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Contact In The 16th Century

Author : Brad Loewen
ISBN : 9780776623610
Genre : Social Science
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This volume on sixteenth-century contact, from Labrador to Lake Ontario, focuses on European goods found in Native contexts. It began as a conference session where speakers reported their finds showing sixteenth-century contact relations. In this volume, the authors analyse early contact networks from various geographic standpoints. Each chapter focuses on a particular region within greater networks, to form a conceptual interplay of place and mobility. The four initial chapters are set around the Gulf of Saint Lawrence where Euro-Native was direct and the historical record is strongest. Contact networks radiated northward into Inuit settings where European iron nails, roofing tile fragments and ceramics are found (Rankin and Crompton). Glass beads are scarce on Inuit sites as well as on Basque sites on the Gulf’s north shore, but they are numerous in French Acadia to the south from where they spread into the Saint Lawrence estuary (Delmas). Ceramics on northern Basque sites are mostly from Spain, underscoring the Gulf’s division between a Spanish Basque north and a French south (Barreiro Argüelles and Escribano Ruiz). An historical review discusses the partnership between Spanish Basques and Saint Lawrence Iroquoians c.1540-1580 (Loewen). The four chapters set in the Saint Lawrence valley show Tadoussac as a fork in inland networks. Saint Lawrence Iroquoians obtained glass beads around Tadoussac before 1580, and archaeology also clarifies their trade role and their disappearance some time before 1580. Algonquin from Lac Saint-Jean began trading at Tadoussac after 1580 (Plourde; Chapdelaine). They plied a northern route that linked to Huronia-Wendaki via the Ottawa Valley and the Frontenac Uplands (Moreau et al.; Fox and Pilon). Two distinct networks, the Saint Lawrence valley and the northern route, thus led inland from Tadoussac. Finally, four chapters set around Lake Ontario focus on contact between this region and the Saint Lawrence valley. Huron-Wendat sites around the Kawartha Lakes show an influx of Saint Lawrence trade in the sixteenth century, followed by an immigration wave about 1580 (Ramsden). Huron-Wendat sites near Toronto show an unabated inflow of Native materials from the Saint Lawrence valley throughout the sixteenth century (Williamson et al.). However, Neutral sites west of Lake Ontario show Native and European materials arriving from the south, rather than along the Saint Lawrence (Cooper). Finally, a review of glass bead evidence presented by various authors shows trends that cut across chapters and bring new impetus to the study of beads to discover sixteenth-century networks among French and Basque fishers, Inuit and Algonquian foragers and Iroquoian farmers (Loewen).
Category: Social Science

Tu Sais Mon Vieux Jean Pierre

Author : John Willis
ISBN : 9780776624587
Genre : History
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Tu sais, mon vieux Jean-Pierre is inspired by the work of archaeologist Jean-Pierre Chrestien (1949–2008), who worked hand-in-glove with a generation of researchers in helping to unearth unexpected and always interesting aspects of New France. Contributions focus first upon the door to New France in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Newfoundland and Acadia. A second set of essays move further up the St. Lawrence and into the heartland of the continent. The final section examines aspects of Canadian culture: popular art, religion and communication. The essays share a curiosity for material culture, a careful regard for detail and nuance that forms the grain of New France studies, and sensitivity to the overall context that is part and parcel of how history proceeds on the local or regional scale. Happily we can now dispense with old-fashioned and facile generalizations about the allegedly absent bourgeoisie, the purportedly deficient commercial ethic of the habitants and the so-called underlying military character of the colony and get down the business of understanding real people and their possessions in context.
Category: History

The Life And Work Of W B Nickerson 1865 1926

Author : Ian Dyck
ISBN : 0776623885
Genre :
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During his spare time, William Baker Nickerson investigated sites from New England to the Midwest and into the Canadian Prairies. In the course of exploration, he created an elegant and detailed record of discoveries and developed methods which later archaeologists recognized as being ahead of their time. By middle age, he was en route to becoming a professional contract archaeologist. However, after a very good start, during World War I archaeological commissions disappeared and failed to recover for many years afterward. Consequently, in spite of heroic efforts, Nickerson was unable to restore his scientific career and died in obscurity. His life story spans the transition of North American archaeology from museums and historical societies to universities, throwing light on a phase of history that is little known.

