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Damned Lies And Statistics

Author : Joel Best
ISBN : 9780520274709
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 77.84 MB
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"[An] absolutely fascinating and sobering quest into the fantastic differences between the world as it is and the world as it is portrayed in the statistics the media use. . . .This book is simply a must."--Nachman Ben-Yehuda, author of The Masada Myth "Best is our leading authority on social problems today. His detective work in exposing the spurious use of statistics is essential to constructive social science. No one who speaks for the public welfare can ignore his powerful work."--Jonathan B. Imber, Editor-in-Chief, Society "Joel Best is at it again. In Damned Lies and Statistics, he shows how statistics are manipulated, mismanaged, misrepresented, and massaged by officials and other powerful groups to promote their agendas. He is a master at examining taken-for-granted "facts" and debunking them through careful sociological scrutiny."--Patricia Adler, author of Peer Power "A real page turner. Best is the John Grisham of sociology!"--James Holstein, author of The New Language of Qualitative Method "In our era, numbers are as much a staple of political debates as stories. And just as stories so often turn into fables, so Best shows that we often believe the most implausible of numbers--to the detriment of us all."--Peter Reuter, co-author of Drug War Heresies: Learning from Other Vices,Times and Places
Category: Social Science

More Damned Lies And Statistics

Author : Joel Best
ISBN : 0520930029
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 43.94 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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In this sequel to the acclaimed Damned Lies and Statistics, which the Boston Globe said "deserves a place next to the dictionary on every school, media, and home-office desk," Joel Best continues his straightforward, lively, and humorous account of how statistics are produced, used, and misused by everyone from researchers to journalists. Underlining the importance of critical thinking in all matters numerical, Best illustrates his points with examples of good and bad statistics about such contemporary concerns as school shootings, fatal hospital errors, bullying, teen suicides, deaths at the World Trade Center, college ratings, the risks of divorce, racial profiling, and fatalities caused by falling coconuts. More Damned Lies and Statistics encourages all of us to think in a more sophisticated and skeptical manner about how statistics are used to promote causes, create fear, and advance particular points of view. Best identifies different sorts of numbers that shape how we think about public issues: missing numbers are relevant but overlooked; confusing numbers bewilder when they should inform; scary numbers play to our fears about the present and the future; authoritative numbers demand respect they don’t deserve; magical numbers promise unrealistic, simple solutions to complex problems; and contentious numbers become the focus of data duels and stat wars. The author's use of pertinent, socially important examples documents the life-altering consequences of understanding or misunderstanding statistical information. He demystifies statistical measures by explaining in straightforward prose how decisions are made about what to count and what not to count, what assumptions get made, and which figures are brought to our attention. Best identifies different sorts of numbers that shape how we think about public issues. Entertaining, enlightening, and very timely, this book offers a basis for critical thinking about the numbers we encounter and a reminder that when it comes to the news, people count—in more ways than one.
Category: Social Science

Lies Damned Lies And Statistics

Author : Mike Nemeth
ISBN : 9781683508588
Genre : Sports & Recreation
File Size : 89.44 MB
Format : PDF
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Lies, Damned Lies and Statistics presents the Relative Performance Grading (RPG) system of statistical measures, which ends all arguments over how good college football teams are relative to one another. Using grammar school mathematics and a dash of ingenious reasoning, Mike Nemeth exposes the need for, and then invents, a new set of statistical measures to explain how and why one team wins and another loses a college football game. The new statistics assign a numerical grade to the playing performances of both winners and losers, just as a student receives a numerical grade on a school test. The grades in this RPG system replace won/lost records and differentiate well-played wins from ugly wins and well-played losses from ugly losses. RPG accurately ranks college football teams according to how well they’ve played the game, i.e. how good a team they are (and, NOT how good their record appears to be).
Category: Sports & Recreation

Counting Our Way To Oblivion

Author : David Richey
ISBN : 9781483527611
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 68.43 MB
Format : PDF
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In "Counting Our Way To Oblivion," author David Richey examines the increasing reliance upon statistics to evaluate, well, everything. In particular, Richey demonstrates how businesses attempt to manage quality and behavior through analytics, and why this methodology is misguided. Richey uses lessons from numerous industries and famous leaders, as well as his 30 years of experience as the head of a service industry consulting firm, to offer guidance to a new generation of business managers looking to wean themselves off statistics and rely more on their skills, instincts, experience and desire for excellence to achieve their full potential.
Category: Business & Economics

Lies Damned Lies And Statistics Clinical Importance Versus Statistical Significance In Research

