DYNAMICS OF ADSORPTION AT LIQUID INTERFACES THEORY EXPERIMENT APPLICATION STUDIES IN INTERFACE SCIENCE

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Dynamics Of Adsorption At Liquid Interfaces

Author : S.S. Dukhin
ISBN : 0080530613
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 43.12 MB
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As the first of its kind, this book provides a valuable introduction for scientists and engineers interested in liquid/fluid interfaces and disperse systems to the rapidly developing area of adsorption dynamics. It is the first extensive review available on the subject of dynamics of adsorption and gives a general summary of the current state of adsorption kinetics theory and experiments. Current progress in recently designed set-ups and improved and generalised known methods for studying interfacial relaxations is reviewed. In addition, the role of the electric charge of surfactants in the adsorption process is discussed in terms of a non-equilibrium distribution of adsorbing ions in the diffuse layer. Present theories of the effect of dynamic adsorption layers on mobile surfaces, such as moving drops and bubbles, based on both diffusion and kinetic controlled adsorption models are described and efficient approximate analytical methods to solve the mathematical problem of coupling surfactant transport and hydrodynamics are introduced. The role of a dynamic adsorption layer in bubble rising, film drainage and film stabilisation and in complex processes such as flotation and microflotation is discussed. Containing more than 1100 references, the book is essential reading for industrial scientists and graduate and post-graduate students in physical, surface and colloid chemistry, physico-chemical hydrodynamics, water purification and mineral processing.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Interfacial Separation Of Particles

Author : Shouci Lu
ISBN : 0080495451
Genre : Science
File Size : 61.71 MB
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Interfacial Separation of Particles is concerned with the processing and separation of fine solid particles in liquid solutions using interfacial technology. Interfacial separation has been finding wide application in many industrial fields, such as pigment and filler production, mineral processing, environmental protection, hydrometallurgy, bioengineering, food and beverage industry and chemical industry. This book describes all interfacial separation techniques and discusses the general and specific fundamentals of the techniques. The book intends to promote theoretical understanding and the more promising developments of interfacial separation technology whilst broadening the reader's background knowledge of industrial suspensions. * Is clearly written based on strong systematic science fundamentals * Provides comprehensive coverage on particle technology, mineral processing and water treatment * Includes practical examples from the different industrial fields
Category: Science

Dynamic Surface Tensiometry In Medicine

Author : V.N. Kazakov
ISBN : 0080530591
Genre : Medical
File Size : 20.39 MB
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Human biological liquids contain numerous low- and high-molecular weight surfactants. The human organism contains interfaces with enormous surfaces. The physicochemical and biochemical processes taking place at these interfaces are extremely important for the vital functions of the organism as a whole, and the interfacial properties may reflect peculiarities of age and sex, health and disease. The present book is the first attempt to systematically present the results of dynamic and equilibrium surface tensions measurements of serum and urine samples that were obtained from healthy humans of various sex and age, and to compare these results with measurements of biological liquids obtained from patients suffering from various diseases or with measurements of amniotic fluid obtained from women at various stages of pregnancy. Pulmonary medicine, especially neonatology, has systematically used interfacial tensiometry for studying pulmonary surfactant. In this particular area, significant progress was achieved in the treatment of diseases related to alterations of the lung surfactant system. We believe that, similar to the progress in pulmonary medicine attributed to surface chemical studies of lung surfactant, progress in other medical branches could be expected through studies of interfacial characteristics of other human biological liquids. For several years the authors of this book have been engaged in studies aimed at the improvement of the maximum bubble pressure method, resulting in the development of computer controlled tensiometers which are capable of measuring dynamic surface tensions within a wide range of surface lifetime. In addition to the measurement techniques, a correct interpretation and analysis of the tensiometric data obtained is extremely important. The kinetic theory of adsorption from solutions, and the theory of equilibrium adsorption layers of surfactant/protein mixtures provide the basis for both the choice of the most characteristic parameters of tensiograms and the analysis of the results. Some theoretical models describing the adsorption of proteins are presented in Chapter 1. The main theoretical and experimental issues related to the maximum bubble pressure technique as applied to biological liquids are presented in Chapter 2. A more detailed discussion of the differences of the various methods in use for measuring dynamic surface tension of biological fluids is provided in Chapter 3. Chapter 4 gives data from patients with kidney disease, Chapter 5 from patients with rheumatic diseases, Chapter 6 with pulmonary diseases, Chapter 7 with diseases of the central nervous system, and Chapter 8 with neoplasms. Dynamic interface tensiometry of human biological liquids is a fascinating new method which deserves a broad use for prospective studies of various diseases.
Category: Medical

Bubble And Drop Interfaces

Author : Miller
ISBN : 9789004174955
Genre : Science
File Size : 66.81 MB
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The book aims at describing the most important experimental methods for characterizing liquid interfaces, such as drop profile analysis, bubble pressure and drop volume tensiometry, capillary pressure technique, and oscillating drops and bubbles.
Category: Science

Interfacial Dynamics

Author : Nikola Kallay
ISBN : 0824700066
Genre : Science
File Size : 50.92 MB
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An examination of the theoretical foundations of the kinetics and thermodynamics of solid-liquid interfaces, as well as state-of-the-art industrial applications, this book presents information on surface and colloidal chemical processes and evaluates vital analytical tools such as atomic force microscopy, surface force apparatus measurements, and photon correlation spectroscopy.
Category: Science

Dynamic Surface Phenomena

Author : Paul Joos
ISBN : 9067643009
Genre : Science
File Size : 38.63 MB
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This monograph provides a comprehensive introduction into the fast developing research field of dynamic processes at liquid/gas and liquid/liquid interfaces to postgraduate students, scientists and engineers interested in the fundamentals of non-equilibrium interfacial properties. It also addresses to some extent application fields, such as foams and emulsions. Theory and experiments on dynamic adsorption layers are considered systematically and discussed with respect to processes at interfaces. It is both an introduction for beginners in the present field as well as a systematic preparation of a vast range of the current scientific investigations generalised, together with accumulated knowledge for those already being an insider. It is the first extensive review available on the subject of dynamics of adsorption and gives a general summary of the current state of adsorption kinetics theory and experiments. The book also reviews recent progress in new-designed set-ups and improved and generalised known methods for studying interfacial relaxations.
Category: Science

Trends In Colloid And Interface Science Xi

Author : Jarl B. Rosenholm
ISBN : 3798510865
Genre : Science
File Size : 45.49 MB
Format : PDF
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The Xth European Colloid and Interface Society (ECIS) Conference was conducted jointly with its Finnish counterpart (PKS-YKS) in Abo (Turku), Finland, in September 1996. The focus was placed on the following topics: - Properties of microemulsion systems; - Structure and interactions in thin films; - Biocolloids and vesicles; - Structure and interactions in dispersions; - Polymers at solid interfaces; - Polymers in solutions. This volume presents a balanced and representative selection of the papers presented at the conference.
Category: Science