Bad Year Economics

Author : Paul Halstead
ISBN : 052161192X
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 20.14 MB
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Explores the role of risk and uncertainty in human economics within an interdisciplinary an cross-cultural framework.
Category: Business & Economics

This Fleeting World

Author : David Christian
ISBN : 9781933782041
Genre : History
File Size : 63.80 MB
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Presents an overview of the history of the human race from its earliest beginnings as foragers to our current state as modern beings.
Category: History


Author : Jared Diamond
ISBN : 9780141976969
Genre : History
File Size : 55.99 MB
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From the author of Guns, Germs and Steel, Jared Diamond's Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Survive is a visionary study of the mysterious downfall of past civilizations. Now in a revised edition with a new afterword, Jared Diamond's Collapse uncovers the secret behind why some societies flourish, while others founder - and what this means for our future. What happened to the people who made the forlorn long-abandoned statues of Easter Island? What happened to the architects of the crumbling Maya pyramids? Will we go the same way, our skyscrapers one day standing derelict and overgrown like the temples at Angkor Wat? Bringing together new evidence from a startling range of sources and piecing together the myriad influences, from climate to culture, that make societies self-destruct, Jared Diamond's Collapse also shows how - unlike our ancestors - we can benefit from our knowledge of the past and learn to be survivors. 'A grand sweep from a master storyteller of the human race' Daily Mail 'Riveting, superb, terrifying' Observer 'Gripping ... the book fulfils its huge ambition, and Diamond is the only man who could have written it' Economist 'This book shines like all Diamond's work' Sunday Times Jared Diamond (b. 1937) is Professor of Geography at the University of California, Los Angeles. Until recently he was Professor of Physiology at the UCLA School of Medicine. He is the Pulitzer Prize-winning author of the widely acclaimed Guns, Germs, and Steel: the Fates of Human Societies, which also is the winner of Britain's 1998 Rhone-Poulenc Science Book Prize.
Category: History

Envisioning Landscape

Author : Dan Hicks
ISBN : 9781598742817
Genre : Science
File Size : 68.85 MB
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The contributors to this volume take advantage of the diversity of landscape archaeology to examine the link to heritage, the impact on our understanding of temporality, and the situated theory that arises out of landscape studies, using examples from New York to Northern Ireland, Africa to the Argolid.
Category: Science

Handbook Of Landscape Archaeology

Author : Bruno David
ISBN : 9781315427720
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 76.37 MB
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Over the past three decades, “landscape” has become an umbrella term to describe many different strands of archaeology. From the processualist study of settlement patterns to the phenomenologist’s experience of the natural world, from human impact on past environments to the environment’s impact on human thought, action, and interaction, the term has been used. In this volume, for the first time, over 80 archaeologists from three continents attempt a comprehensive definition of the ideas and practices of landscape archaeology, covering the theoretical and the practical, the research and conservation, and encasing the term in a global framework. As a basic reference volume for landscape archaeology, this volume will be the benchmark for decades to come. All royalties on this Handbook are donated to the World Archaeological Congress.
Category: Social Science

Marine Ventures

Author : Hein Bjartmann Bjerck
ISBN : 1781791368
Genre : Human ecology
File Size : 29.49 MB
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Human-sea relations are important factors in past and present human evolution. Discussions about these relations have ranged from shellfish gathering at beaches to the elaboration of technological, social and cognitive systems for marine foraging. The role of the marine environment is now seen as a primary factor in the understanding of social complexity. Archaeological data and methods are uniquely placed to produce interesting perspectives about human adaptations to the sea through global and local dimensions, geological, archaeological and ethnographic timescales, and empirical studies of cultural practice. This volume brings together an international collection of papers in which human-sea relations are analyzed through various temporal and spatial scales. The themes covered include initial developments and further elaboration of marine foraging, technological and logistical implications of travelling by sea, interrelations between social and cognitive systems, settlement patterns and subsistence of marine hunter-gatherers, landscape archaeology and palaeogeographic models and the role of marine resources in human-sea relations. This volume will be of interest to students, archaeologists and researchers from related disciplines.
Category: Human ecology