ECOLOGICAL MODELING FOR RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

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Ecological Modeling

Author : Clifford S. Russell
ISBN : 9781317327165
Genre : Science
File Size : 27.87 MB
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This volume, originally published in 1975, grew out of Resources for the Future’s involvement as a consultant to the Marine Ecosystem Analysis programme management within the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Agency. Here, researchers look at the state of the art in aquatic ecological modelling in a resource management context. Although the aim of the research in this volume is specific, the models used can be applied in broader contexts and provide conceptual frameworks for regional residuals-environmental quality management and other ecological modelling. This title is suitable for students interested in Environmental Studies.
Category: Science

Improving Natural Resource Management

Author : Timothy C. Haas
ISBN : 0470979550
Genre : Nature
File Size : 57.34 MB
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The decision to implement environmental protection options is a political one. These, and other political and social decisions affect the balance of the ecosystem and how the point of equilibrium desired is to be reached. This book develops a stochastic, temporal model of how political processes influence and are influenced by ecosystem processes and looks at how to find the most politically feasible plan for managing an at-risk ecosystem. Finding such a plan is accomplished by first fitting a mechanistic political and ecological model to a data set composed of observations on both political actions that impact an ecosystem and variables that describe the ecosystem. The parameters of this fitted model are perturbed just enough to cause human behaviour to change so that desired ecosystem states occur. This perturbed model gives the ecosystem management plan needed to reach desired ecosystem states. To construct such a set of interacting models, topics from political science, ecology, probability, and statistics are developed and explored. Key features: Explores politically feasible ways to manage at-risk ecosystems. Gives agent-based models of how social groups affect ecosystems through time. Demonstrates how to fit models of population dynamics to mixtures of wildlife data. Presents statistical methods for fitting models of group behaviour to political action data. Supported by an accompanying website featuring datasets and JAVA code. This book will be useful to managers and analysts working in organizations charged with finding practical ways to sustain biodiversity or the physical environment. Furthermore this book also provides a political roadmap to help lawmakers and administrators improve institutional environmental management decision making.
Category: Nature

Ecology And Natural Resource Management

Author : William E. Grant
ISBN : 0471137863
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 34.61 MB
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Ecology and natural resource management are presented in a systematic way using an analysis and computer modeling approach. Providing step-by-step guidance to each phase in the development of a simulation model using combinations of simple system components, it helps readers face the complex natural resource management problems in realistic, analytical terms. It covers the philosophical basis for use of systems analysis and simulation in ecology and the theoretical framework for the development, evaluation, and use of simulation models. Emphasis is on practical applications. Examples in the text and a hands-on disk provide step-by-step instruction and experience.
Category: Business & Economics

Landscape Ecology And Resource Management

Author : John A. Bissonette
ISBN : 1597263095
Genre : Nature
File Size : 49.30 MB
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Landscape Ecology and Resource Management bridges the gap between the science of landscape ecology and on-the-ground land and resource management, relating the theory and empirical research within landscape ecology to the practical needs of resource managers. It offers both a conceptual foundation of applicable and operational theory and case-study examples that address ways in which political, economic, and social factors influence the use of landscape ecology and other data-based science around the world.Contributors focus on links between theory and practice, between small-scale and large-scale, and between humans and nature. Specific linkages examined include:landscape patterns and biological realitytop-down effects and organismsthe indicator species concept and conservation effortsthe concept of fitness landscapes and the behavior and distribution of animalsbody mass patterns and wildlife conservationChapters feature examples of interactions between people and landscapes in boreal, central, and Mediterranean Europe; northern Australia; and Eastern Africa; along with case studies from central Europe, North America, and South America that show how theory and application can be linked in a variety of situations with varying management constraints.Landscape Ecology and Resource Management is the first book of its kind to focus on the linkages between the theory of landscape ecology and the practice of resource management, and will play an important role both in advancing landscape ecology as a science and in incorporating its ideas into management efforts.
Category: Nature

