DATA WAREHOUSING FOR BIOMEDICAL INFORMATICS

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Data Warehousing For Biomedical Informatics

Author : Richard E. Biehl
ISBN : 9781482215229
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 74.59 MB
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Data Warehousing for Biomedical Informatics is a step-by-step how-to guide for designing and building an enterprise-wide data warehouse across a biomedical or healthcare institution, using a four-iteration lifecycle and standardized design pattern. It enables you to quickly implement a fully-scalable generic data architecture that supports your organization’s clinical, operational, administrative, financial, and research data. By following the guidelines in this book, you will be able to successfully progress through the Alpha, Beta, and Gamma versions, plus fully implement your first production release in about a year. The Alpha version allows you to implement just enough of the basic design pattern to illustrate its core capabilities while loading a small sampling of limited data for demonstration purposes. This provides an easy way for everyone involved to visualize the new warehouse paradigm by actually examining a core subset of the working system. You can finish the Alpha version, also referred to as the proof-of-concept, in as little as 3-4 weeks. The Beta version, which can be completed in about 2-3 months, adds required functionality and much more data. It allows you to get the full warehouse up and running quickly, in order to facilitate longer-term planning, user and support team training, and setup of the operational environment. The Gamma version, which is a fully-functional system–though still lacking data–can be implemented in about 3-4 months. About one year after starting, you will be ready to launch Release 1.0 as a complete and secure data warehouse.
Category: Business & Economics

Medical Informatics Europe 99

Author : Peter Kokol
ISBN : 0967335515
Genre : Medical
File Size : 29.33 MB
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This volume seeks to reflect the state of the art on medical informatics. It presents ideas that will guide the process of medical informatics. Topics in the book include: information systems in health care and medicine; telemedicine and telematics; security; biomedical processing, data mining and knowledge discovery; training and education; Internet/intranet; resources management; intelligent medical systems; health guidelines and protocols; electronic patient encounter, card technology, electronic data interchange; terminology; nursing informatics.
Category: Medical

Pediatric Biomedical Informatics

Author : John J. Hutton
ISBN : 9789400751491
Genre : Medical
File Size : 36.41 MB
Format : PDF
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Advances in the biomedical sciences, especially genomics, proteomics, and metabolomics, taken together with the expanding use of electronic health records, are radically changing the IT infrastructure and software applications needed to support the transfer of knowledge from bench to bedside. Pediatric Biomedical Informatics: Computer Applications in Pediatric Research describes the core resources in informatics necessary to support biomedical research programs and how these can best be integrated with hospital systems to receive clinical information that is necessary to conduct translational research.The focus is on the authors’ recent practical experiences in establishing an informatics infrastructure in a large research-intensive children’s hospital. This book is intended for translational researchers and informaticians in pediatrics, but can also serve as a guide to all institutions facing the challenges of developing and strengthening informatics support for biomedical research. The first section of the book discusses important technical challenges underlying computer-based pediatric research, while subsequent sections discuss informatics applications that support biobanking and a broad range of research programs. Pediatric Biomedical Informatics provides practical insights into the design, implementation, and utilization of informatics infrastructures to optimize care and research to benefit children. Dr. John Hutton is the Vice President and Director of Biomedical Informatics at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA. He is also Professor of Pediatrics and Associate Dean for Information Services at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine.
Category: Medical

Biomedical Informatics In Translational Research

Author : Hai Hu
ISBN : 9781596930391
Genre : Computers
File Size : 70.16 MB
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This trailblazing resource on biomedical informatics provides medical researchers with innovative techniques for integrating and federating data from clinical and molecular studies. This volume helps researchers manage data, expedite their efforts, and make the most of targeted basic research.
Category: Computers

Data Mining In Biomedical Imaging Signaling And Systems

Author : Sumeet Dua
ISBN : 9781439839393
Genre : Computers
File Size : 85.79 MB
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Data mining can help pinpoint hidden information in medical data and accurately differentiate pathological from normal data. It can help to extract hidden features from patient groups and disease states and can aid in automated decision making. Data Mining in Biomedical Imaging, Signaling, and Systems provides an in-depth examination of the biomedical and clinical applications of data mining. It supplies examples of frequently encountered heterogeneous data modalities and details the applicability of data mining approaches used to address the computational challenges in analyzing complex data. The book details feature extraction techniques and covers several critical feature descriptors. As machine learning is employed in many diagnostic applications, it covers the fundamentals, evaluation measures, and challenges of supervised and unsupervised learning methods. Both feature extraction and supervised learning are discussed as they apply to seizure-related patterns in epilepsy patients. Other specific disorders are also examined with regard to the value of data mining for refining clinical diagnoses, including depression and recurring migraines. The diagnosis and grading of the world’s fourth most serious health threat, depression, and analysis of acoustic properties that can distinguish depressed speech from normal are also described. Although a migraine is a complex neurological disorder, the text demonstrates how metabonomics can be effectively applied to clinical practice. The authors review alignment-based clustering approaches, techniques for automatic analysis of biofilm images, and applications of medical text mining, including text classification applied to medical reports. The identification and classification of two life-threatening heart abnormalities, arrhythmia and ischemia, are addressed, and a unique segmentation method for mining a 3-D imaging biomarker, exemplified by evaluation of osteoarthritis, is also presented. Given the widespread deployment of complex biomedical systems, the authors discuss system-engineering principles in a proposal for a design of reliable systems. This comprehensive volume demonstrates the broad scope of uses for data mining and includes detailed strategies and methodologies for analyzing data from biomedical images, signals, and systems.
Category: Computers

