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Der Notionale Informationskern Ber Goodmans Sprachen Der Kunst

Author : Nikolaos Kromidas
ISBN : 9783638066358
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 55.35 MB
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Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2005 im Fachbereich Philosophie - Theoretische (Erkenntnis, Wissenschaft, Logik, Sprache), Note: 2,0, Universität des Saarlandes, 3 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Sprache dient der Kommunikation, dem Austausch an Information. Innerhalb der Kunst gibt es zwei Hauptstränge der Informationsübertragung: zum Einen den Transfer vom Künstler zum Interpreten, der dessen Werk aktualisiert und zum Anderen den Informationsfluss vom Kunstwerk zum Rezipienten. Ersteres unterteilt Goodman in allographische und autographische Künste. Allographisch ist eine Kunst dann, wenn es einen Kern („score“) an Informationen gibt - beispielsweise eine Partitur - der es erlaubt, dass es eine Menge an Aktualisierungen unterschiedlicher Interpreten gibt. Diese Gesamtheit an Ausführungen gilt schließlich als das Werk des Künstlers, der den Kern kreierte. Autographisch ist eine Kunst nun dann, wenn es keinen solchen Kern bezüglich einer mehrelementigen Menge an Aktualisierungen gibt, sondern wenn das Kunstwerk selbst die einzige mögliche Ausführung ist. Jede weitere Ausführung im Namen des Originals käme einer Fälschung gleich. Goodman geht es nun darum, den Kern eindeutig festzulegen. An diesem Prüfstein sollen die Eigenschaften der Sprachen der einzelnen Künste „dingfest“ gemacht werden. Die Aufgabe des Kerns ist die Identifikation eines Werkes von Ausführung zu Ausführung und mehr oder weniger die Unterscheidung eines autographischen Originals von dessen Fälschung. Hieraus folgt unmittelbar, dass der Kern nicht nur die Ausführung bzw. Aktualisierung des Werkes eindeutig bestimmt, sondern auch dass die Ausführung in gleichem Maße den Kern definiert. Wir müssen in beide Richtungen schließen können: von dem Kern des Werkes auf die Ausführung und von der Ausführung auf den Kern. Erst durch diese Kodefiniertheit wird die Iteration der Identifikation vollständig gewährleistet.
Category: Philosophy

Development And Management Of Visitor Attractions

Author : John Swarbrooke
ISBN : 9781136410611
Genre : Sports & Recreation
File Size : 82.58 MB
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Now in its second edition, the successful 'Development and Management of Visitor Attractions' has been fully revised and updated to cover the latest issues in this ever-changing area of tourism. New features/topics include: * The Millennium Dome * National Lottery funded projects * International case studies * Updated statistics and examples The author examines the factors that contribute to the success of visitor attractions. 'The Development and Management of Visitor Attractions' 2nd Edition, covers every aspect of the process of developing and managing different kinds of attractions. Theories explored throughout the text are illustrated through a range of examples and case studies drawn from a number of countries.
Category: Sports & Recreation

The Superintendent S Planner

Author : Gloria L. Johnston
ISBN : 9781452280455
Genre : Education
File Size : 47.40 MB
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This reflective calendar and planning journal helps new and veteran superintendents address day-to-day concerns while keeping student achievement in perspective throughout the year.
Category: Education

Gender Variation In Dutch

Author : Dede Brouwer
ISBN : 9783110850017
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 89.25 MB
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Category: Foreign Language Study

Regulating Policing

Author : Ed Cape
ISBN : 9781847314543
Genre : Law
File Size : 72.73 MB
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The Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (PACE) was an innovative and controversial attempt to regulate the investigation of crime. Two decades on, it now operates in a very different context than in the mid-1980s. Whilst legal advice has become established as a basic right of those arrested and detained by the police, the police service has become increasingly professionalised but also increasingly driven by government objectives and targets. The Crown Prosecution Service, originally established to separate prosecution from investigation, is now becoming involved in the investigative process with the power to make charge decisions. Although the basic structure of PACE has survived, almost continual revision and amendment has resulted in a markedly different creature than that which was originally enacted. In 2007 the government embarked on a further review of PACE, promising to 're-focus the investigation and evidence gathering processes [to deliver] 21st century policing powers to meet the demands of 21st century crime'. This collection brings together some of the leading academic experts, police officers and defence lawyers who have a wealth of experience of researching and working with the PACE provisions. They examine the critical questions and issues surrounding PACE, providing unique and exciting insights into the demands and challenges of the regulation of policing. Contributors David Dixon, Professor of Law, University of New South Wales - 'Authorise and Regulate: A Comparative Perspective on the Rise and Fall of a Regulatory Strategy'. Andrew Sanders, Professor of Criminal Law and Criminology, University of Manchester. 'Can Coercive Powers be Effectively Controlled or Regulated?'. John Coppen, Police Federation spokesperson on police custody issues. 'PACE: A View From the Custody Suite'. John Long, Assistant Chief Constable, Avon and Somerset Constabulary 'Keeping PACE? Some Front Line Policing Perspectives'. Barbara Wilding, Chief Constable, South Wales Police. 'Tipping the Scales of Justice? A Review of the Impact of PACE on the Police, Due Process and the Search for the Truth 1984-2006'. Richard Young, Professor of Law and Policy Research, University of Bristol. 'Street Policing After PACE: The Drift to Summary Justice'. Ed Cape, Professor of Criminal Law and Practice, University of the West of England. 'PACE Then and Now: 21 Years of "Re-balancing"'. Anthony Edwards, Leading criminal defence solicitor. 'The Role of Defence Lawyers in a "Re-balanced" System'. John Jackson, Professor of Public Law, Queen's University, Belfast. 'Police and Prosecutors after PACE: The Road from Case Construction to Case Disposal'.
Category: Law

