DISEASE MAPPING WITH WINBUGS AND MLWIN STATISTICS IN PRACTICE

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Disease Mapping With Winbugs And Mlwin

Author : Andrew B. Lawson
ISBN : 0470856041
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 45.21 MB
Format : PDF
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Disease mapping involves the analysis of geo-referenced disease incidence data and has many applications, for example within resource allocation, cluster alarm analysis, and ecological studies. There is a real need amongst public health workers for simpler and more efficient tools for the analysis of geo-referenced disease incidence data. Bayesian and multilevel methods provide the required efficiency, and with the emergence of software packages – such as WinBUGS and MLwiN – are now easy to implement in practice. Provides an introduction to Bayesian and multilevel modelling in disease mapping. Adopts a practical approach, with many detailed worked examples. Includes introductory material on WinBUGS and MLwiN. Discusses three applications in detail – relative risk estimation, focused clustering, and ecological analysis. Suitable for public health workers and epidemiologists with a sound statistical knowledge. Supported by a Website featuring data sets and WinBUGS and MLwiN programs. Disease Mapping with WinBUGS and MLwiN provides a practical introduction to the use of software for disease mapping for researchers, practitioners and graduate students from statistics, public health and epidemiology who analyse disease incidence data.
Category: Mathematics

Bayesian Modeling Using Winbugs

Author : Ioannis Ntzoufras
ISBN : 9781118210352
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 45.73 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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A hands-on introduction to the principles of Bayesian modelingusing WinBUGS Bayesian Modeling Using WinBUGS provides an easilyaccessible introduction to the use of WinBUGS programmingtechniques in a variety of Bayesian modeling settings. The authorprovides an accessible treatment of the topic, offering readers asmooth introduction to the principles of Bayesian modeling withdetailed guidance on the practical implementation of keyprinciples. The book begins with a basic introduction to Bayesian inferenceand the WinBUGS software and goes on to cover key topics,including: Markov Chain Monte Carlo algorithms in Bayesian inference Generalized linear models Bayesian hierarchical models Predictive distribution and model checking Bayesian model and variable evaluation Computational notes and screen captures illustrate the use ofboth WinBUGS as well as R software to apply the discussedtechniques. Exercises at the end of each chapter allow readers totest their understanding of the presented concepts and all datasets and code are available on the book's related Web site. Requiring only a working knowledge of probability theory andstatistics, Bayesian Modeling Using WinBUGS serves as anexcellent book for courses on Bayesian statistics at theupper-undergraduate and graduate levels. It is also a valuablereference for researchers and practitioners in the fields ofstatistics, actuarial science, medicine, and the social scienceswho use WinBUGS in their everyday work.
Category: Mathematics

Applied Mixed Models In Medicine

Author : Helen Brown
ISBN : 9781118778241
Genre : Medical
File Size : 77.82 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
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A fully updated edition of this key text on mixed models,focusing on applications in medical research The application of mixed models is an increasingly popular wayof analysing medical data, particularly in the pharmaceuticalindustry. A mixed model allows the incorporation of both fixed andrandom variables within a statistical analysis, enabling efficientinferences and more information to be gained from the data. Therehave been many recent advances in mixed modelling, particularlyregarding the software and applications. This third edition ofBrown and Prescott’s groundbreaking text provides an updateon the latest developments, and includes guidance on the use ofcurrent SAS techniques across a wide range of applications. Presents an overview of the theory and applications of mixedmodels in medical research, including the latest developments andnew sections on incomplete block designs and the analysis ofbilateral data. Easily accessible to practitioners in any area where mixedmodels are used, including medical statisticians andeconomists. Includes numerous examples using real data from medical andhealth research, and epidemiology, illustrated with SAS code andoutput. Features the new version of SAS, including new graphics formodel diagnostics and the procedure PROC MCMC. Supported by a website featuring computer code, data sets, andfurther material. This third edition will appeal to applied statisticians workingin medical research and the pharmaceutical industry, as well asteachers and students of statistics courses in mixed models. Thebook will also be of great value to a broad range of scientists,particularly those working in the medical and pharmaceuticalareas.
Category: Medical

Statistical Practice In Business And Industry

Author : Shirley Coleman
ISBN : 9780470997475
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 55.86 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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This book covers all the latest advances, as well as more established methods, in the application of statistical and optimisation methods within modern industry. These include applications from a range of industries that include micro-electronics, chemical, automotive, engineering, food, component assembly, household goods and plastics. Methods range from basic graphical approaches to generalised modelling, from designed experiments to process control. Solutions cover produce and process design, through manufacture to packaging and delivery, from single responses to multivariate problems.
Category: Mathematics

