DIE MALEREI ALS ZEICHENSYSTEM EINE SEMIOTISCHE ANALYSE VON DREI WERKEN CARAVAGGIOS GERMAN EDITION

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Die Malerei Als Zeichensystem Eine Semiotische Analyse Von Drei Werken Caravaggios

Author : Lejla Halilovic
ISBN : 9783836693370
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 51.30 MB
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Zum vorliegenden Untersuchungsgegenstand geh”ren bildnerische Texte, denen gewisse sprachliche Texte zugrunde liegen. Es soll festgestellt werden, inwiefern ein Bild als Zeichen gesehen werden kann, aus welchen Unterelementen sich dieses Zeichen zusammensetzt und wie diese wiederum gedeutet werden. Als Vorgehensweise habe ich ein eigenst„ndiges Modell ausgearbeitet. Ziel ist es zu zeigen, wie Bild- und Textstrukturen funktionieren, wie Zeichensysteme zusammenspielen und wiederum neue Systeme bilden. Die "richtige" Erfassung und Auslegung von Systemen, Symbolen und Zeichen erm”glicht ein besseres Verst„ndnis des vorliegenden Textes, der Botschaft des Bildes. Das Wort "Text" bedeutet so viel wie Geflecht, metaphorisch ist es der inhaltliche und strukturelle Zusammenhang der Rede. Aus linguistischer Sicht stellt also auch ein Gem„lde einen Text dar, denn die Begriffe von Textkoh„sion und Textkoh„renz sind auch auf ein Bild anwendbar. Wenn ein Bild ein Text ist, so k”nnen seine Unterelemente analog zu den Unterelementen des geschriebenen Textes gesehen werden. Um die meiner Meinung nach vorhandene visuelle Syntax zu best„tigen, bediene ich mich der exakten Wissenschaften: der Mathematik und der Geometrie. Die Mathematik wird von vielen nicht als Sprache wahrgenommen. Grundkonzepte der mathematischen Sprache sind uns aber bei einfacher Formulierung durchaus auch in anderen F„chern gel„ufig: gr”áer-kleiner-gleich, absorbieren-reflektieren-Žnderung der Reflexionsrichtung und differenzieren-integrieren, also zerlegen und zusammenfassen. Wir brauchen fr diese Art von Kommunikation noch ein zweites System, das Sender als auch Empf„nger identisch sehen und dieses bietet die Geometrie, das Visuelle also. Um Kulturwissenschaft zu betreiben muss man w”rtlich nach dem verbindenden Motiv zwischen Kultur und Wissenschaft, oder auch Kunst und Wissenschaft suchen. In der Absicht, das menschliche Sein durch Kunst zu erfassen begegnen einander genau diese Disziplinen. Der Mensch wird davon getrieben, Sinn zu schaffen. Ebenso wird er getrieben davon, Dinge, die er nicht h”ren kann, h”rbar zu machen, Dinge, die er nicht fhlen kann, zu materialisieren, und Dinge, die er nicht sehen kann, sichtbar zu machen. Das letzte Bestreben bringt meine Studie auf den Punkt, n„mlich das "Evidente" zu suchen. Ich untersuche Bilder, um sie auf kultureller Ebene sichtbar zu machen, indem ich das Werk, den Produzenten und den Rezipienten in ihren pers”nlichen Kontext einbette und die daraus resultierenden Ergebnisse nochmals in den historischen und soziokulturellen Kontext setze. Ich versuche somit den Kulturtransport gewisser semiotischer Produkte zu decodieren und gleichzeitig durch die Anwendung unterschiedlicher Disziplinen ein Dechiffrieren aus verschiedenen Perspektiven zu erm”glichen, um neue Erkenntnisse daraus zu sch”pfen. Der interdisziplin„re Ansatz zwischen Wissenschaft und Kunst im Bestreben einer Kulturanalyse zieht sich dementsprechend wie ein roter Faden durch meine Studie. Wissenschaft ist fr mich ein pulsierender Vorgang, ein Einatmen und Ausatmen, nicht das Auswendiglernen von Theorien und vorgegebenen Schablonen. Aus diesem Grund habe ich mich auch fr eine fr manche gew”hnungsbedrftige Herangehensweise entschieden, n„mlich etwas ungew”hnliche Methoden auszuprobieren. Dieses Wagnis fhrte allerdings zu neuen M”glichkeiten, sodass ich behaupten kann, ein innovatives Thema, beziehungsweise eine innovative Ann„herung an ein Thema entwickelt zu haben.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Dialectic Of Enlightenment

