CRITICAL ISSUES IN HOMELAND SECURITY A CASEBOOK

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Critical Issues In Homeland Security

Author : James D. Ramsay
ISBN : 9780429973628
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 42.34 MB
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Critical Issues in Homeland Security: A Casebook encourages analytical and careful examination of practical homeland security problems through the presentation of contemporary cases involving major state or national events. Case studies demonstrate the complexity of challenges within the domain of homeland security policy and administration. Editors James D. Ramsay and Linda Kiltz carefully curated fourteen cases, all from top scholars and practitioners, to cover a broad range of legal, policy, and operational challenges within the field of homeland security. Timely and interesting cases on such issues as arctic security, the use of drones in targeted killings, cyber security, and the emergency management lessons of the 2010 Haiti earthquake give students a deeper understanding of the relationship between the theories and the practices of homeland security. Discussion questions at the end of each case and an online instructor's manual make Critical Issues in Homeland Security an even more effective learning tool for any homeland security program.
Category: Political Science

Homeland Security

Author : Michael Chertoff
ISBN : 9780812205886
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 46.11 MB
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In 2003, the President and the U.S. Congress established the Department of Homeland Security. From the beginning, its mission was clear: prevent terrorist attacks, protect against threats to America's safety and security, and prepare the nation to respond effectively to disasters, both natural and man-made. This monumental mission demands a comprehensive strategy. It also requires a crystal-clear explanation of that strategy to Americans and their allies worldwide. In a revealing new book, Homeland Security: Assessing the First Five Years, Michael Chertoff provides that explanation. In a refreshingly candid and engaging manner, America's former homeland security secretary depicts the department's long-term approach, what it has achieved, and what it has yet to do. The strategy begins with the threats America faces, from terrorist groups like al Qaeda to hurricanes like Ike or Gustav. "Once these threats are identified," Chertoff writes, "we can confront them, using every tool at our disposal. We can stop terrorists from entering the country, and discourage people from embracing terrorism by combating its lethal ideology. We can protect our critical assets and reduce our vulnerabilities to natural disasters. We can plan and prepare for emergencies and respond in a way that minimizes the consequences. And we can work closely with our allies abroad to reduce the risk of future disasters." In each of these areas, Chertoff informs the reader what the nation has done and what it still must do to secure its future. How well has this strategy fared in a post-9/11 world? Since that fateful day, there have been no global terror attacks on American soil. Yet in the face of continued dangers, Michael Chertoff warns repeatedly against complacency. He urges America and its leaders to strengthen their resolve, stay the course, and build creatively on past successes.
Category: Political Science

Homeland Security And Critical Infrastructure Protection

Author : Pamela Ann Collins
ISBN : 0313351473
Genre : Law
File Size : 38.13 MB
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Critical infrastructures are those aspects of our nation's economic, political, and social systems that we rely on so strongly that any serious disruption would cause significant harm. Because we rely so heavily on them, their security is paramount. This book takes a look at critical infrastructure and how we have and should protect it. Looking at our current vulnerabilities, protection plans, and security gaps, the authors offer a compelling overview of the various systems in place, and our options for the future, to keep our vital resources safe from terrorist attack.
Category: Law

