DISEASE CONTROL PRIORITIES THIRD EDITION VOLUME 1 ESSENTIAL SURGERY

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Disease Control Priorities Third Edition Volume 1

Author : Haile T. Debas
ISBN : 9781464803673
Genre : Medical
File Size : 71.3 MB
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Essential Surgery is part of a nine volume series for Disease Control Priorities which focuses on health interventions intended to reduce morbidity and mortality. The Essential Surgery volume focuses on four key aspects including global financial responsibility, emergency procedures, essential services organization and cost analysis.
Category: Medical

Essential Surgery Key Messages From Disease Control Priorities 3rd Edition

Author :
ISBN : OCLC:1028206834
Genre :
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The World Bank will publish the nine volumes of Disease Control Priorities, 3rd edition, in 2015–16. Volume 1— Essential Surgery —identifies 44 surgical procedures as essential on the basis that they address substantial needs, are cost effective, and are feasible to implement. This report summarises and critically assesses the volume's five key findings. First, provision of essential surgical procedures would avert about 1·5 million deaths a year, or 6–7% of all avertable deaths in low-income and middle-income countries. Second, essential surgical procedures rank among the most cost effective of all health interventions. The surgical platform of the first-level hospital delivers 28 of the 44 essential procedures, making investment in this platform also highly cost effective. Third, measures to expand access to surgery, such as task sharing, have been shown to be safe and effective while countries make long-term investments in building surgical and anaesthesia workforces. Because emergency procedures constitute 23 of the 28 procedures provided at first-level hospitals, expansion of access requires that such facilities be widely geographically diffused. Fourth, substantial disparities remain in the safety of surgical care, driven by high perioperative mortality rates including anaesthesia-related deaths in low-income and middle-income countries. Feasible measures, such as WHO's Surgical Safety Checklist, have led to improvements in safety and quality. Fifth, the large burden of surgical disorders, cost-effectiveness of essential surgery, and strong public demand for surgical services suggest that universal coverage of essential surgery should be financed early on the path to universal health coverage. We point to estimates that full coverage of the component of universal coverage of essential surgery applicable to first-level hospitals would require just over US$3 billion annually of additional spending and yield a benefit–cost ratio of more than 10:1. It would efficiently and equitably provide health benefits, financial protection, and contributions to stronger health systems.
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Disease Control Priorities Third Edition Volume 8

Author : Donald A. P. Bundy
ISBN : 9781464804397
Genre : Medical
File Size : 57.50 MB
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More children born today will survive to adulthood than at any time in history. It is now time to emphasize health and development in middle childhood and adolescence--developmental phases that are critical to health in adulthood and the next generation. Child and Adolescent Health and Development explores the benefits that accrue from sustained and targeted interventions across the first two decades of life. The volume outlines the investment case for effective, costed, and scalable interventions for low-resource settings, emphasizing the cross-sectoral role of education. This evidence base can guide policy makers in prioritizing actions to promote survival, health, cognition, and physical growth throughout childhood and adolescence.
Category: Medical

Disease Control Priorities Third Edition Volume 5

Author : Dorairaj Prabhakaran
ISBN : 9781464805202
Genre : Medical
File Size : 87.55 MB
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Cardiovascular, respiratory, and related conditions cause more than 40 percent of all deaths globally, and their substantial burden is rising, particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Their burden extends well beyond health effects to include significant economic and societal consequences. Most of these conditions are related, share risk factors, and have common control measures at the clinical, population, and policy levels. Lives can be extended and improved when these diseases are prevented, detected, and managed. This volume summarizes current knowledge and presents evidence-based interventions that are effective, cost-effective, and scalable in LMICs.
Category: Medical

Disease Control Priorities Third Edition Volume 7

Author : Charles N. Mock
ISBN : 9781464805233
Genre : Medical
File Size : 20.8 MB
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The substantial burden of death and disability that results from interpersonal violence, road traffic injuries, unintentional injuries, occupational health risks, air pollution, climate change, and inadequate water and sanitation falls disproportionally on low- and middle-income countries. Injury Prevention and Environmental Health addresses the risk factors and presents updated data on the burden, as well as economic analyses of platforms and packages for delivering cost-effective and feasible interventions in these settings. The volume's contributors demonstrate that implementation of a range of prevention strategies-presented in an essential package of interventions and policies-could achieve a convergence in death and disability rates that would avert more than 7.5 million deaths a year.
Category: Medical

Disease Control Priorities Third Edition Volume 3

Author : Hellen Gelband
ISBN : 9781464803697
Genre : Medical
File Size : 60.31 MB
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Volume 3, Cancer, presents the complex patterns of cancer incidence and death around the world and evidence on effective and cost-effective ways to control cancers. The DCP3 evaluation of cancer will indicate where cancer treatment is ineffective and wasteful, and offer alternative cancer care packages that are cost-effective and suited to low-resource settings. Main messages from the volume include: -Quality matters in all aspects of cancer treatment and palliation. -Cancer registries that track incidence, mortality, and survival †“ paired with systems to capture causes of death are important to understanding the national cancer burden and the effect of interventions over time. -Effective interventions exist at a range of prices. Adopting "resource appropriate" measures which allow the most effective treatment for the greatest number of people will be advantageous to countries. -Prioritizing resources toward early stage and curable cancers is likely to have the greatest health impact in low income settings. -Research prioritization is no longer just a global responsibility. Providing cancer treatment requires adequate numbers of trained healthcare professionals and infrastructure beyond what is available in most LMICs, especially low income countries. Careful patient monitoring is a requirement of good quality cancer care and this often involves laboratory tests in addition to clinical examination. Even if financing were immediately available to build or expand a cancer control system, reaching capacity will take many years.
Category: Medical