Author : Max Horkheimer
ISBN : 9780804788090
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 21.97 MB
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Dialectic of Enlightenment is undoubtedly the most influential publication of the Frankfurt School of Critical Theory. Written during the Second World War and circulated privately, it appeared in a printed edition in Amsterdam in 1947. "What we had set out to do," the authors write in the Preface, "was nothing less than to explain why humanity, instead of entering a truly human state, is sinking into a new kind of barbarism." Yet the work goes far beyond a mere critique of contemporary events. Historically remote developments, indeed, the birth of Western history and of subjectivity itself out of the struggle against natural forces, as represented in myths, are connected in a wide arch to the most threatening experiences of the present. The book consists in five chapters, at first glance unconnected, together with a number of shorter notes. The various analyses concern such phenomena as the detachment of science from practical life, formalized morality, the manipulative nature of entertainment culture, and a paranoid behavioral structure, expressed in aggressive anti-Semitism, that marks the limits of enlightenment. The authors perceive a common element in these phenomena, the tendency toward self-destruction of the guiding criteria inherent in enlightenment thought from the beginning. Using historical analyses to elucidate the present, they show, against the background of a prehistory of subjectivity, why the National Socialist terror was not an aberration of modern history but was rooted deeply in the fundamental characteristics of Western civilization. Adorno and Horkheimer see the self-destruction of Western reason as grounded in a historical and fateful dialectic between the domination of external nature and society. They trace enlightenment, which split these spheres apart, back to its mythical roots. Enlightenment and myth, therefore, are not irreconcilable opposites, but dialectically mediated qualities of both real and intellectual life. "Myth is already enlightenment, and enlightenment reverts to mythology." This paradox is the fundamental thesis of the book. This new translation, based on the text in the complete edition of the works of Max Horkheimer, contains textual variants, commentary upon them, and an editorial discussion of the position of this work in the development of Critical Theory.
Category: Social Science

Six Guns And Society

Author : Will Wright
ISBN : 0520034910
Genre : Performing Arts
File Size : 48.79 MB
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Category: Performing Arts

Broken Mirrors Broken Minds

Author : Maitland McDonagh
ISBN : 9781452915371
Genre : Art
File Size : 38.9 MB
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Italian filmmaker Dario Argento's horror films have been described as a blend of Alfred Hitchcock and George Romero?psychologically rich, colorful, and at times garish, excelling at taking the best elements of the splatter and exploitation genres and laying them over a dark undercurrent of human emotions and psyches. Broken Mirrors/Broken Minds, which dissects such Argento cult films as Two Evil Eyes, The Bird with the Crystal Plumage, Suspiria, and Deep Red, includes a new introduction discussing Argento's most recent films, from The Stendahl Syndrome to Mother of Tears; an updated filmography; and an interview with Argento.
Category: Art

World Art Studies

Author : Kitty Zijlmans
ISBN : 9078088222
Genre : Art
File Size : 26.11 MB
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This timely volume challenges the narrow Western-centrism of most art historical models. Archaeologists have found that, for tens of thousands of years, all human cultures have shared a desire for visual representation or expression. Yet the study of art history has traditionally focused on Western artworks of the past few centuries. "World Art Studies" examines the phenomenon of art through a broader cultural, global and temporal perspective, bringing together a uniquely exhaustive range of perspectives on art and borrowing approaches from the study of neuroscience, evolutionary biology, anthropology and geography as models--alongside more conventional art historical perspectives. In musicology or linguistics, using such diverse viewpoints for reflection and research is considered part of the normal process. In that spirit, this volume goes beyond abstract models, using case studies to demonstrate and examine specific methods of investigation.
Category: Art

Anmerkungen Bers Theater

Author : Jakob Michael Reinhold Lenz
ISBN : 3862050718
Genre : Drama
File Size : 20.64 MB
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Category: Drama

Art History Aesthetics Visual Studies

Author : Michael Ann Holly
ISBN : 0300097891
Genre : Art
File Size : 69.41 MB
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Art history, aesthetics, and visual studies today find themselves in contested new philosophical and institutional circumstances. This fascinating and challenging volume explores the connections and differences among these three methods of investigating visual representation. What are the dominant aesthetic assumptions underlying art historical inquiry? How have these assumptions been challenged by visual studies? Are questions of quality, form, content, meaning, and spectatorship culturally specific? Can we still define the parameters of what should properly constitute the objects of the history of art? Fifteen distinguished scholars answer these and other questions, critically examining the relationships among these three scholarly fields from their founding moments through their contemporary practices.
Category: Art

