and environmental applications featured throughout. Added coverage of climate change, ecosystem function, hypertrophic habitats and secondary production. Expanded coverage of physical limnology, groundwater and wetland habitats. Expanded coverage of the toxic effects of pharmaceuticals and endocrine disrupters as freshwater pollutants More on aquatic invertebrates, with more images and pictures of a broader range of organisms Expanded coverage of the functional roles of filterer feeding, scraping, and shredding organisms, and a new section on omnivores. Expanded appendix on standard statistical techniques. Supporting website with figures and tables - http://www.elsevierdirect.com/companion.jsp?ISBN=9780123747242
Category: Science