Threats To Homeland Security

Author : Richard J. Kilroy, Jr.
ISBN : 9781119251811
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 80.54 MB
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Notes on Contributors xiii Preface xvi Acknowledgments xxiii 1. THe Changing Nature of National Security 1 Introduction 2 1.1 Foundations of American Security Policy 2 1.1.1 Geopolitics at the Beginning of the Twentieth Century 3 1.1.2 National Security and World War II 6 Self-Check 8 1.2 Security in the Cold War Era 8 1.2.1 Bipolarity versus Multipolarity 10 1.2.2 Containing Communism 12 1.2.3 Non-Communist Threats 16 Self-Check 17 1.3 Security in the Post-Cold War Era: Pre-9/11 17 1.3.1 Changing Threats 18 1.3.2 New Conflicts, New Responses 18 1.3.3 Reorganization of National Security Policy 20 Self-Check 21 1.4 National Security and Terrorism: Post-9/11 21 1.4.1 Globalization and Geopolitics 22 1.4.2 The Bush Administration's Global War on Terrorism 24 1.4.3 The Obama Administration's New National Security Strategy 26 1.4.4 Homeland Security and National Security 27 Self-Check 28 Summary 29 Key Terms 30 Assess Your Understanding 35 Summary Questions 35 Applying This Chapter 36 You Try It 37 2. REassessing the All-Hazards Perspective 38 Introduction 39 2.1 Natural Disasters: Things We Can Expect to Happen 39 2.1.1 The History of Natural Disasters in the United States 40 2.1.2 Natural Disaster Response 41 2.1.3 Natural Disasters in a Post-9/11 World 44 Self-Check 46 2.2 Accidental Hazards: Things We Can Try to Prevent 46 2.2.1 History of Accidental Hazards in the United States 46 2.2.2 Accidental Hazard Prevention and Response 48 2.2.3 Accidental Hazards in a Post-9/11 World 50 Self-Check 51 2.3 Man-Made Hazards: Things We Hope Don't Happen 51 2.3.1 History of Man-Made Disasters Caused by Human Error in the United States 52 2.3.2 Man-Made Disaster Mitigation and Response 53 2.3.3 Man-Made Disasters in a Post-9/11 World 55 Self-Check 56 2.4 Reassessing the All-Hazards Perspective and Disasters 56 Self-Check 59 Summary 59 Key Terms 60 Assess Your Understanding 62 Summary Questions 62 Applying This Chapter 63 You Try It 64 3. US Homeland Security Interests 65 Introduction 66 3.1 What Is Homeland Security? 66 3.1.1 The Merging of Traditions 67 3.1.2 Prevailing Homeland Security Theories 71 Self-Check 76 3.2 Additional Context for Homeland Security 77 3.2.1 Urban Versus Rural 77 3.2.2 Technologies 78 3.2.3 Political and Economic Factors 79 3.2.4 Security Versus Civil Liberties 81 Self-Check 84 3.3 Homeland Security Enterprise 84 3.3.1 Federal Partners 85 3.3.2 State and Local Partners 90 3.3.3 Whole Community Partners 91 Self-Check 97 3.4 Revisiting the All-Hazards Approach 98 Self-Check 100 Summary 101 Key Terms 101 Assess Your Understanding 105 Summary Questions 105 Applying This Chapter 106 You Try It 108 4. UNderstanding Threat Assessments 109 Introduction 110 4.1 Background on Threat Assessments and Risk Management 111 4.1.1 Risk Management and Threat Assessment from the All-Hazards Perspective 111 4.1.2 Assessing Threats and Civil Liberties 113 4.1.3 Homeland Security Risk Management Doctrine 114 Self-Check 116 4.2 A General Framework of Analysis: What to Assess 116 4.2.1 The Disaster Impact Process 117 4.2.2 Pre-Impact Conditions 117 4.2.3 Event-Specific Conditions 120 4.2.4 Final Thoughts on What to Assess 122 Self-Check 122 4.3 A Matrix Approach: How to Assess 123 4.3.1 Risk Matrices 124 4.3.2 Composite Exposure Indicator 127 4.3.3 HAZUS 128 4.3.4 Vulnerability Assessments 128 4.3.5 Threat and Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment 129 4.3.6 Final Thoughts on How to Assess 130 Self-Check 133 4.4 The Whole-Community Approach of the National Preparedness System 133 4.4.1 Prevention 136 4.4.2 Protection 137 4.4.3 Mitigation 137 4.4.4 Response 139 4.4.5 Recovery 140 Self-Check 143 Summary 144 Key Terms 144 Assess Your Understanding 148 Summary Questions 148 Applying This Chapter 148 You Try It 150 5. CRitical Infrastructure Security, Emergency Preparedness, and Operational Continuity .151 Introduction 15
Category: Political Science

