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Direct Behavior Rating

Author : Amy M. Briesch
ISBN : 9781462525836
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 28.97 MB
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Grounded in state-of-the-art research, this practical guide comprehensively shows how to harness the potential of direct behavior rating (DBR) as a tool for assessment, intervention, and communication in schools. DBR can be used rapidly and efficiently in PreK-12 classrooms to support positive behavior and promote self-management. The authors and contributors provide concrete examples of ways to implement DBR strategies within multi-tiered systems of support (MTSS). The evidence base supporting each strategy is reviewed. More than 30 reproducible checklists and forms include step-by-step implementation blueprints, daily report cards, and more. Purchasers get access to a Web page where they can download and print the reproducible materials in a convenient 8 1/2" x 11" size.
Category: Psychology

Generalizability Of Direct Behavior Ratings By Trained And Untrained Raters

Author : Bradley Leposa
ISBN : OCLC:992889552
Genre :
File Size : 74.82 MB
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Direct Behavior Ratings (DBRs) are an emerging tool for gathering data to use in decisions within both traditional and expanded roles for school psychologists. The present study contains two components examining DBRs. The first component uses Generalizability Theory (GT) to examine agreement between two raters using DBRs in two different classrooms, one with trained raters and the other with untrained raters. The second component uses a focus group to solicit raters views regarding DBRs, raters views regarding a DBR training module, and the reasoning behind raters ratings. The G studies provide evidence that rater load (i.e., the number of students rated at one time) may impact rater disagreement; however, training had no discernable effect on reliability. Results from the focus group indicate raters found the DBRs mechanically easy to fill out, but that they had difficulty rating and differentiating between Respectful and Disruptive Behavior. For school psychologists in practice, the results of the present research suggest characteristics of the sample of students being rated (i.e., number of students) should be considered when interpreting DBR scores. For further development of DBR items, additional constructs suited to educators needs, such as a construct targeting social skills, may be beneficial.

School Based Behavioral Assessment

Author : Sandra Chafouleas
ISBN : 9781593854942
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 38.1 MB
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Provides a framework for determining the types of behavioral data that are needed in a given situation; describes how to select appropriate measures, interpret, and organize the results; and offers case examples demonstrating how different assessment strategies can be used to support positive behavior and monitor progress.
Category: Psychology

Rti Applications Volume 1

Author : T. Chris Riley-Tillman
ISBN : 9781462505487
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 46.42 MB
Format : PDF
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This book addresses a crucial aspect of sustaining a response-to-intervention (RTI) framework in a school: selecting interventions with the greatest likelihood of success and implementing them with integrity. Leading RTI experts explain how to match interventions to students' proficiency levels, drawing on cutting-edge research about the stages of learning. Effective academic and behavioral interventions for all three tiers of RTI are described in step-by-step detail and illustrated with vivid case examples. In a large-size format with lay-flat binding for easy photocopying, the book features more than 40 reproducible planning tools and other helpful forms. Purchasers also get access to a Web page where they can download and print the reproducible materials. This book is in The Guilford Practical Intervention in the Schools Series, edited by T. Chris Riley-Tillman. See also RTI Applications, Volume 2: Assessment, Analysis, and Decision Making, which provides tools for assessing the effectiveness of RTI practices.
Category: Psychology

