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Contexts Of Learning Mathematics And Science

Author : Sarah J. Howie
ISBN : 9781134232154
Genre : Education
File Size : 33.90 MB
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This book is the result of research from over fifteen countries, asking which background and environmental factors influence achievement in mathematics and science. This research is based on data from the Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), which was conducted under the auspices of the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA) in 1995 and 1998. In many countries researchers have started secondary analysis of the data in search for relationships between contextual factors and achievement. In these analyses two different approaches can be distinguished, which can be characterised by the metaphors of ‘fishing’ and ‘hunting’. In the ‘fishing’ approach, researchers begin with an open mind, considering all possible context variables as potentially influential. Applying analysis techniques such as regression analysis, Lisrel, PLS, HLM, and MLN, they then identify important factors within their countries or across a number of countries. In the ‘hunting’ approach, researchers hypothesise certain context variables and trace the effect of these variables on mathematics and/or science achievement.
Category: Education

Schooling Across The Globe

Author : William H. Schmidt
ISBN : 9781107170902
Genre : Education
File Size : 86.37 MB
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This research examines 17 international assessments over 60+ years highlighting the critical role that schooling plays around the world.
Category: Education

P Dagogische Psychologie

Author : Elke Wild
ISBN : 9783642412912
Genre : Education
File Size : 37.58 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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Pädagogische Psychologie - das ist psychologisches Know-how zu den Bereichen Lernen, Lehren, Motivieren, Interagieren, Diagnostizieren und Intervenieren in den Kontexten Unterricht, Erziehung und Weiterbildung. – Und damit ein wichtiges Anwendungsfach im Psychologie-, Pädagogik- und Lehramtsstudium. Wie fördert man die Selbstregulation bei Schülern? Welche Ansätze zur Klassenführung gibt es? Welche Rolle spielen Gleichaltrige für die schulische Leistung von Jugendlichen? Welche Erkenntnisse liefern aktuelle Schulleistungsstudien? Wie können bestimmte Kompetenzen durch Trainingsmaßnahmen gefördert werden? Ein Team aus Experten der pädagogischen Psychologie beantworten diese und viele andere Fragen fundiert und gleichzeitig sehr praxisnah - zahlreiche Beispiele, Definitionen, Exkurse und Zusammenfassungen ermöglichen effektives Lernen und eine optimale Prüfungsvorbereitung. Mit Glossar der wichtigsten Fachbegriffe und einer begleitenden Website, die zusätzliche nützliche Features bietet: Lernkarten, Linksammlung, Glossar und Prüfungsfragen für Studierende sowie komplette Foliensätze zu den Buchkapiteln, alle Abbildungen und Tabellen zum Download für Dozenten. In der 2. Auflage komplett überarbeitet und aktualisiert.
Category: Education

Lessons Learned

Author : Tom Loveless
ISBN : 9780815753353
Genre : Education
File Size : 26.35 MB
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Standards for education achievement are under scrutiny throughout the industrial world. In this technological age, student performance in mathematics is seen as being particularly important. For more than four decades, international assessments conducted by the International Association for Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA) have measured how well students are learning mathematics in different countries. The latest round of mathematics testing of the Trends in Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) takes place in 2007. Beyond the horse race—the rankings that compare nations—what have we learned from the wealth of data collected in these assessments? How do US math curriculums compare to those used overseas? Is the effect of technology in the classroom uniform across nations? How do popular math reforms fare abroad? Those are some of the critical issues tackled in this important book. The authors use the database to address several pressing questions about school policy and educational research. For example, Ina Mullis and Michael Martin review the major lessons learned over the history of TIMSS testing. William Schmidt and Richard T. Houang examine whether curricular breadth affects student achievement. Jeremy Kilpatrick, Vilma Mesa, and Finbarr Sloane evaluate American performance in algebra relative to other nations and pinpoint strengths and weaknesses in American students' learning of algebra.
Category: Education

Mathematics And Science Education Around The World

Author : Mathematical Sciences Education Board and Committee on Science Education K-12
ISBN : 9780309589925
Genre : Education
File Size : 81.3 MB
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Amid current efforts to improve mathematics and science education in the United States, people often ask how these subjects are organized and taught in other countries. They hear repeatedly that other countries produce higher student achievement. Teachers and parents wonder about the answers to questions like these: Why do the children in Asian cultures seem to be so good at science and mathematics? How are biology and physics taught in the French curriculum? What are textbooks like elsewhere, and how much latitude do teachers have in the way they follow the texts? Do all students receive the same education, or are they grouped by ability or perceived educational promise? If students are grouped, how early is this done? What are tests like, and what are the consequences for students? Are other countries engaged in Standards-like reforms? Does anything like "standards" play a role in other countries? Questions such as these reflect more than a casual interest in other countries' educational practices. They grow out of an interest in identifying ways to improve mathematics and science education in the United States. The focus of this short report is on what the Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), a major international investigation of curriculum, instruction, and learning in mathematics and science, will be able to contribute to understandings of mathematics and science education around the world as well as to current efforts to improve student learning, particularly in the United States.
Category: Education

Global Perspectives For Local Action

Author : National Research Council
ISBN : 9780309065306
Genre : Education
File Size : 77.71 MB
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The Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) raised the alarm about U.S. mathematics and science education. Most Americans are now aware that U.S. students lag behind their peers in other developed nations. In one state, the legislature reacted by lengthening the school year, assuming that more time on academic content would boost student performance. Some educators have fixed the blame on the mathematics and science curricula typically used in U.S. schools. Does the problem lie in the curricula, instruction, or the system of support available to teachers? This book presents the first comprehensive analysis of TIMSS study--a half-million students from 15,000 schools around the world. It presents detailed reports on three major aspects of education, including curriculum issues, teaching practices, and school support.
Category: Education

Mathematical Knowledge In Teaching

Author : Tim Rowland
ISBN : 904819766X
Genre : Education
File Size : 54.18 MB
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The quality of primary and secondary school mathematics teaching is generally agreed to depend crucially on the subject-related knowledge of the teacher. However, there is increasing recognition that effective teaching calls for distinctive forms of subject-related knowledge and thinking. Thus, established ways of conceptualizing, developing and assessing mathematical knowledge for teaching may be less than adequate. These are important issues for policy and practice because of longstanding difficulties in recruiting teachers who are confident and conventionally well-qualified in mathematics, and because of rising concern that teaching of the subject has not adapted sufficiently. The issues to be examined in Mathematical Knowledge in Teaching are of considerable significance in addressing global aspirations to raise standards of teaching and learning in mathematics by developing more effective approaches to characterizing, assessing and developing mathematical knowledge for teaching.
Category: Education