Modeling Online Auctions

Author : Wolfgang Jank
ISBN : 1118031865
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 38.52 MB
Format : PDF
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Explore cutting-edge statistical methodologies for collecting, analyzing, and modeling online auction data Online auctions are an increasingly important marketplace, as the new mechanisms and formats underlying these auctions have enabled the capturing and recording of large amounts of bidding data that are used to make important business decisions. As a result, new statistical ideas and innovation are needed to understand bidders, sellers, and prices. Combining methodologies from the fields of statistics, data mining, information systems, and economics, Modeling Online Auctions introduces a new approach to identifying obstacles and asking new questions using online auction data. The authors draw upon their extensive experience to introduce the latest methods for extracting new knowledge from online auction data. Rather than approach the topic from the traditional game-theoretic perspective, the book treats the online auction mechanism as a data generator, outlining methods to collect, explore, model, and forecast data. Topics covered include: Data collection methods for online auctions and related issues that arise in drawing data samples from a Web site Models for bidder and bid arrivals, treating the different approaches for exploring bidder-seller networks Data exploration, such as integration of time series and cross-sectional information; curve clustering; semi-continuous data structures; and data hierarchies The use of functional regression as well as functional differential equation models, spatial models, and stochastic models for capturing relationships in auction data Specialized methods and models for forecasting auction prices and their applications in automated bidding decision rule systems Throughout the book, R and MATLAB software are used for illustrating the discussed techniques. In addition, a related Web site features many of the book's datasets and R and MATLAB code that allow readers to replicate the analyses and learn new methods to apply to their own research. Modeling Online Auctions is a valuable book for graduate-level courses on data mining and applied regression analysis. It is also a one-of-a-kind reference for researchers in the fields of statistics, information systems, business, and marketing who work with electronic data and are looking for new approaches for understanding online auctions and processes. Visit this book's companion website by clicking here
Category: Mathematics

Multiple Imputation And Its Application

Author : James Carpenter
ISBN : 9781119942276
Genre : Medical
File Size : 75.46 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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A practical guide to analysing partially observeddata. Collecting, analysing and drawing inferences from data iscentral to research in the medical and social sciences.Unfortunately, it is rarely possible to collect all the intendeddata. The literature on inference from the resultingincomplete data is now huge, and continues to grow both asmethods are developed for large and complex data structures, and asincreasing computer power and suitable software enable researchersto apply these methods. This book focuses on a particular statistical method foranalysing and drawing inferences from incomplete data, calledMultiple Imputation (MI). MI is attractive because it is bothpractical and widely applicable. The authors aim is to clarify theissues raised by missing data, describing the rationale for MI, therelationship between the various imputation models and associatedalgorithms and its application to increasingly complex datastructures. Multiple Imputation and its Application: Discusses the issues raised by the analysis of partiallyobserved data, and the assumptions on which analyses rest. Presents a practical guide to the issues to consider whenanalysing incomplete data from both observational studies andrandomized trials. Provides a detailed discussion of the practical use of MI withreal-world examples drawn from medical and social statistics. Explores handling non-linear relationships and interactionswith multiple imputation, survival analysis, multilevel multipleimputation, sensitivity analysis via multiple imputation, usingnon-response weights with multiple imputation and doubly robustmultiple imputation. Multiple Imputation and its Application is aimed atquantitative researchers and students in the medical and socialsciences with the aim of clarifying the issues raised by theanalysis of incomplete data data, outlining the rationale for MIand describing how to consider and address the issues that arise inits application.
Category: Medical

Nondetects And Data Analysis

Author : Dennis R. Helsel
ISBN : UCSD:31822034160770
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 76.51 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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STATISTICS IN PRACTICE Statistical methods for interpreting and analyzing censored environmental data Nondetects And Data Analysis: Statistics for Censored Environmental Data provides solutions for environmental scientists and professionals who need to interpret and analyze data that fall below the laboratory detection limit. Adapting survival analysis methods that have been successfully used in medical and industrial research, the author demonstrates, for the first time, their practical applications for studies of trace chemicals in air, water, soils, and biota. Readers quickly become proficient in these methods through the use of real-world examples that are solved using MINITAB® Release 14, a popular statistical software package, as well as other commonly used software packages. Everything needed to master these innovative statistical methods is provided, including: Accompanying Web site featuring answers to book exercises and datasets, as well as MINITAB® macros to perform methods, which are not available in the commercial version Methods for data with multiple detection limits Solutions for research studies in which all data are below detection limits Techniques for constructing confidence, prediction, and tolerance intervals for data with nond-tects Methods for data with multiple detection limits Chapters are organized by objective, such as computing intervals, comparing groups, and correlations, which enables readers to more easily apply the text to their particular research and goals. Extensive references to the literature for more in-depth research are provided; however, the text itself avoids complex math and calculus making it accessible to anyone in the environmental sciences. Environmental scientists and professionals will find the hands-on guidance and practical examples invaluable.
Category: Mathematics

Statistics And The Evaluation Of Evidence For Forensic Scientists

Author : C. G. G. Aitken
ISBN : 0470843675
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 25.18 MB
Format : PDF
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The first edition of Statistics and the Evaluation of Evidence for Forensic Scientists established itself as a highly regarded authority on this area. Fully revised and updated, the second edition provides significant new material on areas of current interest including: Glass Interpretation Fibres Interpretation Bayes’ Nets The title presents comprehensive coverage of the statistical evaluation of forensic evidence. It is written with the assumption of a modest mathematical background and is illustrated throughout with up-to-date examples from a forensic science background. The clarity of exposition makes this book ideal for all forensic scientists, lawyers and other professionals in related fields interested in the quantitative assessment and evaluation of evidence. 'There can be no doubt that the appreciation of some evidence in a court of law has been greatly enhanced by the sound use of statistical ideas and one can be confident that the next decade will see further developments, during which time this book will admirably serve those who have cause to use statistics in forensic science.' D.V. Lindley
Category: Mathematics

Technometrics

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015065057591
Genre : Experimental design
File Size : 75.8 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Category: Experimental design