CONTEXTUALIZING DISASTER CATASTROPHES IN CONTEXT

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Contextualizing Disaster

Author : Gregory V. Button
ISBN : 9781785332814
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 76.66 MB
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Contextualizing Disaster offers a comparative analysis of six recent "highly visible" disasters and several slow-burning, "hidden," crises that include typhoons, tsunamis, earthquakes, chemical spills, and the unfolding consequences of rising seas and climate change. The book argues that, while disasters are increasingly represented by the media as unique, exceptional, newsworthy events, it is a mistake to think of disasters as isolated or discrete occurrences. Rather, building on insights developed by political ecologists, this book makes a compelling argument for understanding disasters as transnational and global phenomena.
Category: Social Science

Cultural Psychology Of Coping With Disasters

Author : Manfred Zaumseil
ISBN : 9781461493549
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 78.75 MB
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This book offers a broad theoretical foundation by relating and contrasting relevant international literature with the outcomes of a particular research project. It provides a critical reevaluation of the complex phenomena of coping with disasters on a general level by applying this integrative theory of disaster coping to a specific context. A cultural psychological model is developed in order to suggest ways of understanding and assessing local and cultural specificity. This interaction of the general and locally specific is central to our understanding of cultural psychology of coping with disaster. The book provides a basic overview, by presenting various approaches to coping with natural disasters and relating them to each other in a coherent manner. So far, most research approaches either focus on technical, social, psychological or cultural aspects of coping, neglecting their interconnectedness. Coping is seldom seen as an extensive, long-term process, in which disaster relief complexly interacts and is integrated with the local actors and conditions. Until now, a perspective is missing, in which the mentioned modes of coping are integrated with cultural interpretations and practices and long-standing forms of communal self-help, which possibly develop in places that are frequently threatened by natural disasters.
Category: Psychology

Historical Disasters In Context

Author : Andrea JANKU
ISBN : 9781136476259
Genre : History
File Size : 51.71 MB
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Growing concerns about climate change and the increasing occurrence of ever more devastating natural disasters in some parts of the world and their consequences for human life, not only in the immediately affected regions, but for all of us, have increased our desire to learn more about disaster experiences in the past. How did disaster experiences impact on the development of modern sciences in the early modern era? Why did religion continue to play such an important role in the encounter with disasters, despite the strong trend towards secularization in the modern world? What was the political role of disasters? Historical Disasters in Context illustrates how past societies coped with a threatening environment, how societies changed in response to disaster experiences, and how disaster experiences were processed and communicated, both locally and globally. Particular emphasis is put on the realms of science, religion, and politics. International case studies demonstrate that while there are huge differences across cultures in the way people and societies responded to disasters, there are also many commonalities and interactions between different cultures that have the potential to alter the ways people prepare for and react to disasters in future. To explain these relationships and highlight their significance is the purpose of this volume.
Category: History

Die Flutwelle

Author : Mikael Niemi
ISBN : 9783641121570
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 75.79 MB
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Wie würdest du dich verhalten im Angesicht einer Katastrophe? Hoch oben im Norden Schwedens regnet es schon fast den ganzen Herbst. Und dann zeigen sich im obersten Staudamm des Lule älv tatsächlich Risse. Keiner kann sich vorstellen, dass er brechen könnte. Doch dann geschieht genau das - die Katastrophe nimmt ihren Lauf. Das Wasser kommt in gigantischen Massen. Ein Tsunami im eigenen Land. Inmitten des Infernos eine Gruppe von Menschen, die unterschiedlicher nicht sein könnten und die nun aufeinander angewiesen sind, wollen sie überleben: Der Hubschrauberpilot, der kurz vor einem Selbstmord stand. Die Künstlerin, die mit ihrer Malgruppe in den Wäldern umherstreift. Die Schwangere, die an einen Schornstein geklammert um ihr Überleben kämpft und von einem anderen Schiffbrüchigen ins Boot gezerrt wird. Zwei Ingenierinnen, die schon lange vor der Gefahr gewarnt haben. Sie alle stehen vor einer gewaltigen Herausforderung: Sie kämpfen nicht nur ums Überleben, sondern auch um ihre eigene Menschlichkeit ...
Category: Fiction