Adaptive Behavior Assessment System Ii

Author : Thomas Oakland
ISBN : 0080559786
Genre : Education
File Size : 35.86 MB
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Adaptive Behavior Assessment System-II summarizes information on adaptive behavior and skills as well as general issues in adaptive behavior assessment with the goal of promoting sound assessment practice during uses, interpretations, and applications of the Adaptive Behavior Assessment System-II. Adaptive behavior and skills refer to personal qualities associated with the ability to meet one’s personal needs such as communication, self-care, socialization, etc. and those of others. Data from measures of adaptive behavior have been used most commonly in assessment and intervention services for persons with mental retardation. However, the display of adaptive behaviors and skills is relevant to all persons. The Adaptive Behavior Assessment System-II (ABAS-II) provides a comprehensive, norm-referenced assessment of the adaptive behavior and skills of individuals from birth through age 89. The comprehensive natures of the ABAS-II, ease in administration and scoring, and wide age range have resulted in its widespread use for a large number of assessment purposes. The book provides practical information and thus serves as a valuable resource for those who use the ABAS-II. Assists in the functional use of the ABAS-II Provides case studies illustrating use of the ABAS-II in comprehensive assessment and intervention planning Reviews scholarship on adaptive behaviors and skills Describes legal, ethical, and other professional standards and guidelines that apply to the use of the ABAS-II and other measures of adaptive behavior Discusses the use of the ABAS-II with autism, mental retardation; young children and those in elementary and secondary school; as well as incarcerated persons being evaluated for possible mental retardation
Category: Education

Designing For Behavior Change

Author : Stephen Wendel
ISBN : 9781449367978
Genre : Computers
File Size : 70.4 MB
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A new wave of products is helping people change their behavior and daily routines, whether it’s exercising more (Jawbone Up), taking control of their finances (HelloWallet), or organizing their email (Mailbox). This practical guide shows you how to design these types of products for users seeking to take action and achieve specific goals. Stephen Wendel, HelloWallet’s head researcher, takes you step-by-step through the process of applying behavioral economics and psychology to the practical problems of product design and development. Using a combination of lean and agile development methods, you’ll learn a simple iterative approach for identifying target users and behaviors, building the product, and gauging its effectiveness. Discover how to create easy-to-use products to help people make positive changes. Learn the three main strategies to help people change behavior Identify your target audience and the behaviors they seek to change Extract user stories and identify obstacles to behavior change Develop effective interface designs that are enjoyable to use Measure your product’s impact and learn ways to improve it Use practical examples from products like Nest, Fitbit, and Opower
Category: Computers

How The Vertebrate Brain Regulates Behavior

Author : Donald Pfaff
ISBN : 9780674978775
Genre : Science
File Size : 61.88 MB
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Throughout his career, Donald Pfaff has demonstrated that by choosing problems and methods with care, biologists can study the molecular mechanisms of brains more complex than those of fruit flies, snails, and roundworms. He offers a close-up, conversational perspective on a 50-year quest to understand how behavior is regulated in vertebrates.
Category: Science

