CONTACT MECHANICS OF ARTICULAR CARTILAGE LAYERS ASYMPTOTIC MODELS ADVANCED STRUCTURED MATERIALS

Download Contact Mechanics Of Articular Cartilage Layers Asymptotic Models Advanced Structured Materials ebook PDF or Read Online books in PDF, EPUB, and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to CONTACT MECHANICS OF ARTICULAR CARTILAGE LAYERS ASYMPTOTIC MODELS ADVANCED STRUCTURED MATERIALS book pdf for free now.

Contact Mechanics Of Articular Cartilage Layers

Author : Ivan Argatov
ISBN : 9783319200835
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 43.43 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 734
Read : 635

This book presents a comprehensive and unifying approach to articular contact mechanics with an emphasis on frictionless contact interaction of thin cartilage layers. The first part of the book (Chapters 1–4) reviews the results of asymptotic analysis of the deformational behavior of thin elastic and viscoelastic layers. A comprehensive review of the literature is combined with the authors’ original contributions. The compressible and incompressible cases are treated separately with a focus on exact solutions for asymptotic models of frictionless contact for thin transversely isotropic layers bonded to rigid substrates shaped like elliptic paraboloids. The second part (Chapters 5, 6, and 7) deals with the non-axisymmetric contact of thin transversely isotropic biphasic layers and presents the asymptotic modelling methodology for tibio-femoral contact. The third part of the book consists of Chapter 8, which covers contact problems for thin bonded inhomogeneous transversely isotropic elastic layers and Chapter 9, which addresses various perturbational aspects in contact problems and introduces the sensitivity of articular contact mechanics. This book is intended for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, researchers in the area of biomechanics, and engineers interested and involved in the analysis and design of thin-layer structures.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Biomechanics Of Diarthrodial Joints

Author : Van C. Mow
ISBN : 9781461234487
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 37.87 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 871
Read : 1272

Historical folklore indicates that Asklepios (circa 900 BC), the fir~t western doctor of ancient Greece, treated many patients with rheumatic diseases of 1 joints ,2. Later, Hippocrates (circa 400 BC), who claimed to have learned from Asklepios, used the term arthritis in reference to joint diseases: "When the disease of arthritis strikes, acute inflammation and pain attacks the joints of the body ... ". Indeed, arthritic joint disease dates much farther back into antiquity than Asklepios. Many modern anthropologists have noted degenerative joint disease in the fossils of Neanderthal man (archanthropus europeus petraloniensis) and even in those of dinosaurs. More recent scientific studies on joints date back to the work of the great English anatomist Hunter who wrote "The Structure and Diseases of Articular Cartilage" in the Philosophical Transactions of London in 1743. The notion that osteoarthritis results from the wearing away of cartilage was copiously documented by the histological observations of the German physician Ecker in 1843. This idea was further supported by Pommer (1927) who felt that mechanical stresses played important roles in the initiation and propagation of cartilage lesions leading to osteoarthritis. This same conclusion was reached by the assembled distinguished experts at a National Institutes of Health Workshop 3 held in 1986 .
Category: Technology & Engineering

Encyclopedia Of Medical Devices And Instrumentation Hydrocephalus Tools For Diagnosis And Treatment Of Monoclonal Antibodies

Author : John G. Webster
ISBN : 0470040696
Genre : Science
File Size : 58.49 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 946
Read : 869

This set is an alphabetically organized compilation of about 300 articles that describe critical aspects of medical devices and instrumentation. The articles emphasize the contributions of engineering, physics, and computers to each of the general areas of anesthesiology, biomaterials, burns, cardiology, clinical chemistry, clinical engineering, communicative disorders, computers in medicine, critical care medicine, dermatology, dentistry, ear, nose, and throat, emergency medicine, endocrinology, gastroenterology, genetics, geriatrics, gynecology, hematology, heptology, internal medicine, medical physics, microbiology, nephrology, neurology, nutrition, obstetrics, oncology, ophthalmology, orthopedics, pain, pediatrics, peripheral vascular disease, pharmacology, physical therapy, psychiatry, pulmonary medicine, radiology, rehabilitation, surgery, tissue engineering, transducers, and urology.
Category: Science

Correction Formulae For The Stress Distribution In Round Tensile Specimens At Neck Presence

Author : Magdalena Gromada
ISBN : 3642221343
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 60.76 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 201
Read : 655

The monograph deals with methods to determine mechanical properties and evaluate the flow curve of ductile materials from the tensile test. It presents classical hypotheses concerning the onset of neck creation as well as the state of the art in determining the mechanical properties from the tensile test, with emphasis on the consequences of the neck formation. It revises derivations of formulae for the stress distribution in the minimal cross-section of the axisymmetrical specimen in the classical approaches proposed by Bridgman, Davidenkov / Spiridonova and Siebel as well as in the less famous formulae derived by Szczepinski and Malinin / Petrosjan. The revision is completed with solutions evaluated by the authors. In the monograph, the simplifying assumptions utilised in the classical approaches were carefully verified by numerical simulations accompanied by theoretical analysis. Errors imposed in the evaluation of the average axial stress acting on the minimal cross-section as a result of every particular simplification are estimated. The accuracy of all formulae to evaluate the flow curve is discussed. The significance of a high accurate determination can be seen in the context of numerical simulation (e.g. finite element computations), where the total error and accuracy is partly based on the accuracy of the material input.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Basic Orthopaedic Biomechanics Mechano Biology

