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Differential Equations With Maxima

Author : Drumi D. Bainov
ISBN : 9781439867587
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 59.83 MB
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Differential equations with "maxima"—differential equations that contain the maximum of the unknown function over a previous interval—adequately model real-world processes whose present state significantly depends on the maximum value of the state on a past time interval. More and more, these equations model and regulate the behavior of various technical systems on which our ever-advancing, high-tech world depends. Understanding and manipulating the theoretical results and investigations of differential equations with maxima opens the door to enormous possibilities for applications to real-world processes and phenomena. Presenting the qualitative theory and approximate methods, Differential Equations with Maxima begins with an introduction to the mathematical apparatus of integral inequalities involving maxima of unknown functions. The authors solve various types of linear and nonlinear integral inequalities, study both cases of single and double integral inequalities, and illustrate several direct applications of solved inequalities. They also present general properties of solutions as well as existence results for initial value and boundary value problems. Later chapters offer stability results with definitions of different types of stability with sufficient conditions and include investigations based on appropriate modifications of the Razumikhin technique by applying Lyapunov functions. The text covers the main concepts of oscillation theory and methods applied to initial and boundary value problems, combining the method of lower and upper solutions with appropriate monotone methods and introducing algorithms for constructing sequences of successive approximations. The book concludes with a systematic development of the averaging method for differential equations with maxima as applied to first-order and neutral equations. It also explores different schemes for averaging, partial averaging, partially additive averaging, and partially multiplicative averaging. A solid overview of the field, this book guides theoretical and applied researchers in mathematics toward further investigations and applications of these equations for a more accurate study of real-world problems.
Category: Mathematics

Hadamard Type Fractional Differential Equations Inclusions And Inequalities

Author : Bashir Ahmad
ISBN : 9783319521411
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 73.38 MB
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This book focuses on the recent development of fractional differential equations, integro-differential equations, and inclusions and inequalities involving the Hadamard derivative and integral. Through a comprehensive study based in part on their recent research, the authors address the issues related to initial and boundary value problems involving Hadamard type differential equations and inclusions as well as their functional counterparts. The book covers fundamental concepts of multivalued analysis and introduces a new class of mixed initial value problems involving the Hadamard derivative and Riemann-Liouville fractional integrals. In later chapters, the authors discuss nonlinear Langevin equations as well as coupled systems of Langevin equations with fractional integral conditions. Focused and thorough, this book is a useful resource for readers and researchers interested in the area of fractional calculus.
Category: Mathematics

Mathematical Modeling Of Discontinuous Processes

Author : Andrey Antonov
ISBN : 9781618964403
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 62.20 MB
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In this monograph as a mathematical apparatus are used and investigated several classes of differential equations. The most significant feature of these differential equations is the presence of impulsive effects. The main goals and the results achieved in the monograph are related to the use of this class of equation for an adequate description of the dynamics of several types of processes that are subject to discrete external interventions and change the speed of development. In all proposed models the following requirements have met: 1) Presented and studied mathematical models in the book are extensions of existing known in the literature models of real objects and related processes. 2) Generalizations of the studied models are related to the admission of external impulsive effects, which lead to “jump-like” change the quantity characteristics of the described object as well as the rate of its modification. 3) Sufficient conditions which guarantee certain qualities of the dynamics of the quantities of the modeled objects are found. 4) Studies of the qualities of the modification of the modeled objects are possible to be successful by differential equations with variable structure and impulsive effects. 5) The considerations relating to the existence of the studied properties of dynamic objects cannot be realized without introducing new concepts and proving of appropriate theorems. The main objectives can be conditionally divided into several parts: 1) New classes of differential equations with variable structure and impulses are introduced and studied; 2) Specific properties of the above-mentioned class of differential equations are introduced and studied. The present monograph consists of an introduction and seven chapters. Each chapter contains several sections.
Category: Mathematics

Calculus In Vector Spaces Second Edition Revised Expanded

Author : Lawrence Corwin
ISBN : 0824792793
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 45.96 MB
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Calculus in Vector Spaces addresses linear algebra from the basics to the spectral theorem and examines a range of topics in multivariable calculus. This second edition introduces, among other topics, the derivative as a linear transformation, presents linear algebra in a concrete context based on complementary ideas in calculus, and explains differential forms on Euclidean space, allowing for Green's theorem, Gauss's theorem, and Stokes's theorem to be understood in a natural setting. Mathematical analysts, algebraists, engineers, physicists, and students taking advanced calculus and linear algebra courses should find this book useful.
Category: Mathematics

