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Crime Gender And Sexuality In Criminal Prosecutions

Author : Louis A. Knafla
ISBN : 0313310130
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 44.28 MB
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Examines the common issues that emerge from the study of class and gender in European criminal prosecutions.
Category: Social Science

The Oxford Handbook Of Gender Sex And Crime

Author : Rosemary Gartner
ISBN : 9780199838707
Genre : Law
File Size : 50.10 MB
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The editors, Rosemary Gartner and Bill McCarthy, have assembled a diverse cast of criminologists, historians, legal scholars, psychologists, and sociologists from a number of countries to discuss key concepts and debates central to the field. The Handbook includes examinations of the historical and contemporary patterns of women's and men's involvement in crime; as well as biological, psychological, and social science perspectives on gender, sex, and criminal activity. Several essays discuss the ways in which sex and gender influence legal and popular reactions to crime. An important theme throughout The Handbook is the intersection of sex and gender with ethnicity, class, age, peer groups, and community as influences on crime and justice. Individual chapters investigate both conventional topics - such as domestic abuse and sexual violence - and topics that have only recently drawn the attention of scholars - such as human trafficking, honor killing, gender violence during war, state rape, and genocide.
Category: Law

Gender Crime And Criminal Justice

Author : Sandra Walklate
ISBN : 9781134031221
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 31.41 MB
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This book provides a lucid and highly acclaimed introduction to gender issues in crime and criminal justice, central to any understanding of crime and criminal justice policy and practice. This second edition has been updated to take full account of recent developments, particularly in the areas of policing, crime prevention, restorative justice and legislation relating to sexual offences and the nature and impact of crime on women − in particular the Sexual Offences Act 2003. Gender, Crime and Criminal Justice is divided into three main sections. The first considers different ways of theorising about gender and the relative impact of this on thinking about crime and criminal victimisation; the second considers some of the evidence in relation to people's gendered experiences of crime and criminal victimisation; the third considers how those working within the criminal justice system, and the policies that are put in place, work to sustain or change those experiences of crime and criminal victimisation in relation to gender.
Category: Social Science

Perceptions Of Female Offenders

Author : Brenda Russell
ISBN : 9781461458715
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 60.73 MB
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​Female offenders are often perceived as victims who commit crimes as a self-defense mechanism or as criminal deviants whose actions strayed from typical ‘womanly’ behavior. Such cultural norms for violence exist in our gendered society and there has been scholarly debate about how male and female offenders are perceived and how this perception leads to differential treatment in the criminal justice system. This debate is primarily based upon theories associated with stereotypes and social norms and how these prescriptive norms can influence both public and criminal justice response. Scholars in psychology, sociology, and criminology have found that female offenders are perceived differently than male offenders and this ultimately leads to differential treatment in the criminal justice system. This interdisciplinary book provides an evidence based approach of how female offenders are perceived in society and how this translates to differential treatment within the criminal justice system and explores the ramifications of such differences. Quite often perceptions of female offenders are at odds with research findings. This book will provide a comprehensive evidence-based review of the research that is valuable to laypersons, researchers, practitioners, advocates, treatment providers, lawyers, judges, and anyone interested in equality in the criminal justice system. ​
Category: Social Science

Sex Crimes In The Fifties

Author : Lisa;Kaladelfos Featherstone
ISBN : 0522870171
Genre : History
File Size : 83.95 MB
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This book examines Australia's treatment of sexual crimes in the 1950s, a decade well known for its political and social conservatism, its prudish views on morality, and its prescriptive gender roles for men and women. Fewer would know that this same decade saw soaring arrests, mounting criminal prosecutions, and intensifying public debates about how to deal with sexual offenders. Or that sexual offences on children attracted the most concentrated state attention and public concern. Sex Crimes in the Fifties uncovers this new history by drawing on transcripts of hundreds of criminal proceedings and extensive research in criminal justice archives.
Category: History