Author :
ISBN : OCLC:1051374671
Genre :
File Size : 20.19 MB
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Abstract: Correctly performed and interpreted statistics play a crucial role for both those who 'produce' clinical research, and for those who 'consume' this research. Unfortunately, however, there are many misunderstandings and misinterpretations of statistics by both groups. In particular, there is a widespread lack of appreciation for the severe limitations with p values. This is a particular problem with small sample sizes and low event rates - common features of many published clinical trials. These issues have resulted in increasing numbers of false positive clinical trials (false 'discoveries'), and the well-publicised inability to replicate many of the findings. While chance clearly plays a role in these errors, many more are due to either poorly performed or badly misinterpreted statistics. Consequently, it is essential that whenever p values appear, these need be accompanied by both 95% confidence limits and effect sizes. These will enable readers to immediately assess the plausible range of results, and whether or not the effect is clinically meaningful.

Lies Damned Lies And Drug War Statistics Second Edition

Author : Matthew B. Robinson
ISBN : 9781438448374
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 67.76 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Revised and updated edition that analyses how the Office of National Drug Control Policy employs statistics to misleadingly claim the War on Drugs is a success. First published in 2007, Lies, Damned Lies, and Drug War Statistics critically analyzed claims made by the Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP), the White House agency of accountability in the nation’s drug war since 1989, as found in the six editions of the annual National Drug Control Strategy between 2000 and 2005. In this revised and updated second edition of their critically acclaimed work, Matthew B. Robinson and Renee G. Scherlen examine seven more recent editions (2006–2012) to once again determine if ONDCP accurately and honestly presents information or intentionally distorts evidence to justify continuing the drug war. They uncover the many ways in which ONDCP manipulates statistics and visually presents that information to the public. Their analysis demonstrates a drug war that consistently fails to reduce drug use, drug fatalities, or illnesses associated with drug use; fails to provide treatment for drug-dependent users; and drives up the prices of drugs. They conclude with policy recommendations for reforming ONDCP’s use of statistics, as well as how the nation fights the war on drugs. Praise for the First Edition “Lies, Damned Lies, and Drug War Statistics is surprisingly easy to read, and Robinson and Scherlen have done a huge favor not only to critics of current drug policy by compiling this damning critique of ONDCP claims, but also to anyone interested in how data is compiled, presented, and misused by bureaucrats attempting to guard their domains. It should be required reading for members of Congress.” — Drug War Chronicle Book Review “The authors have performed a valuable service to our democracy with their meticulous analysis of the White House ONDCP public statements and reports. They have pulled the sheet off what appears to be an official policy of deception using clever and sometimes clumsy attempts at statistical manipulation. This document, at last, gives us a map of the truth.” — Mike Gray, author of Drug Crazy: How We Got into This Mess and How We Can Get Out “Robinson and Scherlen make a valuable contribution to documenting how ONDCP fails to live up to basic standards of accountability and consistency.” — Ethan Nadelmann, Executive Director, Drug Policy Alliance
Category: Political Science

Meine Geheime Autobiographie Hintergr Nde Und Zus Tze

Author : Mark Twain
ISBN : 9783841207296
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 64.37 MB
Format : PDF
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Umfangreiches Extramaterial zu Mark Twains „Geheimer Autobiographie - Textedition“ Der Band zur Autobiographie: Auf fast 400 Seiten werden Referenzen aus Mark Twains Autobiographie historisch entschlüsselt, und seine kleinen, charmanten „Gedächtnisschwächen“ werden durch interessante wie unterhaltsame Zusatzinformationen beleuchtet. – „So erhält man eine lückenlose Biographie Mark Twains samt einem farbigen Panorama der amerikanischen Kulturgeschichte in der zweiten Hälfte des 19. Jahrhunderts. Dies ist eine editorische Großtat, für die den Wissenschaftlern ebenso zu danken ist wie dem Aufbau Verlag.“ LITERATUREN Der Anmerkungsband ist entstanden an der University of California als Veröffentlichung des Mark Twain Project. Er ist Teil der zweibändigen Buch-Ausgabe „Meine geheime Autobiographie“ und der eBook-Ausgabe "Meine geheime Autobiographie - Gesamtedition" (Aufbau Verlag, Berlin 2012). 400 Seiten Hintergründe: - Die spannende Entstehungsgeschichte von „Meine geheime Autobiographie“ - Textanmerkungen und Erläuterungen - Mit einer Abbildung und 21 Faksimiles - Weiteres Zusatzmaterial - Editorische Notiz
Category: Biography & Autobiography