Mathematical Reviews

Author :
ISBN : UVA:X006195256
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 56.11 MB
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Category: Mathematics

Using R For Introductory Statistics Second Edition

Author : John Verzani
ISBN : 9781466590731
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 22.56 MB
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The second edition of a bestselling textbook, Using R for Introductory Statistics guides students through the basics of R, helping them overcome the sometimes steep learning curve. The author does this by breaking the material down into small, task-oriented steps. The second edition maintains the features that made the first edition so popular, while updating data, examples, and changes to R in line with the current version. See What’s New in the Second Edition: Increased emphasis on more idiomatic R provides a grounding in the functionality of base R. Discussions of the use of RStudio helps new R users avoid as many pitfalls as possible. Use of knitr package makes code easier to read and therefore easier to reason about. Additional information on computer-intensive approaches motivates the traditional approach. Updated examples and data make the information current and topical. The book has an accompanying package, UsingR, available from CRAN, R’s repository of user-contributed packages. The package contains the data sets mentioned in the text (data(package="UsingR")), answers to selected problems (answers()), a few demonstrations (demo()), the errata (errata()), and sample code from the text. The topics of this text line up closely with traditional teaching progression; however, the book also highlights computer-intensive approaches to motivate the more traditional approach. The authors emphasize realistic data and examples and rely on visualization techniques to gather insight. They introduce statistics and R seamlessly, giving students the tools they need to use R and the information they need to navigate the sometimes complex world of statistical computing.
Category: Mathematics

Iterative Dynamic Programming

Author : Rein Luus
ISBN : 1420036025
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 84.83 MB
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Dynamic programming is a powerful method for solving optimization problems, but has a number of drawbacks that limit its use to solving problems of very low dimension. To overcome these limitations, author Rein Luus suggested using it in an iterative fashion. Although this method required vast computer resources, modifications to his original scheme have made the computational procedure feasible. With iteration, dynamic programming becomes an effective optimization procedure for very high-dimensional optimal control problems and has demonstrated applicability to singular control problems. Recently, iterative dynamic programming (IDP) has been refined to handle inequality state constraints and noncontinuous functions. Iterative Dynamic Programming offers a comprehensive presentation of this powerful tool. It brings together the results of work carried out by the author and others - previously available only in scattered journal articles - along with the insight that led to its development. The author provides the necessary background, examines the effects of the parameters involved, and clearly illustrates IDP's advantages.
Category: Mathematics

Principles Of Applied Mathematics

Author : James P. Keener
ISBN : 9780429961816
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 33.83 MB
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This book is written for beginning graduate students in applied mathematics, science, and engineering, and is appropriate as a one-year course in applied mathematical techniques (although I have never been able to cover all of this material in one year). We assume that the students have studied at an introductory undergraduate level material on linear algebra, ordinary and partial differential equations, and complex variables. The emphasis of the book is a working, systematic understanding of classical techniques in a modern context. Along the way, students are exposed to models from a variety of disciplines. It is hoped that this course will prepare students for further study of modern techniques and in-depth modeling in their own specific discipline.
Category: Mathematics

Numerical Solution Of Partial Differential Equations Theory Algorithms And Their Applications

Author : Oleg P. Iliev
ISBN : 9781461471721
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 89.21 MB
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One of the current main challenges in the area of scientific computing​ is the design and implementation of accurate numerical models for complex physical systems which are described by time dependent coupled systems of nonlinear PDEs. This volume integrates the works of experts in computational mathematics and its applications, with a focus on modern algorithms which are at the heart of accurate modeling: adaptive finite element methods, conservative finite difference methods and finite volume methods, and multilevel solution techniques. Fundamental theoretical results are revisited in survey articles and new techniques in numerical analysis are introduced. Applications showcasing the efficiency, reliability and robustness of the algorithms in porous media, structural mechanics and electromagnetism are presented. Researchers and graduate students in numerical analysis and numerical solutions of PDEs and their scientific computing applications will find this book useful.
Category: Mathematics