Discourse On Colonialism

Author : Aimé Césaire
ISBN : 9781583674109
Genre : History
File Size : 77.73 MB
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"Césaire's essay stands as an important document in the development of third world consciousness--a process in which [he] played a prominent role." --Library Journal This classic work, first published in France in 1955, profoundly influenced the generation of scholars and activists at the forefront of liberation struggles in Africa, Latin America, and the Caribbean. Nearly twenty years later, when published for the first time in English, Discourse on Colonialism inspired a new generation engaged in the Civil Rights, Black Power, and anti-war movements and has sold more than 75,000 copies to date. Aimé Césaire eloquently describes the brutal impact of capitalism and colonialism on both the colonizer and colonized, exposing the contradictions and hypocrisy implicit in western notions of "progress" and "civilization" upon encountering the "savage," "uncultured," or "primitive." Here, Césaire reaffirms African values, identity, and culture, and their relevance, reminding us that "the relationship between consciousness and reality are extremely complex. . . . It is equally necessary to decolonize our minds, our inner life, at the same time that we decolonize society." An interview with Césaire by the poet René Depestre is also included.
Category: History

Political Shakespeare

Author : Jonathan Dollimore
ISBN : 0719043522
Genre : Authority in literature
File Size : 80.50 MB
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1.Shakespeare, cultural materialism and the new historicism-2.Renaissance authority and its subversion, Henry IV and Henry V.- 3.This thing of darkness I acknowledge mine: The Tempest and the discourse of Colonialism. - 4.Transgressioon and surveillance in Measure for Measure. - 5.The patriarchal bard: feminist criticism and Shakespeare: King Lear and Measure for Measure. - 6.Strategies of State and political plays: A Midsummer Nights̀ Dream, Henry V, Henry VIII. - 7.Shakespeare understudies: the sodomite, the prostitute, the transvestite and their critics. - 8.Introduction: Reproductions, interventions. - 9.Givee an account of Shakespeare and Education, showing why you think they are effective and what you have appreciated about them. Support your comments with precise references. - 10.Royal Shakespeare: theatre and the making of ideology. - 11.Radical potentiality and institutional closure:Shakespeare in film and television. - 12.How Brecht read Shakespeare. - 13.Heritage and the market, regulation and desublimation.
Category: Authority in literature

Milton S Imperial Epic

Author : John Martin Evans
ISBN : 0801432111
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 40.8 MB
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"In the opinion of J. Martin Evans, Paradise Lost is at heart a poem about empire. Written during the crucial first phase of English empire-building in the New World, Milton's epic registers the radically divided attitudes toward the settlement of America that existed in seventeenth-century Protestant England. Evans looks at the relationship between Paradise Lost and the pervasive colonial discourse of Milton's time. Evans bases his analysis on the literature of exploration and colonialism. The primary sources on which he draws range from sermons about the New World justifying colonization and exhorting virtue among colonists to promotional pamphlets designed to lure people and investment into the colonies. Evans's research allows him to create a richly textured picture of anxiety and optimism, guilt and moral certitude." "The central question is whether Milton supported England's colonization or covertly attempted to subvert it. In contrast to those who attribute to Paradise Lost a specific political agenda for the American colonies, Evans maintains that Milton reflects the complexity and ambivalence of attitudes held by English society." "Analyzing Paradise Lost against this background, Evans offers a new perspective on such fundamental issues as the narrator's shifting stance in the poem, the unique character of Milton's prelapsarian paradise, and the moral and intellectual status of Adam and Eve before and after the Fall. From Satan's arrival in Hell to the expulsion from the garden of Eden, Milton's version of the Genesis myth resonates with the complex thematics of Renaissance colonialism."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Category: Literary Criticism

Black British Cultural Studies

Author : Houston A. Baker, Jr.
ISBN : 0226144801
Genre : History
File Size : 60.79 MB
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Black British Cultural Studies has attracted significant attention recently in the American academy both as a model for cultural studies generally and as a corrective to reigning constructions of Blackness within African-American studies. This anthology offers the first book-length selection of writings by key figures in this field. From Stuart Hall's classic study of racially structured societies to an interview by Manthia Diawara with Sonia Boyce, a leading figure in the Black British arts movement, the papers included here have transformed cultural studies through their sustained focus on the issue of race. Much of the book centers on Black British arts, especially film, ranging from a historical overview of Black British cinema to a weighing of the costly burden on Black artists of representing their communities. Other essays consider such topics as race and representation and colonial and postcolonial discourse. This anthology will be an invaluable and timely resource for everyone interested in cultural studies. It also has much to offer students of anthropology, sociology, media and film studies, and literary criticism.
Category: History