Psychosocial Capacity Building In Response To Disasters

Author : Joshua L. Miller
ISBN : 9780231519762
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 58.18 MB
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Disaster responders treat more than just the immediate emotional and psychological trauma of victims: they empower individuals and families to heal themselves long into a disaster's aftermath. This requires helping survivors to rebuild their ability to meet their emotional and psychological needs, not only for themselves but also for others, which necessitates a careful consideration of survivors' social, economic, and political realities as their communities heal and recover. This comprehensive book integrates Western mental health approaches and international models of psychosocial capacity building within a social ecology framework, providing practitioners and volunteers with a blueprint for individual, family, group, and community interventions. Joshua L. Miller focuses on a range of disasters at local, regional, national, and international levels. Global case studies explore the social, psychological, economic, political, and cultural issues affecting various reactions to disaster and illustrate the importance of drawing on local cultural practices to promote empowerment and resiliency. Miller encourages developing people's capacity to direct their own recovery, using a social ecology framework to conceptualize disasters and their consequences. He also considers sources of vulnerability and how to support individual, family, and community resiliency; adapt and implement traditional disaster mental health interventions in different contexts; use groups and activities to facilitate recovery as part of a larger strategy of psychosocial capacity building; and foster collective grieving and memorializing. Miller's text examines the unique dynamics of intergroup conflict and the relationship between psychosocial healing, social justice, and peace and reconciliation. Each chapter ends with a mindfulness exercise, and a section reviews practitioner self-care.
Category: Psychology

Making A Market For Acts Of God

Author : Paula Jarzabkowski
ISBN : 9780199664764
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 89.27 MB
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Reinsurance is a financial market that trades in the risk of unpredictable and devastating disasters - such as Hurricane Katrina, the Tohoku earthquake and tsunami, and the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Centre. Such disasters are increasing in both frequency and severity, with the cost of their losses mounting rapidly. Reinsurance insures insurance companies, enabling them to pay claims arising from these losses. It is thus a market mechanism that is a critical part of the social and economic safety net, helping to pick up the pieces after disasters. Yet, how is the risk of such disasters calculated and traded in a global market? This book brings to life the reinsurance market through vivid real-life tales that draw from an ethnographic, "fly-on-the-wall" study of the global reinsurance industry over three annual cycles. The authors shadowed underwriters around the world as they traded risks through multiple disasters. For instance, this book takes readers into the desperate hours of pricing Japanese risks during March 2011, while the devastating aftermath of the Tohoku earthquake is unfolding. To show how the market works, the book offers authentic tales gathered from observations of reinsurers in Bermuda, Lloyd's of London, Continental Europe and SE Asia as they evaluate, price and compete for different risks as part of their everyday practice. Understanding how this market for disasters works has never been more critical given the impact of climate change and increased global connectivity, where a flood in one country can trigger losses to supply chains around the world. The authors develop a novel concept of how global markets work, which advances scholarship and challenges current thinking about how financial markets trade in intangible assets such as risk. This book will be useful to readers interested in markets for disasters, insurance, reinsurance and financial markets, and academics interested in the practice of financial markets specifically or the practice of strategy and organizations generally.
Category: Business & Economics

Governance Of Risk Hazards And Disasters

Author : Giuseppe Forino
ISBN : 9781315463872
Genre : Science
File Size : 85.20 MB
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Growing debates around governance are taking place among academic, policy-making, and practice-based communities. In light of the increasing focus on governance, this book presents and discusses governance as a framework that is able to both conceptualize and contextualize risks and disasters as currently experienced and managed into social systems. Contributions offer a variety of perspectives, experiences and socio-cultural contexts which have identified the challenges, opportunities and critiques of promoting governance. Part I explores approaches, models, and keywords as applied to risk and disaster governance theory. Part II investigates practices of risk governance and associated issues by focusing on disaster risk reduction policy and practice. Finally, Part III explores practices of disaster governance and associated issues, by focusing on disaster recovery experiences. This book highlights cutting-edge recent theoretical and empirical trends and is a valuable resource for students, academics, practitioners and policy-makers interested in risk and disaster governance.
Category: Science

The Great Catastrophe Of My Life

Author : Thomas E. Buckley
ISBN : 0807853801
Genre : FAMILY & RELATIONSHIPS
File Size : 20.62 MB
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Great Catastrophe of My Life: Divorce in the Old Dominion
Category: FAMILY & RELATIONSHIPS

Disaster Capitalism

Author : Richard W. Mitchell
ISBN : 9781841504308
Genre : Drama
File Size : 39.10 MB
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The book includes three full-length plays: Shadow Anthropology (a dark comedy about the U.S. occupation of Afghanistan), Through the Roof (a Faustian trip through the social history of "natural" disaster in New Orleans), and Celestial Flesh (a sacrilegious romp through the 1980s sanctuary movement, sacred sex, and CIA drug running in a Los Angeles Catholic Church). Placing the plays within an historical and thematic context, the author introduces the collection with an essay examining catastrophe, capitalism, and what he calls "Apocalypse Theatre for the Twenty-First Century. & qu.
Category: Drama