Rating Scales And Checklists

Author : Lewis R. Aiken
ISBN : UOM:39015037781088
Genre : Medical
File Size : 59.79 MB
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"The philosopher Immanuel Kant believed that psychology could never become a science, because science is concerned with objectively observable phenomena and psychology deals with subjective matters. It is often maintained that the research of Gustav Fechner, Francis Galton, and other pioneers in psychometrics refuted Kant's assertion—and so it may be. However, it would be foolish to claim that psychologists are 'out of the woods' in maintaining that their discipline is a science. The subject matter of psychology still entails human judgment and evaluation, and our ultimate measuring instrument is the brain itself. We may try to make those judgments more objective by operationally defining what we are looking for, by training observers or evaluators to be more aware of their personal biases and their limited abilities to make accurate judgments, and by developing measuring instruments that are easy to use and reliable and valid indices of whatever we want them to assess. Still, it is not an easy task, and there are many critiques of our attempts at science-making. "This book focuses on rating scales and their derivatives—checklists, rankings, attitude scales, inventories, and other psychometric devices and procedures designed to make the assessment of people, objects, and events more objective and meaningful." — Lewis R. Aiken In the late 1900s Charles Darwin's cousin, Sir Francis Galton, introduced what is now considered the first rating scale. Over the next several decades various landmark tests appeared—most notably, the Binet-Simon, Army Alpha and Beta, Rorschach, and TAT tests. With the outbreak of World War II and the U.S. War Department's large-scale investment in the development of reliable instruments with which to measure inductees' personalities and aptitudes for various tasks, rating scales and checklists came into their own. Since then, rating scales have been used regularly in government, education, and industry, and an array of "paper and pencil" tests has been developed to quantify and qualify people's attitudes, aptitudes, performances, and personalities. Rating Scales and Checklists is the first comprehensive guide to constructing, scoring, validating, and applying these potent investigative and diagnostic tools. Written by a well-known authority in the field, it provides many valuable insights into the theoretical/psychometric aspects of measurement and scaling, as well as helpful practical guidelines for test construction and administration in a wide range of research and applied situations. In addition, the enclosed DOS-formatted computer diskette contains several dozen programs concerned with the construction, analysis, and applications of checklists, rating scales, attitude scales, and other psychometric instruments accompanying the text. The first four chapters, which constitute the conceptual core of the book, deal extensively with the underlying theory and design of rating scales and checklists. The focus then shifts to the individual instruments and their applications in a wide range of specific areas. Descriptive lists of standardized and nonstandardized rating scales, checklists, and attitude scales are supplied, and Dr. Aiken provides expert insights and suggestions on how best to evaluate and improve the psychometric characteristics of these instruments. He also offers many valuable insights into the advantages and shortcomings of psychological, social, and educational measurement by means of rating scales, checklists, and attitude scales. Rating Scales and Checklists is an important tool for practitioners in the behavioral and social sciences as well as for market research professionals, attitude and product researchers, and political pollsters. It is also an excellent supplemental text for upper level courses in psychology, education, sociology, political science, and other related disciplines.
Category: Medical

Rating Based Modeling Of Credit Risk

Author : Stefan Trueck
ISBN : 0080920306
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 29.17 MB
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In the last decade rating-based models have become very popular in credit risk management. These systems use the rating of a company as the decisive variable to evaluate the default risk of a bond or loan. The popularity is due to the straightforwardness of the approach, and to the upcoming new capital accord (Basel II), which allows banks to base their capital requirements on internal as well as external rating systems. Because of this, sophisticated credit risk models are being developed or demanded by banks to assess the risk of their credit portfolio better by recognizing the different underlying sources of risk. As a consequence, not only default probabilities for certain rating categories but also the probabilities of moving from one rating state to another are important issues in such models for risk management and pricing. It is widely accepted that rating migrations and default probabilities show significant variations through time due to macroeconomics conditions or the business cycle. These changes in migration behavior may have a substantial impact on the value-at-risk (VAR) of a credit portfolio or the prices of credit derivatives such as collateralized debt obligations (D+CDOs). In Rating Based Modeling of Credit Risk the authors develop a much more sophisticated analysis of migration behavior. Their contribution of more sophisticated techniques to measure and forecast changes in migration behavior as well as determining adequate estimators for transition matrices is a major contribution to rating based credit modeling. Internal ratings-based systems are widely used in banks to calculate their value-at-risk (VAR) in order to determine their capital requirements for loan and bond portfolios under Basel II One aspect of these ratings systems is credit migrations, addressed in a systematic and comprehensive way for the first time in this book The book is based on in-depth work by Trueck and Rachev
Category: Business & Economics

Functional Behavioral Assessment And Intervention In Schools

Author : James L. McDougal
ISBN : 0878225552
Genre : Education
File Size : 31.32 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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A user-friendly resource for conducting effective functional behavioral assessments (FBAs) and for creating appropriate behavior intervention plans. The authors use case examples to illustrate the FBA process and offer guidelines on using FBAs for a variety of problems. The manual addresses important topics, such as practical, legal, and ethical reasons for conducting an FBA; identifying conditions that predict behavior; identifying strengths, incentives, and replacement behaviors; cultural considerations; and linking assessment to intervention. Accompanied by a CD with printable worksheets, sample recording forms, school-home notes, behavior contracts, and more.
Category: Education