East Meets West

Author : Chae Ryung Kim
ISBN : OCLC:828866458
Genre :
File Size : 39.44 MB
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The influence of Japanese art in the late nineteenth century in Europe is inspirational and influential. In the works of Realists, Impressionists, Post-Impressionists, and Symbolists, there are many traces of Japanese art, such as coloration, composition, space, and form as well as the presence of Japanese artifacts, clothes, prints, and their materiality. In the late nineteenth century, Western art was confronted with a moment of rapid change, driven by the development of technology, industry, and Haussmann's modernization. Since the Western artistic style confronts with its crisis of representation, patron system, development of dealer and critic system, they need something new for the art market and its crisis. The Japanese artistic vision was very new to the Westerner and it could be a part of the solution of the Western artistic crisis and its search for novelty. The West adopts the Japanese style of art in order to supplement a cultural crisis and achieve the newness/novelty.^Many art historians focus on the stylistic influence of Japonisme, ignoring the social, political, and cultural context. It is important to note the power relations, the misconceptions and repressions of discourse, and hegemony behind the phenomenon of Japonisme. By exploring the causations of the rapid dissemination, adoption, interpretation, and representation of Japanese art, and further applying the theory of Jacques Derrida's conception of differance, Edward Said's notion of Orientalism, and Antonio Gramsci's cultural hegemony to Japonisme, this paper seeks to reveal the hidden discourse and hegemony of European consciousness in the late nineteenth century.^Through the investigation of the history of the contact between the West and Japan (history of modern Japan), the dissemination of Japonisme, the representation of Japan in European paintings, and the similar cultural trajectory between the Europe and Japan in the late nineteenth century, it supports Japonisme was used as cultural hegemony. It also reveals that although the Japanese style of art functioned as a cultural engine, the West considered Japonisme as a secondary, supplement, and inferior to their artistic tradition. However, as Jacques Derrida points out, the process of supplement and a binary opposition do not have starting and ending point and hierarchical relationship, which is the undecidability and equality. By supplementing the Japanese artistic style, the West demonstrates its lack of fullness and unity.^Similar to the Orientalism of the Near East and North Africa, Japonisme is marked by the unmarked Western consciousness, voices, and gaze, in order to establish the West's superiority, rationality, power, and authority over the Occident. Ultimately, revealing the cultural hegemony and hidden discourse of Japonisme in the paintings, this paper seeks to demonstrate the West is not full in itself, it could be fulfilled by the East.
Category:

Postcolonial Criticism

Author : Bart Moore-Gilbert
ISBN : 9781317891925
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 72.5 MB
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Post-colonial theory is a relatively new area in critical contemporary studies, having its foundations more Postcolonial Criticism brings together some of the most important critical writings in the field, and aims to present a clear overview of, and introduction to, one of the most exciting and rapidly developing areas of contemporary literary criticism. It charts the development of the field both historically and conceptually, from its beginnings in the early post-war period to the present day. The first phase of postcolonial criticism is recorded here in the pioneering work of thinkers like Aimé Césaire, Frantz Fanon, Edward Said, and Gayatri Spivak. More recently, a new generation of academics have provided fresh assessments of the interaction of class, race and gender in cultural production, and this generation is represented in the work of Aijaz Ahmad, bell hooks, Homi Bhabha, Abdul JanMohamed and David Lloyd. Topics covered include negritude, national culture, orientalism, subalternity, ambivalence, hybridity, white settler societies, gender and colonialism, culturalism, commonwealth literature, and minority discourse. The collection includes an extensive general introduction which clearly sets out the key stages, figures and debates in the field. The editors point to the variety, even conflict, within the field, but also stress connections and parallels between the various figures and debates which they identify as central to an understanding of it. The introduction is followed by a series of ten essays which have been carefully chosen to reflect both the diversity and continuity of postcolonial criticism. Each essay is supported by a short introduction which places it in context with the rest of the author's work, and identifies how its salient arguments contribute to the field as a whole. This is a field which covers many disciplines including literary theory, cultural studies, philosophy, geography, economics, history and politics. It is designed to fit into the current modular arrangement of courses, and is therefore suitable for undergraduate and postgraduate courses which address postcolonial issues and the 'new' literatures in English.
Category: Literary Criticism