Author : Van C. Mow
ISBN : 0781739330
Genre : Medical
File Size : 50.44 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 617
Read : 762

Biomaterials / Ahmed El-Ghannam and Paul Ducheyne -- Biomechanics of the spine / Ian A. F. Stokes and James C. Iatridis -- Biomechanics of fracture fixation and fracture healing / Lutz E. Claes and Keita Ito -- Biomechanics and preclinical testing of artificial joints: the hip / Rik Huiskes and Jan Stolk -- Biomechanics of total knee replacement designs / Peter S. Walker.
Category: Medical

Probabilistic Mechanics Of Quasibrittle Structures

Author : Zdenek P. Bazant
ISBN : 9781107151703
Genre : Science
File Size : 51.82 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 253
Read : 1231

This book presents an experimentally validated probabilistic strength theory of structures made of concrete, composites, ceramics and other quasibrittle materials.
Category: Science

Skeletal Tissue Mechanics

Author : R. Bruce Martin
ISBN : 9781493930029
Genre : Medical
File Size : 25.29 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 759
Read : 433

This textbook describes the biomechanics of bone, cartilage, tendons and ligaments. It is rigorous in its approach to the mechanical properties of the skeleton yet it does not neglect the biological properties of skeletal tissue or require mathematics beyond calculus. Time is taken to introduce basic mechanical and biological concepts, and the approaches used for some of the engineering analyses are purposefully limited. The book is an effective bridge between engineering, veterinary, biological and medical disciplines and will be welcomed by students and researchers in biomechanics, orthopedics, physical anthropology, zoology and veterinary science. This book also: Maximizes reader insights into the mechanical properties of bone, fatigue and fracture resistance of bone and mechanical adaptability of the skeleton Illustrates synovial joint mechanics and mechanical properties of ligaments and tendons in an easy-to-understand way Provides exercises at the end of each chapter
Category: Medical

Introduction To Contact Mechanics

Author : Anthony C. Fischer-Cripps
ISBN : 9780387681887
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 65.78 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 291
Read : 1091

This book deals with the mechanics of solid bodies in contact, a subject intimately connected with such topics as fracture, hardness, and elasticity. Coverage begins with an introduction to the mechanical properties of materials, general fracture mechanics, and the fracture of brittle solids. It then provides a detailed description of indentation stress fields for both elastic and elastic-plastic contact. In addition, the book discusses the formation of Hertzian cone cracks in brittle materials, subsurface damage in ductile materials, and the meaning of hardness. Coverage concludes with an overview of practical methods of indentation testing.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Advances And Trends In Structural Engineering Mechanics And Computation

Author : Alphose Zingoni
ISBN : 9780415618151
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 85.95 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 762
Read : 1325

Advances and Trends in Structural Engineering, Mechanics and Computation features over 300 papers classified into 21 sections, which were presented at the Fourth International Conference on Structural Engineering, Mechanics and Computation (SEMC 2010, Cape Town, South Africa, 6-8 September 2010). The SEMC conferences have been held every 3 years in Cape Town, and since then brought together academics, researchers and practitioners active in structural mechanics, associated computation and structural engineering. The main purpose of the conferences was to review recent achievements in the advancement of knowledge and understanding in these areas, share the latest developments, and address the challenges that the present and the future pose. All major aspects of structural mechanics, associated computation and structural engineering are addressed in the present volume, including: structural mechanics (dynamics, vibration, impact, buckling, seismic response, fluid-structure interaction, soil-structure interaction); mechanics of materials (plasticity, fracture, fatigue, creep, shrinkage, damage, deterioration); numerical/computational modelling (numerical methods, formulations, finite-element modelling, structural modelling, material modelling, simulations); structural engineering and construction in the various materials (steel, concrete, timber, masonry, glass, steel-concrete composite, fibre-reinforced composite, laminated composite); design, construction and operational considerations (fire resistance, seismic resistance, loading, safety and reliability, codification, design optimisation, construction, assembly, monitoring, maintenance, repair, retrofitting). The structures dealt with include all sorts of buildings, sports facilities, bridges, viaducts, tunnels, underground structures, foundation structures, coastal structures, dams, industrial towers and masts, containment structures (silos, tanks and pressure vessels), ship and aircraft structures, motor-vehicle structures, mechanical components and biological structures. Advances and Trends in Structural Engineering, Mechanics and Computation is published as a book of extended abstracts, and an accompanying CD-ROM with the full papers, and will be much of interest to engineers, academics and researchers in civil, structural, mechanical and aerospace engineering, and to those concerned with the analysis, design, construction and maintenance of engineering structures.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Shell Like Structures

Author : Holm Altenbach
ISBN : 9783319422770
Genre : Science
File Size : 70.26 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 984
Read : 240

The book presents mathematical and mechanical aspects of the theory of plates and shells, applications in civil, aero-space and mechanical engineering, as well in other areas. The focus relates to the following problems:• comprehensive review of the most popular theories of plates and shells,• relations between three-dimensional theories and two-dimensional ones,• presentation of recently developed new refined plates and shells theories (for example, the micropolar theory or gradient-type theories),• modeling of coupled effects in shells and plates related to electromagnetic and temperature fields, phase transitions, diffusion, etc.,• applications in modeling of non-classical objects like, for example, nanostructures,• presentation of actual numerical tools based on the finite element approach.
Category: Science