Introduction To Homeland Security

Author : Jane Bullock
ISBN : 9780128020562
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 34.44 MB
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Introduction to Homeland Security: Principles of All-Hazards Risk Management, Fifth Edition, provides users with a substantially updated version of previous versions, clearly delineating the bedrock principles of preparing for, mitigating, managing, and recovering from emergencies and disasters, while also offering a balanced account of all aspects of homeland security. This new edition features coverage of the Boston Marathon bombing, analysis of the NIST Cybersecurity Framework for critical infrastructure protection, and examines the DHS “Blue Campaign to stop human trafficking. To provide added perspective, this edition features additional “another voice sections and examines the emergence of social media as a tool for reporting on homeland security issues. Provides users with a comprehensive understanding of the bedrock principles of preparing for, mitigating, managing, and recovering from emergencies and disasters Features coverage of the Boston Marathon bombing and analysis of the NIST Cybersecurity Framework for critical infrastructure protection Examines the emergence of social media as a tool for reporting on homeland security issues
Category: Political Science

Homeland Security

Author : Charles P. Nemeth
ISBN : 9781466510913
Genre : Computers
File Size : 26.56 MB
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Homeland security is a massive enterprise that gets larger by the moment. What was once mostly a TSA/aviation concern has evolved into a multidimensional operation covering a broad array of disciplines. These include critical infrastructure protection, border security, transportation security, intelligence and counterterrorism, emergency management, immigration and naturalization, and public health. Homeland Security: An Introduction to Principles and Practice, Second Edition provides students and practitioners alike with the latest developments on the makeup, organization, and strategic mission of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). This new edition is fully updated with new laws, regulations, and strategies that reflect changes and developments over the last several years. The book offers unique insights into the various roles of multi-jurisdictional agencies and stakeholders at all levels of government—including law enforcement, the military, the intelligence community, emergency managers, and the private sector. Coverage includes: The history of security threats in the American experience, the events leading up to 9/11, and the formation and evolution of the DHS The legal basis and foundation for the DHS The nature of risk and threat Training and preparatory exercises for homeland security professionals How states and localities can work compatibly with federal policy makers Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) in both the pre- and post-9/11 and post-Katrina world The agencies and entities entrusted with intelligence analysis Issues surrounding border security, immigration, and U.S. citizenship Homeland security practice in the airline, maritime, and mass transit industries—including national, regional, and local rail systems The interplay between public health and homeland security Each chapter contains extensive pedagogy, including learning objectives, informative sidebars, chapter summaries, end-of-chapter questions, web links, and references to aid in comprehension and retention. Homeland Security: An Introduction to Principles and Practice, Second Edition is the only book to provide an objective, balanced perspective on each of the core components that comprise the DHS’s mission and the priorities and challenges that federal and state government agencies continue to face.
Category: Computers

Emergency Management

Author : Claire B. Rubin
ISBN : 9781466517530
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 52.61 MB
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Following in the footsteps of its popular predecessor, the second edition of Emergency Management: The American Experience 1900–2010 provides the background needed to understand the key political and policy underpinnings of emergency management, exploring how major "focusing events" have shaped the development of emergency management. It builds on the original theoretical framework and chronological approach, but improves on the first edition by adding fresh information on older events such as Hurricane Katrina as well as a new chapter covering the BP oil spill in 2010 and the unprecedented characteristics of the disaster response to it. The final chapter offers an insightful discussion of the public administration concepts that constitute the larger context for consideration of emergency management in the United States for more than a century. Some praise for the new edition of this award-winning book: The first edition of this book filled a serious gap in the literature by providing historical context for present-day emergency management. This edition goes further to flesh out that context, detailing the political and practical underpinnings of emergency management organization and practice. —Professor William L. Waugh Jr., Department of Public Administration & Urban Studies, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University ... a must-read for both undergraduate and graduate students who want to learn from our past and join a growing professional field committed to enhancing community resilience and sustainability. — John C. Pine, director, Research Institute for Energy, Environment and Economics, Appalachian State University
Category: Political Science

