EARLY MEDIEVAL SETTLEMENTS THE ARCHAEOLOGY OF RURAL COMMUNITIES IN NORTH WEST EUROPE 400 900 MEDIEVAL HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY

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Early Medieval Settlements

Author : Helena Hamerow
ISBN : 9780199273188
Genre : History
File Size : 31.57 MB
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This is an overview and synthesis of the extensive and rapidly growing body of archaeological evidence for early medieval buildings, settlements, farming, craft production, and trade among the rural communities of north-west Europe.
Category: History

An Environmental History Of Medieval Europe

Author : Richard Hoffmann
ISBN : 9781139915717
Genre : History
File Size : 79.28 MB
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How did medieval Europeans use and change their environments, think about the natural world, and try to handle the natural forces affecting their lives? This groundbreaking environmental history examines medieval relationships with the natural world from the perspective of social ecology, viewing human society as a hybrid of the cultural and the natural. Richard Hoffmann's interdisciplinary approach sheds important light on such central topics in medieval history as the decline of Rome, religious doctrine, urbanization and technology, as well as key environmental themes, among them energy use, sustainability, disease and climate change. Revealing the role of natural forces in events previously seen as purely human, the book explores issues including the treatment of animals, the 'tragedy of the commons', agricultural clearances and agrarian economies. By introducing medieval history in the context of social ecology, it brings the natural world into historiography as an agent and object of history itself.
Category: History

Rural Settlements And Society In Anglo Saxon England

Author : Helena Hamerow
ISBN : 9780199203253
Genre : History
File Size : 63.57 MB
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The first major synthesis of the evidence for Anglo-Saxon settlements from across England and throughout the Anglo-Saxon period, and a study of what it reveals about the communities who built and lived in them.
Category: History

The Oxford Handbook Of Anglo Saxon Archaeology

Author : Helena Hamerow
ISBN : 9780199212149
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 80.52 MB
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Written by a team of experts and presenting the results of the most up-to-date research, The Handbook of Anglo-Saxon Archaeology will both stimulate and support further investigation into a society poised at the interface between prehistory and history.
Category: Social Science

Early Medieval Mortuary Practices

Author : Sarah Semple
ISBN : STANFORD:36105131799293
Genre : History
File Size : 42.43 MB
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Volume 14 of the Anglo-Saxon Studies in Archaeology and History series is dedicated to the archaeology of early medieval death, burial and commemoration. Incorporating studies focusing upon Anglo-Saxon England as well as research encompassing western Britain, Continental Europe and Scandinavia, this volume originated as the proceedings of a two-day conference held at the University of Exeter in February 2004. It comprises of an Introduction that outlines the key debates and new approaches in early medieval mortuary archaeology followed by eighteen innovative research papers offering new interpretations of the material culture, monuments and landscape context of early medieval mortuary practices. Papers contribute to a variety of ongoing debates including the study of ethnicity, religion, ideology and social memory from burial evidence. The volume also contains two cemetery reports of early Anglo-Saxon cemeteries from Cambridgeshire.
Category: History

Rural Settlement Lifestyles And Social Change In The Later First Millennium Ad

Author : Christopher Loveluck
ISBN : 1842172565
Genre : History
File Size : 21.32 MB
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Between 1989 and 1991, excavations in the parish of Flixborough, North Lincolnshire, unearthed remains of an Anglo-Saxon settlement associated with one of the largest collections of artefacts and animal bones yet found on such a site. In an unprecedented occupation sequence from an Anglo-Saxon rural settlement, six main periods of occupation have been identified, dating from the seventh to the early eleventh centuries; with a further period of activity, between the twelfth and fifteenth centuries AD. The remains of approximately forty buildings and other structures were uncovered; and due to the survival of large refuse deposits, huge quantities of artefacts and faunal remains were encountered compared with most other rural settlements of the period. The quality of the overall archaeological data contained within the settlement sequence is important for both the examination of site-specific issues, and for the investigation of wider research themes and problems, facing settlement studies in England, between AD 600 and 1050. Volume 4, offers a series of thematic analyses, integrating all the forms of evidence to reconstruct the lifestyles of the inhabitants. These comprise settlement-specific aspects and wider themes. The former include relations with the surrounding landscape and region, trade and exchange, and specialist artisan activity. Whereas the wider themes consider approaches to the interpretation of settlement character, the social spectrum of its inhabitants, changing relationships between rural and emerging urban centres, and the importance of the excavated remains within contemporary studies of early medieval settlement and society in western Europe.
Category: History

Churches And Social Power In Early Medieval Europe

Author : Jose Sanchez-Pardo
ISBN : 2503545556
Genre : History
File Size : 20.56 MB
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Local churches were an established part of many towns and villages across early medieval Western Europe, and their continued presence make them an invaluable marker for comparing different societies. Up to now, however, the dynamics of power behind church building and the importance of their presence within the landscape have largely been neglected. This book takes a comparative and interdisciplinary approach to the study of early medieval churches, drawing together archaeology, history, architecture, and landscape studies in order to explore the relationship between church foundation, social power, and political organization across Europe. Key subjects addressed here include the role played by local elites and the importance of the church in buttressing authority, as well as the connections between archaeology and ideology, and the importance of individual church buildings in their broader landscape contexts. Bringing together case-studies from diverse regions across Western Europe (Italy, Spain, Portugal, Germany, France, the British Isles, Denmark, and Iceland), the seventeen contributions to this volume offer new insights into the relationships between church foundations, social power, and political organization. In doing so, they provide a means to better understand social power in the landscape of early medieval Europe.
Category: History

People And Space In The Middle Ages 300 1300

Author : Wendy Davies
ISBN : UOM:39015066853717
Genre : History
File Size : 82.94 MB
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This book compares community definition and change in the temperate zones of southern Britain and northern France with the starkly contrasting regions of the Spanish meseta and Iceland. Local communities were fundamental to human societies in the pre-industrial world, crucial in supporting their members and regulating their relationships, as well as in wider society. While geographical and biological work on territoriality is very good, existing archaeological literature is rarely time-specific and lacks wider social context; most of its premises are too simple for the interdependencies of the early medieval world. Historical work, by contrast, has a weak sense of territory and no sense of scale; like much archaeological work, there is confusion about distinctions - and relationships - between kin groups, neighbourhood groups, collections of tenants and small polities. The contributors to this book address what determined the size and shape of communities in the early historic past and the ways that communities delineated themselves in physical terms. The roles of the environment, labour patterns, the church and the physical proximity of residences in determining community identity are also examined. Additional themes include social exclusion, the community as an elite body, and the various stimuli for change in community structure. Major issues surrounding relationships between the local and the governmental are investigated: did larger polities exploit pre-existing communities, or did developments in governance call local communities into being?
Category: History

Anglo Saxon Studies In Archaeology And History

Author :
ISBN : 0947816763
Genre : Excavations (Archaeology)
File Size : 76.51 MB
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This volume of Anglo-Saxon Studies in Archaeology and History focuses on the topic of 'boundaries'. The theme of boundaries is embedded at all levels of early medieval society. Concepts of belonging, exclusion, power and status are all themes related to boundary studies that can be found operating from the scale of the household up to the level of international relations between early medieval societies. The eleven papers presented in this volume examine the nature of both physical and metaphysical boundaries in the early medieval world. The approaches of the archaeologist, historian and place-name scholar are all to be found in the collection, providing a new interdisciplinary approach to a hitherto neglected area of study.
Category: Excavations (Archaeology)