ECHOES OF SCRIPTURE IN THE GOSPELS

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Echoes Of Scripture In The Gospels

Author : Richard B. Hays
ISBN : 1481309471
Genre : Religion
File Size : 87.83 MB
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The claim that the events of Jesus' life, death, and resurrection took place "according to the Scriptures" stands at the heart of the New Testament's message. All four canonical Gospels declare that the Torah and the Prophets and the Psalms mysteriously prefigure Jesus. The author of the Fourth Gospel states this claim succinctly: in his narrative, Jesus declares, "If you believed Moses, you would believe me, for he wrote about me" (John 5:46). Yet modern historical criticism characteristically judges that the New Testament's christological readings of Israel's Scripture misrepresent the original sense of the texts; this judgment forces fundamental questions to be asked: Why do the Gospel writers read the Scriptures in such surprising ways? Are their readings intelligible as coherent or persuasive interpretations of the Scriptures? Does Christian faith require the illegitimate theft of someone else's sacred texts? Echoes of Scripture in the Gospels answers these questions. Richard B. Hays chronicles the dramatically different ways the four Gospel writers interpreted Israel's Scripture and reveals that their readings were as complementary as they were faithful. In this long-awaited sequel to his Echoes of Scripture in the Letters of Paul, Hays highlights the theological consequences of the Gospel writers' distinctive hermeneutical approaches and asks what it might mean for contemporary readers to attempt to read Scripture through the eyes of the Evangelists. In particular, Hays carefully describes the Evangelists' practice of figural reading--an imaginative and retrospective move that creates narrative continuity and wholeness. He shows how each Gospel artfully uses scriptural echoes to re-narrate Israel's story, to assert that Jesus is the embodiment of Israel's God, and to prod the church in its vocation to engage the pagan world. Hays shows how the Evangelists summon readers to a conversion of their imagination. The Evangelists' use of scriptural echo beckons readers to believe the extraordinary: that Jesus was Israel's Messiah, that Jesus is Israel's God, and that contemporary believers are still on mission. The Evangelists, according to Hays, are training our scriptural senses, calling readers to be better scriptural people by being better scriptural poets.
Category: Religion

Echoes Of Scripture In Luke Acts

Author : Kenneth D. Litwak
ISBN : 0567030253
Genre : Religion
File Size : 54.46 MB
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Litwak challenges previous studies of the use of the Old Testament in Luke-Acts as inadequate. In contrast to previous studies that consider only quotations or obvious allusions, he examines intertextual echoes of the Old Testament at strategic points in Luke-Acts, as well as quotations and allusions and echoed traditions. Thus, this study's database is larger. Previous studies generally argue that Luke's use of the Scriptures is in the service of christology. This leads to the exclusion of scriptural citations, such as those of the temptation (Luke 4.1-13) which have different emphases. Litwak views ecclesiology as the overall purpose behind Luke's use of the Old Testament, but he does not skip or avoid intertextual references that may lie outside an ecclesiological function. Whilst other studies contend that Luke uses the Old Testament according to a promise-fulfillment/proof-form-prophecy hermeneutic, Litwak argues that this fails to account for many of the intertextual references. Other studies often subsume all of Luke's use of the Scriptures of Israel under one theme, such as the 'New Exodus', but this study does not require that every intertextual echo maps to a specific theme. Rather, the many intertextual references in strategic texts at the beginning, middle and end of Luke-Acts, and Luke's use of the texts, are allowed to dictate the 'themes' to which they relate. JSNTS 282
Category: Religion

Echoes Of Scripture In The Letters Of Paul

Author : Richard B. Hays
ISBN : 0300054297
Genre : Religion
File Size : 35.72 MB
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Anayzles Paul's use of Old Testament Scriptures and discusses the themes of Paul's letters.
Category: Religion

