CREATIVITY IN HUMAN EVOLUTION AND PREHISTORY THEORETICAL ARCHAEOLOGY GROUP

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Creativity In Human Evolution And Prehistory

Author : Steven Mithen
ISBN : 9781134720125
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 75.92 MB
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We live in a world surrounded by remarkable cultural achievements of human kind. Almost every day we hear of new innovations in technology, in medicine and in the arts which remind us that humans are capable of remarkable creativity. But what is human creativity? The modern world provides a tiny fraction of cultural diversity and the evidence for human creativity, far more can be seen by looking back into prehistory. The book examines how our understanding of human creativity can be extended by exploring this phenomenon during human evolution and prehistory. The book offers unique perspectives on the nature of human creativity from archaeologists who are concerned with long term patterns of cultural change and have access to quite different types of human behaviour than that which exists today. It asks whether humans are the only creative species, or whether our extinct relatives such as Homo habilis and the Neanderthals also displayed creative thinking. It explores what we can learn about the nature of human creativity from cultural developments during prehistory, such as changes in the manner in which the dead were buried, monuments constructed, and the natural world exploited. In doing so, new light is thrown on these cultural developments and the behaviour of our prehistoric ancestors. By examining the nature of creativity during human evolution and prehistory these archaeologists, supported by contributions from psychology, computer science and social anthropology, show that human creativity is a far more diverse and complex phenomena than simply flashes of genius by isolated individuals. Indeed they show that unless perspectives from prehistory are taken into account, our understanding of human creativity will be limited and incomplete.
Category: Social Science

The Metaphor Of The Divine As Planter Of The People

Author : Jennifer Metten Pantoja
ISBN : 9789004341708
Genre : Religion
File Size : 46.90 MB
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In The Metaphor of the Divine as Planter of the People Pantoja traces the emergence of the conceptual metaphor YHWH IS THE PLANTER OF THE PEOPLE in ancient Hebrew poetry and follows its development throughout biblical history and Second Temple literature.
Category: Religion

Ancient Astronomy

Author : Clive L. N. Ruggles
ISBN : 9781851094776
Genre : Science
File Size : 65.37 MB
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Long before astronomy was a science, humans used the stars to mark time, navigate, organize planting and dramatize myths. This encyclopaedia draws on archaeological evidence and oral traditions to reveal how prehistoric humans perceived the skies and celestial phenomena.
Category: Science

Unparalleled Behaviour

Author : Martin P. King
ISBN : UOM:39015052984278
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 87.51 MB
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This detailed study of the Mesolithic and Neolithic in Britain and Ireland examines evidence related to changes in social behaviour. Martin King discusses economic and subsistence data, burial practices, mobility, social order, construction, land clearance and the deposition of artefacts, interpreting this material evidence in social terms. This study concludes that the Mesolithic and Neolithic should be seen as one long-term trend where differences have previously been overplayed in an attempt to bring the Neolithic into line with a more recognisable modern world. Importantly, his approach allows for the identification of human social behaviour which may have no parallels in the modern world.
Category: Social Science

The Buried Soul

Author : Timothy Taylor
ISBN : 0807046728
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 37.70 MB
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A global exploration and interpretation of the human rites and rituals of death spans human history as it discusses such topics as ancient rituals with reverberations in the present, human sacrifice, monumental sarcophagi, cannibalism, near-death experiences, vampirism, and the human separation of the body and the spirit that animated it.
Category: Social Science

Landscape Of The Mind

Author : John F. Hoffecker
ISBN : 9780231518482
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 60.58 MB
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John F. Hoffecker explores the origin and growth of the mind, drawing on information from the human fossil record, archaeology, and history. Hoffecker argues that, as an indirect result of bipedal locomotion, early humans developed a feedback relationship among their hands, brains, and tools, evolving the capacity to externalize thoughts in the form of shaped stone objects. When anatomically modern humans evolved a parallel capacity to externalize thought as symbolic language, individual brains within social groups were integrated into a neocortical internet, or super-brain, thus giving birth to the mind. Noting that archaeological traces of symbolism coincide with evidence for the ability to generate novel technology, Hoffecker contends that human creativity, as well as higher-order consciousness, is a product of the collective super-brain. Hoffecker equates the subsequent growth of the mind with human history, which began in Africa more than 50,000 years ago. As anatomically modern humans spread across the globe, adapting to a variety of climates and habitats, they redesigned themselves technologically and developed alternative realities via toolmaking, tool use, and artistic expression. Hoffecker connects the rise of civilization to a hierarchical reorganization of the super-brain, triggered by explosive population growth. According to him, subsequent history reflects the varying degrees to which rigid hierarchies of states and empires suppressed the creative powers of the mind, constraining the further accumulation of knowledge. The modern world emerged from the fragments of a collapsed empire after 1200 AD. In the final chapter, Hoffecker speculates on the possibility of artificial intelligence and a mind without biology.
Category: Social Science

Holy Ground

Author : Alexander T. Smith
ISBN : UVA:X006137056
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 72.13 MB
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Category: Architecture

The Creative Spark

Author : Agustín Fuentes
ISBN : 9781101983959
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 42.40 MB
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A bold new synthesis of paleontology, archaeology, genetics, and anthropology that overturns misconceptions about race, war and peace, and human nature itself, answering an age-old question: What made humans so exceptional among all the species on Earth? Creativity. It is the secret of what makes humans special, hiding in plain sight. Agustín Fuentes argues that your child's finger painting comes essentially from the same place as creativity in hunting and gathering millions of years ago, and throughout history in making war and peace, in intimate relationships, in shaping the planet, in our communities, and in all of art, religion, and even science. It requires imagination and collaboration. Every poet has her muse; every engineer, an architect; every politician, a constituency. The manner of the collaborations varies widely, but successful collaboration is inseparable from imagination, and it brought us everything from knives and hot meals to iPhones and interstellar spacecraft. Weaving fascinating stories of our ancient ancestors' creativity, Fuentes finds the patterns that match modern behavior in humans and animals. This key quality has propelled the evolutionary development of our bodies, minds, and cultures, both for good and for bad. It's not the drive to reproduce; nor competition for mates, or resources, or power; nor our propensity for caring for one another that have separated us out from all other creatures. As Fuentes concludes, to make something lasting and useful today you need to understand the nature of your collaboration with others, what imagination can and can't accomplish, and, finally, just how completely our creativity is responsible for the world we live in. Agustín Fuentes's resounding multimillion-year perspective will inspire readers—and spark all kinds of creativity.
Category: Social Science

Anthropology News

Author :
ISBN : IND:30000107438156
Genre : Anthropological linguistics
File Size : 22.86 MB
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Category: Anthropological linguistics