Modeling In Natural Resource Management

Author : Tanya M. Shenk
ISBN : MINN:31951D021501567
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 90.99 MB
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The natural environment is so complex that simplification through abstraction is necessary to communicate concepts and relationships, to comprehend possible reactions, and to decide upon a course of action for management. Today, nearly every decision concerning the management of natural resources is based on a model of one kind or another. Modeling in Natural Resource Managementoffers a much-needed overview of the basic principles for understanding and evaluating models. Focusing on the fundamental components of model creation, interpretation, and application, the book provides a wealth of information on how models are developed and used in natural resource management, as it: defines what models are explores how the different classes of models fit into the scientific process discusses how to determine the appropriateness and usefulness of a particular model provides examples of how models are used (and misused) considers how further progress might be achieved Chapters written by leading experts -- including Mark S. Boyce, William T. Clark, Michael J. Conroy, Donald L. DeAngelis, Douglas H. Johnson, William L. Kendall, Lyman L. McDonald, Marc Mangel, James D. Nichols, Gary C. White, and others -- describe how models should be constructed and interpreted, and highlight how they can be and have been used. Modeling in Natural Resource Managementbrings together in a single volume the best and most current information about natural resource modeling and its on-the-ground application, providing a valuable reference both for scientists involved with issues of natural resource management and for managers who apply the science to real-world problems.
Category: Mathematics

Ecological Modeling

Author : William E. Grant
ISBN : 9781444359930
Genre : Science
File Size : 86.72 MB
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Ecological Modeling:A Commonsense Approach to Theory and Practice explores how simulation modeling and its new ecological applications can offer solutions to complex natural resource management problems. This is a practical guide for students, teachers, and professional ecologists. Examines four phases of the modeling process: conceptual model formulation, quantitative model specification, model evaluation, and model use Provides useful building blocks for constructing systems simulation models Includes a format for reporting the development and use of simulation models Offers an integrated systems perspective for students, faculty, and professionals Features helpful insights from the author, gained over 30 years of university teaching "I can strongly recommend the book as textbook for all courses in population dynamic modeling particularly when the course is planned for the second or third year of a bachelor study in ecology, environmental science or ecological engineering. It uncovers very clearly for the readers the scientific idea and thinking behind modeling and all the necessary steps in the development of models." Ecological Modeling Journal, 2009
Category: Science

The Ecosystem Concept In Natural Resource Management

Author : George Van Dyne
ISBN : 9780323152242
Genre : Nature
File Size : 65.69 MB
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The Ecosystem Concept in Natural Resource Management focuses on the ecosystem concept and its application to natural resource management. It presents examples of research concepts on natural resource phenomena and discusses ecosystem implications for natural resource management. It also covers range, forest, watershed, fisheries, and wildlife resource science and management. Organized into four sections encompassing 10 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the meaning, origin, and importance of ecosystem concepts before proceeding with a discussion of field research projects that address the ecosystem concept and the ways in which the concept has been or can be useful in both research and management in natural resource sciences. More specifically, it explores major developments in the field of ecology in relation to natural resource management, with examples from forest ecology. It also introduces the reader to procedures for studying grassland ecosystems, the watershed-ecosystem concept and studies of nutrient cycles, ecosystem concepts in forestry, ecosystem models in watershed management, and the implementation of the ecosystem concept in training in the natural resource sciences. This book is a valuable resource for scientists, educators, technicians, and training resource managers, as well as students in resource management courses.
Category: Nature

Analysis Of Ecological Systems State Of The Art In Ecological Modelling

Author : W.K. Lauenroth
ISBN : 9780444597656
Genre : Science
File Size : 32.32 MB
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The International Society for Ecological Modelling (ISEM) sponsors conferences, workshops and training courses with the aim of advancing the development of ecological and environmental modelling. The 3rd International Conference on the state-of-the-art in ecological modelling was sponsored by the ISEM in cooperation with the National Park Service Water Resources Laboratory and hosted by the Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory at Colorado State University. Its theme was the application of ecological modelling to environmental management and this book contains the full texts of the three invited papers presented in the five general sessions, plus the final summaries and syntheses of the topics covered during those sessions.
Category: Science