Reading Backwards

Author : Richard B. Hays
ISBN : 1481302329
Genre : Religion
File Size : 78.79 MB
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In Reading Backwards Richard B. Hays maps the shocking ways the four Gospel writers interpreted Israel’s Scripture to craft their literary witnesses to the Church’s one Christ. The Gospels’ scriptural imagination discovered inside the long tradition of a resilient Jewish monotheism a novel and revolutionary Christology. Modernity’s incredulity toward the Christian faith partly rests upon the characterization of early Christian preaching as a tendentious misreading of the Hebrew Scriptures. Christianity, modernity claims, twisted the Bible they inherited to fit its message about a mythological divine Savior. The Gospels, for many modern critics, are thus more about Christian doctrine in the second and third century than they are about Jesus in the first. Such Christian “misreadings” are not late or politically motivated developments within Christian thought. As Hays demonstrates, the claim that the events of Jesus’ life, death, and resurrection took place “according to the Scriptures” stands at the very heart of the New Testament’s earliest message. All four canonical Gospels declare that the Torah and the Prophets and the Psalms mysteriously prefigure Jesus. The author of the Fourth Gospel puts the claim succinctly: “If you believed Moses, you would believe me, for he wrote about me” (John 5:46). Hays thus traces thereading strategies the Gospel writers employ to “read backwards” and to discover how the Old Testament figuratively discloses the astonishing paradoxical truth about Jesus’ identity. Attention to Jewish and Old Testament roots of the Gospel narratives reveals that each of the four Evangelists, in their diverse portrayals, identify Jesus as the embodiment of the God of Israel. Hays also explores the hermeneutical challenges posed by attempting to follow the Evangelists as readers of Israel’s Scripture—can the Evangelists teach us to read backwards along with them and to discern the same mystery they discovered in Israel’s story? In Reading Backwards Hays demonstrates that it was Israel’s Scripture itself that taught the Gospel writers how to understand Jesus as the embodied presence of God, that this conversion of imagination occurred early in the development of Christian theology, and that the Gospel writers’ revisionary figural readings of their Bible stand at the very center of Christianity.
Category: Religion

Synopsis Quattuor Evangeliorum

Author : Kurt Aland
ISBN : 159856014X
Genre : Religion
File Size : 48.23 MB
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Based on the text of the Novum Testamentum Graece, 26th edition, this scholarly tool incorporates the variants found in papyri 101--111. Featuring parallels from apocryphal gospels and patristic works, Aland's resource includes the Gospel of Thomas in Coptic and new translations in German and English.
Category: Religion

Echoes Of Scripture In The Letter Of Paul To The Colossians

Author : Christopher A. Beetham
ISBN : 9789004170810
Genre : Religion
File Size : 21.17 MB
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The introduction of literary intertextuality into biblical studies has led to both discovery and dilemma. This study proposes new definitions of a ~allusiona (TM) and a ~echoa (TM) and a methodology on how to detect them, using the neglected letter of Colossians as a test case.
Category: Religion

Isaiah Old And New

Author : Ben Witherington III
ISBN : 9781506420561
Genre : Religion
File Size : 50.51 MB
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Reading the Book of Isaiah in its original context is the crucial prerequisite for reading its citation and use in later interpretation, including the New Testament writings, argues Ben Witherington III. Here he offers pastors, teachers, and students an accessible commentary to Isaiah, as well as a reasoned consideration of how Isaiah was heard and read in early Christianity. By reading “forward and backward” Witherington advances the scholarly discussion of intertextuality and opens a new avenue for biblical theology.
Category: Religion

The Fourth Gospel And The Scriptures

Author : Wm. Randolph Bynum
ISBN : 9789004228436
Genre : Religion
File Size : 79.24 MB
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In The Fourth Gospel and the Scriptures, Bynum presents new insights from ancient biblical manuscripts 4QXII and the Minor Prophets Scroll that help unlock the mystery of John’s unique form of scriptural citation.
Category: Religion

Echoes Of Exodus Tracing A Biblical Motif

Author : Bryan D. Estelle
ISBN : 9780830882267
Genre : RELIGION
File Size : 57.9 MB
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Israel's exodus from Egypt is the Bible's enduring emblem of deliverance. But more than just an epic moment, the exodus shapes the telling of Israel's and the church's gospel. In this guide for biblical theologians, preachers, and teachers, Bryan Estelle traces the exodus motif as it weaves through the canon of Scripture, wedding literary readings with biblical-theological insights.
Category: RELIGION

Nivac Bundle 6 Gospels Acts

Author : Michael J. Wilkins
ISBN : 9780310530077
Genre : Religion
File Size : 72.54 MB
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This NIVAC Bundle includes the fivebooks of the NIV Application Commentary series that cover the Gospels as well as the book of Acts.
Category: Religion