Essential Surgery

Author : Haile T. Debas
ISBN : 1464800979
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 24.74 MB
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Preceded by: Disease control priorities in developing countries / editors, Dean T. Jamison ... [et al.]. 2nd ed., c2006.
Category: Business & Economics

Management Of The Difficult And Failed Airway Third Edition

Author : Orlando Hung
ISBN : 9781259640551
Genre : Medical
File Size : 31.93 MB
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A full-color, case-based guide to effectively managing airway emergencies – updated to reflect the latest devices and techniques Written by the creators of the Difficult Airway Course: AnesthesiaTM ,this beautifully illustrated and extensively referenced text delivers a comprehensive review of the latest options available for airway management and offers expert coverage of the full spectrum of airway management techniques. Within its pages you will find the most up-to-date review available of the many innovations that been introduced since publication of the previous edition. This is accompanied by a thorough review of the pharmacology of airway management designed to help you understand how to achieve the desired effects on ventilation and muscle strength. You will also find numerous algorithms, many of which have been revised for this edition. Presented in full color, the book is enhanced by dozens of airway management vignettes, divided into: •Pre-Hospital Airway Management •Airway Management in the Intensive Care Unit •Airway Management in the Operating Room •Airway Management in the Pediatric Population •Airway Management in Unique Environment These cases teach trainees the fundamental approaches to airway management, and include self-evaluation questions to reinforce the lesson. For experienced anesthesiologists, the cases present an opportunity to learn about recently introduced devices and techniques they may wish to incorporate into their clinical practice. If you are in need of an expertly written text that describes all of the leading-edge principles, tools, and procedures of airway assessment and management, your search ends here.
Category: Medical

Schwartz S Principles Of Surgery 10th Edition

Author : F. Brunicardi
ISBN : 9780071800921
Genre : Medical
File Size : 88.86 MB
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THE WORLD'S #1 SURGERY TEXT--UPDATED TO INCLUDE STATE-OF-THE-ART EVIDENCE-BASED SURGICAL CARE AND LEADERSHIP GUIDANCE FOR TRAINEES AND PRACTICING SURGEONS The Tenth Edition of Schwartz's Principles of Surgery maintains the book's unmatched coverage of the foundations of surgery while bringing into sharper focus new and emerging technologies. We have entered a new era of surgery in which minimally invasive surgery, robotic surgery, and the use of computers and genomic information have improved the outcomes and quality of life for patients. With these advances in mind, all chapters have been updated with an emphasis on evidence-based, state-of-the-art surgical care. An exciting new chapter, "Fundamental Principles of Leadership Training in Surgery," expands the scope of the book beyond the operating room to encompass the actual development of surgeons. This edition is also enriched by an increased number of international chapter authors and a new chapter on Global Surgery. More than ever, Schwartz's Principles of Surgery is international in scope--a compendium of the knowledge and technique of the world's leading surgeons. Features More clinically relevant than ever, with emphasis on high-yield discussion of diagnosis and treatment of surgical disease, arranged by organ system and surgical specialty Content is supported by boxed key points, detailed anatomical figures, diagnostic and management algorithms, and key references Beautiful full-color design New companion DVD includes eight high-quality, narrated videos: Laparoscopic Inguinal Hernia Repair Kidney Transplant Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Thyroidectomy Right Colectomy Sigmoid Colectomy Laparoscopic Incisional Hernia Repair Open Posterior Component Separation
Category: Medical

Aacn Essentials Of Critical Care Nursing Third Edition

Author : Suzanne Burns
ISBN : 9780071825535
Genre : Medical
File Size : 23.74 MB
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Concise yet thorough guidance on how to safely and competently care for adult, critically ill patients and their families Endorsed by the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN) and written by top clinical experts in critical care nursing, this textbook covers all the must-know details on the care of adult, critically ill patients and their families. Supported by helpful tables and algorithms, the book’s practical, building-block organization starts with the basics before proceeding to more complex concepts. AACN Essentials of Critical Care Nursing includes essential content found in ECCO (Essentials of Critical Care Orientation, an online program offered by AACN), key information necessary to successfully prepare for CCRN certification in critical care nursing, and much more. AACN Essentials of Critical Care Nursing is divided into four sections: THE ESSENTIALS -- presents core information that new clinicians must understand to provide safe, competent nursing care to all critically ill patients, regardless of their underlying medical diagnoses PATHOLOGICAL CONDITIONS -- covers pathologic conditions and management strategies commonly encountered among adult critical care patients ADVANCED CONCEPTS IN CARING FOR THE CRITICALLY ILL PATIENT -- moves beyond the essentials and presents advanced critical care concepts or pathologic conditions that are less common or more specialized than expected in critical care practice KEY REFERENCE INFORMATION -- features normal laboratory and diagnostic values, algorithms for advanced cardiac life support, troubleshooting guides for hemodynamic monitoring, summary tables of critical care drugs, and cardiac rhythms and treatment guides Learning aids include Knowledge Competencies that can be used to gauge progress and "Essential Content" case studies with questions and answers to further reinforce your knowledge.
Category: Medical