DIFFERENTIAL GEOMETRY FOR PHYSICISTS AND MATHEMATICIANSMOVING FRAMES AND DIFFERENTIAL FORMS FROM EUCLID PAST RIEMANN

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Author : José G Vargas
ISBN : 9789814566414
Genre : Science
File Size : 26.3 MB
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This is a book that the author wishes had been available to him when he was student. It reflects his interest in knowing (like expert mathematicians) the most relevant mathematics for theoretical physics, but in the style of physicists. This means that one is not facing the study of a collection of definitions, remarks, theorems, corollaries, lemmas, etc. but a narrative — almost like a story being told — that does not impede sophistication and deep results. It covers differential geometry far beyond what general relativists perceive they need to know. And it introduces readers to other areas of mathematics that are of interest to physicists and mathematicians, but are largely overlooked. Among these is Clifford Algebra and its uses in conjunction with differential forms and moving frames. It opens new research vistas that expand the subject matter. In an appendix on the classical theory of curves and surfaces, the author slashes not only the main proofs of the traditional approach, which uses vector calculus, but even existing treatments that also use differential forms for the same purpose. Contents:Introduction:OrientationsTools:Differential FormsVector Spaces and Tensor ProductsExterior DifferentiationTwo Klein Geometries:Affine Klein GeometryEuclidean Klein GeometryCartan Connections:Generalized Geometry Made SimpleAffine ConnectionsEuclidean ConnectionsRiemannian Spaces and Pseudo-SpacesThe Future?:Extensions of CartanUnderstand the Past to Imagine the FutureA Book of Farewells Readership: Physicists and mathematicians working on differential geometry. Keywords:Differential Geometry;Differential Forms;Moving Frames;Exterior CalculusKey Features:Reader FriendlyNaturalnessRespect for the history of the subject and related incisiveness

Author : José G. Vargas
ISBN : 981456639X
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 58.10 MB
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I. Introduction. 1. Orientations -- II. Tools. 2. Differential forms -- 3. Vector spaces and tensor products -- 4. Exterior differentiation -- III. Two Klein geometries. 5. Affine Klein geometry -- 6. Euclidean Klein geometry -- IV. Cartan connections. 7. Generalized geometry made simple -- 8. Affine connections -- 9. Euclidean connections -- 10. Riemannian spaces and pseudo-spaces -- V. The future? 11. Extensions of Cartan -- 12. Understand the past to imagine the future -- 13. A book of farewells

This book is divided into fourteen chapters, with 18 appendices as introduction to prerequisite topological and algebraic knowledge, etc. The first seven chapters focus on local analysis. This part can be used as a fundamental textbook for graduate students of theoretical physics. Chapters 8–10 discuss geometry on fibre bundles, which facilitates further reference for researchers. The last four chapters deal with the Atiyah-Singer index theorem, its generalization and its application, quantum anomaly, cohomology field theory and noncommutative geometry, giving the reader a glimpse of the frontier of current research in theoretical physics.

Author : Jose G. Vargas
ISBN : 1845495292
Genre : Science
File Size : 82.86 MB
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This book lets readers understand differential geometry with differential forms. It is unique in providing detailed treatments of topics not normally found elsewhere, like the programs of B. Riemann and F. Klein in the second half of the 19th century, and their being superseded by E. Cartan in the twentieth. Several conservation laws are presented in a unified way. The Einstein 3-form rather than the Einstein tensor is emphasized; their relationship is shown. Examples are chosen for their pedagogic value. Numerous advanced comments are sprinkled throughout the text. The equations of structure are addressed in different ways. First, in affine and Euclidean spaces, where torsion and curvature simply happen to be zero. In a second approach, the 2-torus and the punctured plane and 2-sphere are endowed with the "Columbus connection," torsion becoming a concept which could have been understood even by sailors of the 15th century. Those equations are then presented as the breaking of integrability conditions for connection equations. Finally, a topological definition brings together the concepts of connection and equations of structure. These options should meet the needs and learning objectives of readers with very different backgrounds. Dr Howard E Brandt

Elementary Differential Geometry focuses on the elementary account of the geometry of curves and surfaces. The book first offers information on calculus on Euclidean space and frame fields. Topics include structural equations, connection forms, frame fields, covariant derivatives, Frenet formulas, curves, mappings, tangent vectors, and differential forms. The publication then examines Euclidean geometry and calculus on a surface. Discussions focus on topological properties of surfaces, differential forms on a surface, integration of forms, differentiable functions and tangent vectors, congruence of curves, derivative map of an isometry, and Euclidean geometry. The manuscript takes a look at shape operators, geometry of surfaces in E, and Riemannian geometry. Concerns include geometric surfaces, covariant derivative, curvature and conjugate points, Gauss-Bonnet theorem, fundamental equations, global theorems, isometries and local isometries, orthogonal coordinates, and integration and orientation. The text is a valuable reference for students interested in elementary differential geometry.

Cartan geometries were the first examples of connections on a principal bundle. They seem to be almost unknown these days, in spite of the great beauty and conceptual power they confer on geometry. The aim of the present book is to fill the gap in the literature on differential geometry by the missing notion of Cartan connections. Although the author had in mind a book accessible to graduate students, potential readers would also include working differential geometers who would like to know more about what Cartan did, which was to give a notion of "espaces giniralisis" (= Cartan geometries) generalizing homogeneous spaces (= Klein geometries) in the same way that Riemannian geometry generalizes Euclidean geometry. In addition, physicists will be interested to see the fully satisfying way in which their gauge theory can be truly regarded as geometry.

Author : H.C. Lee
ISBN : 9781461538028
Genre : Science
File Size : 82.82 MB
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The Banff NATO Summer School was held August 14-25, 1989 at the Banff Cen tre, Banff, Albert, Canada. It was a combination of two venues: a summer school in the annual series of Summer School in Theoretical Physics spon sored by the Theoretical Physics Division, Canadian Association of Physi cists, and a NATO Advanced Study Institute. The Organizing Committee for the present school was composed of G. Kunstatter (University of Winnipeg), H.C. Lee (Chalk River Laboratories and University of Western Ontario), R. Kobes (University of Winnipeg), D.l. Toms (University of Newcastle Upon Tyne) and Y.S. Wu (University of Utah). Thanks to the group of lecturers (see Contents) and the timeliness of the courses given, the school, entitled PHYSICS, GEOMETRY AND TOPOLOGY, was popular from the very outset. The number of applications outstripped the 90 places of accommodation reserved at the Banff Centre soon after the school was announced. As the eventual total number of participants was increased to 170, it was still necessary to tum away many deserving applicants. In accordance with the spirit of the school, the geometrical and topologi cal properties in each of the wide ranging topics covered by the lectures were emphasized. A recurring theme in a number of the lectures is the Yang-Baxter relation which characterizes a very large class of integrable systems including: many state models, two-dimensional conformal field theory, quantum field theory and quantum gravity in 2 + I dimensions.

Author : Heinrich W. Guggenheimer
ISBN : 9780486157207
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 65.14 MB
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This text contains an elementary introduction to continuous groups and differential invariants; an extensive treatment of groups of motions in euclidean, affine, and riemannian geometry; more. Includes exercises and 62 figures.

A graduate-level text utilizing exterior differential forms in the analysis of a variety of mathematical problems in the physical and engineering sciences. Includes 45 illustrations. Index.