Effigy

Author : Allison M. Cotton
ISBN : 9780739130094
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 86.67 MB
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Effigy examines the images of a capital defendant portrayed, by the defense attorneys and the prosecutor, during the guilt and penalty phases of capital trial, the trial tactics used to impart these images, and the consequences that result from the jury's attempt to reconcile contradictory images to place one in permanent record as a verdict. These images are starkly contrasted against the backdrop of a brutal murder in which the stereotypes of American fear are realized: Donta Page, the defendant, is an African-American male from a low-income segment of society while Peyton Tuthill, the victim, was a Caucasian female from a middle-income suburb. The prosecuting attorneys depict the defendant as a 'savage beast,' juxtaposing their image against that of a 'troubled youth' as Page is portrayed by the defense attorneys. Slowly and methodically developed as figures with diametrically opposed features, none of which overlap or congeal, both the images are portrayed as real (buttressed by the testimony of witnesses) rather than constructed. The jury is expected to render a verdict that accepts one and rejects the other: there is no middle ground.
Category: Social Science

Next Generation Homeland Security

Author : John Fass Morton
ISBN : 9781612510880
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 59.54 MB
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Security governance in the second decade of the 21st century is ill-serving the American people. Left uncorrected, civic life and national continuity will remain increasingly at risk. At stake well beyond our shores is the stability and future direction of an international political and economic system dependent on robust and continued U.S. engagement. Outdated hierarchical, industrial structures and processes configured in 1947 for the Cold War no longer provide for the security and resilience of the homeland. Security governance in this post-industrial, digital age of complex interdependencies must transform to anticipate and if necessary manage a range of cascading catastrophic effects, whether wrought by asymmetric adversaries or technological or natural disasters. Security structures and processes that perpetuate a 20th century, top-down, federal-centric governance model offer Americans no more than a single point-of-failure. The strategic environment has changed; the system has not. Changes in policy alone will not bring resolution. U.S. security governance today requires a means to begin the structural and process transformation into what this book calls Network Federalism. Charting the origins and development of borders-out security governance into and through the American Century, the book establishes how an expanding techno-industrial base enabled American hegemony. Turning to the homeland, it introduces a borders-in narrative--the convergence of the functional disciplines of emergency management, civil defense, resource mobilization and counterterrorism into what is now called homeland security. For both policymakers and students a seminal work in the yet-to-be-established homeland security canon, this book records the political dynamics behind the creation of the Department of Homeland Security, the impact of Hurricane Katrina and the ongoing development of what is now called the Homeland Security Enterprise. The work makes the case that national security governance has heretofore been one-dimensional, involving horizontal interagency structures and processes at the Federal level. Yet homeland security in this federal republic has a second dimension that is vertical, intergovernmental, involving sovereign states and local governments whose personnel are not in the President's chain of command. In the strategic environment of the post-industrial 21st century, states thus have a co-equal role in strategy and policy development, resourcing and operational execution to perform security and resilience missions. This book argues that only a Network Federal governance will provide unity of effort to mature the Homeland Security Enterprise. The places to start implementing network federal mechanisms are in the ten FEMA regions. To that end, it recommends establishment of Regional Preparedness Staffs, composed of Federal, state and local personnel serving as co-equals on Intergovernmental Personnel Act (IPA) rotational assignments. These IPAs would form the basis of an intergovernmental and interdisciplinary homeland security professional cadre to build a collaborative national preparedness culture. As facilitators of regional unity of effort with regard to prioritization of risk, planning, resourcing and operational execution, these Regional Preparedness Staffs would provide the Nation with decentralized network nodes enabling security and resilience in this 21st century post-industrial strategic environment.
Category: Political Science

Cyber Blackout

Author : John A. Adams, Jr.
ISBN : 9781460259818
Genre : Computers
File Size : 67.13 MB
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With over 140 countries fielding nation-state and rouge malious cyber hacking capabilities, it is critical that we are aware of threats and vulnerabilities. Adm. Michael Rogers, director of the National Security Agency warned Congress regarding cyber attacks, “It’s only a matter of the ‘when,’ not the ‘if,’ that we are going to see something dramatic.” Cyber Blackout is a warning. It is a chronicle of the cyber threats of which we find ourselves at risk every day. Our power supply is vulnerable. Our food supply. Even the basics of communication. Every facet of our national security is vulnerable to cyber threats, and we are not prepared to defend them all. Cyber Blackout explains how these threats have been building since the Cold War, how they affect us now, and how they are changing the concepts of war and peace as we know them. It is essential knowledge for anyone wishing to understand safety and security in the age of the fifth domain. www.cyberblackout.net
Category: Computers