Gender Crime And Judicial Discretion 1780 1830

Author : Deirdre Palk
ISBN : 9780861932825
Genre : History
File Size : 56.36 MB
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Crimes in England in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries were both committed and judged differently, depending on whether the culprit was male or female. Based on a wide range of primary material, this book follows the journeys of men and women implicated in the capital crimes of shoplifting, pickpocketing and distributing forged banknotes, through their trials and on to death, transportation, imprisonment or even to complete freedom. This study of the English judicial system in London provides a detailed view of its complex workings, with particular attention to the role, and apparently more lenient treatment, of women. The evidence presented also sheds light on the complex decision-making policies of a criminal justice administration burdened by the weight of increasing criminal business. DEIRDRE PALK is an independent researcher in eighteenth and nineteenth-century social and administrative history.
Category: History

Women And Criminal Justice

Author : Marilyn D. McShane
ISBN : 9781454828099
Genre : Law
File Size : 29.80 MB
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WOMEN AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE sheds light on how gender, race, and class affect the status of women in the context of policing, courts, and corrections. Systematic and engaging, McShane and Hsieh integrate the perspectives and experiences of women who are employed in the criminal justice system, as well as those who are offenders or victims of crime. Written specifically for the undergraduate course, WOMEN AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE opens a window onto the historical and contemporary landscape of the criminal justice system from the perspective of women. WOMEN AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE features: Broad coverage of contemporary issues of women with respect to policing, the courts, and corrections A methodical look at the status of women in the criminal justice system as influenced by legislation, case law, media, public opinion, and professional organizations High-profile cases that exemplify key points and illuminate the complex social structure of the criminal justice system Critical analysis of salient themes, such as gender roles and economic status, and the development of gender bias in the criminal justice system An evidence-based approach, based on published empirical research and studies Bibliographic and Internet sources for additional research at the end of each chapter The perspectives of women in the criminal justice system are finally in a textbook about women in the criminal justice system.
Category: Law

Crime And Criminal Justice In Modern Germany

Author : Richard F. Wetzell
ISBN : 9781782382478
Genre : History
File Size : 44.81 MB
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The history of criminal justice in modern Germany has become a vibrant field of research, as demonstrated in this volume. Following an introductory survey, the twelve chapters examine major topics in the history of crime and criminal justice from Imperial Germany, through the Weimar and Nazi eras, to the early postwar years. These topics include case studies of criminal trials, the development of juvenile justice, and the efforts to reform the penal code, criminal procedure, and the prison system. The collection also reveals that the history of criminal justice has much to contribute to other areas of historical inquiry: it explores the changing relationship of criminal justice to psychiatry and social welfare, analyzes representations of crime and criminal justice in the media and literature, and uses the lens of criminal justice to illuminate German social history, gender history, and the history of sexuality.
Category: History

Battleground Criminal Justice 2 Volumes

Author : Gregg Barak
ISBN : 9780313088032
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 83.70 MB
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There are many controversial aspects of our criminal justice system, and this encyclopedia examines the most significant controversies throughout American history with emphasis on current debates, trends, and issues. Arranged alphabetically, approximately 100 entries cover background, explanations, notable cases and events, various sides of an issue, and what to expect in the future. Entries are objective and factual, allowing readers to formulate their own conclusions. Sidebars and case examples help to illustrate each entry, and sources for further reading point readers to other important materials. Given the prevalance of controversial criminal justice topics in the news, this timely reference is an important resource for anyone interested in crime and justice. Entries include: Boot Camps, Corporal Punishment, DNA Evidence, Domestic Violence, Expert Testimony, Eye Witness Identifications, Gun Control, Homeland Security, International Criminal Court, Legalization of Marijuana, Mental Health and Insanity, Police Brutality, Prison Violence, Racial Profiling, School Violence, Sex Offender Laws, Stalking Laws, Supermax Prisons, Three Strikes, Treating Juveniles as Adults, War on Drugs, and more.
Category: Social Science