Issues In Healthcare Risk Management

Author : Charles Hancock
ISBN : 9780955852602
Genre : Science
File Size : 70.45 MB
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This book describes a range of issues in healthcare risk management as written by senior professionals working in the UK National Health Service who undertook a postgraduate programme in healthcare risk management at Loughborough University. This book is available as a free PDF download or as a paperback at cost (i.e. no royalties apply).
Category: Science

Generalized Convexity And Vector Optimization

Author : Shashi K. Mishra
ISBN : 9783540856719
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 42.97 MB
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The present lecture note is dedicated to the study of the optimality conditions and the duality results for nonlinear vector optimization problems, in ?nite and in?nite dimensions. The problems include are nonlinear vector optimization problems, s- metric dual problems, continuous-time vector optimization problems, relationships between vector optimization and variational inequality problems. Nonlinear vector optimization problems arise in several contexts such as in the building and interpretation of economic models; the study of various technolo- cal processes; the development of optimal choices in ?nance; management science; production processes; transportation problems and statistical decisions, etc. In preparing this lecture note a special effort has been made to obtain a se- contained treatment of the subjects; so we hope that this may be a suitable source for a beginner in this fast growing area of research, a semester graduate course in nonlinear programing, and a good reference book. This book may be useful to theoretical economists, engineers, and applied researchers involved in this area of active research. The lecture note is divided into eight chapters: Chapter 1 brie?y deals with the notion of nonlinear programing problems with basic notations and preliminaries. Chapter 2 deals with various concepts of convex sets, convex functions, invex set, invex functions, quasiinvex functions, pseudoinvex functions, type I and generalized type I functions, V-invex functions, and univex functions.
Category: Mathematics

Grammar Acquisition And Processing Instruction

Author : Alessandro G. Benati
ISBN : 9781847691033
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 78.60 MB
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The research we present in this book establishes a unique line of research within the Processing Instruction model by assessing the transfer-of-training effects of this approach to grammar instruction on how learners make form-meaning connections. In this book we present the results of three experimental studies investigating secondary and cumulative effects in French, Italian and English.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Forest Of The Leprechauns

Author : Susan K. McMachan
ISBN : 9781438913254
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 51.18 MB
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Presents a poem about leprechauns and the hidden small pots of gold.
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction


Author : Zory Vlad Todres
ISBN : 9781420066081
Genre : Science
File Size : 22.48 MB
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A timely and authoritative treatise on the chemistry and diverse applications of chalcogenadiazoles — the five-membered rings containing two carbons, two nitrogens, and one chalcogen (an member of group 16, the oxygen family). The number of different chalcogenadiazoles and their structural diversity make it difficult to gain a clear understanding of the subject by studying an individual system in isolation. Chalcogenadiazoles: Chemistry and Applications emphasizes general features of this class of heterocyclic compounds. It concentrates on properties of each class of chalcogenadiazoles and their cycle-fused derivatives, considering chemical reactions of functional groups only in cases when these reactions permit to characterize the heterocycles as substituents or in respect of its aromaticity. Covering an important and rapidly developing branch of heterocyclic chemistry, this book is an essential resource for students, young professionals and experienced specialists in adjacent fields who are interested in: Trends in the search for compounds with established bioactivity or use in medicine, as agrochemicals, or as reagents for environmental and biochemical analysis Differences in classes of chalcogenadiazoles with respect to their degree of aromaticity and similar general concepts helpful to the nonspecialist The effects of the chalcogen nature and the alternation manner of all atomic constituents on properties of these heterocyclic compounds Combining data from organic, biological, medicinal, materials science, and supramolecular chemistry, Chalcogenadiazoles: Chemistry and Applications is an important source of information not only for chemists in the fields of organic, inorganic, and organometallic chemistry, but also for anyone interested in the research and development of chalcogenadiazoles and related species.
Category: Science