Avant Garde Gambits 1888 1893

Author : Griselda Pollock
ISBN : 0500550255
Genre : Art and race
File Size : 77.3 MB
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In the late 1880s Gauguin, Van Gogh and Bernard, fledgling members of the subculture we call the avant-garde, abandoned Paris, the capital of modernity, to seek out in rural Brittany, Provence - and later in Tahiti - what Van Gogh called "a purer nature of the countryside". Griselda Pollock challenges art history's usual interpretations of this search in the distant and exotic regions by arguing that these artists were cultural colonizers. They exhibited the modern tourist's attachment to home - modern Paris and its art worlds - while being fascinated by what they imagined was a pre-modern "other". Through a thorough textual and social reading of Gauguin's 1892 painting of his Tahitian wife, Manao Tupapau, the author proposes a new theory about the avant-garde as a series of gambits, a game of reference, deference and difference. This painting refers and defers to Manet's Olympia (1863), a notorious avant-garde image of prostitution in the modern city. Where it was seen to differ was in the color of the nude: critics named it a "brown Olympia". Careful deconstruction of this epithet allows Professor Pollock to explore the ways in which racist discourse structures art and art history, posing questions of cultural, sexual and ethnic difference in order to make us all self-critical, not only in regard to the gender, but also to the color of art history.
Category: Art and race

Body Art And Performance

Author : Lea Vergine
ISBN : UOM:39015050182636
Genre : Art
File Size : 37.26 MB
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When The Body as Language ("Body-art" and Performance) appeared in 1974, it was immediately a huge publishing hit, reviewed by some of the most influential art historians and writers (Giulio C. Argan, Edoardo Sanguineti, Max Kozloff, Lucy Lippard, François Pluchart, Peter Gorsen, Evelyn Weiss and many others). A direct testimony of the birth and development of one of the most controversial art trends, Lea Vergine's book avails of a series of texts by the artists themselves, whom the author had asked to contribute with a statement about the illustrations of their work. Featuring a thorough documentation of original photographs and film photograms, videotapes, happenings, actions and performances, the book analyses the evolution of this phenomenon through the works of sixty artists, including Gina Pane, Gilbert & George, Urs Lüthi and Katharina Sieverding, Rebecca Horn, Trisha Brown, Günter Brus and many others who have worked with and on the body. In an absolutely unusual publishing event, nearly thirty years after the first edition, the text--by now a classic--is republished with all the original photographic material. The volume is enhanced and brought up-to-date by an afterword by Lea Vergine, who observes the changes of Body Art throughout the nineties: Orlan, Stelarc, Ron Athey, Franko B., Yasumasa Morimura, Jana Sterbak, Matthew Barney are "virtuosos of disorder and hungry for afflictions of any and every kind, mystics--like persons who display the subjection of their bodies to cruel and invasive devices, or who revel in virtual fantasies of such self-inflicted pains--destroy themselves in order newly to find themselves. . . . They finally pay a visit to the world of the saints and victims, exploring and prolonging its seductions." When The Body as Language ("Body-art" and Performance) appeared in 1974, it was immediately a huge publishing hit, reviewed by some of the most influential art historians and writers (Giulio C. Argan, Edoardo Sanguineti, Max Kozloff, Lucy Lippard, François Pluchart, Peter Gorsen, Evelyn Weiss and many others). A direct testimony of the birth and development of one of the most controversial art trends, Lea Vergine's book avails of a series of texts by the artists themselves, whom the author had asked to contribute with a statement about the illustrations of their work. Featuring a thorough documentation of original photographs and film photograms, videotapes, happenings, actions and performances, the book analyses the evolution of this phenomenon through the works of sixty artists, including Gina Pane, Gilbert & George, Urs Lüthi and Katharina Sieverding, Rebecca Horn, Trisha Brown, Günter Brus and many others who have worked with and on the body. In an absolutely unusual publishing event, nearly thirty years after the first edition, the text--by now a classic--is republished with all the original photographic material. The volume is enhanced and brought up-to-date by an afterword by Lea Vergine, who observes the changes of Body Art throughout the nineties: Orlan, Stelarc, Ron Athey, Franko B., Yasumasa Morimura, Jana Sterbak, Matthew Barney are "virtuosos of disorder and hungry for afflictions of any and every kind, mystics--like persons who display the subjection of their bodies to cruel and invasive devices, or who revel in virtual fantasies of such self-inflicted pains--destroy themselves in order newly to find themselves. . . . They finally pay a visit to the world of the saints and victims, exploring and prolonging its seductions."
Category: Art