ECOLOGICAL MODELING FOR RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

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Ecological Modeling

Author : Clifford S. Russell
ISBN : 9781317327165
Genre : Science
File Size : 63.73 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
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This volume, originally published in 1975, grew out of Resources for the Future’s involvement as a consultant to the Marine Ecosystem Analysis programme management within the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Agency. Here, researchers look at the state of the art in aquatic ecological modelling in a resource management context. Although the aim of the research in this volume is specific, the models used can be applied in broader contexts and provide conceptual frameworks for regional residuals-environmental quality management and other ecological modelling. This title is suitable for students interested in Environmental Studies.
Category: Science

Improving Natural Resource Management

Author : Timothy C. Haas
ISBN : 0470979550
Genre : Nature
File Size : 41.70 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The decision to implement environmental protection options is a political one. These, and other political and social decisions affect the balance of the ecosystem and how the point of equilibrium desired is to be reached. This book develops a stochastic, temporal model of how political processes influence and are influenced by ecosystem processes and looks at how to find the most politically feasible plan for managing an at-risk ecosystem. Finding such a plan is accomplished by first fitting a mechanistic political and ecological model to a data set composed of observations on both political actions that impact an ecosystem and variables that describe the ecosystem. The parameters of this fitted model are perturbed just enough to cause human behaviour to change so that desired ecosystem states occur. This perturbed model gives the ecosystem management plan needed to reach desired ecosystem states. To construct such a set of interacting models, topics from political science, ecology, probability, and statistics are developed and explored. Key features: Explores politically feasible ways to manage at-risk ecosystems. Gives agent-based models of how social groups affect ecosystems through time. Demonstrates how to fit models of population dynamics to mixtures of wildlife data. Presents statistical methods for fitting models of group behaviour to political action data. Supported by an accompanying website featuring datasets and JAVA code. This book will be useful to managers and analysts working in organizations charged with finding practical ways to sustain biodiversity or the physical environment. Furthermore this book also provides a political roadmap to help lawmakers and administrators improve institutional environmental management decision making.
Category: Nature

Ecology And Natural Resource Management

Author : William E. Grant
ISBN : 0471137863
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 28.84 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
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Ecology and natural resource management are presented in a systematic way using an analysis and computer modeling approach. Providing step-by-step guidance to each phase in the development of a simulation model using combinations of simple system components, it helps readers face the complex natural resource management problems in realistic, analytical terms. It covers the philosophical basis for use of systems analysis and simulation in ecology and the theoretical framework for the development, evaluation, and use of simulation models. Emphasis is on practical applications. Examples in the text and a hands-on disk provide step-by-step instruction and experience.
Category: Business & Economics

The Ecosystem Concept In Natural Resource Management

Author : George Van Dyne
ISBN : 9780323152242
Genre : Nature
File Size : 23.52 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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The Ecosystem Concept in Natural Resource Management focuses on the ecosystem concept and its application to natural resource management. It presents examples of research concepts on natural resource phenomena and discusses ecosystem implications for natural resource management. It also covers range, forest, watershed, fisheries, and wildlife resource science and management. Organized into four sections encompassing 10 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the meaning, origin, and importance of ecosystem concepts before proceeding with a discussion of field research projects that address the ecosystem concept and the ways in which the concept has been or can be useful in both research and management in natural resource sciences. More specifically, it explores major developments in the field of ecology in relation to natural resource management, with examples from forest ecology. It also introduces the reader to procedures for studying grassland ecosystems, the watershed-ecosystem concept and studies of nutrient cycles, ecosystem concepts in forestry, ecosystem models in watershed management, and the implementation of the ecosystem concept in training in the natural resource sciences. This book is a valuable resource for scientists, educators, technicians, and training resource managers, as well as students in resource management courses.
Category: Nature

Traditional Ecological Knowledge And Natural Resource Management

Author : Charles R. Menzies
ISBN : 0803207352
Genre : Education
File Size : 57.66 MB
Format : PDF
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Traditional Ecological Knowledge and Natural Resource Management examines how traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) is taught and practiced today among Native communities. Of special interest is the complex relationship between indigenous ecological practices and other ways of interacting with the environment, particularly regional and national programs of natural resource management. Focusing primarily on the northwest coast of North America, scholars look at the challenges and opportunities confronting the local practice of indigenous ecological knowledge in a range of communities, including the Tsimshian, the Nisga’a, the Tlingit, the Gitksan, the Kwagult, the Sto:lo, and the northern Dene in the Yukon. The experts consider how traditional knowledge is taught and learned and address the cultural importance of different subsistence practices using natural elements such as seaweed (Gitga’a), pine mushrooms (Tsimshian), and salmon (Tlingit). Several contributors discuss the extent to which national and regional programs of resource management need to include models of TEK in their planning and execution. This volume highlights the different ways of seeing and engaging with the natural world and underscores the need to acknowledge and honor the ways that indigenous peoples have done so for generations.
Category: Education

Systems Science And Modeling For Ecological Economics

Author : Alexey A. Voinov
ISBN : 0080886175
Genre : Science
File Size : 33.93 MB
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Modeling is a key component to sciences from mathematics to life science, including environmental and ecological studies. By looking at the underlying concepts of the software, we can make sure that we build mathematically feasible models and that we get the most out of the data and information that we have. Systems Science and Modeling for Ecological Economics shows how models can be analyzed using simple math and software to generate meaningful qualitative descriptions of system dynamics. This book shows that even without a full analytical, mathematically rigorous analysis of the equations, there may be ways to derive some qualitative understanding of the general behavior of a system. By relating some of the modeling approaches and systems theory to real-world examples the book illustrates how these approaches can help understand concepts such as sustainability, peak oil, adaptive management, optimal harvest and other practical applications. Relates modeling approaches and systems theory to real-world examples Teaches students to build mathematically feasible models and get the most out of the data and information available Wide range of applications in hydrology, population dynamics, market cycles, sustainability theory, management, and more
Category: Science

Modeling In Natural Resource Management

Author : Tanya M. Shenk
ISBN : MINN:31951D021501567
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 68.29 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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The natural environment is so complex that simplification through abstraction is necessary to communicate concepts and relationships, to comprehend possible reactions, and to decide upon a course of action for management. Today, nearly every decision concerning the management of natural resources is based on a model of one kind or another. Modeling in Natural Resource Managementoffers a much-needed overview of the basic principles for understanding and evaluating models. Focusing on the fundamental components of model creation, interpretation, and application, the book provides a wealth of information on how models are developed and used in natural resource management, as it: defines what models are explores how the different classes of models fit into the scientific process discusses how to determine the appropriateness and usefulness of a particular model provides examples of how models are used (and misused) considers how further progress might be achieved Chapters written by leading experts -- including Mark S. Boyce, William T. Clark, Michael J. Conroy, Donald L. DeAngelis, Douglas H. Johnson, William L. Kendall, Lyman L. McDonald, Marc Mangel, James D. Nichols, Gary C. White, and others -- describe how models should be constructed and interpreted, and highlight how they can be and have been used. Modeling in Natural Resource Managementbrings together in a single volume the best and most current information about natural resource modeling and its on-the-ground application, providing a valuable reference both for scientists involved with issues of natural resource management and for managers who apply the science to real-world problems.
Category: Mathematics