CONTEXT AND COGNITION WAYS OF LEARNING AND KNOWING VOLUME 19 PSYCHOLOGY LIBRARY EDITIONS COGNITIVE SCIENCE

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Context And Cognition

Author : Paul Light
ISBN : 9781317237716
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 52.72 MB
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Originally published in 1993, the study of cognitive development in children had moved from a focus on the intellectual processes of the individual studied in relative isolation, as in the classic work of Piaget, to a concern in the 1970s and 1980s with social cognition characterized by Vygotsky's views. In the years following, the trend toward an understanding of the situated nature of cognition had evolved even further and the extent to which thinking and knowing are inextricably linked to contextual constraints was at last being defined. Experts of international repute, the authors of this important book examine the recent literature on situated cognition in children. They explain contextual sensitivity in relation to ecological theories of cognition, and contrast intuitive reasoning in mathematical and other scientific domains with the failure of such reasoning in formal school contexts. Centrally concerned with the question of generalizability and transfer of knowledge from one situation to another, the contributors point to practical implications for understanding how intellectual competence can be made to generalize between "informal" and "formal" situations.
Category: Psychology

Modeling And Using Context

Author : Boicho Kokinov
ISBN : 9783540742555
Genre : Computers
File Size : 52.27 MB
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Here are the refereed proceedings of the 6th International and Interdisciplinary Conference on Modeling and Using Context. The 42 papers deal with the interdisciplinary topic of modeling and using context from various perspectives, including computer science, artificial intelligence, cognitive science, linguistics, organizational science, philosophy, and psychology. In addition, readers discover applications in areas such as medicine and law.
Category: Computers

Memory In The Real World

Author : Gillian Cohen
ISBN : 9781135419882
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 36.31 MB
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This fully revised and updated third edition of the highly acclaimed Memory in the Real World includes recent research in all areas of everyday memory. Distinguished researchers have contributed new and updated material in their own areas of expertise. The controversy about the value of naturalistic research, as opposed to traditional laboratory methods, is outlined, and the two approaches are seen to have converged and become complementary rather than antagonistic. The editors bring together studies on many different topics, such as memory for plans and actions, for names and faces, for routes and maps, life experiences and flashbulb memory, and eyewitness memory. Emphasis is also given to the role of memory in consciousness and metacognition. New topics covered in this edition include life span development of memory, collaborative remembering, deja-vu and memory dysfunction in the real world. Memory in the Real World will be of continuing appeal to students and researchers in the area.
Category: Psychology

Techniques For Fostering Collaboration In Online Learning Communities Theoretical And Practical Perspectives

Author : Pozzi, Francesca
ISBN : 9781616929008
Genre : Education
File Size : 39.26 MB
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"This book provides a focused assessment of the peculiarities of online collaborative learning processes by looking at the strategies, methods, and techniques used to support and enhance debate and exchange among peers"--Provided by publisher.
Category: Education

Schools For Thought

Author : John T. Bruer
ISBN : 0262521962
Genre : Education
File Size : 34.27 MB
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If we want to improve educational opportunities and outcomes for all children, wemust start applying what we know about mental functioning -- how children think, learn, and rememberin our schools. We must apply cognitive science in the classroom. Schools for Thoughtprovides a straightforward, general introduction to cognitive research and illustrates itsimportance for educational change. Using classroom examples, Bruer shows howapplying cognitive research can dramatically improve students' transitions from lower-level roteskills to advanced proficiency in reading, writing, mathematics, and science. Cognitive research, hepoints out, is also beginning to suggest how we might better motivate students, design moreeffective tools for assessing them, and improve the training of teachers. He concludes with achapter on how effective school reform demands that we expand our understanding of teaching andlearning and that we think about education in new ways. Debates and discussions about the reform ofAmerican education suffer from a lack of appreciation of the complexity of learning and from a lackof understanding about the knowledge base that is available for the improvement of educationalpractice. Politicians, business leaders, and even many school superintendents, principals, andteachers think that educational problems can be solved by changing school management structures orby creating a market in educational services. Bruer argues that improvement depends instead onchanging student-teacher interactions. It is these changes, guided by cognitive research, that willcreate more effective classroom environments. A BradfordBook
Category: Education

Resources In Education

Author :
ISBN : UCR:31210012130843
Genre : Education
File Size : 76.35 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
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Category: Education

Knowledge And Interaction

Author : Andrea A. diSessa
ISBN : 9781317632955
Genre : Education
File Size : 59.86 MB
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Decades of research in the cognitive and learning sciences have led to a growing recognition of the incredibly multi-faceted nature of human knowing and learning. Up to now, this multifaceted nature has been visible mostly in distinct and often competing communities of researchers. From a purely scientific perspective, "siloed" science—where different traditions refuse to speak with one another, or merely ignore one another—is unacceptable. This ambitious volume attempts to kick-start a serious, new line of work that merges, or properly articulates, different traditions with their divergent historical, theoretical, and methodological commitments that, nonetheless, both focus on the highly detailed analysis of processes of knowing and learning as they unfold in interactional contexts in real time. Knowledge and Interaction puts two traditions in dialogue with one another: Knowledge Analysis (KA), which draws on intellectual roots in developmental psychology and cognitive modeling and focuses on the nature and form of individual knowledge systems, and Interaction Analysis (IA), which has been prominent in approaches that seek to understand and explain learning as a sequence of real-time moves by individuals as they interact with interlocutors, learning environments, and the world around them. The volume’s four-part organization opens up space for both substantive contributions on areas of conceptual and empirical work as well as opportunities for reflection, integration, and coordination.
Category: Education

Language Development

Author : Patricia Brooks
ISBN : 9781444331462
Genre : Education
File Size : 64.63 MB
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This comprehensive collection offers a complete introduction to one of the most popular literary forms of the Victorian period, its key authors and works, its major themes, and its lasting legacy. Places key authors and novels in their cultural and historical context Includes studies of major topics such as race, gender, melodrama, theatre, poetry, realism in fiction, and connections to other art forms Contributions from top international scholars approach an important literary genre from a range of perspectives Offers both a pre and post–history of the genre to situate it in the larger tradition of Victorian publishing and literature Incorporates coverage of traditional research and cutting–edge contemporary scholarship
Category: Education

The Oxford Handbook Of Chinese Psychology

Author : Michael Harris Bond
ISBN : 9780199541850
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 39.61 MB
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The Oxford Handbook of Chinese psychology is the first book of its kind - a comprehensive and commanding review of Chinese psychology, covering areas of human functioning with unparalleled sophistication and complexity. In 42 chapters, leading authorities cite and integrate both English and Chinese-language research in topic areas ranging from the socialization of children, mathematics achievement, emotion, bilingualism and Chinese styles of thinking to Chineseidentity, personal relationships, leadership processes and psychopathology. With all chapters accessibly written by the leading researchers in their respective fields, the reader of this volume will learn how and why China has developed in the way it has, and how it is likely to develop. In addition,the book shows how a better understanding of a culture so different to our own can tell us so much about our own culture and sense of identity.
Category: Psychology