Biomedical Informatics For Cancer Research

Author : Michael F. Ochs
ISBN : 9781441957146
Genre : Medical
File Size : 41.22 MB
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view, showing that multiple molecular pathways must be affected for cancer to develop, but with different specific proteins in each pathway mutated or differentially expressed in a given tumor (The Cancer Genome Atlas Research Network 2008; Parsons et al. 2008). Different studies demonstrated that while widespread mutations exist in cancer, not all mutations drive cancer development (Lin et al. 2007). This suggests a need to target only a deleterious subset of aberrant proteins, since any tre- ment must aim to improve health to justify its potential side effects. Treatment for cancer must become highly individualized, focusing on the specific aberrant driver proteins in an individual. This drives a need for informatics in cancer far beyond the need in other diseases. For instance, routine treatment with statins has become widespread for minimizing heart disease, with most patients responding to standard doses (Wilt et al. 2004). In contrast, standard treatment for cancer must become tailored to the molecular phenotype of an individual tumor, with each patient receiving a different combination of therapeutics aimed at the specific aberrant proteins driving the cancer. Tracking the aberrations that drive cancers, identifying biomarkers unique to each individual for molecular-level di- nosis and treatment response, monitoring adverse events and complex dosing schedules, and providing annotated molecular data for ongoing research to improve treatments comprise a major biomedical informatics need.
Category: Medical

Medical Informatics

Author : Hsinchun Chen
ISBN : 9780387257396
Genre : Medical
File Size : 36.41 MB
Format : PDF
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Comprehensively presents the foundations and leading application research in medical informatics/biomedicine. The concepts and techniques are illustrated with detailed case studies. Authors are widely recognized professors and researchers in Schools of Medicine and Information Systems from the University of Arizona, University of Washington, Columbia University, and Oregon Health & Science University. Related Springer title, Shortliffe: Medical Informatics, has sold over 8000 copies The title will be positioned at the upper division and graduate level Medical Informatics course and a reference work for practitioners in the field.
Category: Medical

Clinical Information Systems

Author : Bruce I. Blum
ISBN : 9781461385936
Genre : Medical
File Size : 83.18 MB
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As its name implies, this book deals with clinical information systems. The clinical information system (or CIS) is an automated system with a long term database containing clinical information used for patient care. This definition excludes business systems (no clinical data), physiological monitoring systems (no long term database), and many research systems (not used in patient care). The theses of this book are (a) that CIS technology is mature, (b) that the CIS will have a major impact upon patient care and the health delivery system, and (c) that the number of commercial systems which now offer these potential benefits is very small. The objective of this book is to establish the above theses and thereby (a) inform both users and developers, (b) increase the demand for more sophisticated products, and finally, (c) provide marketplace incentives to advance the state of the art. The CIS is an application of computer technology for a specific class of problems. Its development requires a knowledge of the technology with an understanding of the application area. As with any tool-based application, the scope of the product will be limited by the capability of the tool. In the case of the CIS, reliable computers with comprehensive database facilities became com mercially available in the early 1970s. By the mid 1970s there was a maturation of the literature, and evaluations of 5-years' use began to appear. As will be shown, there have been surprisingly few new ideas introduced since the 1970s.
Category: Medical

Strategies In Biomedical Data Science

Author : Jay A. Etchings
ISBN : 9781119256182
Genre : Medical
File Size : 56.89 MB
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An essential guide to healthcare data problems, sources, and solutions Strategies in Biomedical Data Science provides medical professionals with much-needed guidance toward managing the increasing deluge of healthcare data. Beginning with a look at our current top-down methodologies, this book demonstrates the ways in which both technological development and more effective use of current resources can better serve both patient and payer. The discussion explores the aggregation of disparate data sources, current analytics and toolsets, the growing necessity of smart bioinformatics, and more as data science and biomedical science grow increasingly intertwined. You'll dig into the unknown challenges that come along with every advance, and explore the ways in which healthcare data management and technology will inform medicine, politics, and research in the not-so-distant future. Real-world use cases and clear examples are featured throughout, and coverage of data sources, problems, and potential mitigations provides necessary insight for forward-looking healthcare professionals. Big Data has been a topic of discussion for some time, with much attention focused on problems and management issues surrounding truly staggering amounts of data. This book offers a lifeline through the tsunami of healthcare data, to help the medical community turn their data management problem into a solution. Consider the data challenges personalized medicine entails Explore the available advanced analytic resources and tools Learn how bioinformatics as a service is quickly becoming reality Examine the future of IOT and the deluge of personal device data The sheer amount of healthcare data being generated will only increase as both biomedical research and clinical practice trend toward individualized, patient-specific care. Strategies in Biomedical Data Science provides expert insight into the kind of robust data management that is becoming increasingly critical as healthcare evolves.
Category: Medical

R For Medicine And Biology

Author : Paul D. Lewis
ISBN : 1449633145
Genre : Computers
File Size : 40.63 MB
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R is quickly becoming the number one choice for users in the fields of biology, medicine, and bioinformatics as their main means of storing, processing, sharing, and analyzing biomedical data. R for Medicine and Biology is a step-by-step guide through the use of the statistical environment R, as used in a biomedical domain. Ideal for healthcare professionals, scientists, informaticists, and statistical experts, this resource will provide even the novice programmer with the tools necessary to process and analyze their data using the R environment. Introductory chapters guide readers in how to obtain, install, and become familiar with R and provide a clear introduction to the programming language using numerous worked examples. Later chapters outline how R can be used, not just for biomedical data analysis, but also as an environment for the processing, storing, reporting, and sharing of data and results. The remainder of the book explores areas of R application to common domains of biomedical informatics, including imaging, statistical analysis, data mining/modeling, pathology informatics, epidemiology, clinical trials, and metadata usage. R for Medicine and Biology will provide you with a single desk reference for the R environment and its many capabilities.
Category: Computers