Beginning Postcolonialism

Author : John McLeod
ISBN : 0719052092
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 50.57 MB
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Postcolonialism has become one of the most exciting, expanding and challenging areas of literary and cultural studies today. Designed especially for those studying the topic for the first time, Beginning Postcolonialism introduces the major areas of concern in a clear, accessible, and organized fashion. It provides an overview of the emergence of postcolonialism as a discipline and closely examines many of its important critical writings.
Category: Literary Criticism

Global Local

Author : Rob Wilson
ISBN : 0822317125
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 68.84 MB
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This groundbreaking collection focuses on what may be, for cultural studies, the most intriguing aspect of contemporary globalization—the ways in which the postnational restructuring of the world in an era of transnational capitalism has altered how we must think about cultural production. Mapping a "new world space" that is simultaneously more globalized and localized than before, these essays examine the dynamic between the movement of capital, images, and technologies without regard to national borders and the tendency toward fragmentation of the world into increasingly contentious enclaves of difference, ethnicity, and resistance. Ranging across issues involving film, literature, and theory, as well as history, politics, economics, sociology, and anthropology, these deeply interdisciplinary essays explore the interwoven forces of globalism and localism in a variety of cultural settings, with a particular emphasis on the Asia-Pacific region. Powerful readings of the new image culture, transnational film genre, and the politics of spectacle are offered as is a critique of globalization as the latest guise of colonization. Articles that unravel the complex links between the global and local in terms of the unfolding narrative of capital are joined by work that illuminates phenomena as diverse as "yellow cab" interracial sex in Japan, machinic desire in Robocop movies, and the Pacific Rim city. An interview with Fredric Jameson by Paik Nak-Chung on globalization and Pacific Rim responses is also featured, as is a critical afterword by Paul Bové. Positioned at the crossroads of an altered global terrain, this volume, the first of its kind, analyzes the evolving transnational imaginary—the full scope of contemporary cultural production by which national identities of political allegiance and economic regulation are being undone, and in which imagined communities are being reshaped at both the global and local levels of everyday existence.
Category: Political Science

Discourse

Author : Sara Mills
ISBN : 9781134836055
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 40.76 MB
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Sara Mills offers an accessible and comprehensive analysis of the term 'discourse' and explores the theoretical assumptions underlying it. This handy, easy to follow pocket guidebook for students provides: straightforward working definitions historical developments of the term studied analysis of Michel Foucault discussion of the appropriation of the term 'discourse' by feminist, colonial and post-colonial discourse theorists examples of literary and non-literary texts to illustrate the use of 'discourse'.
Category: Literary Criticism

Out There

Author : Russell Ferguson
ISBN : 026256064X
Genre : Art
File Size : 78.24 MB
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Out There addresses the theme of cultural marginalization - the process wherebyvarious groups are excluded from access to and participation in the dominant culture. It engagesfundamental issues raised by attempts to define such concepts as mainstream, minority, and "other,"and opens up new ways of thinking about culture and representation. All of the texts deal withquestions of representation in the broadest sense, encompassing not just the visual but also thesocial and psychological aspects of cultural identity.Included are important theoretical writings byHomi Bhabha, Helene Cixous, Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari, and Monique Wittig. Their work isjuxtaposed with essays on more overtly personal themes, often autobiographical, by Gloria Anzaldua,Bell Hooks, and Richard Rodriguez, among others.This rich anthology brings together voices from manydifferent marginalized groups - groups that are often isolated from each other as well as from thedominant culture. It joins issues of gender, race, sexual preference, and class in one forum butwithout imposing a false unity on the diverse cultures represented. Each piece in the book subtlychanges the way every other piece is read.While several essays focus on specific issues in art, suchas John Yau's piece on Wilfredo Lam in the Museum of Modern Art, or James Clifford's on collectingart, others draw from debates in literature, film, and critical theory to provide a much broadercontext than is usually found in work aimed at an art audience. Topics range from the functions oflanguage to the role of public art in the city, from gay pornography to the meanings of black hairstyles.Out There also includes essays by Rosalyn Deutsche, Richard Dyer, Kobena Mercer, Edward Said,Gayatri Spivak, Gerald Vizenor and Simon Watney, as well as by the editors.Copublished with the NewMuseum of Contemporary Art, New York Distributed by The MIT Press.
Category: Art