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The Heqanakht Papyri

Author : James P. Allen
ISBN : 0300103182
Genre : Art
File Size : 53.29 MB
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This book presents a new study of the important Middle Kingdom papyri of Heqanakht. Featured scholarship includes microscopic and computer examination data, previously unpublished excavation archives from The Metropolitan Museum of Art, photographs, facsimiles, and hieroglyphic transcriptions of all eight preserved papyri and five inscribed fragments. Also included are never-before-seen photographs of the tomb in which the papyri were found; translations and textual commentary; epigraphic and linguistic analysis; and studies of the people, places, archaeological context and chronology of the papyri. The accompanying CD contains enlargeable full-colour images of all the papyri in Adobe Acrobat format, usable in both PC and Mac format, along with the Acrobat Reader programme needed to view them.
Category: Art

Caesar In The City Of Amun

Author : David Klotz
ISBN : 2503545157
Genre : History
File Size : 55.71 MB
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Thebes (modern Luxor) was a popular tourist destination during the Roman Period, receiving the likes of Strabo, Germanicus, and Hadrian. Yet while its international fame rested on its royal tombs and the Memnon colossus, Thebes was also a vibrant religious center with over a dozen active temples. The purposefully archaizing inscriptions and architecture attracted both Egyptians and Romans in search of ancient traditions and millennial wisdom, influencing intercultural and multilingual texts produced in the region, including Gnostic, Hermetic, and magical writings. This book surveys epigraphic and archaeological evidence for temple construction and renovation throughout the Theban nome during the Roman Period, studying the new inscriptions within their ritual and theological contexts. It also contains the first comprehensive treatment of the greater Theban Pantheon during the Graeco-Roman era, cataloguing over fifty local divinities and establishing their roles in various cosmogonies and mythological traditions.The concluding chapter reconstructs the religious life of the district, tracking annual festival processions which united the multiple temples and their communities.
Category: History

Sacred And Profane

Author : Eurydice Georganteli
ISBN : 1904832806
Genre : Art
File Size : 30.52 MB
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The Myers Collection of Egyptian Art at Eton College is widely-regarded as one of the most important, yet little-known, collections of small Egyptian artefacts in the world. Sacred and Profane: Treasures of Ancient Egypt from the Myers Collection, Eton C
Category: Art

Memory And Urban Religion In The Ancient World

Author : Martin Bommas
ISBN : 9781441187581
Genre : Body, Mind & Spirit
File Size : 73.89 MB
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Memory and Urban Religion in the Ancient World brings together scholars and researchers working on memory and religion in ancient urban environments. Chapters explore topics relating to religious traditions and memory, and the multifunctional roles of architectural and geographical sites, mythical figures and events, literary works and artefacts. Pagan religions were often less static and more open to new influences than previously understood. One of the factors that shape religion is how fundamental elements are remembered as valuable and therefore preservable for future generations. Memory, therefore, plays a pivotal role when - as seen in ancient Rome during late antiquity - a shift of religions takes place within communities. The significance of memory in ancient societies and how it was promoted, prompted, contested and even destroyed is discussed in detail. This volume, the first of its kind, not only addresses the main cultures of the ancient world - Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece and Rome - but also look at urban religious culture and funerary belief, and how concepts of ethnic religion were adapted in new religious environments.
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Breaking Ground

Author : Getzel M. Cohen
ISBN : 0472113720
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 22.83 MB
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Biographies of twelve often-overlooked woman archaeologists
Category: Biography & Autobiography

Transforming Archaeology

Author : Sonya Atalay
ISBN : 9781611329629
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 58.2 MB
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Archaeology for whom? The dozen well-known contributors to this innovative volume suggest nothing less than a transformation of the discipline into a service-oriented, community-based endeavor. They wish to replace the primacy of meeting academic demands with meeting the needs and values of those outside the field who may benefit most from our work. They insist that we employ both rigorous scientific methods and an equally rigorous critique of those practices to ensure that our work addresses real-world social, environmental, and political problems. A transformed archaeology requires both personal engagement and a new toolkit. Thus, in addition to the theoretical grounding and case materials from around the world, each contributor offers a personal statement of their goals and an outline of collaborative methods that can be adopted by other archaeologists.
Category: Social Science

The Riddle Of Resurrection

Author : Tryggve N. D. Mettinger
ISBN : UVA:X006128800
Genre : Religion
File Size : 49.8 MB
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Category: Religion

Narrative Literature From The Tebtunis Temple Library

Author : Kim Ryholt
ISBN : 9788763507806
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 26.71 MB
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Centuries before the Library of Alexandria, ancient Egypt was home to numerous temple libraries, but only a single large-scale one has survived: the Tebtunis Temple library. Abandoned around 200 CE—but rediscovered by archaeologists in 1900—the library's contents include an array of scientific, religious, and narrative literature from the first centuries of the Common Era. This collection offers some of the narrative literature found there, translated into English— much for the first time. This book contains ten narratives in total—from stories of Prince Inaros to a new version of the mythological “The Contendings of Horus and Seth.”
Category: Social Science

The Triumph Of The Symbol

Author : Tallay Ornan
ISBN : 3525530072
Genre : History
File Size : 40.63 MB
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This book analyzes the history of Mesopotamian imagery form the mid-second to mid-first millennium BCE. It demonstrates that in spite of rich textual evidence, which grants the Mesopotamian gods and goddesses an anthropmorphic form, there was a clear abstention in various media from visualizing the gods in such a form. True, divine human-shaped cultic images existed in Mesopotamian temples. But as a rule, non-anthropomorphic visual agents such as inanimate objects, animals or fantastic hybrids replaced these figures when they were portrayed outside of their sacred enclosures. This tendency reached its peak in first-millennium Babylonia and Assyria. The removal of the Mesopotamian human-shaped deity from pictorial renderings resembles the Biblical agenda not only in its avoidance of displaying a divine image but also in the implied dual perception of the divine: according to the Bible and the Assyro-Babylonian concept the divine was conceived as having a human form; yet in both cases anthropomorphism was also concealed or rejected, though to a different degree. In the present book, this dual approach toward the divine image is considered as a reflection of two associated rather than contradictory religious worldviews. The plausible consolidation of the relevant Biblical accounts just before the Babylonian Exile, or more probably within the Exile - in both cases during a period of strong Assyrian and Babylonian hegemony - points to a direct correspondence between comparable religious phenomena. It is suggested that far from their homeland and in the absence of a temple for their god, the Judahite deportees adopted and intensified the Mesopotamian avoidance of anthropomorphic picorial portrayals of deities. While the Babylonian representations remained confined to temples, the exiles would have turned a cultic reality - i.e., the nonwritten Babylonian custom - into a written, articulated law that explicity forbade the pictorial representation of God.
Category: History