DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE AND RURAL AREAS IN CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE

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Rural Development Strategy

Author : Csaba Csáki
ISBN : 0821348094
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 49.23 MB
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With the larger role that the agricultural sector plays in the Eastern Europe and Central Asian (ECA) region, emphasis must be placed on the sector's sustained growth and prosperity. The Bank strategy for rural development in the ECA region during the early phase of transition emphasized the reform of agricultural policies and assistance in privatizing, restructuring, and rebuilding agriculture and agro-industrial complexes. In retrospect, it can be seen that the ECA countries concerned made the right choice when they set their objective to transform their socialized agriculture into a private-ownership and market-based system. Given the developments of the past decade, it is clear, however, that the initial expectations for the outcomes of such reforms were overly optimistic. The transition process in agriculture is far more complex than originally envisaged by both the countries themselves and the international community, including the Bank. Increased social problems and alarming growth of poverty have added a new, unexpected, dimension to the transition process. As the analysis indicates, the region's rural economy is still struggling to adjust to new economic realities, and this will require further refinement and adjustment of the Bank's approach as well. This volume, based on an overview of recent regional developments, summarizes the revised World Bank assistance strategy for rural development in the ECA region.
Category: Business & Economics

The Routledge Handbook To Regional Development In Central And Eastern Europe

Author : Gábor Lux
ISBN : 9781317123941
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 27.91 MB
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Twenty-five years into transformation, Central and Eastern European regions have undergone substantial socio-economic restructuring, integrating into European and global networks and producing new patterns of regional differentiation and development. Yet post-socialist modernisation has not been without its contradictions, manifesting in increasing social and territorial inequalities. Recent studies also suggest there are apparent limits to post-socialist growth models, accompanying a new set of challenges within an increasingly uncertain world. Aiming to deliver a new synthesis of regional development issues at the crossroads between ‘post-socialism’ and ‘post-transition’, this book identifies the main driving forces of spatial restructuring in Central and Eastern Europe, and charts the different regional development paths which take shape against the backdrop of post-crisis Europe. A comparative approach is used to highlight common development challenges and the underlying patterns of socio-economic differentiation alike. The issues investigated within the Handbook extend to a discussion of the varied economic consequences of transition, the social structures and institutional systems which underpin development processes, and the broadly understood sustainability of Central and Eastern Europe’s current development model. This book will be of interest to academics and policymakers working in the fields of regional studies, economic geography, development studies and policy.
Category: Social Science

The Design Of Land Consolidation Pilot Projects In Central And Eastern Europe

Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
ISBN : 9251050015
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 33.13 MB
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Land consolidation can be an effective instrument to improve and reform land tenure structure in support of integrated rural development by addressing problems of land fragmentation. This guide has been prepared to support land administrators in land agencies responsible for the technical design and implementation of land consolidation pilot projects in transition countries. Issues considered include: advice on starting a land consolidation pilot project; why land consolidation should be considered within agricultural and rural development policies and programmes; key elements of land consolidation and how it can be introduced in different situations; and rules needed to govern responsibilities and procedures during the pilot project.
Category: Business & Economics

Genossenschaftswissenschaft Zwischen Theorie Und Geschichte

Author : Juhani Laurinkari
ISBN : 9783945021118
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 88.41 MB
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Diese Festschrift zu Prof. Johann Brazdas 60. Geburtstag versammelt über fünfzig profilierte Vertreter der Genossenschaftsforschung, vornehmlich aus dem deutschsprachigen Raum, aber auch auf internationaler Ebene. Probleme der Geschichte, der Soziologie, aber auch betriebswirtschaftliche und juristische Fragen der genossenschaftlichen Kooperation werden hier aus den verschiedensten Blickwinkeln kompetent erörtert.
Category: Social Science

Mapping The Rural Problem In The Baltic Countryside

Author : Ilkka Alanen
ISBN : 9781351153263
Genre : Science
File Size : 63.85 MB
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The agricultural privatization strategy adopted in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania was based on the premise that family farms are the most effective alternative to socialist large-scale agriculture. In addition, international organizations, particularly the World Bank, made recommendations concerning reform speed, synchronization and ownership rights that would facilitate transferring resources from large-scale producers to family farmers. This book provides a critical and comparative analysis of the implementation of this policy, and in particular the strategy promoted by the World Bank. The preservation of large-scale production is the key to Estonia's success while its eradication from Latvia and Lithuania did not produce a family farm system. Work productivity and the extent of plot farming are the indicators of success or failure. Research findings on deindustrialization, the hardships faced by new enterprises, rural tourism, increasing poverty, and problems in the civil society as presented in this book shed new light on these and other key issues in transition strategy.
Category: Science

Soil Quality Sustainable Agriculture And Environmental Security In Central And Eastern Europe

Author : Michael Wilson
ISBN : 0792363779
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 36.73 MB
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Agriculture is a crucial component of the economies of many of the countries in transition from a centrally-planned to a market economy and the sector is by no means immune to the environmental and socioeconomic problems confronting the countries as a whole. The concept of sustainable development provides a convenient framework for the formulation of government environmental policy for such countries, especially those of them that aspire to join the EU and would thus be expected to meet EU environmental standards. For agriculture, this inevitably involves appropriate strategies for balancing crop and animal production while protecting the quality of the national soil and water resources. There is thus an urgent need to compile, exchange and evaluate current information on the quality of soils in these countries, and to assess the potential impact of new management practices on the soil and on the wider environment.
Category: Business & Economics